Skip to main content

Kerala: Highest literacy rate in India

Kerala has a highly advanced society and scores high on human development indicators with the highest literacy rate in the country, highest life expectancy, lowest population growth and the highest ratio of females to males.

Kerala is one of the most scenic and popular tourist destinations in India. It is also famous for its special ayurvedic therapies and its backwaters. Kerala also leads other states in Industrial development and per capita income. Kerala is a major exporter of coir, spices, marine products, cashew, coffee and pickles. Two-thirds of the state's export income comes from food processing industry.

With a coastline of nearly 590 km, Kerala has a major port at Kochi (with a cruise terminal) and 16 smaller ports along the coast. The state is very close to global maritime trade route passing through Indian ocean region with Kochi International Container Trans-shipment Terminal (ICT) at Vallarpadam, which is India's first ICT. The state also has three international airports in Kochi, Calicut and Trivandrum.


Key upcoming projects include:

  •  Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (KINFRA) Mega Food Park in Palakkad and KINFRA Industrial Park in Adoor
  •  Vizhinjam deepwater container transhipment terminal
  •  Smart Cities Mission, for which Kochi (commercial capital of Kerala) and Thiruvananthapuram are the cities identified in Kerala

Key upcoming industrial corridor:

  •  A major industrial corridor in Kerala is planned to pass through Kochi and Bengaluru


  • Largest producer of coir and coconut in India
  • Highest tele-density and highest penetration of optic fibre cable in India
  • 75% of spices exports from India are sourced from Kerala

View Our State Policies

  • GSDP (Current price)

    USD 92 bn (2016-17)

  • GSDP growth rate (YoY)

    9% (2015-16)

  • Per capita income

    USD 2,249 (2015-16)

  • Literacy rate



Kerala, with 3% of India's total population, is the 13th most populated state.

Around 64% of the population of Kerala lies in the working age group of 15-59 years.

The total population of Kerala is 33 mn, equivalent to the population of Canada. The state is the largest recipient of NRI remittances in India, with USD 20.2 bn worth of remittances received in 2015-16.

  • 48%

    Urbanisation rate

  • 1084

    females/ 1000 males

Skilled manpower
  • Central universities


  • State universities


  • Arts and science universities


  • Engineering institutes


  • Medical institutes


  • Polytechnic institutes


Key Sectors

Kerala is one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia, with many beaches, wildlife reserves, backwaters and hill stations to offer. With its popular alternative medical therapies such as Ayurveda, Kerala is also popular for medical tourism. Several hospitals across the state maintain international standards in infrastructure, healthcare and state-of-the art equipments, attracting foreign patients.

Kerala is a major exporter of spices, marine products, cashew, coffee and pickles. Two-thirds of the state's export income comes from food processing industry.

Kerala produced handloom worth USD 53.4 mn in 2015-16. Currently, there are 575 operational power looms in the state. The state has a tradition of manufacturing handicrafts with ivory, bamboo, palm leaves and stones. As of 2015-16, there are 48 cooperative societies in the state that promote handicraft industry.

Kerala is home to more than 500 IT companies, employing more than 50,000 professionals. The state offers IT infrastructure in the form of dedicated IT parks such as Technopark in Thiruvananthapuram and Kollam, notified as special economic zones. Overall, more than 800 ha of land is available for development for IT-related infrastructure.

Major Investors