Touching bullet speeds

India has the fourth-largest railway system in the world, lagging behind only US, Russia and China.

The Indian rail network is spread across 67,368 km (approximately 93,000 running track km) with about 7,300 stations. The railways run close to 13,000 passenger trains that carry over 23 mn passengers daily. The Indian Railways transported over 1,221.39MT of freight in 2019.

Total 28 Projects of 1273 Km length got completed &commissioned during FY 2019-20

Indian Railways is the single largest employer in India and eighth largest in the world; employing close to 1.4 mn people.

  • Indian Railways envisages a prospective investment of $190 bn in the next 5 years
  • Mumbai-Ahmedabad high-speed rail project sanctioned at a total cost of $15 bn
  • Railway Electrification works completed on a total of 5,782 Route kms during the year

100% FDI allowed in railway infrastructure under the automatic route.

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • %

    Passenger traffic growth (2011-18)

  • %

    Freight traffic growth (2011-18)

  • mn

    Average daily passengers

  • bn

    Revenue from freight traffic (2016-17)


4th largest railway system in the world


4th largest rail freight carrier in the world


Single largest employer in India and 8th largest in the world

Railways Information Kit
Railways Information Kit

Industry Scenario

The Indian Railways' passenger earnings in 2017-18 have been the highest ever and clocked a 4.86% increase to $7.55 bn from $7.2 bn during the previous financial year.

Indian Railways aspires to add 1.5% to the country’s GDP by building infrastructure to support 40% modal freight share of the economy.

Two Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC), one on the Western route (Jawaharlal Nehru Port to Dadri) and another on the Eastern route (Ludhiana to Dankuni), have been fast-tracked.

The Indian Railways is looking electrify the entire network by 2025 which will lead to energy savings of $ 1.55Bn.

India Railways is focused on:

  • 3,360 km dedicated freight corridors by 2020
  • 700 stations to be fed with solar power in the medium term
  • The Ministry of Railways has decided to redevelop 90 railway stations into world-class transit hubs
  • Track Renewal speeded up - 2148 km old rails have been replaced with new rails upto November 2017
  • Electric Traction of 2367 route kilometer has been achieved


  • Rising passenger & freight traffic

    Increasing urbanization, rising incomes (both rural and urban), growing industrialization across the country along with private sector participation

  • Increasing freight traffic

    Growing industrialization across the country

  • Dedicated freight corridor

    Six high-capacity, high-speed dedicated freight corridors

  • Mass Rapid Transit Systems (MRTS)

    MRTS is planned between Gurgaon and Bawal to provide direct connectivity to Manesar Bawal Investment Region (MBIR)

  • Diamond Quadrilateral network of high-speed rail

    Connecting major metros and growth centers of the country

  • Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan - Self Reliant India

    Special economic and comprehensive package of INR 20 lakh crores towards promoting manufacturing in India

Industrial Information System (IIS) Portal

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Asked Questions

What is dedicated freight corridors?

It is a broad gauge freight corridor under construction in India by Indian Railway. There are 2 corridors in the country, i.e. the Western and Eastern freight corridors.

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What is rolling stock?

Rolling stock is all the engines and carriages including the locomotives, passenger coaches, freight wagons, guard's vans, etc. that are used on a railway.

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What do you mean by Diamond Quadrilateral in Indian Railways?

The Diamond Quadrilateral railway project has the mandate to develop high speed rail network across several metros of India. So far 6 corridors have been identified. 
These are:
1) Delhi-Mumbai. 
2) Mumbai-Chennai
3) Chennai-Kolkata
4) Kolkata-Delhi and both diagonals i.e. 
5) Delhi-Chennai.  
6) Mumbai-Kolkata routes.

For more information, click here.

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What are the initiatives taken by the Indian government for the railways sector?

The following reforms have been announced for the railway sector in the Union Budget 2017-18:
1) The GoI will provide INR 55,000 crore ($ 8.25 bn) towards capital and development expenditure of Railways.
2) A fund named Rashtriya Rail Sanraksha Kosh worth Rs 100,000 crore ($ 15 bn) will be created, which will be directed towards passenger safety.
3) All the coaches of the Indian Railways will be fitted with bio toilets by the year 2019.
4) Railway lines of 3,500 kms will be commissioned in 2017-18.

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What are the investment opportunities available in railways sector?

The investment opportunities are available in the following areas:
1) Components manufacturing.
2) Infrastructure projects.
3) High speed train projects.
4) Railway lines to and from coal mines and ports.
5) Projects relating to electrification, high-speed tracks and suburban corridors.
6) Dedicated freight corridors.
7) The re-development of railway stations.
8) Power generation and energy-saving projects.
9) Freight terminals operations.
10) Setting up of wagon, coaches and locomotive units.
11) Gauge conversion.
12) Network expansion.

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