Union Budget 2023-24
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Highest recoverable reserves of crude oil and natural gas in India

Assam Gas Cracker Project, North-East India's largest petrochemical project is being implemented by Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited (BCPL).

Assam, with a geographical area of 7.8 mn ha, shares its border with 6 North-Eastern states in India and internationally with Bangladesh and Bhutan. Six airports, two inland waterways and one inland container depot connect Assam with major cities of the country and with nearby international cities. There is also a proposal to connect Assam with the neighbouring country Bhutan by road. 

To capitalize on its pool of natural resources (tea, oil and natural gas to name a few), the state also has a dedicated tea park, food processing park, agri-export zones, and four oil refineries. The Assam-Arakan Basin in Northeast India is an important oil-producing region and containes more than 15% of the country's reserves. The state has India’s longest road bridge, the Bhupen Hazarika Bridge and India's longest railroad bridge, Bogibeel Bridge, Assam ranked #15 in Export Preparedness Index 2021 and is recognized as an “Achiever” among the Northeast States by DPIIT in Logistics Ease (LEADS 2022).

Oil Refinery

India's oldest operating oil refinery at Digboi 

Natural Gas

Largest producer of onshore natural gas in India

Tea Production

Produces more than half of India’s tea production

Pharmaceuticals and Medical Equipments

Pharmaceuticals and Medical Equipments

Some of the top pharmaceutical companies in the state are: Sun Pharmaceuticals, Ajanta Pharmaceuticals, Pure & Care Healthcare, Hetero Lab and Natco Pharma

National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education & Research (NIPER) Guwahati was set up in the state in 2008 to provide state-of-the-art facilities for research and education in the areas of drug discovery, drug development, and related fields.

Plastics and Petrochemicals

Plastics and Petrochemicals

Currently, Assam contributes 15% to India's crude oil production, making up for 50% of the country's onshore production of oil and natural gas.

Digboi refinery, Asia's first oil refinery was established in the state of Assam. Almost all the petroleum producing areas of the upper Brahmaputra contain ‘associated natural gas'. Barak Valley, on the other hand, contains ‘free natural gas' in the Adamtila structure. 

The state is an ideal destination for energy, oil and gas-based industries. Some of the major players of oil industry in the state are ONGC, OIL , IOCL, GAIL 

The state has access to a trained human capital through Engineering related institutes including CIPET, IIT, Plastic Waste Management Centre.

A Plastic Park at Tinsukia, with present allocable area of 4,80,000 sqm., provides a key zone for investments into the plastics manufacturing sector. There are currently 8 industries at the Tinsukia Plastic Park. 

Renewable Energy


The North Eastern Region has a total solar energy potential of 62,300 MW, with Assam having the highest potential of 13,760 MW.

The state also has the potential of generating 276 MW of Bio-Energy, which is the highest amongst all the north-eastern states.

Assam Energy Development Agency (AEDA) has been implementing a range of renewable energy projects in the field of solar power. These include rooftop SPV, solar street lights, and floating solar power plants, among others, since its establishment.

Ports & Shipping

River Transport and Port Township

15 of the declared 111 national waterways, including NW-2 of the Brahmaputra river, pass through Assam.

Of the 25 national waterways found feasible for cargo/ passenger movement, 3 are from the state of Assam. The state offers ferry services with more than 106 designated routes. This has led to significant reductions in traffic congestion, improved intermodal connectivity, and the revitalization of the urban core, resulting in economic benefits. 

The Government of Assam has initiated the project preparation procedures for the Inland Water Project, which is backed by the World Bank and implemented by the Inland Water Transport Department. 


Information Technology

Information Technology

A newly built IT Park inaugurated in Kokrajhar, Assam which would serve as a catalyst in fostering the growth of IT startups.

In collaboration with private companies, the Assam government is striving to enhance the IT infrastructure and internet bandwidth to transform the concept of Digital Assam into a reality. Moreover, the proposal of establishing digital clubs has been put forth to enable access to digital reading materials and essential government services.

The state is home to Engineering institutes including IIT, IIIT, NIT which ensures the availability of highly skilled and trained human capital for the Industry.

Textile, Handloom and Handicrafts

Textile, Handloom and Handicrafts

Assam is the largest producer of Muga, which is considered to be one of the finest wild silks in India.

The state boasts the highest concentration of handlooms and weavers in the country.

The production of bamboo-based crafts has evolved into a household industry and holds a significant position among the various handicrafts of the state.



Tourism in Assam

Tourism, Hospitality and Wellness

Termed as the land of “Blue Hills and Red River” Assam is the gateway to the North-Eastern states and has been aptly described as the sentinel of North-East India.

Assam is renowned for its stunning natural landscapes and immaculate tea gardens. 

In addition to the national tourism circuit that already exists in the state, there are plans to develop a range of thematic and eco-tourism circuits that would appeal to a variety of interests. The introduction of a subsidiary and regional circuits is also expected to give a boost to domestic tourism.

Assam is home to the world's largest river island, Majuli- a strong contender for a place in UNESCO's World Heritage Sites.

There are five national parks and 18 wildlife sanctuaries, of which, Kaziranga National Park and Manas Wildlife Sanctuary have been accorded as world heritage sites by UNESCO.


Food and fisheries in Assam

Agri-Horticulture and Food Processing

The region's agro-climatic conditions are well-suited for cultivating a diverse range of horticultural crops.

These include plantation crops, as well as fruits, vegetables, flowers, spices, medicinal and aromatic plants, nut crops, and tuber crops.

Some of the high-yielding varieties of horticulture crops in Assam are pineapple, banana, cauliflower, Broccoli, rose, rice, papaya, sugarcane, turmeric, jute, potato and Bougainvillea.

Assam has a significant bamboo cultivation industry, with many households growing bamboo on their bari land.

The government has secured a Geographical Indication (GI) for the tea produced in the state. As a result, ‘Assam Tea’ is known as ‘Assam Orthodox Tea’. The Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (GTAC) is among the largest CTC tea auction centres of the world.


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


About 60% of Assam's population is in the working age group of 15-59 years.

Assam, the 15th most populated state in India, is home to about 2.6% of the country’s total population. The state’s population of 31.2 mn is comparable to the population of California in the US. 

Industrial Land Bank Portal

GIS - based map displaying available infrastructure for setting up business operations in the state.

Data On Map


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