Stepping up to endless opportunities
India jumped 115 positions to 22nd (2020) from 137th (2014) on World Bank’s Ease of doing business - 'Getting Electricity' ranking. The Indian power sector is forecasted to attract investments worth $ 128.24-135.37 Bn between FY19-23. The future of the sector looks bright since by 2026-27 the country’s power generation installed capacity will close to 620 GW, of which 38 % will be from coal and 44 % from renewable energy sources.
Electricity energy generation from Renewable Energy Sources (Solar, Wind, Hydro& Bio Power) has increased from 193.5 Bn Units during 2013-14 to 306.3 Bn Units during 2020-21 showing the CAGR of 6.8%
Around 119.5 MW worth of Captive Power Plants were commissioned by BHEL in FY 2020-21, while 75 Mw of Captive Power Plants have been commissioned during FY 2021-22 till September 2021
Total Installed Capacity as on August 2022 was 405.8 GW of which 40.2 % was generated from renewable sources.
The government has electrified all unelectrified villages on April 28, 2018 ahead of the deadline May 1, 2018. All states have achieved 100% household electrification, except one.
Coal-based thermal power generation capacity in the year 2030 is expected to be approximately close to 32 % in the energy mix. Odisha's NTPC Talcher Kaniha (3000 MW) is the best-performing thermal power plant with 94.2% Plant Load Factor.
As per the latest key world energy statistics India is the 3rd largest producer of electricity in the world, as of December 2021.
Energy sector projects accounted for the highest share (24 %) in the National Infrastructure Pipeline 2019-25. Total FDI inflow in the power sector reached $ 16.39 bn between April 2000 and June 2022.
Electricity generation (weight: 19.85 %) increased by 12.1 % in November 2022 over November 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 9.7 % during April to November 2022 over the corresponding period of previous year.
100% FDI in the power sector in India is allowed for generation from all sources (except atomic energy), transmission and distribution of electric energy, and Power Trading under the automatic route.
49% FDI allowed in Power Exchanges registered under the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Power Market) Regulations, 2010 under automatic route
For further details, please refer FDI Policy
Installed generation capacity
Peak power requirement
Installed capacity CAGR (2011-2020)
Required hydropower capacity
2nd largest coal producer in the world
Largest nuclear power generating site to be set in Maharashtra with capacity of 9900 MW
3rd largest producer and 3rd largest consumer of electricity in the world
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60 GW - Highest ever conventional power capacity addition in the last three years.
As of May 2022, India has a total Thermal installed capacity of 236.1 GW of which 58.6% of the thermal power is obtained from coal and the rest from Lignite, Diesel, and Gas.
The private sector in the power industry in India generates 49.4% of the country’s thermal power, whereas States and the Centre generate 24.6% and 26.0%, respectively. The electricity generation target of Conventional Sources for the year 2021-22 was fixed at 1356 BU i.e. growth of around 9.83% over the actual conventional generation of 1234.608 BU for the previous year (2020-21). This target comprises of 1155.200 BU Thermal; 149.544 BU Hydro; 43.020 Nuclear; and 8.236 BU Import from Bhutan.
Share of non-fossil fuel based generation capacity in the total installed capacity of the Country likely to increase from 42% as on Oct, 2022 to more than 64% by 2029-30.
Indian power sector is undergoing a significant change that has redefined the industry outlook. The power industry's future in India is bright, and sustained economic growth continues to drive electricity demand in India. The Government of India’s focus on attaining ‘Power for all’ has accelerated capacity addition in the country.
- The Transmission Line Capacity has increased to 456,716 cKm as of March 2022 from 4,50,552 cKm during FY 2020-21
- The addition of Transformation Capacity was 11,04,450 MVA during March 2022 an increase of 7.7 per cent from 10,25,468 MVA in March 2021
- The Inter-Regional Transmission Capacity Addition was 1,12,250 MW during FY 2021-22 as compared to 99,050 MW during FY 2018-19.
- As per record of Sustainable Agrarian Mission on use of Agri-Residue in Thermal Power Plants (SAMARTH), total 83,888 Metric Tonne biomass has been cofired in power plants till 31st October 2022.
- A total of around 83,887 Metric tonnes of Biomass has been utilized (till 31st October) as green fuel for co-firing in Power Plants so far. Till 30th Oct 2022, 39 TPPs across the country has started to utilize biomass in the co-firing with coal.
Expansion in industrial activity to boost demand for electricity
Growing urban & rural population is likely to boost demand for energy
Increasing per-capita power usage will provide further impetus to the energy industry
Ambitious projects across the value chain is leading to further power requirements
Highest ever coal production, increase of 74 mn tonnes in 2 years
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12,719 ckm of Transmission lines and 69,592 MVA Transformation capacity has been added during FY 2021-22
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