Snapshot

3rd largest producer of vegetables in India

Bihar is one of the strongest agricultural states in India and 79% of the state's population is engaged in the sector.

Bihar enjoys a unique location-specific advantage because of its proximity to the vast markets of Eastern and Northern India and Nepal. The state is well connected to the rest of India and international markets through over 200,000 km of road network, 6,700 km of rail network and an international airport. The Golden Quadrilateral Highway passes through the districts of Kaimur, Sasaram, Aurangabad, Gaya, and Patna, connecting the state to major metro cities in the country. Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor also passes through the state, providing access to ports in East India such as Kolkata and Haldia; to raw material sources, and mineral reserves in the neighbouring states.

Bihar currently has 50 industrial areas and mega industrial parks. The state has identified Agriculture, IT, electronics, textiles and leather as it high priority sectors. Other manufacturing sectors, power – thermal and renewable, hospitality, communications and aquaculture are some of the fast-growing sectors in the state. India's first electric locomotive manufacturing facility, opened as a JV between Alstom and the Indian Railways, launched its first electric locomotive engine in March 2018.

Cotton

2nd highest cotton productivity in India

Tourist

Tourist arrival of over 29 mn, with 24% growth between 2012-16

Husk Power

Husk Power Systems in Bihar is India's first enterprise to use rice husk to generate clean energy for rural electrification

Food Processing and Dairy

Bihar is fundamentally an agrarian economy. Total vegetable production in the state was 14.3 mn tonnes in 2016-17, which was 3rd highest amongst all the states.

The state government offers incentives to various food processing units such as fruits and vegetables, food grains, milk, meat and honey processing units.

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Textile and Leather

The textile industry is a highly labour-intensive industry, and Bihar is home to about 100,000 weavers.

Tasar silk of Bhagalpur is an exclusive product of Bihar, which has the potential to fetch premium prices. Bihar produced around 72.2 tonnes of raw silk during 2015-16.  The state also produces more than 2.5 mn bovine hides and 5 mn bovine skins annually.

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Renewable Energy

Bihar has renewable energy potential of more than 12.5 GW.

The government of Bihar has initiated several steps to address the supply-demand gap in electricity, by implementing large power projects. The state government offers several incentives for setting up units in this sector, specifically those manufacturing renewable energy modular-products.

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Tourism

Bihar is a land of ancient universities of Nalanda and Vikramshila; the remnants of these two ancient universities, the antiques and artefacts attract tourists in huge numbers.

The state’s great competitive strength from the tourism point of view is its ancient and yet living civilisation that gave rise to two of the world's great religions - Buddhism and Jainism.

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11

Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males
918

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio

Demographics

Bihar is the 3rd most populated state in India, home to 9% of the country's total population.

Bihar with a total population of 103.8 mn, is India’s most densely populated state. It would rank 13th most populated in the world if it were to be an independent country. Over 58% of the population of Bihar is in the working age group of 15-59 years. 

Upcoming Projects

Upcoming projects:

  • Pristine Mega Food Park, in Khagaria, in 28 ha area
  • Gas pipeline network, in association with GAIL and Indian Oil, to ensure availability of Natural Gas as clean energy for industrial development
  • Air cargo complex has been proposed in Patna/ Gaya for products of export-oriented industrial units and transportation of perishable agriculture goods
  • Four power projects across Aurangabad, Buxar, Bhagalpur, Lakhisarai, Banka and West Champaran, expected to increase the power generation capacity of Bihar by 8,600 MW
  • Smart Cities Mission, for which Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur, Patna, and Biharsharif are the cities identified in Bihar
  • Amritsar Kolkata Industrial Corridor that connects Punjab in the North with West Bengal in the East, is the key upcoming corridor passing through Gamhariya district in Bihar
  • Open

    Bihar

    3rd largest producer of vegetables in India…

  • Open

    Bihar Industrial Investment Promotion Po…

    To establish Bihar as a preferred investment destination…

  • Open

    Bihar Information & Communication Te…

    To provide good governance in Bihar through IT enablement…

  • Open

    Bihar Startup Policy 2017

    To enable Bihar emerge as the most preferred destination…

Data on Map

Major Investors