Longest road, rail and river network in India

Uttar Pradesh is the fourth largest state in India and has the largest population. The state's population of 200 mn is equivalent to the population of Brazil.

The state falls under the influence area of key industrial corridors such as North-South and East-West (NS-EW) Corridor and several expressways and highways, conveniently connecting it with remote parts of the country. Twelve major rivers pass through the state including the Ganges, India's largest river.

Uttar Pradesh is a popular tourist destination due to the presence of Taj Mahal, Buddhist places of pilgrimage such as Sarnath and Kushinagar and prominent Hindu pilgrimage places such as Allahabad and Varanasi. The state was ranked second and third in terms of domestic and foreign tourist arrival, respectively, in 2017.

Uttar Pradesh has very fertile land and its economy is largely driven by agriculture. The key industries in the state include food processing, information technology (IT), tourism, mineral-based industries, auto components, textiles, handlooms and handicrafts, biotechnology, leather-based and sports goods industries. The state has an oil refinery in Mathura, operated by Indian Oil Corporation. High livestock population in the state makes it one of the leading producers of leather products.

Uttar Pradesh is India’s largest milk-producer, second largest producer of hydel power and third largest producer of thermal power. It has a total installed power capacity of over 25,000 MW. The state is also a leader in the production of multiple food and horticulture crops such as wheat, sugarcane, potato and mango, among others. Noida-Greater Noida region in the state is home to eight operational IT SEZs. The state saw over 143,000 MSMEs and heavy industrial units set-up their base during the 12th five-year plan. The state has the highest number of cities identified under the Smart Cities Mission of the Indian central government.


Largest producer of milk in India

Horticulture crops

Largest producer of horticulture crops - gooseberry, guava, mango, peas, potato


2nd largest producer of leather products in India

Civil Aviation

Civil Aviation

The passenger air traffic in Uttar Pradesh grew by 30% to 6.1 mn passengers in the year 2016-17 on year over year basis and air cargo traffic was 5.89 MMT (million metric tonnes) during 2016-17.

Uttar Pradesh is one of the least penetrated air markets with 0.031 per capita air trips as compared to Indian national average of 0.04 trips per capita per annum, 0.3 in China and more than 2 in the USA. This reflects the immense untapped potential in air transport sector in the state.



Uttar Pradesh has emerged as the hub of IT and ITeS sector, including software and captive business process outsourcing.

Noida is one of the key IT clusters of the country. In 2014-15, software exports from the state reached $4 bn. These exports have been achieved through software technology parks of India alone. Uttar Pradesh has 25 plus Special Economic Zones for IT and ITeS and more than 40 IT and ITeS Parks for boosting the sector ecosystem.

Food processing

Agro and Food Processing

Uttar Pradesh is one of the major producers of horticultural crops and food grains in India, which serves as a lucrative base for the food processing industry.

The largest producer of fruits and vegetables in India. Ranks 1st in production of food grains, milk, sugarcane, potato, peas, mango, gooseberry and watermelon.


Electronics Manufacturing

Uttar Pradesh is the largest exporter of consumer electronics in India.

The State has become a hub for the semiconductor industry with several major players having their Offices and Research and Development (R&D) centres in Noida and Greater Noida. Noida and Greater Noida with its proximity to Delhi are amongst the most preferred investment destinations for ESDM sector in the country. 



Uttar Pradesh ranks 3rd in total tourist arrivals in India. The state was ranked 2nd and 3rd in terms of domestic and foreign tourist arrival, respectively, in 2017.

The state is home to one of the seven wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal. It is also a popular tourist destination due to the presence of Buddhist places of pilgrimage such as Sarnath and Kushinagar and prominent Hindu pilgrimage places such as Allahabad and Varanasi. In 2017, around 3.6 mn foreign tourists and around 234 mn domestic tourists visited the state.

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy

Uttar Pradesh has set an ambitious objective of annual addition of 2,000 MW production capacity of solar energy.

There has been 38% increase in production capacity of grid-connected renewable energy in 2017-18. Uttar Pradesh has tremendous potential to increase its biomass energy production in about 100,000 villages. The state is also the largest producer of sugarcane and the second-largest producer of rice in India, the by-product bagasse and rice husk form an abundant raw material base for power production in the State.

Textiles & Garments

Handloom and Textiles

Uttar Pradesh is the third highest fabric producing state of India producing 13.24% of the national production.

The state ranks 5th in total silk production in the country. Uttar Pradesh has the fifth largest number of handlooms in India. The State is also known for its carpets and produces around 90% of India's carpets. The State is the largest market for textiles and handlooms, with a consumer base of over 200 mn people. 


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


About 63% of Uttar Pradesh's population is in the working age group of 15-59 years.

Uttar Pradesh, the most populated state in India, is home to 16% of the country's total population.


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