Stepping up to endless opportunities

The Indian government has electrified 14,955 un-electrified villages so far out of the total 18,452 villages and is targeting electrification of all villages by 2019.

There is about a 40% increase in transformation capacity from 5.3 lakh MVA in March 2014 to 7.4 lakh MVA in March 2017.

The Ministry of Power has set a target of 1,229.4 bn units (BUs) of electricity to be generated in the financial year 2017-18, which is 50 BUs higher than the target for 2016-17.  Power consumption estimated to increase from 1160.1 TWh in 2016 to 1,894.7 TWh in 2022.


100% FDI is allowed in the Power sector for generation from all sources (except atomic energy), transmission and distribution of electric energy and Power Trading under the automatic route

49% FDI allowed in Power Exchanges registered under the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Power Market) Regulations, 2010 under automatic route

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • 343.8 GW

    Installed capacity of power stations

  • 159.54 GW

    Peak power requirement

  • 11 %

    Installed capacity CAGR (FY07–FY17)

  • 67 %

    Required hydropower capacity


3rd largest coal producer in the world  


3rd largest number of nuclear reactors being installed in the world


3rd largest producer and 4th largest consumer of electricity in the world

Industry Scenario

60 GW - Highest ever conventional power capacity addition in the last three years.

As of March 2018, India has a total thermal installed capacity of 222.90 GW.  Almost 88% of the thermal power is obtained from coal and the rest is from diesel and gas.

The private sector generates close to 45.2% of India's thermal power, whereas States and Centre have a share of 24.6% and 30.2% respectively. The share of large hydro and nuclear energy in total installed capacity is approximately 13.2% and 2% respectively.

  • Ministry of Power has taken various measures to achieve its aim of providing 24X7 affordable and environment-friendly 'Power for All’ by 2019.

Growth Drivers

  • Industrial expansion

    Expansion in industrial activity to boost demand for electricity
  • Growing population

    Growing urban & rural population is likely to boost demand for energy
  • Market advantage

    Increasing per-capita power usage will provide further impetus to the energy industry
  • Increasing investments

    Ambitious projects across the value chain is leading to further power requirements
  • Coal production

    Highest ever coal production of 74 mn tonnes in 2 years
  • Open

    Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana

    The scheme will cover works relating to feeder separation, s…

  • Open

    Integrated Power Development Scheme

    The scheme will cover works relating to feeder separation, s…

  • Open

    Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana

    Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana, a scheme for the financial Tu…

Investible Projects

Investment Opportunities in Thermal Power

  • Projects


  • Opportunity

    $7.78 bn

  • Promoters


  • District


  • Private Projects


  • Govt. Projects



$1.55 bn

2 x 800 MW Coal based Thermal Power Project

State (s) Assam

$1.45 bn

Coal Based Power Project [Nellore]

State (s) Andhra Pradesh

$1.38 bn

Tenughat Thermal Power Extension Project Stage-II [Bokaro]

State (s) Jharkhand

$898.05 mn

Coal Based Power Project [Raigarh]

State (s) Chhattisgarh

Major Investors

Data on Map

  • Investment in power sector in india

Latest in Thermal Power


Asked Questions

  • How long does it usually take for a plant to get Environmental Clearance?

    It depends on the size of the plant. Usually 1 to 1.5 years is the time for a plant to obtain EC after filing of Application. The following are the time-bound activities according to the EIA Notification: 
    1) Issuance of ToR: To be issued within 60 days of Application submission by Project
    2) Conducting of Public Hearing: The Public Hearing Report to be submitted to the MoEF/ SEIAA by the SPCB within 45 days of receiving request for hearing from the Project Proponent. 
    3) Issuance of EC: To be issued within 105 days of the Project Proponent submitting the
    Final EIA.

  • What is the CEPI (Comprehensive Environment Pollution Index)? How does it impact the location of TPPs?

    CEPI is a number to characterize the environmental quality at a given location. CEPI scores are calculated from time-to-time by the CPCB to identify critically polluted areas and industrial clusters, by monitoring their air, land and water. CEPI Score is an important tool to identify those clusters where industrial development activities have been restricted due to their pollution levels. In 2010, the MoEF imposed a moratorium on the consideration of projects for EC, if they were located in 43 critically polluted areas. It has been reduced to 7 clusters as of September 2013. TPPs cannot be located in those places where the moratorium is imposed.

  • Why is there a proliferation of TPPs along the coast?

    Situating a plant along the coast provides two important benefits to the Project Proponent:
    1) Easy transport of imported coal through ports and captive jetties.
    2) Easy availability of seawater for on-site seawater desalination technology for both once-through cooling and for boiler-feed water generation. This reduces fresh water requirement for running the thermal power plant.

  • How are thermal power plants (TPPs) classified among industries?

    The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) has classified TPPs as one of the 17 Red Category industries. Red Category denotes heavily polluting industry. For obtaining EC:
    Category A projects are: 
    1) > 500 MW Coal/Lignite/Naphtha & Gas Based Fuel.
    2) > 50 MW Petcoke, Diesel and all Other Fuels, including Refinery Residual Oil Waste (excluding Biomass).
    3) > 20 MW Biomass Based or Non-Hazardous MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) as Fuel.

    Category B projects are -
    1) < 500 MW Coal/Lignite/Naphtha & Gas Based Fuel.
    2) <50 MW or 3 MW Petcoke, Diesel and all Other Fuels, including Refinery Residual Oil Waste (excluding Biomass).
    3) < 20 MW or 15MW Biomass Based or Non-Hazardous MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) as Fuel.

  • What is the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE)?

    The National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) is one of the eight missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). NMEEE aims to strengthen the market for energy efficiency by creating conducive regulatory and policy regime and has envisaged fostering innovative and sustainable business models to the energy efficiency sector. The Cabinet had approved the NMEEE document, and funding for two years of the 11th Plan period (2010-12) with an outlay of $ 36.23 million. Continuation of NMEEE for the 12th Plan was approved by Cabinet on 6th August, 2014 with a total outlay of $ 119.23. The Mission seeks to upscale the efforts to unlock the market for energy efficiency which is estimated to be around $ 11.385 billion. The activities during the 11th Plan period created the institutional and regulatory infrastructure. The NMEEE spelt out four initiatives to enhance energy efficiency in energy intensive industries which are as follows:
    a) Perform, Achieve and Trade Scheme (PAT), a market based mechanism to enhance the cost effectiveness in improving the Energy Efficiency in Energy Intensive industries through certification of energy saving which can be traded.
    b) Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency (MTEE), for accelerating the shift to energy efficient appliances in designated sectors through innovative measures to make the products more affordable.
    c) Energy Efficiency Financing Platform (EEFP), for creation of mechanisms that would help finance demand side management programmes in all sectors by capturing future energy savings.
    d) Framework for Energy Efficient Economic Development (FEEED), for development of fiscal instruments to promote energy efficiency.

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