India - Knitting the future

India is among the world's largest producers of Textiles and Apparel.

The domestic textiles and apparel industry contributes 2.3% to India’s GDP and accounts for 13% of industrial production, and 12% of the country’s export earnings.

The textiles and apparel industry in India is the second-largest employer in the country providing employment to 45 million people. It is expected that this number will increase to 55 million by 2020.

  • FDI in the textiles and apparel industry has reached up to $3.1 bn during 2018-19
  • Exports in the textiles and apparel industry are expected to reach $300 bn by 2024-25 resulting in a tripling of Indian market share from 5% to 15%

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • 28 %

    Expected sector CAGR (2019-2021)

  • 2.3 %

    Share in India's GDP

  • 12 %

    Textile exports share in overall exports

  • 45 mn

    Employment generated


Largest producer of cotton & jute in the world


Second largest producer of polyester, silk and fibre in the world

Apparel Industry in India

Second largest employment provider in India after agriculture

Industry Scenario

Textile & garments industry in India is expected to reach $ 223 bn by 2021 from $ 137 bn in 2016.

The textiles and apparel industry in India has strengths across the entire value chain from fiber, yarn, fabric to apparel. It is highly diversified with a wide range of segments ranging from products of traditional handloom, handicrafts, wool and silk products to the organized textile industry. The organized textile industry is characterized by the use of capital-intensive technology for mass production of textile products and includes spinning, weaving, processing, and apparel manufacturing.

The domestic textiles and apparel industry stood at $140 bn in 2018 (including handicrafts) of which $100 bn was domestically consumed while the remaining portion worth $40 bn was exported to the world market.

Further, the domestic consumption of $100 bn was divided into apparel at $74 bn, technical textiles at $19 bn and home furnishings at $7 bn. While exports comprised of textile exports at $20.5 bn apparel exports at $16.1 bn and handlooms at $3.8 bn.

Growth Drivers

  • Abundance of raw material
  • Presence of entire value chains
  • Competitive manufacturing costs
  • Availability of skilled manpower
  • Large and growing domestic market
  • Rising per capita income, higher disposable incomes and preferences for brands
  • Organized retail landscape & e-Commerce
  • Increased focus on technical textiles due to growth of end-user industries such as automotive, healthcare, infrastructure and oil and petroleum
  • Open

    Amended Technology Upgradation Fund Sche…

    It aims to promote ease of doing business and achieve  the v…

  • Open

    Guidelines for Development of Knitting…

     To increase support for knitting and knitwear sector.

  • Open

    Guidelines of Yarn Supply Scheme

    Guidelines for the supply of yarn in different regions, and…

  • Open

    Integrated Skill Development Scheme (ISD…

    The ISDS has been scaled up during the 12th Plan with an all…

  • Open

    Merchandise Exports from India Scheme (M…

    To rationalize incentives & enlarge their scopes by remo…

  • Open

    PowerTex India

    To provide financial assistance to economically weaker low-e…

  • Open

    Scheme for Integrated Textile Parks (SIT…

    It aims to provide the industry with worldclass state of the…

  • Open

    Special package for textiles

    The Union Cabinet under the chairmanship of Prime Minister N…

  • Open

    Technology Mission for Technical Textile…

    Ministry of Textiles launched its 5 year technology mission…

  • Open

    Vision, Strategy and Action Plan for Ind…

    To achieve scale across the value chain & attract invest…

Investible Projects

Investment Opportunities in Textiles & Apparel

  • Projects


  • Opportunity

    $317.05 mn

  • Promoters


  • District


  • Private Projects


  • Govt. Projects



$278.1 mn

Bhadrak Textile Park [Bhadrak]

State (s) Odisha

$29.64 mn

Development of Garment Park at Bhatauli , Jabalpur

State (s) Madhya Pradesh

$7.06 mn

Silk Fabrics Project [Nashik]

State (s) Maharashtra

$1.41 mn

Setting up of Handloom Production Unit at HPC

State (s) Assam

Major Investors

Data on Map

  • Textile Industry
  • Indian Textile
  • Handloom Industry

Latest in Textiles & Apparel

  • Event

    Texworld Paris 2020 - The international trade show for fashion, 10-13 Feb 2020, Paris

    Read Now
  • Event

    Weaves - 2019 | South India's Premier Textile Fair, Texvalley, Erode, 27-20 November 2019

    Read Now
  • Event

    Namaskar Cambodia & Vietnam 2019, Phnom Penh - Cambodia & Ho Chi Minh City - Vietnam, 15-19 November 2…

    Read Now
  • Event

    Jutexpo 2020, Kolkata, 12 - 13 January 2020

    Read Now
  • Event

    Namaskar Eurasia, Kyrgyz Republic, 9-11 October

    Read More
  • Event

    India Pavilion 'TexIndia in Africa 2019', Ethiopia, 9-12 November 2019

    Read Now
  • Event

    India Pavillion at 28th Baltic Fashion & Textile Trade Fair, Lithuania, 17-19 October 2019

    Read More
  • Report

    India Surging Ahead - 2019

    Read Now
  • Report

    Setting up Business in India

    Read Now
  • Brochure

    Textiles Sector

    Read Now


Asked Questions

  • Is there a list of importers and exporters of technical textiles available?

    There are 369 technical textiles importers and 680 technical textiles exporters in India as per the latest available figures. The list of exporters and importers along with contact details, export segment & product exported is available in the website link. 

  • What are the ATUFS benchmarked machineries?

    TUFS benefit is available for TUFS benchmarked machinery covering the following activities:-
    a) Cotton ginning and pressing.
    b) Silk reeling and twisting.
    c) Wool scouring, combing and carpet industry.
    d) Synthetic filament yarn texturising, crimping and twisting.
    e) Spinning.
    f) Viscose Staple Fibre (VSF) and Viscose Filament Yarn (VFY).
    g) Weaving, knitting and fabric embroidery.
    h) Technical textiles including non-wovens.
    i) Garment/design studio/made-up manufacturing.
    j) Processing of fibres, yarns, fabrics, garments and made-ups.
    k) Production activities of Jute Industry.

  • What is the MSS scheme?

    In order to promote and Market Handicrafts financial assistance is provided to different eligible organizations to organize/participate in domestic and international Craft Exhibitions/seminars in metropolitan cities/state capitals/places of tourist or commercial interest/other places. This will provide direct marketing platform to the handicrafts artisans/SHGs from various parts of the country. Major components under this scheme are detailed below:
    1) Gandhi Shilp Bazaar/Craft Bazars.
    2) Exhibitions.
    3) Hiring of built up space in events organized by other organizations.
    4) National Handicrafts Fair.
    5) Craft Awareness Programme.
    6) Participation in international fairs and exhibition abroad.
    7) Folk Craft Festival of India/Stand Alone Shows/road shows.
    8) Market studies abroad.
    9) International craft exposure programme.
    10) Cultural Exchange Programme.
    11) Compliance, social and other welfare measures.
    12) Buyer seller meet in India.
    13) Buyers sellers meet abroad and reverse buyer seller meet in India.
    14) Marketing workshops.
    15) Workshops/seminars/symposiums/programmes organized abroad.
    16) Rental for warehousing.
    17) Publicity via print and electronic media.
    18) Web Marketing.

  • What are the subsidies under ATUFS?

    The subsidies are as follows:
    a) Stand alone spinning units – 2% Interest Reimbursement (IR) for new stand alone/replacement/modernization of spinning machinery.
    b) For units having spinning capacity with forward integration having matching capacity in weaving/ knitting/processing/garmenting – 5% IR.
    c) Weaving – 
    i) 6% IR and 15% capital subsidy on brand new shuttleless looms or 30% Margin Money Subsidy (MMS) on brand new shuttleless looms for powerloom sector.
    ii) 2% IR or 8% MMS on second hand imported shuttleless looms with 10 years vintage and with a residual life of minimum 10 years.
    iii) For 30% MMS – capital ceiling caps of RS. 5 crore and subsidy cap of Rs. 1.5 crore would be adhered to for encouraging adequate investments by the MSME sector.
    d) Processing – 5% IR and 10% capital subsidy for specified processing machinery. CETP/ETP will not be considered for support under TUFS.
    e) Garmenting – 5% IR and 10% capital subsidy on specified machinery for garmenting units.
    f) Technical Textiles (including non-wovens) – 5% IR and 10% capital subsidy on specified machinery required in manufacture on technical textiles.
    g) Handloom and silk sector – 5% IR or 30% capital subsidy on benchmarked machinery.
    h) MSMEs including jute sector – 5% IR or 15% MMS– subsidy ceiling to be $ 115,384.
    i) Other segments – i.e. cotton ginning and pressing, wool scouring, combing and carpet industry, synthetic filament yarn texturising, crimping and twisting, viscose staple fibre and viscose filament yarn, knitting and fabric embroidery,  weaving preparatory machines, made-up manufacturing, CAD, CAM and design studio and jute industry – 5%IR
    j) Investments like factory buildings, pre-operative expenses and margin money for working capital are eligible for benefit of reimbursement

    Under the scheme only for apparel and handloom sector with 50% cap of total new eligible investment under RR-TUFS. Land is altogether excluded from eligible investments under TUFS. This benefit, however, shall not be available for textile units under the Scheme for Integrated Textile Park (SITP).

  • What is the R&D Scheme introduced by the Government?

    Research and Development scheme was introduced to conduct surveys and studies of important crafts and make in-depth analysis of specific aspects and problems of Handicrafts in order to generate useful inputs to aid policy Planning, fine tune the ongoing initiatives and to have independent evaluation of the schemes implemented by this office.
    Following activities will be under taken during the 12th Plan:
    i) Survey & Studies on different topics.
    ii) Financial assistance for preparation of legal, para legal, standards, audits and other documentation leading to labeling/certification.
    iii) Financial assistance to organizations for evolving, developing a mechanism for protecting crafts including languishing crafts, design, heritage, historical knowledge base, research and implementation of the same enabling the sector/segment to face challenges.
    iv) Conducting Census of Handicraft artisans of the country.
    v) Registration of Crafts under Geographical Indication Act & necessary follow up on implementation.
    vi) Assisting handicrafts exporters in adoption of global standards and for bar coding including handicrafts mark for generic products.
    vii) Financial assistance for taking up problems/issues relating to brand building and promotion of Indian handicrafts.
    viii) Conducting of Workshops/Seminars on issues of specific nature relating to handicrafts sector.

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