Stepping up to endless opportunities

The government has electrified all unelectrified villages on April 28, 2018 ahead of the deadline May 1, 2018. A total of 25 states have achieved 100% household electrification.

India’s power sector is forecasted to attract investments worth INR 9-9.5 tn ($ 128.24-135.37 bn) between FY19-23.

The ministry of power in 2018-19 had setup an electricity generation target of 1,265 Billion Units (BU). The actual generation (1,249.337 BU) represented an achievement of 98.76% and a growth of about 3.57% from 2017.

India jumps 115 positions to 22nd (2019) from 137th (2014) on World Bank’s Ease of doing business - 'Getting Electricity' ranking.

100% FDI is allowed in the Power sector for generation from all sources (except atomic energy), transmission and distribution of electric energy and Power Trading under the automatic route

49% FDI allowed in Power Exchanges registered under the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Power Market) Regulations, 2010 under automatic route

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • GW

    Installed capacity of power stations

  • GW

    Peak power requirement

  • %

    Installed capacity CAGR (FY09–FY18)

  • %

    Required hydropower capacity


3rd largest coal producer in the world  


3rd largest number of nuclear reactors being installed in the world


3rd largest producer and 3rd largest consumer of electricity in the world

Industry Scenario

60 GW - Highest ever conventional power capacity addition in the last three years.

As of March 2018, India has a total thermal installed capacity of 222.90 GW.  Almost 88% of the thermal power is obtained from coal and the rest is from diesel and gas.

The private sector generates close to 45.2% of India's thermal power, whereas States and Centre have a share of 24.6% and 30.2% respectively. The share of large hydro and nuclear energy in total installed capacity is approximately 13.2% and 2% respectively.

  • Ministry of Power has taken various measures to achieve its aim of providing 24X7 affordable and environment-friendly 'Power for All’ by 2019.


  • Industrial expansion

    Expansion in industrial activity to boost demand for electricity

  • Growing population

    Growing urban & rural population is likely to boost demand for energy

  • Market advantage

    Increasing per-capita power usage will provide further impetus to the energy industry

  • Increasing investments

    Ambitious projects across the value chain is leading to further power requirements

  • Coal production

    Highest ever coal production, increase of 74 mn tonnes in 2 years

Major Investors

Data On Map

Investment in power sector in india

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Asked Questions

What is the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE)?

The National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) is one of the eight missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). NMEEE aims to strengthen the market for energy efficiency by creating conducive regulatory and policy regime and has envisaged fostering innovative and sustainable business models to the energy efficiency sector. The Cabinet had approved the NMEEE document, and funding for two years of the 11th Plan period (2010-12) with an outlay of $ 36.23 million. Continuation of NMEEE for the 12th Plan was approved by Cabinet on 6th August, 2014 with a total outlay of $ 119.23. The Mission seeks to upscale the efforts to unlock the market for energy efficiency which is estimated to be around $ 11.385 billion. The activities during the 11th Plan period created the institutional and regulatory infrastructure. The NMEEE spelt out four initiatives to enhance energy efficiency in energy intensive industries which are as follows:
a) Perform, Achieve and Trade Scheme (PAT), a market based mechanism to enhance the cost effectiveness in improving the Energy Efficiency in Energy Intensive industries through certification of energy saving which can be traded.
b) Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency (MTEE), for accelerating the shift to energy efficient appliances in designated sectors through innovative measures to make the products more affordable.
c) Energy Efficiency Financing Platform (EEFP), for creation of mechanisms that would help finance demand side management programmes in all sectors by capturing future energy savings.
d) Framework for Energy Efficient Economic Development (FEEED), for development of fiscal instruments to promote energy efficiency.

What are the completed transmission projects?

There are 260 projects/elements completed all over India in 2017-18 and all the details can be found at the link.

What are the upcoming projects transmission projects?

There are 285 projects coming in all over India. You can find a detailed map of these projects on the link.

What is TARANG?

TARANG is the Transmission App for Real time Monitoring and Growth to monitor the progress of transmission system in the country.

What is Central Electricity Authority and what is the information it provides?

Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a statutory organization originally constituted under the Electricity Act, 2003. The organization releases monthly reports related, state wise installed capacity on the link.


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Indian energy major plans GBP 150mn investments in UK market

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