The Global Entertainer

India has a large broadcasting and distribution industry, comprising approximately 900 satellite TV channels, 6000 Multi-system operators, around 60,000 local cable operators, 7 DTH operators and few IPTV service providers.

India has 114,820 registered publications (newspapers and periodicals), close to 2,500 multiplexes and more than 400 mn Internet users – second largest base after China, and is expected to reach out to 640 mn by 2019.

  •  By 2019, digital advertising is projected to have the highest CAGR of 30.2%, while all other sub-sectors are expected to grow at a CAGR between 8% and 18%
  •  By 2020, media market expected to reach $ 33.7 bn


Up to 74% with FDI allowed in Teleports, DTH, Multi-System Operator, cable networks in DAS areas, mobile TV, Headend-in-the-Sky Broadcasting Services: Upto 49% allowed under automatic route and beyond 49% (up to 74%) allowed under government route

100% FDI is allowed in Publishing/ Printing of scientific and Technical magazines/ Speciality journals/ Periodicals under the government route

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • 11.8 %

    Entertainment industry CAGR (2016-21)

  • 44.2 %

    TV industry revenue share

  • 38.1 %

    Advertising revenue share

  • 24 %

    Print media revenue share

Media Industry

Largest newspaper circulation market globally

Film Industry in India

World’s largest film industry in terms of tickets sold and number of films made

Entertainment Industry in India

Second largest TV market in the world

Industry Scenario

The Indian Media & Entertainment industry will touch $ 34.8 bn by 2021.

The Indian M&E industry is projected to grow at a pace of 14% over the period 2016-2021,  outshining the global average of 4.2% CAGR, with advertising revenue expected to increase at a compounded Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 15.3% during the same period.
Television is expected to grow at a CAGR of 14.7% over the next five years as both advertisement and subscription revenues are projected to exhibit strong growth at 14.4% and 14.8% respectively.
Print is projected to continue its growth at 7.3%, largely on the back of continued readership growth in vernacular markets and advertisements' confidence in the medium, tier II and tier III cities.
Films segment is expected to bounce back and is forecasted to grow at CAGR of7.7% as the revenue streams broaden.
Digital advertising is expected to grow at a CAGR of 32% by 2020
Animation and VFX is expected to grow at a CAGR of 20.4% over 2016-2021

Growth Drivers

  • Rising incomes

    Higher demand for aspirational product and services
  • Increasing young population

    Increased usage of 4G and portable devices
  • 16.4% growth: Animation industry

    Led by 31% growth inVFX industry
  • Rising no. of subscribers

    TV subscribers to reach 195 mn by 2019
  • Film industry growth of 10.4%

    3rd largest after US and China by 2021
  • Open

    Doing business 2018

    A World Bank Group flagship report on aspects of business re…

  • Open

    Fiscal incentives for setting up of Comm…

    Ministry of Information and Broadcasting to provide 90% subs…

  • Open

    National Communication Policy

    The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting would be formul…

  • Open

    National Film Heritage Mission (NFHM)

    National Film Heritage Mission aims to restore, digitize and…

  • Open

    Single window clearance (Film Facilitati…

    This was initiated as a step towards facilitating single win…

Major Investors

Data on Map

  • Media Production Industry

Latest in Media


Asked Questions

  • When should we renew GOPA?

    Grant of Permission Agreement (GOPA) is valid only for a period of five years. End of five years, please download the form of renewal of GOPA from This form has to be printed on two $ 1.53 non-judicial stamp paper and be signed similar to the way the GOPA was signed.

  • Who is responsible for interpolations?

    Any person who exhibits or permits to exhibit interpolated film is responsible. It has to be observed whether the characters involved in the main film are also involved in the interpolated bits. If it is so, then one can infer that the producer and the distributor may also be responsible for interpolation. According to Section 7(b) of the Act, if any person, without lawful authority, alters or tampers with in any film, after it has been certified, will be committing a crime under Cinematograph Act. It is to be noted that the burden of proving the lawfulness of the act shall lie on the person who altered or tampered with the certified film.

  • After the application of WOL, can we start the transmission before we have obtained the Wireless Operating License?

    No, one is not legally supposed to begin the operational transmission. However, you can try doing test transmission.

  • Is the government proposing to create a regulatory agency for television broadcasters?

    In 2006, the government had prepared a Draft Broadcasting Services Regulation Bill, 2006. The bill made it mandatory to seek license for broadcasting any television or radio channel or program.
    It also provides standards for regulation of content. It is the duty of the body to ensure compliance with guidelines issued under the bill.

  • What is the penalty for not compliance with the eligibility conditions?

    In the event of the failure of any Letter of Intent (LoI) holder to comply with the eligibility conditions for the Grant of Permission Agreement or failing to sign the Grant of Permission Agreement within the prescribed period, the full deposit of the bid amount shall be forfeited without further notice, and Letter of Intent and the allocation of frequency, if any, shall stand cancelled.

View all