Touching bullet speeds

India has the fourth-largest railway system in the world, lagging behind only US, Russia and China.

The Indian rail network is spread across more than 67,000 km (approximately 93,000 running track km) with about 7,300 stations. The railways run close to 13,000 passenger trains that carry over 23 mn passengers daily. The Indian Railways transported over 1.2 bn tons of freight in 2017-18.

Indian Railways is the single largest employer in India and eighth largest in the world; employing close to 1.4 mn people.

  • Indian Railways envisages a prospective investment of $ 130.7 bn in the next 5 years
  • Mumbai-Ahmedabad high-speed rail project sanctioned at a total cost of $ 15 bn

100% FDI allowed in railway infrastructure under the automatic route.

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • 6.1 %

    Passenger traffic growth (2011-17)

  • 25.2 %

    Freight traffic growth (2011-18)

  • 23 mn

    Average daily passengers

  • 14.3 bn

    Revenue from freight traffic (2016-17)


4th largest railway system in the world


4th largest rail freight carrier in the world


Single largest employer in India and 8th largest in the world

Industry Scenario

The Indian Railways' passenger earnings in 2017-18 have been the highest ever and clocked a 4.2% increase to $ 7.2 bn from $ 6.9 bn during the previous financial year.

Indian Railways aspires to add 1.5% to the country’s GDP by building infrastructure to support 40% modal freight share of the economy.

Two Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC), one on the Western route (Jawaharlal Nehru Port to Dadri) and another on the Eastern route (Ludhiana to Dankuni), have been fast-tracked.

The Indian Railways is looking to award 6 tenders worth $ 1.2 bn, for setting up a country-wide electricity transmission network as part of a strategy to reduce electricity bills.

  • 3,360 km dedicated freight corridors by 2019
  • 700 stations to be fed with solar power in the medium term
  • The Ministry of Railways has decided to redevelop 90 railway stations into world-class transit hubs
  • Track Renewal speeded up - 2148 km old rails have been replaced with new rails upto November 2017
  • Electric Traction of 2367 route kilometer has been achieved

Growth Drivers

  • Rising passenger & freight traffic

    Increasing urbanization, rising incomes (both rural and urban), growing industrialization across the country along with private sector participation
  • Increasing freight traffic

    Growing industrialization across the country
  • Dedicated freight corridor

    Six high-capacity, high-speed dedicated freight corridors
  • Mass Rapid Transit Systems (MRTS)

    MRTS is planned between Gurgaon and Bawal to provide direct connectivity to Manesar Bawal Investment Region (MBIR)
  • Diamond Quadrilateral network of high-speed rail

    Connecting major metros and growth centers of the country
  • Open

    General Purpose Wagon Investment Scheme

    In view of the long term demand from Railway Freight Users (…

  • Open

    Liberalized Wagon Investment Scheme (LWI…

    Guidelines for procurement of High Capacity and Special purp…

  • Open

    Participative Models Policy

    This policy aims for participative models for rail connectiv…

  • Open

    Private Freight Terminal Scheme

    To enable development of freight handling terminals

  • Open

    R2CI Policy

    To improve the railway connectivity to coal and iron mines

  • Open

    R3i Policy

    To invite investments into the railway sector to increase tr…

  • Open

    Sectoral Guidelines for Domestic/Foreign…

    Guidelines for investing in different sub - sectors of railw…

Investible Projects

Investment Opportunities in Railways

  • Projects


  • Opportunity

    $11.03 bn

  • Promoters


  • District


  • Private Projects


  • Govt. Projects



$2.63 bn

Bangalore sub-urban rail project

State (s) Karnataka

$1.17 bn

Metro Rail Project [Visakhapatnam]

State (s) Andhra Pradesh

$929.06 mn

Jaipur Metro Rail Phase- II Project

State (s) Rajasthan

$917.35 mn

JNPT Rail Connectivity Project [Raigarh]

State (s) Maharashtra

Major Investors

Data on Map

  • Railways in India
  • Railway projects in India

Latest in Railways


Asked Questions

  • What is dedicated freight corridors?

    It is a broad gauge freight corridor under construction in India by Indian Railway. There are 2 corridors in the country, i.e. the Western and Eastern freight corridors.

  • What is rolling stock?

    Rolling stock is all the engines and carriages including the locomotives, passenger coaches, freight wagons, guard's vans, etc. that are used on a railway.

  • What is Diamond Quadrilateral in Indian railways?

    The Diamond Quadrilateral railway project has the mandate to develop high speed rail network across several metros of India. So far 6 corridors have been identified. 
    These are:
    1) Delhi-Mumbai. 
    2) Mumbai-Chennai
    3) Chennai-Kolkata
    4) Kolkata-Delhi and both diagonals i.e. 
    5) Delhi-Chennai.  
    6) Mumbai-Kolkata routes.

  • What are the initiatives taken by the Indian government for the railways sector?

    The following reforms have been announced for the railway sector in the Union Budget 2017-18:
    1) The GoI will provide INR 55,000 crore ($ 8.25 bn) towards capital and development expenditure of Railways.
    2) A fund named Rashtriya Rail Sanraksha Kosh worth Rs 100,000 crore ($ 15 bn) will be created, which will be directed towards passenger safety.
    3) All the coaches of the Indian Railways will be fitted with bio toilets by the year 2019.
    4) Railway lines of 3,500 kms will be commissioned in 2017-18.

  • What are the investment opportunities available in railways sector?

    The investment opportunities are available in the following areas:
    1) Components manufacturing.
    2) Infrastructure projects.
    3) High speed train projects.
    4) Railway lines to and from coal mines and ports.
    5) Projects relating to electrification, high-speed tracks and suburban corridors.
    6) Dedicated freight corridors.
    7) The re-development of railway stations.
    8) Power generation and energy-saving projects.
    9) Freight terminals operations.
    10) Setting up of wagon, coaches and locomotive units.
    11) Gauge conversion.
    12) Network expansion.

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