Manipur: Largest producer of Oak Tasar variety of silk in India
Manipur shares its border with Nagaland, Cachar district of Assam and Mizoram in India and the international border with Myanmar - Chin Hills and Chindwin. Imphal, the capital city of Manipur, is well-connected with an international airport with air cargo services. Four national highways run through the state with the railway line on the Manipur-Assam border being constructed on a priority basis.
Primarily an agriculture-based economy, Manipur is the largest producer of passion fruit in India and has scope for commercial plantation of a variety of horticulture crops like figs, olive, mandarin etc. With more than 70% of the geographical area under forest cover, major forest products of the state are timber, firewood and bamboo. Handloom, handicraft and sericulture-based industries are most-developed in the state and contribute significantly to state income.
Key upcoming projects include:
- Projects focusing on modernising the food processing industries. 37 projects are allotted under National Mission for Food Processing Scheme and 1 project each, under the Food Testing Laboratory Scheme and Integrated Cold Chain, Value Addition & Preservation Infrastructure Scheme
- India-Myanmar-Thailand (IMT) Trilateral Highway, originating from Moreh in Manipur
- Smart Cities Mission, for which Imphal is the city identified in Manipur
- Manipur ranks #4 in terms of the number of looms in the country
- One of the largest bamboo producing states in India
- Manipur celebrates Kachai lemon festival each year to promote cultivation and investments in the geographical indication (GI) crop
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- GSDP (Current price)
USD 3 bn (2015-16)
- GSDP growth rate (YoY)
- Per capita income
USD 849 (2015-16)
- Share of renewable in energy
The total population of Manipur is 2.7 mn, equivalent to the current population of Qatar.
females/ 1000 males
Agriculture sector contributes a major share to the total State Domestic Product (SDP). According to 2011 Population Census, 52.81% of the total workers in Manipur are cultivators and agricultural laborers. Rice is the staple food and is grown in hill and plain areas, and it accounts for about 98% of the total foodgrain production of the state.
Manipur is suitable for the development of horticulture. The major fruits grown in the state are pineapple, orange, lemon, banana, guava, peaches and apples. The average annual production of fruits and vegetables during the year 2013-14 was 0.52 mmt and 0.26 mmt respectively.
Manipur has four varieties of Silk viz., Mulberry, Eri, Muga and Oak Tasar and the Manipur Sericulture Project was initiated to provide employment particularly to womenfolk. With the assistance of the Government of Japan through Government of India, 94.71% plantation was achieved.
Manipur is one of India's largest bamboo producing states, and a major contributor to the country's bamboo industry. Manipur accounts for about 25% of the total growing stock of bamboo of the North Eastern Region of India and 14% of the country.