India - a biotech growth catalyst

India is among the top 12 destinations for biotechnology in the world, with approximately 3% share in the global Biotechnology industry. The Biotechnology industry in India, comprising about 800 companies, is estimated to have grown at a CAGR of 20.3% during 2005-17, to reach $ 11.6 bn in 2016-17.

India has the second highest number of US Food & Drug Administration (USFDA)-approved manufacturing plants outside the US. The country is currently home to more than 523 USFDA approved drug manufacturing facilities.

  • By 2020, bio-incubation space of 175,000 sq. ft. has been planned with the target to support 50 world class bio-incubators
  • By 2025, Indian Biotechnology industry is expected to reach $ 100 bn

100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route for greenfield pharma.

100% FDI is allowed under the government route for brownfield pharma in upto 74% FDI is under automatic route and beyond 74% is under the government approval route.

FDI up to 100% is allowed under the automatic route for the manufacturing of medical devices.

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • 150 %

    Tax deduction on R&D expenditure

  • 57.1 %

    Annual industrial growth

  • 64 %

    Bio-pharma revenue share

  • 18 %

    Share in Bio-services


World's largest producer of recombinant Hepatitis B vaccine

BT Cotton

World's largest producer of BT Cotton


World's second highest number of USFDA approved plants

Industry Scenario

The Indian Biotechnology industry that was valued at $ 11 bn in 2015-16, is estimated to have expanded at a CAGR of 20.3% during 2016-17.

The sector is divided into five major segments- Bio-pharma, Bio-services, Bio-agri, Bio-industrial, and Bio-informatics. The biopharmaceutical sector accounts for the largest share of the biotech industry with a share of 64% of total revenues, followed by bio-services with 18% market share. India is becoming a leading destination for clinical trials, contract research, and manufacturing activities, which is further fuelling the growth of the bio-services sector. Bio-agri segments accounted for 14% of the biotech industry in 2015-16, while the remaining market is catered by bio-industrial (3%) and bio-informatics (1%).

  • India's Serum Institute is the largest Bio-pharma company in the country and accounts for approximately 22% of the biopharma market.
  • 30 bio-incubators and biotech parks have been supported and established during April 2014-September 2016.

Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) is a not-for-profit set up by Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India as an interface agency to strengthen and empower the emerging biotechnology enterprises to undertake strategic research and innovation.

BIRAC’s focus has been creation of a biotechnology start-up environment in the country. It has taken a couple of strategic implementation programmes that span from provide funding to early stage ideas through grants, creation of bio-incubators at strategic locations (through BioNEST) and extend mentorship and networking opportunities to start-ups (the data on map section below shows BIRAC BioNEST and BIRAC supported incubators across different states in India).

Growth Drivers

  • Growing population

    Predicted to reach 1.4 bn by 2028
  • Rising economic prosperity and consciousness

    Lifestyle-related ailments owing to changed lifestyles
  • Rising disposable income

    Growing middle-class increased insurance penetration would lead to a steep rise in annual earnings of India
  • Strong skilled manpower pool

    Biotechnology institutes creating skilled manpower
  • Cost competitive manufacturing

    World-class engineering and strong R&D
  • Open

    Bioenergy Roadmap Vision 2020

    The vision is to create biotechnology enterprise equipped wi…

  • Open

    Bioincubators Nurturing Entrepreneurship…

    Bio-incubation allows harnessing of the entrepreneurial pote…

  • Open

    Biotechnology Ignition Grant

    The scheme was established to foster the generation of ideas…

  • Open

    Guidelines on similar biologics

    To provide guidelines to applicants to enable them to unders…

  • Open

    National Biotechnology Development Strat…

    It focuses on building coherence and connectivity between di…

  • Open

    National Guidelines for Stem Cell Resear…

    The guidelines reiterate that the general principles of biom…

  • Open

    Open Access Policy 2015

    In order to achieve the aforementioned objectives, each inst…

Investible Projects

Investment Opportunities in Biotechnology

  • Projects


  • Opportunity

    $83.93 mn

  • Promoters


  • District


  • Private Projects


  • Govt. Projects



$22.29 mn

Pharmaceutical Park at Chaygaon

State (s) Assam

$19.59 mn

Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients Project [Visakhapatnam]

State (s) Andhra Pradesh

$14.51 mn

Bulk Drugs Project [Dahej]

State (s) Gujarat

$6.8 mn

Active Pharmaceuticals Ingredients Project [Ankleshwar]

State (s) Gujarat

Major Investors

Data on Map

  • Biotechnology industry in India
  • Business opportunities in biotechnology in India

Latest in Biotechnology


Asked Questions

  • What is agricultural biotechnology?

    Agricultural biotechnology is an advanced technology that allows plant breeders to make precise genetic changes to impart beneficial traits to the crop plants we rely on for food and fiber.

    For centuries farmers and plant breeders have labored to improve crop plants. Traditional breeding methods include selecting and sowing the seeds from the strongest, most desirable plants to produce the next generation of crops. By selecting and breeding plants with characteristics such as higher yield, resistance to pests and hardiness, early farmers dramatically changed the genetic make-up of crop plants long before the science of genetics was understood. As a result, most of today's crop plants bear little resemblance to their wild ancestors.

    The tools of modern biotechnology allow plant breeders to select genes that produce beneficial traits and move them from one organism to another. This process is far more precise and selective than crossbreeding, which involves the transfer of tens of thousands of genes, and provided plant developers with a more detailed knowledge of the changes being made.

  • Are BIOTECH projects approved by the Govt. of India ?

    The portable plants, RCC digesters and waste to electricity plants which are designed and developed by BIOTECH have been approved by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India. So these types of plants installed in India are eligible for the subsidy from MNRE.

  • What is the mandate of Department of Biotechnology?

    The mandate is as follows:
    1) Promote large scale use of Biotechnology.
    2) Support R&D and manufacturing in Biology.
    3) Responsibility for Autonomous Institutions.
    4) Promote University and Industry Interaction.
    5) Identify and Set up Centres of Excellence for R&D.
    6) Integrated Programme for Human Resource Development.
    7) Serve as Nodal Point for specific International Collaborations.
    8) Establishment of Infrastructure Facilities to support R&D and production.
    9) Evolve Bio Safety Guidelines, manufacture and application of cell based vaccines.
    10) Serve as nodal point for the collection and dissemination of information relating to biotechnology.

  • What are the benefits of Biotechnology?

    This technology helps plants for pest resistance, helps plants to tolerate the stressful conditions like low temperature, drought, salt in soil, etc., helps to generate vaccines for the animals to fight against diseases, it is also used to produce pharmaceuticals etc.

  • What is the National Biopharma Mission?

    The NBM is an industry-academia collaborative mission for accelerating discovery research to early development for biopharmaceuticals innovate in India (I3). The aim of the mission is to enable and nurture an ecosystem for preparing India's technological and product development capabilities in biopharmaceutical to a level that will be globally competitive over the next decade, and transform the health standards of India's population through affordable product development. The department aims to achieve this through development of centres of excellence, strengthening of bio-clusters, creating shared infrastructure for product development, knowledge sharing etc.

    To submit one's proposal under the NBM, access the following link with relevant details.

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