The mantra of 3R - Reduce, Reuse and Recycle- is at the heart of any vision towards the sustainable development of mankind. All stakeholders - producers, consumers and the State alike - must adhere to this golden principle which can contribute significantly in solving the twin challenges of waste management as well as sustainable development
‘’The ‘Waste’ Mission has been broadened to address air, water, and solid waste and has taken off. We are now working with National programs to address air pollution and also the @JalMission mission.’’
As the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan movement swept the nation, India uncovered its path to a cleaner, more sustainable future.
In line with India's declaration in the Paris Accord, the next stride in this direction aims to overstep waste & pollution management, transforming these menaces into productive avenues of energy and growth.
The Swachh Bharat Unnat Bharat Abhiyan, set up under the Prime Minister’s Science, Technology & Innovation Advisory Council, is an initiative by the Office of the Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India (the O/o PSA) that will leverage global technological capabilities to create socio-economic benefits for 1.3 billion Indians by addressing the issues of waste disposal, deteriorating air quality and increasing pollution of water bodies.
To help achieve India’s commitments to United Nations - Sustainable Development Goals, the Office of the PSA has established a 'Project Management Unit' (PMU) in partnership with Invest India, India’s National Investment Promotion & Facilitation Agency.
The PMU has identified 14 'Sentinel Sites' for its pilot projects across the country through the nodal regional Project Management Units. Each pilot project will be managed by an identified professional implementing agency with a demonstrated track record of expertise and operational success, drawing on the technical and professional expertise of various academic and R&D institutions collocated near the sentinel sites.
The pilot projects will seek to discover, demonstrate, test and learn from different waste to wealth techniques & approaches in collaboration with various departments & ministries. The deployment data, as well as the management lessons generated from each project, will be replicated at various sites across India.
India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by 2027 and by 2050, India’s urban population will nearly double to reach 814 million.
Waste generation in urban areas of India will be 0.7 kg per person per day in 2025, approximately four to six times higher than in 1999. According to the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, India currently generates 62 million tons of waste (both recyclable and non–recyclable) every year, with an average annual growth rate of 4%. Solid waste, plastic waste and E-waste are the principal waste materials.
Air Pollution in India is also a serious health issue. Of the most polluted cities in the world, 22 out of 30 were in India in 2018. As per a study based on 2016 data, at least 140 million people in India breathe air that is 10 times or more over the WHO safe limit.
To promote and support the goals of the Swachh Bharat Unnat Bharat Abhiyan, the Solid Waste Management (SWM) Rules 2016, Plastic Waste Management (PWM) Rules, 2016 and the E-waste (Management) Rules, 2016 have been notified.
In addition to providing a conducive policy framework and promoting responsible behaviour, technological advancement is an important factor that can drive effective waste management in India. Use of emerging technologies such as blockchain can transform the current waste management scenario in India.
Government of India has undertaken multiple large-scale national initiatives such as ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’, ‘National Water Mission’ and ‘Waste to Energy’ as a part of its commitment to effective waste & pollution management in India.
Emphasis has also been laid on setting up Centres of Excellence to implement sustainable, scientific and technological solutions for waste management. On these lines, Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was recently signed between The Office of the PSA and IIT-Delhi to establish a 'Centre of Excellence' at IIT-Delhi.
Agri-waste to Biocoal Pilot Plant at Mohali, Punjab
Babarpur and Gokulpuri Drain Project,
Waste Mining & Land Recovery of the
Ghazipur Dump Site, East Delhi
Jal Jeevan Mission
Jal Jeevan Mission Implementation Project