Snapshot

Creating a sustainable world

India ranks 3rd in renewable energy country attractive index in 2021 and 3rd largest energy consuming country in the world.

The country has set an ambitious target to achieve a capacity of 175 GW worth of renewable energy by the end of 2022, which expands to 500 GW by 2030. This is the world's largest expansion plan is in renewable energy.

India was the second largest market in Asia for new solar PV capacity and third globally (13 GW of additions in 2021). It ranked fourth for total installations (60.4 GW), overtaking Germany (59.2 GW) for the first time.

India’s installed renewable energy capacity has increased 286%  in the last 7.5 years and stands at more than 151.4 Giga Watts (including large Hydro), which is about 39 per cent of the country’s total capacity (as on 31st December 2021). The installed solar energy capacity has increased by 17 times in the last 7 years, and stands at 49.5 GW. The installed Renewable energy capacity (including large hydro) has increased from 76.37 GW in March 2014 to 151.4 GW in December 2021, i.e. an increase of around 98%.

India has achieved its NDC target with total non-fossil based installed energy capacity of 158.17 GW which is 40.2% of the total installed electricity capacity.

Up to 100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route for renewable energy generation and distribution projects subject to provisions of The Electricity Act, 2003.
For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • + GW

    Renewable energy potential in India

  • GW

    Installed renewable energy capacity (as of December 2021)

  • %

    Share in total installed capacity

4th largest installed capacity of renewable energy in the world

4th largest installed capacity of wind power in the world

Fifth-largest solar installed capacity in the world

Industry Scenario

Renewable energy sources have a combined installed capacity of 150+ GW.

As of 31 December 2021, the total installed capacity for renewable energy in India is 151.4 GW.

The following is the break up of total installed capacity for Renewables, as of 31 December 2021:

  • Wind power: 40.08 GW
  • Solar Power: 49.34 GW
  • BioPower: 10.61 GW
  • Small Hydro Power: 4.83 GW
  • Large Hydro: 46.51 GW

Government of India has set targets to reduce India’s total projected carbon emission by 1 billion tonnes by 2030, reduce the carbon intensity of the nation’s economy by less than 45% by the end of the decade, achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2070 and expand India’s renewable energy installed capacity to 500 GW by 2030.

  • 45 solar parks of aggregate capacity 37 GW have been approved in India.
  • Solar Parks in Pavagada (2 GW), Kurnool (1 GW) and Bhadla-II (648 MW) included in top 5 operational solar parks of 7 GW capacity in the country
  • The world’s largest renewable energy park of 30 GW capacity solar-wind hybrid project is under installation in Gujarat
  • India offers a great opportunity for investments in RE sector; $ 196.98 bn worth of projects underway in India
  • India ranked third globally for total renewable power capacity additions with 15.4 GW in 2021, following China (136 GW) and the US (43 GW).
  • The Green Hydrogen Mission has expected outcome of generating 4.1 Mn Tonnes of annual Green Hydrogen production.

GROWTH DRIVERS

  • Government commitments

    Reduce India’s total projected carbon emission by 1 bn tonnes by 2030, reduce the carbon intensity of the nation’s economy by less than 45% by the end of the decade, achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2070 and expand India’s renewable energy installed capacity to 500 GW by 2030.

  • Proposed solar cities and parks

    1 solar city per state-approved and approval setting up 45 solar parks of 37 GW across the nation

  • New areas of opportunities

    Wind – Solar Hybrid, Off-shore Wind Energy, Floating PV Projects, Green Hydrogen

  • Atmanirbhar Bharat

    PLI scheme in Solar PV manufacturing with financial outlays of INR 24,000 crores introduced under Atmanirbhar Bharat 3.0. Imposition of Basic Customs Duty of 25% on Solar Cell & 40% on Solar PV Modules w.e.f. 01.04.2022.

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Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to introduce the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme in High Efficiency Solar PV Modules for Enhancing India’s Manufacturing Capabilities and Enhancing Exports – Atmanirbhar Bharat.

  • INR 24,000 cr

    Scheme Outlay

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FAQs

Frequently
Asked Questions

How many states are classified under solar city development programme?

Under the 'Development of Solar Cities Programme', there are in total 60 solar cities identified.

For more information, click here.

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What is a solar city?

The Solar City aims at minimum 10% reduction in projected demand of conventional energy at the end of five years, through a combination of enhancing supply from renewable energy sources in the city and energy efficiency measures. The basic aim is to motivate the local Governments for adopting renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency measures.

For more information, click here.

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What are the new technologies undertaken by the government in this sector?

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has taken up various programmes on new technologies. As part of these programmes, various projects pertinent to research, development and demonstration have been initiated. These initiatives have been at various research, scientific and educational institutes, universities, national laboratories, industry, etc. These projects are helping in the development of indigenous research and industrial base, expertise, trained manpower and prototypes/devices/systems in the country

a. Hydrogen Energy
b. Chemical Sources of Energy (Fuel Cells)
c. Battery Operated Vehicles
d. Geo Thermal Energy
e. Ocean Energy
f. Biofuels

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What is strategy related to R&D?

R&D for technology development in industry -driven and goal oriented.

1. Involvement of industry and scientific establishment.
2. Access technological development elsewhere avoiding 'Reinventing the wheel'.
3. Indigenous R&D for new and emerging technologies and improvement of available technologies.
4. Time bound specific tasks for identified R&D activities to be assigned to recognized / identified industry and institutions with clear understanding on the achievement of results.

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What is the state-wise electricity generation capacity?

The electricity generation capacity is listed state wise, which can be accessed from the link.

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