Union Budget 2023-24
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Leading producer of strawberry in India

Meghalaya has a hydroelectric power potential of approximately 3,000 MW. Largest producer of coal and limestone in North-East India.

Meghalaya, located in North-East India, shares its border with Assam and Bangladesh.

The picturesque state receives the highest rainfall in the country, hosts an array of national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, medicinal plants, and more. Meghalaya has two national parks and three wildlife sanctuaries. It offers many adventure tourism opportunities like mountaineering, rock climbing, water sports, hiking, and trekking, among others. Mawsynram, located in East Khasi Hills, is the wettest place in the world.

Meghalaya State Investment Promotion Board (MSIPB), Government of Meghalaya has signed an MoU with Invest India in July 2021. In accordance with the MoU, Meghalaya Desk at Invest India has been operationalised to leverage investment opportunities in the key thrust sectors, boosting trade and investment in Meghalaya.

The desk in collaboration with Meghalaya State Investment Promotion Board and PRIME Meghalaya, organized a Conference on CSR, Entrepreneurship & Sustainability as a part of Chief Minister’s Startup & CSR Week in Shillong from 14th to 16th November 2022.
  • On 15th November, the Conference included an interactive Workshop where entrepreneurs, academia, and government officials received training on comprehending CSR laws and formulating business proposals for availing CSR funds.
  • On 16th November, panel discussions were held on "Role of CSR and Entrepreneurship in achieving Sustainable Development" and “Entrepreneurship Scenario and Challenges Faced by Entrepreneurs”. The event also included a pitching round on Entrepreneurship Development related CSR investable projects and a session on CSR Experience Sharing by reputed foundations.

Producer of one of the finest varieties of turmeric, the Lakadong turmeric


Meghalaya Government’s key initiative, "e-Proposal System", won the coveted UN Award - World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum Prizes 2022. 

Rock Band

Meghalaya has been awarded as “Best Performer” in the Startup India States Ranking 2021.

Meghalaya hydro power

Hydroelectric Power

Meghalaya has a total installed power generation capacity of 578 MW in 2023

The total potential for hydropower is estimated to be approximately 3,000 MW. 

As per Ministry of Power, Central Electricity Authority, Meghalaya's total installed power generation capacity includes 110 MW is thermal power (gas) and 468 MW is renewable power (417 MW hydropower).

Agriculture and Horticulture

Agriculture and Horticulture

Meghalaya has 42 % forest land certainly above the Indian average of only 23 per cent whereas the net sown area is only 9%.

83 % of Meghalaya’s net area sown is devoted to crop production. The area under cultivable wasteland is quite high (20%). Meghalaya holds a strong position in terms of per capita availability of livestock products compared not only to the NER but also to India. 

There are 17 FPOs registered in the state. 325 startups are registered under PRIME Meghalaya under Agriculture & food processing sector, the highest number amongst all the sectors. Lakadong turmeric and GI tagged Khasi Mandarin has huge potential for export to international markets.


Mineral Industry

Meghalaya, with abundant deposits of coal, limestone,  kaolin, clay, granite, glass-sand and uranium.

Meghalaya has a great industrial potential. The production of coal is spread over in Jaintia hills, Garo Hills, East Khasi hills and West Khasi hills areas. 


Tourism and Hospitality

Mawmluh Cave in Sohra, Meghalaya, was selected by the International Union of Geological Sciences – IUGS (UNESCO) as one of the ‘FIRST 100 IUGS GEOLOGICAL SITES’ in the world.

Meghalaya is home to exquisite tourist destinations like the Living Root Bridge, a world heritage site, two National Parks (Balpakram and Nokrek), Mawlynnong, the cleanest village in Asia, Siju Wildlife Sanctuary in South Garo Hills, Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary in Ri Bhoi District, and many more.  The state is home to Nongkhnum Island, Meghalaya’s largest and Asia’s second largest river island.

Meghalaya is gradually becoming one of the most popular tourist hubs in the country, owing to its improved connectivity, recent inauguration of the state's first five-star hotel, and growing interest in adventure and eco tourism, coupled with year-round festivals. The state offers many adventure tourism opportunities like mountaineering, rock climbing, water sports, hiking, trekking, among others.

Meghalaya's Living Root Bridges has been included in the UNESCO world heritage site tentative list.
Tourism department launched the ‘Meghalaya Homestay Scheme’. Under this scheme, the Tourism department would allocate up to INR 10 lakh for promoting homestays in the state. In order to encourage people of the state to operate homestays as a source of livelihood, the subsidy and loans would be extended. Under this scheme, a 35 % front-end subsidy would be given to those who wish to start homestays. Up to 70 % of the financing would be done for the rural areas.

Handloom and Handicraft

Handloom and Handicraft

Meghalaya produces 3 out of the 4 varieties of silk available in the world – Eri; locally known as Ryndia, Muga, and Mulberry.  

Sericulture and Weaving in Meghalaya are the two most important cottage based, eco-friendly industries in the rural areas portraying the cultural ethos and rich heritage of the people of the State. 

In Meghalaya, around 16,000 families are involved in sericulture farming and 42,000 people are associated with the handloom sector, of which 90% are women creating further avenues for women empowerment in the state.
Training facilities are being provided to handloom weavers in clusters under the scheme of Silk Weaving Technology Programme. The Government has introduced the State Award for Handicraft Artisans to recognize the outstanding achievements of the master craftsmen and their innovative contribution to the field of handicraft.

The approximate number of active weavers in Meghalaya is 24,157. The approximate number of farmers producing cocoons in Meghalaya is 48,685. The state has 10 Weaving Training Centres, 8 Production Centres, and 15 Common Facility Centres. There is Integrated Scheme for Development of Eri Silk Industry under Aspirational District at Ri Bhoi, where assistance is provided to farmers for raising of plantations, construction of rearing house and establishment of cocoon bank.



The total tele-density of Meghalaya is 74 mn

According to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) 2022, Meghalaya had 2.45 mn total subscriber base (wireline + wireless), and out of which 1.44 mn is rural and 1.01 mn is urban. The total tele-density of Meghalaya is 74 mn, and out of which 54 mn is rural and 148 mn is urban


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


About 55% of Meghalaya's population is in the working age group of 15-59 years.

Literacy rate in Meghalaya has seen an upward trend and at 75% as per 2011 population census.

Industrial Land Bank Portal

GIS - based map displaying available infrastructure for setting up business operations in the state.

Data On Map

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