Snapshot

Sailing towards success

India is strategically located on the world’s shipping routes with a coastline of approximately 7,517 km. Maritime transport handles around 70% of India’s trading in value terms. The government has also introduced various fiscal and non-fiscal incentives for enterprises that develop, maintain and operate ports, inland waterways and shipbuilding in India.

The Government launched the ambitious Sagarmala Programme in March 2017, with the vision of port-led development and growth of logistics-intensive industries. Under Sagarmala Programme, $123 bn would be invested across 415 projects across the following identified components:

  •  Port Modernization and New Port Development
  •  Port Connectivity Enhancement
  •  Port-Linked Industrialization
  •  Coastal Community Development

The projects identified under Sagarmala Programme are expected to have the following impact:

  • Mobilization of over $58 bn of infrastructure investment
  • Double the share of inland and coastal waterways in the modal mix from 6%
  • Reduce time for export by 5 days
  • Boost merchandise exports by $110 bn
  • Create 4 mn new direct jobs and 6 mn indirect jobs

100% FDI allowed under both government and automatic route.

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • MT

    Cargo traffic at major ports (2018-19)

  • %

    Cargo traffic growth

  • Indian fleet strength (no. of vessels - coastal & overseas as on Apr 2020)

  • MTPA

    Capacity (2018)

A

Annual cargo traffic doubled to 1 bn tonnes p.a. over the decade starting 2005

B

Seaborne trade in India has grown at twice the global growth rate of 3.3%

C

16th largest maritime country in the world

Ports And Shipping Information Kit
Ports And Shipping Information Kit
View

Industry Scenario

Cargo traffic on the rise

India has 12 major and 200 non-major/intermediate ports (under state government administration). Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust is the largest major port in India, while Mudra is the largest private port. Moreover, India is one of the world's top 5 ship recycling countries and holds 30% share in the global ship recycling market.

By Financial Year 2018-19, 34 PPP projects with an investment of $3.05 bn involving capacity addition of 300 MTPA is under operation. Another, 13 PPP projects with an investment of $978.3 mn involving capacity addition of 140 MTPA is under implementation. Further, there are 20 captive projects with an investment of $713.8 mn involving capacity addition of 142.45 MTPA under operation and 7 captive projects with an investment of $930.5 mn involving capacity addition of 55 MTPA is under implementation.

Cargo traffic in the country is expected to rise to 2,500 MT by 2024-25 from 1,072.23 MT in 2015-16. The major ports in India collectively handled 679.4 MT of cargo during 2017-18 compared to 648.4 MT a year ago; thereby registering a growth of 4.8%. During 2018-19, major and non-major ports in India handled a total cargo throughput of around 1,282 MT. The traffic grew by 6.13% over the corresponding period of the previous year.

  • 118 maritime projects requiring $7.7 bn investment have been approved in the last four years
  • The cargo handling capacity of major ports reached 1534.91 MPTA in 2019-20 

Share in traffic for major commodities (2019)

  • POL: 37.5%
  • Container: 20.8%
  • Thermal coal: 23.1% 
  • Iron ore: 5.8%

GROWTH DRIVERS

  • National waterways

    Development of existing & 106 notified waterways

  • Sagarmala initiative

    6 new ports identified under Sagarmala Programme

  • Cruise shipping

    Cruise shipping potential expected to grow

  • Specialist terminal based ports

    Cargo like LNG with specific equipment & high capital costs

  • Rising trade

    Increased trade & private participation in port infra development

  • Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan - Self Reliant India

    Special economic and comprehensive package of INR 20 lakh crores towards promoting manufacturing in India

Industrial Information System (IIS) Portal

GIS - based map displaying available infrastructure for setting up manufacturing operations in the state.

Major Investors

Data On Map

Coastal Economic Zone

Latest In Ports & Shipping

RegulationsNov 19, 2020

Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Processing FDI Proposals

Read Now

Regulations

Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for…

Press Release

Declaration of the private sector on Climate…

FDI Policy 2020

DPIIT released the 'Consolidated FDI Policy'…

Brochure

Customs (Administration of Rules of Origin…

Guidelines

SOP for charter of tugs by Major Ports under…

FAQ

Frequently
Asked Questions

What is the role of the Directorate General of Shipping?

The Directorate General of Shipping deals with implementation of shipping policy and legislation. Its objectives are as follows:
1) Matters affecting merchant shipping & navigation.
2) Measures to ensure safety of life and ships at sea.
3) Development of Indian shipping.
4) International convections relating to maritime matters.
5) Provision of facilities for training of officers & rating of Merchant Navy.
6) Development of Sailing Vessels Industry.
7) Regulation of Ocean freight rates in overseas trade.

Was it helpful?

What are incentives available for Ship Building Industries in India?

Apart from dedicated ship building parks/plot offered by various state maritime boards on concessional terms, Ministry of Shipping (Government of India) has also offered various incentive for Ship Building Industry India. Shipbuilding Financial Assistance Policy aims to provide financial assistance to Indian shipyards for shipbuilding contracts signed between 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2026, including the said dates. The financial assistance will be 20% of the ‘Contract Price’ or the ‘Fair Price’, whichever is lower, as determined by international valuers, for any vessel built in India subsequent to its delivery. The quantum of financial assistance shall reduce by three percent after every three years of the policy. This policy shall be in force for a period of 10 years from the date stipulated in the guidelines formulated by the Government for the purpose.

For details please refer to guidelines for 'Implementation of Shipbuilding Financial Assistance Policy' (as amended in October 2017) link.

Was it helpful?

Is there a plan to develop port based smart cities in India?

Yes, there are plans to develop Smart Industrial Port Cities. Initially such cities will come up near Kandla and Paradip ports.

For more information, click here.

Was it helpful?

What are the initiatives taken by the Indian government in ports sector?

Government of India has launched major initiatives to upgrade and strengthen ports and shipping in the country including enabling policy measures to facilitate private investments in this sector. Some of the key initiatives like Sagarmala Project, dredging and navigation for 111 inland waterways , financial assistance for ship building in India, promotion of cruise shipping and cruise terminals in India, incentives for coastal shipping and development of 13 Coastal Economic Zones along the coastline of India.

Was it helpful?

What are Coastal Economic Zones?

Coastal Economic Zones (CEZ) are geographically contiguous districts within a State that are either coastal districts or districts having a strong port linkage. CEZs would link Major and Non-major ports, Industrial units and evacuation infrastructure into a single system at regional level. CEZs would fuel port-led industrialization program. Ministry of Shipping had identified 13 CEZ along the Indian coastline under Sagarmala Program. For details, please refer to link.

Was it helpful?

VIEW ALL

Invest India Timeline

2020
DRAG TO VIEW MORE
pin
Export performance to improve in May, June: Piyush Goyal

“While April was a washout with a 60% decline, the fall in exports in May will... Visit Page

Disclaimer: All views and opinions that may be expressed in the posts on this page as well as post emanating from this page are solely of the individual in his/her personal capacity