Indian pharmaceuticals - a formula for success
The Indian Pharmaceuticals industry plays a prominent role in the global pharmaceuticals industry. India ranks 3rd worldwide for production by volume and 14th by value. The nation is the largest provider of generic medicines globally, occupying a 20% share in global supply by volume, and is the leading vaccine manufacturer globally. India also has the highest number of US-FDA compliant Pharma plants outside of USA and is home to more than 3,000 pharma companies with a strong network of over 10,500 manufacturing facilities as well as a highly skilled resource pool.
The pharmaceutical industry in India offers 60,000 generic brands across 60 therapeutic categories. Major segments include generic drugs, OTC Medicines, API/Bulk Drugs, Vaccines, Contract Research & Manufacturing, Biosimilars and Biologics.
- Incentives worth INR 21,940 Crore ($3 Mn) are approved
- Expected to reach $65 bn by 2024, and ~$120-130 bn by 2030
- Growth rate 10-12%
- Cost of manufacturing ~ 33% lower than western markets
- 18.7% year on year export growth
India is the 4th largest Asian medical devices market after Japan, China, and South Korea and among the top 20 global medical devices markets in the world.
Indian pharma companies enabled by their price competitiveness and good quality, have made global mark, with 60 per cent of the world’s vaccines and 20% of generic medicines coming from India.
100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the Pharmaceutical sector is allowed under the automatic route for greenfield pharmaceuticals.
100% FDI in the pharmaceutical sector is allowed in brownfield pharmaceuticals; wherein 74% is allowed under the automatic route and thereafter through the government approval route.
For further details, please refer FDI Policy
Generics medicines exports share (global)
- $ Bn
Exports worth (FY 20-21)
Growth in exports y-o-y (FY21)
- $ Bn
FDI (April 2000 – Sep 2021)
Largest vaccine producer in the world
Largest manufacturer and exporter of generic medicines
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The pharmaceutical industry in India is expected to reach $65 bn by 2024 and to $120 bn by 2030
The pharmaceutical industry in India is currently valued at $41.7 bn.
India is a major exporter of Pharmaceuticals, with over 200+ countries served by Indian pharma exports. India supplies over 50% of Africa’s requirement for generics, ~40% of generic demand in the US and ~25% of all medicine in the UK .
India also accounts for ~60% of global vaccine demand , and is a leading supplier of DPT, BCG and Measles vaccines. 70% of WHO’s vaccines (as per the essential Immunization schedule) are sourced from India.
Drugs and Pharmaceuticals shares 5.15% of the total exports of the country in the month of April. The Average Index of Industrial Production of Manufacturing of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemicals and botanical products in the FY 2021-22 is 221.6 and has grown by 1.3 percent.
Indian pharma exports witnessed a growth of 103% since 2013-14, from INR 90, 415 Crores in 2013-14 to INR 1,83,422 Crores in 2021-22. Exports achieved in 2021-22 is the Pharma Sector’s best export performance ever. It is a remarkable growth with exports growing by almost $10 bn in 8 years.
Government incentives including an outlay of INR 21940 for PLI 1.0 and PLI 2.0
Quality services at marginal costs compared to US, Europe, and South Asia
India has the highest number of US-FDA compliant plants outside the US
Strong drug manufacturing
Expertise in low cost generic patented drugs as well as end-to-end manufacturing
Strong domestic demand
Launch of the largest National Health Protection Scheme globally
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