Naga chilli, one of the world's spiciest chillis, is grown in the state

Nagaland is predominantly an agrarian economy with 71% of its population dependent on agriculture. Major horticulture crops grown in the state include banana, citrus, pineapple and potato.

Other cash crops grown in the state include rattan and bamboo. The state is classified into four agro-climatic zones and receives an average rainfall of 2,500 mm annually. Among all the natural resources, forest resources such as medicinal plants and timber contribute maximum to the state’s economy. 

Nagaland shares its international border with Myanmar in the east and is landlocked by Indian states on the other sides. The state is well connected with rest of the nation through road network of around 1,150 km and an airport in Dimapur and National Highway 19 which passes through the State from Dimapur via Kohima to Manipur. This NH 39 is soon to be an international route under the Look East Policy of the Government of India. 

Hornbill festival of Nagaland, celebrated each year to promote the cultural heritage of the state, attracts a flock of domestic and foreign tourists. The event takes place in the first week of December, showcasing traditional Naga Morungs exhibition, state cuisines, herbal medicines, flower shows, songs and dances.


3rd highest producer of cobalt in India

Crude Oil

600 mn MT of crude oil capacity


Naga tree tomato and Chakhesang shawl are registered geographical indications of Nagaland

Agriculture and Allied Activities

Nagaland produces horticulture crops such as banana, pineapple, passion fruit and orange.

About 79% of the state's total cultivable area is under horticulture plantation. 


Nagaland has the potential to produce 15,000 MT of honey and 100 MT of wax, generating around $ 100 mn annually.

Nagaland Bee-keeping and Honey Mission (NBHM) has set up a honey processing unit in Dimapur and established 17 common facility centres in the state. 


Nagaland has more than 1,000 MT of high chemical grade limestone reserves in the eastern region and 600 mn MT of crude oil.

There are more than 20 mn tonnes of hydrocarbon reserves underneath 7 oil belts, spread across 5 districts of Nagaland.

Sericulture in Nagaland


Mulberry, Muga, Eri and Oak-Tasar silk are widely cultivated in Nagaland. During 2017-18, the production of raw silk in the state stood at around 616 MT.

The government of India is promoting the sericulture sector in the North-East through various initiatives such as its North Eastern Region Textiles Promotion Scheme (NERTPS). Under this scheme, fabric processing in Nagaland has is promoted. During scheme implementation, 400 women stakeholders have been trained in the art of silk reeling and weaving.


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


About 60% of Nagaland's population is in the working age group of 15-59 years.

The population of Nagaland is 2.3 mn. A majority of the population in the state speaks English, which is the official language of the state.

Industrial Information System (IIS) Portal

GIS - based map displaying available infrastructure for setting up manufacturing operations in the state.


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