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Largest among the 8 North-Eastern states of India

With an area of about 8.4 Mn Ha, Arunachal Pradesh shares its international border with Bhutan to the west (160 km), China to the North and North-East (1,080 km) and Myanmar to the East (440 km).

The State has a geographical area of 83743 km2, inhabited by appx.1.3 Mn people (2011) with a population density of 17 per km2. The geographic location provides immense business opportunities in Arunachal Pradesh for international trade with South Asian countries. Major industries of the state include agriculture, art and crafts, weaving, cane and bamboo, horticulture, power and mineral-based industry. The state has one of the highest potentials for generating hydropower in India. 

More than 70% of the population is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. 17% of total cultivated area is under irrigation. The main crop is rice, grown on valley bottoms and on some terraced slopes. Maize, millets, pulses, potatoes, wheat and mustard are the other important crops. About 79.33% of the total area of the state is under forests.


International Border

Longest international border in North-East India - 1,817 km


Top producer of Kiwi and the second-largest producer of large cardamom in India


Home to India's largest and world's 2nd largest monastery - Tawang Monastery

Energy in Arunachal Pradesh


Commissioning of the sixth hydro power plant in the North East i.e. 600 MW Kameng Hydro Power Station in Arunachal Pradesh

The project will form part of projected hydro capacity addition of 30000 MW by 2030.

The state contributes for over 40% of India’s Hydropower potential, which translates to over 58,160 MW capacity as well as for 9% of India's small hydropower potential.

Cabinet approved for India’s largest 2880 MW Dibang Hydro Power Project.

GOI and State government have come together to rejuvenate and execute 12 stalled hydro-electric power projects of capacity 11,517 MW to achieve Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) target of achieving 500 GW non-fossil energy capacity of India by 2030. 

Agriculture and Forest-based Industries

Agriculture and Forest-based Industries

Arunachal Pradesh is the 1st Indian state, that obtained “organic certification of kiwifruit” under the “Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North East Region (MOVCD-NER)”

Orange of Arunachal Pradesh, is geographical indication (GI) tagged. Arunachal mandarin orange is more commonly known as Wakro orange which accounts for almost 90% of the total citrus population.

Arunachal Pradesh Yak Churpi, first ever yak milk product, has been given recognition as a Geographical Indication (GI).

Textiles Sector of Arunachal Pradesh

Textile and Handicrafts

Production of raw silk in the state stood at 53 MT in 2021-22

Major textile produce from the state includes cotton shawls, side bags and curtain cloth. Carpet making is an important occupation in the districts of Tawang, West Kameng, Changlang and Upper Siang.

Tourism in Arunachal Pradesh


Arunachal Pradesh has 12 tourist circuits across 83,743 sq. km. Each tourist circuit is distinctive in character with different ethnic cultures, topography, and vegetation

Tourist arrivals in the state was recorded at 223,500 in 2022, with 222,400 domestic and 1,100 foreign visitors

  • Religious tourism- birthplace of the 6th Dalai Lama & has India’s Largest Monastery, Tawang Monastery and Parshuram Kund. 
  • More than 622 rare species of Orchids are found in the dense jungles of Arunachal Pradesh. The misty hills, sparkling rivers, gurgling waterfalls add charm to the beauty of this incredible land.
  • Arunachal Pradesh India is dotted with innumerable historical monuments and archeological remains, along with major attractions - Ropeway between Tawang Monastery & Anni Gompa, Nuranang Falls (Jung Falls), and the Khinmey Nyingma Monastery. 
  • 8 wildlife sanctuaries and 2 national parks are present in the state.

To provide ease of travel by facilitating smooth entry into the State through the online e-ILP Portal. Link- 

Mining and Minerals

Mining and Minerals

Arunachal Pradesh has a vast reserve of mineral oils and gas

Arunachal Pradesh has a potential of 2-4 MMT PA oil refinery potentials, having18 % share of India’s total Hydrocarbon reserve in the surrounding area, 73% of the resources under ‘yet to discover category in the surrounding belt and 18 Oil fields.

90 Mn MT coal reserve is present in Namchik, Namphuk and Miaobum coalfields and A 61.4 km long natural gas pipeline is proposed from Kumchai Oil Field to Kusijan. Kumchai oil field alone has about 2800 Mn cubic metre of natural gas.

Besides coal mining, the government is also making an attempt to tap other mineral resources such as Dolomite, graphite, quartzite, limestones, fullers earth etc for maximizing revenue generation.

Health Infrastructure

Health Infrastructure

Strengthening Health facilities across the state-Quality health infrastructure is one of the key focus areas of the state government

The state of Arunachal Pradesh has Bakin Pertin General Hospital Pasighat which has upgraded to 300 beds, and equipped with world-class medical devices; Ramakrishna mission Hospital has 263 beds and TRIHMS college & 500 bedded hospital.


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


About 60% of the population of Arunachal Pradesh is in the working age group of 15-59 years

The state's population of 1.3 Mn is equivalent to the population of Estonia. The literacy rate of the state is 65.38%. 

Industrial Land Bank Portal

GIS - based map displaying available infrastructure for setting up business operations in the state.

Data On Map

  • Business Opportunities in Arunachal Pradesh


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