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Sikkim: Highest hydropower generation capacity in India’s northeast 

Sikkim enjoys a strategic locational advantage, sharing its boundary with Bhutan, China and Nepal. Teesta and Rangeet are the two major rivers flowing through the state with nearly a hundred tributaries. The state is home to 315 glacier lakes and world's 3rd highest mountain peak, Mt. Kanchenjunga.

The state's economy is largely agrarian, based on the terrace farming of rice and the cultivation of crops such as citrus, potato, tea and cardamom. Sikkim also exhibits diverse climatic conditions, from tropical moist to temperate and alpine zones.


Key upcoming projects include:

  •  IT Park at Pakyong
  •  Smart Cities Mission, for which Namchi and Gangtok are the cities identified in Sikkim

Proposed industrial corridors:

  •  Industrial corridors identified with a provision for lease-based land for investors are Rangpo-Gangtok, Melli-Jorethang, Jorethang-Rishi, and Ranipool-Gangtok


  • Largest producer of large cardamom in India
  • Highest growth in NSDP (17%) during 2001-2012 in India
  • Highest per capita income among north-eastern states in India

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  • GSDP (Current price)

    USD 2.8 bn (2016-17)

  • GSDP growth rate (YoY)

    11% (2016-17)

  • Per capita income

    USD 3,833 (2016-17)

  • Share of renewable in energy



About 66% of the population of Sikkim lies in the working age group of 15-59 years.

The population of Sikkim is 610,577, which is equivalent to the population of Macau. 

Female work participation rate in Sikkim is 40%, much higher than the national average of 26%.

  • 25%

    Urbanisation rate

  • 889

    females/ 1000 males

Skilled manpower
  • Central universities


  • Private universities


  • Engineering colleges


  • Polytechnic institutes


Key Sectors

The state is certified as the first fully organic state in India by the Central Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare. More than 64% of the state population depends on agriculture for their livelihoods.

Rich in its biodiversity, Sikkim has a repository of about 527 orchid species, 4458 flowering plants, over 100 primulas and rhododendrons and 40% of India’s pteridophytes. The state government announced a technical collaboration with floriculturists from the Netherlands and Thailand to develop the state’s potential in floriculture and cut flowers market. Sector exports stood at around USD 625,000 during 2014-15.

State’s hydropower potential is estimated to be around 8,000 MW. Independent power producers have approved 29 hydroelectric power plants for development in the state. These projects are at various stages of construction and would have an installed capacity of around 5,350 MW when completed. 

Sikkim's Tourism Mission 2015 aims to promote tourism in the state and create employment opportunities for 75,000 people. The Central Government in 2016 approved Swadesh Darshan projects under which Sikkim was allotted USD 14.6 mn for tourism development, including the base camp for mountaineering and meditation hall, eco-log huts, cultural centres, paragliding centres and craft bazaars.  

Major Investors