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Nagaland: Naga chilli, one of the world's spiciest chillis, is grown in the state

Nagaland shares its international border with Myanmar in the east and is landlocked by Indian states on other sides. The state is well connected with rest of the nation through road network of around 1,150 km and an airport in Dimapur.

Nagaland is predominantly an agrarian economy with 71% of the population dependent on agriculture. Major horticulture crops grown in the state include banana, citrus, pineapple and potato. Cash crops include rattan and bamboo. The state is classified into 4 agro-climatic zones and receives an average rainfall of 2,500 mm annually. Among all the natural resources, forest resources such as medicinal plants and timber contribute maximum to the state’s economy. Hornbill festival of Nagaland, celebrated each year to promote the cultural heritage of Nagaland, attracts a flock of domestic and foreign tourists. The event takes place in the first week of December, showcasing traditional Naga morungs exhibition, state cuisines, herbal medicines, flower shows, songs and dances.


Key upcoming industrial projects:

  •  Export Promotion Industrial Park (EPIP) in Dimapur for the agro and food processing sector     
  •  A multi-product SEZ spread across 400 ha in Dimapur  
  •  Smart Cities Mission, for which Kohima is the city identified in Nagaland 


  • 3rd highest producer of cobalt in India
  • 600 mn MT of crude oil capacity
  • Naga tree tomato and Chakhesang shawl are registered geographical indications of Nagaland

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  • GSDP (Current price)

    USD 3 bn (2015-16)

  • GSDP growth rate (YoY)

    8% (2015-16)

  • Per capita income

    USD 1,277 (2015-16)

  • Share of renewable in energy



Around 60% of Nagaland's population lies in the working age group of 15-59 years.

The population of Nagaland is 2.3 mn. A majority of the population in the state speaks English, which is the official language of the state.




  • 28%

    Urbanisation rate

  • 931

    females/ 1000 males

Skilled manpower
  • Central universities


  • Private universities


  • Polytechnic institutes


  • Arts colleges


  • Science colleges


  • Commerce colleges


  • National institutes


Key Sectors

Nagaland produces horticulture crops such as banana, pineapple, passion fruit and orange, which account for 79% of total area under cultivation in the state. 

Nagaland has the potential to produce 15,000 MT of honey and 100 MT of wax, generating around USD 100 mn annually. Nagaland Bee-keeping and Honey Mission (NBHM) has set up a honey processing unit in Dimapur, and established 17 common facility centres in the state. 

The state has more than 1,000 mn tonnes of high chemical grade limestone reserves in the eastern region and 600 mn MT of crude oil and more than 20 mn tonnes of hydrocarbon reserves underneath 7 oil belts, spread across 5 districts of Nagaland.

Mulberry, Muga, Eri and Oak-Tasar silk are widely cultivated in Nagaland. During 2015-16, production of raw silk stood at around 631 MT. The government of India is promoting sericulture sector in the Northeast through various initiatives such as its Intensive Sericulture Development Project (ISDP), which has an expected outlay of USD 5 mn for sericulture development in Nagaland. 

Major Investors