Stepping up to endless opportunities

India jumped 115 positions to 22nd (2020) from 137th (2014) on World Bank’s Ease of doing business - 'Getting Electricity' ranking. Moreover, the power sector in India is forecasted to attract investments worth $128.24-135.37 bn between FY19-23.

The future of the power sector looks bright as by 2026-27, all India power generation installed capacity will be nearly 620 GW, 38% of which will be from coal and 44% from renewable energy.

Total Installed Capacity as on April 2021 was 382 GW of which 36.5% was generated from renewable sources. 
By 2022, 175 GW of renewable energy capacity. This includes 100 GW from solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from biomass and 5 GW from small hydro power.

The government has electrified all unelectrified villages on April 28, 2018 ahead of the deadline May 1, 2018. A total of 25 states have achieved 100% household electrification.

Electricity generation (weight: 19.85 per cent) increased by 9.0 per cent in July, 2021 over July, 2020.

As per the latest key world energy statistics published by the IEA in 2019, India is the 3rd largest producer of electricity in the world and it ranks 106th in terms of per capita consumption in 2017.

Under the scheme Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY), with a total Scheme Outlay of $10.21 bn (DDUGJY:  $5.79 bn and RE Component: $4.42 bn), projects with total cost of $5.85 bn have been sanctioned in 32 States/UTs. An additional amount of $1.92 bn has been sanctioned for the creation of additional infrastructure to support 100% household electrification.

100% FDI in the power sector in India is allowed for generation from all sources (except atomic energy), transmission and distribution of electric energy, and Power Trading under the automatic route.

49% FDI allowed in Power Exchanges registered under the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Power Market) Regulations, 2010 under automatic route

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • GW

    Installed generation capacity

  • GW

    Peak power requirement

  • %

    Installed capacity CAGR (2011-2020)

  • %

    Required hydropower capacity

2nd  largest coal producer in the world  

3rd largest number of nuclear reactors being installed in the world

3rd largest producer and 3rd largest consumer of electricity in the world

Industry Scenario

60 GW - Highest ever conventional power capacity addition in the last three years.

As of April 2021, India has a total Thermal installed capacity of 234 GW, of which 53% of the thermal power is obtained from coal and the rest from Lignite, Diesel, and Gas.

The private sector in the power industry in India generates 47.4% of the country’s thermal power, whereas States and the Centre generate 27.1% and 25.5%, respectively. The electricity generation target of Conventional Sources for the year 2021-22 was fixed at 1356 BU i.e. growth of around 9.83% over the actual conventional generation of 1234.608 BU for the previous year (2020-21). This target comprises of 1155.200 BU Thermal; 149.544 BU Hydro; 43.020 Nuclear; and 8.236 BU Import from Bhutan.

Indian power sector is undergoing a significant change that has redefined the industry outlook. The power industry's future in India is bright, and sustained economic growth continues to drive electricity demand in India. The Government of India’s focus on attaining ‘Power for all’ has accelerated capacity addition in the country.

Under the One Nation One Grid

  • The Transmission Line Capacity has increased to 4,25,071 cKm during FY 2019-20 as compared to 4,13,407 cKm during FY 2018-19
  • The addition of Transformation Capacity was 9,67,893 MVA during FY 2019-20 as compared to 8,99,663 MVA during FY 2018-19
  • The Inter-Regional Transmission Capacity Addition was 1,02,050 MW during FY 2019-20 as comapred to 99,050 MW during FY 2018-19


  • Industrial expansion

    Expansion in industrial activity to boost demand for electricity

  • Growing population

    Growing urban & rural population is likely to boost demand for energy

  • Market advantage

    Increasing per-capita power usage will provide further impetus to the energy industry

  • Increasing investments

    Ambitious projects across the value chain is leading to further power requirements

  • Coal production

    Highest ever coal production, increase of 74 mn tonnes in 2 years

  • One Nation-One Grid-One Frequency

    11,921 ckm of Transmission lines (220 kV and above) and 35,760MVA Transformation capacity has been added during 2020


Industrial Land Bank Portal

GIS - based map displaying available infrastructure for setting up business operations in the state.

Major Investors

Data On Map

Latest In Thermal Power

ReportSep 21, 2021

Global Innovation Index 2021

Read Now


Global Innovation Index 2021


Economic Survey 2020-21: Volume 1


Economic Survey 2020-21: Volume 2


SDG Investor Map for India


Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for…


Asked Questions

What is the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE)?

The National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) is one of the eight missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). NMEEE aims to strengthen the market for energy efficiency by creating conducive regulatory and policy regime and has envisaged fostering innovative and sustainable business models to the energy efficiency sector. The Cabinet had approved the NMEEE document, and funding for two years of the 11th Plan period (2010-12) with an outlay of $ 36.23 million. Continuation of NMEEE for the 12th Plan was approved by Cabinet on 6th August, 2014 with a total outlay of $ 119.23. The Mission seeks to upscale the efforts to unlock the market for energy efficiency which is estimated to be around $ 11.385 billion. The activities during the 11th Plan period created the institutional and regulatory infrastructure. The NMEEE spelt out four initiatives to enhance energy efficiency in energy intensive industries which are as follows:
a) Perform, Achieve and Trade Scheme (PAT), a market based mechanism to enhance the cost effectiveness in improving the Energy Efficiency in Energy Intensive industries through certification of energy saving which can be traded.
b) Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency (MTEE), for accelerating the shift to energy efficient appliances in designated sectors through innovative measures to make the products more affordable.
c) Energy Efficiency Financing Platform (EEFP), for creation of mechanisms that would help finance demand side management programmes in all sectors by capturing future energy savings.
d) Framework for Energy Efficient Economic Development (FEEED), for development of fiscal instruments to promote energy efficiency.

Was it helpful?

What are the completed transmission projects?

There are 260 projects/elements completed all over India in 2017-18 and all the details can be found at the link.

Was it helpful?

What are the upcoming projects transmission projects?

There are 285 projects coming in all over India. You can find a detailed map of these projects on the link.

Was it helpful?

What is TARANG?

TARANG is the Transmission App for Real time Monitoring and Growth to monitor the progress of transmission system in the country.

Was it helpful?

What is Central Electricity Authority and what is the information it provides?

Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a statutory organization originally constituted under the Electricity Act, 2003. The organization releases monthly reports related, state wise installed capacity on the link.

Was it helpful?


Invest India Timeline


Disclaimer: All views and opinions that may be expressed in the posts on this page as well as post emanating from this page are solely of the individual in his/her personal capacity