Highest literacy rate in India

Kerala is a highly advanced society and scores high on human development indicators with the highest literacy rate, highest life expectancy, lowest population growth and the highest ratio of females to males in India.

Kerala is one of the most scenic and popular tourist destinations in India. It is also famous for its special ayurvedic therapies and its backwaters. Kerala also leads other states in Industrial development and per capita income. Kerala is a major exporter of coir, spices, marine products, cashew, coffee and pickles. Two-thirds of the state's export income comes from food processing industry.

With a coastline of nearly 590 km, Kerala has a major port at Kochi (with a cruise terminal) and 16 smaller ports along the coast. The state is very close to global maritime trade route passing through the Indian Ocean region with Kochi International Container Trans-shipment Terminal (ICT) at Vallarpadam, which is India's first ICT. Kerala is the first state in India to have four international airports, namely in Kochi, Kozhikode, Thiruvananthapuram and Kannur.


Largest producer of coir and coconut in India


Highest tele-density and penetration of optic fibre cable in India


75% of spices exports from India are sourced from Kerala


Kerala is one of the most sought-after tourist destinations in Asia, with many beaches, wildlife reserves, backwaters and hill stations to offer.

With its popular alternative medical therapies such as Ayurveda, Kerala is also popular for medical tourism. Several hospitals across the state maintain international standards in infrastructure, healthcare and state-of-the-art equipment, attracting foreign patients.

The state attracted around 11 Mn domestic and foreign visitors in 2019, registering a healthy growth of 17.2 %.

Food Processing

Kerala is a major exporter of spices, marine products, cashew, coffee and pickles.

Food processing industry has been recognised as a priority sector in Kerala due to its potential for future growth and possibility of generating substantial employment. The following projects are being undertaken by the Kerala for this sector:

  • KINFRA Food Processing Park, Kakkanchery, Malappuram (Completed)
  • Food and Spices Park, Muttam, Idukki
  • KINFRA Mega Food Park, Palakkad
  • KSIDC Mega Food Park, Alappuzha

Textile, Handloom and Handicrafts

Kerala has a tradition of manufacturing handicrafts with ivory, bamboo, palm leaves and stones and there are 874 power looms in the state.

Kerala is home to 458 cooperative societies that promote handicraft industry in the state. The state produced handloom worth $ 53.4 mn in 2015-16.


Information Technology

Kerala is home to more than 800 IT companies, employing more than 100,000 employees.

The state offers IT infrastructure in the form of dedicated IT parks such as Technopark in Thiruvananthapuram and Kollam, notified as special economic zones. Overall, more than 800 ha of land is available for development for IT-related infrastructure.

Oil & Gas

Oil & Gas

Kerala is emerging as a hub for petrochemical activities, investing in projects having estimated costs of over INR 1,000 crore.

BPCL Kochi refinery is making a major capacity expansion from 9.5 MMTPA to 15.5 MMTPA. BPCL will produce 500,000 TPA of propylene, which would be the major feed stock for production of petrochemicals.


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


About 65% of Kerala's population is in the working age group of 15-59 years.

Kerala ranks 1st in HDI rankings with a score of 0.77. Kerala, the 13th most populated state, is home to 3% of the country's total population. The state's population of 33 mn is equivalent to the population of Canada. The state is the largest recipient of NRI remittances in India, with a cumulative inflow of $ 26 B as on March, 2018.


  • Industries in Kerala
  • Business Opportunities in Kerala
  • Investment in Kerala

Updates From Kerala