Stepping up to endless opportunities

India jumped 115 positions to 22nd (2020) from 137th (2014) on World Bank’s Ease of doing business - 'Getting Electricity' ranking. The Indian power sector is forecasted to attract investments worth $ 128.24-135.37 Bn between FY19-23. The future of the sector looks bright since by 2026-27 the country’s power generation installed capacity will close to 620 GW, of which 38 % will be from coal and 44 % from renewable energy sources.

Electricity energy generation from Renewable Energy Sources (Solar, Wind, Hydro& Bio Power) has increased from 193.5 Bn Units during 2013-14 to 306.3 Bn Units during 2020-21 showing the CAGR of 6.8%

Around 119.5 MW worth of Captive Power Plants were commissioned by BHEL in FY 2020-21, while 75 Mw of Captive Power Plants have been commissioned during FY 2021-22 till September 2021

Total Installed Capacity as on August 2022 was 405.8 GW of which 40.2 % was generated from renewable sources.

The government has electrified all unelectrified villages on April 28, 2018 ahead of the deadline May 1, 2018. All states have achieved 100% household electrification, except one.

Coal-based thermal power generation capacity in the year 2030 is expected to be approximately close to 32 % in the energy mix. Odisha's NTPC Talcher Kaniha (3000 MW) is the best-performing thermal power plant with 94.2% Plant Load Factor.

As per the latest key world energy statistics India is the 3rd largest producer of electricity in the world, as of December 2021.  

Energy sector projects accounted for the highest share (24 %) in the National Infrastructure Pipeline 2019-25. Total FDI inflow in the power sector reached $ 16.39 bn between April 2000 and June 2022.

Electricity generation (weight: 19.85 %) increased by 12.1 % in November 2022 over November 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 9.7 % during April to November 2022 over the corresponding period of previous year.

100% FDI in the power sector in India is allowed for generation from all sources (except atomic energy), transmission and distribution of electric energy, and Power Trading under the automatic route.

49% FDI allowed in Power Exchanges registered under the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Power Market) Regulations, 2010 under automatic route

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • GW

    Installed generation capacity

  • GW

    Peak power requirement

  • %

    Installed capacity CAGR (2011-2020)

  • %

    Required hydropower capacity

2nd  largest coal producer in the world  

Largest nuclear power generating site to be set in Maharashtra with capacity of 9900 MW

3rd largest producer and 3rd largest consumer of electricity in the world

Industry Scenario

60 GW - Highest ever conventional power capacity addition in the last three years.

As of May 2022, India has a total Thermal installed capacity of 236.1 GW of which 58.6% of the thermal power is obtained from coal and the rest from Lignite, Diesel, and Gas. 

The private sector in the power industry in India generates 49.4% of the country’s thermal power, whereas States and the Centre generate 24.6% and 26.0%, respectively. The electricity generation target of Conventional Sources for the year 2021-22 was fixed at 1356 BU i.e. growth of around 9.83% over the actual conventional generation of 1234.608 BU for the previous year (2020-21). This target comprises of 1155.200 BU Thermal; 149.544 BU Hydro; 43.020 Nuclear; and 8.236 BU Import from Bhutan.

Share of non-fossil fuel based generation capacity in the total installed capacity of the Country likely to increase from 42% as on Oct, 2022 to more than 64% by 2029-30.

Indian power sector is undergoing a significant change that has redefined the industry outlook. The power industry's future in India is bright, and sustained economic growth continues to drive electricity demand in India. The Government of India’s focus on attaining ‘Power for all’ has accelerated capacity addition in the country. 

  • The Transmission Line Capacity has increased to 456,716 cKm as of March 2022 from 4,50,552 cKm during FY 2020-21
  • The addition of Transformation Capacity was 11,04,450 MVA during March 2022 an increase of 7.7 per cent from 10,25,468 MVA in March 2021
  • The Inter-Regional Transmission Capacity Addition was 1,12,250 MW during FY 2021-22 as compared to 99,050 MW during FY 2018-19.
  • As per record of Sustainable Agrarian Mission on use of Agri-Residue in Thermal Power Plants (SAMARTH), total 83,888 Metric Tonne biomass has been cofired in power plants till 31st October 2022.
  • A total of around 83,887 Metric tonnes of Biomass has been utilized (till 31st October) as green fuel for co-firing in Power Plants so far. Till 30th Oct 2022, 39 TPPs across the country has started to utilize biomass in the co-firing with coal.


  • Industrial expansion

    Expansion in industrial activity to boost demand for electricity

  • Growing population

    Growing urban & rural population is likely to boost demand for energy

  • Market advantage

    Increasing per-capita power usage will provide further impetus to the energy industry

  • Increasing investments

    Ambitious projects across the value chain is leading to further power requirements

  • Coal production

    Highest ever coal production, increase of 74 mn tonnes in 2 years

  • One Nation-One Grid-One Frequency

    12,719 ckm of Transmission lines and 69,592 MVA Transformation capacity has been added during FY 2021-22


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Asked Questions

What is the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE)?

The National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) is one of the eight missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). NMEEE aims to strengthen the market for energy efficiency by creating conducive regulatory and policy regime and has envisaged fostering innovative and sustainable business models to the energy efficiency sector. The Cabinet had approved the NMEEE document, and funding for two years of the 11th Plan period (2010-12) with an outlay of $ 36.23 million. Continuation of NMEEE for the 12th Plan was approved by Cabinet on 6th August, 2014 with a total outlay of $ 119.23. The Mission seeks to upscale the efforts to unlock the market for energy efficiency which is estimated to be around $ 11.385 billion. The activities during the 11th Plan period created the institutional and regulatory infrastructure. The NMEEE spelt out four initiatives to enhance energy efficiency in energy intensive industries which are as follows:
a) Perform, Achieve and Trade Scheme (PAT), a market based mechanism to enhance the cost effectiveness in improving the Energy Efficiency in Energy Intensive industries through certification of energy saving which can be traded.
b) Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency (MTEE), for accelerating the shift to energy efficient appliances in designated sectors through innovative measures to make the products more affordable.
c) Energy Efficiency Financing Platform (EEFP), for creation of mechanisms that would help finance demand side management programmes in all sectors by capturing future energy savings.
d) Framework for Energy Efficient Economic Development (FEEED), for development of fiscal instruments to promote energy efficiency.

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What are the completed transmission projects?

There are 260 projects/elements completed all over India in 2017-18 and all the details can be found at the link.

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What are the upcoming projects transmission projects?

There are 285 projects coming in all over India. You can find a detailed map of these projects on the link.

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What is TARANG?

TARANG is the Transmission App for Real time Monitoring and Growth to monitor the progress of transmission system in the country.

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What is Central Electricity Authority and what is the information it provides?

Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a statutory organization originally constituted under the Electricity Act, 2003. The organization releases monthly reports related, state wise installed capacity on the link.

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New India Timeline @2047

Vedanta set to acquire Meenakshi Energy for INR 1,440 crore

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