Highest hydropower generation capacity in India’s North-East 

Sikkim exhibits diverse climatic conditions from tropical moist to temperate and alpine zones. Agriculture is the primary occupation of the inhabitants of the state.

The major crops of the state include rice, maize, tea, soybean, ginger, orange, pears, potato and tomato. It is the top producer and exporter of large cardamoms in the country. Sikkim has also done well on the sanitation front and is India’s first fully organic state.

Sikkim enjoys a strategic locational advantage, sharing its boundary with Bhutan, China and Nepal. Teesta and Rangeet are the two major rivers flowing through the state with nearly a hundred tributaries. The state is home to 315 glacier lakes and world's third highest mountain peak Mount Kanchenjunga that attracts a large number of tourists from across the world.


Largest producer of large cardamom in India

Per Capita

Highest per capita income amongst North-Eastern states


Home to 315 glacier lakes and world's 3rd highest mountain peak Mt. Kanchenjunga

Agro and Food Processing

Sikkim is certified as the first fully organic state in India by the Central Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare.

More than 64% of the state's population depends on agriculture for their livelihoods.


Sikkim’s hydropower potential is estimated to be around 8,000 MW.

Independent power producers have approved 29 hydroelectric power plants for development in the state. These projects are at various stages of construction and would have an installed capacity of around 5,350 MW when completed. 


The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India, has awarded the capital city of Sikkim, Gangtok, with the title of 'Safest Tourist Destination' in the country. The state also featured and ranked 17th in the New York Times “52 best places to go in 2017”.

Sikkim's Tourism Mission 2015 aims to promote tourism in the state and create employment opportunities for 75,000 people. The Central Government in 2016 approved Swadesh Darshan projects under which Sikkim was allotted $ 14.6 mn for tourism development.


Investor-friendly policies with ease of doing business, attractive tax incentives and low cost of manufacturing and labour have made Sikkim favoured destination for pharmaceutical companies.

Sikkim, bestowed with abundant natural resources, is now home to more than 15 major pharma companies. These include units by Cipla, Sun Pharma, Zydus Cadila, Alkem Lab, Intas Pharma, Torrent Pharmaceuticals , Unichem, etc.


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


About 66% of Sikkim's population is in the working age group of 15-59 years.

The state's population of 610,577 is equivalent to the population of Macau. Female work participation rate in Sikkim is 40%, much higher than the national average of 26%.


  • Information about Sikkim

Updates From Sikkim