Highest recoverable reserves of crude oil and natural gas in India

Assam Gas Cracker Project, North-East India's largest petrochemical project is being implemented by Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited (BCPL).

Assam, with a geographical area of 7.8 mn ha, shares its border with all North-Eastern states in India and internationally with Bangladesh and Bhutan. Six airports, two inland waterways and one inland container depot connect Assam with major cities of the country and with nearby international cities. There is also a proposal to connect Assam with the neighbouring country Bhutan by road. 

Assam has more than 600 ha of land dedicated to industrial use. To capitalize on its pool of natural resources (tea, oil and natural gas to name a few), the state also has a dedicated tea park, food processing park, agri-export zones, and four oil refineries. The state has India’s longest road bridge, the Bhupen Hazarika Bridge and India's longest railroad bridge, Bogibeel Bridge, houses 300 medical plants and herbs and is also the third largest producer of petroleum and natural gas with a capacity of 150,000 barrels per day. 

Oil Refinery

India's oldest operating oil refinery at Digboi 

Natural Gas

Largest producer of onshore natural gas in India

Tea Production

Contributes 50% to tea production in India

Pharmaceuticals and Medical Equipments

During 2016-17, about 10 pharmaceutical units have started their production in the state, with a cumulative investment of $ 142 mn.

The state is blessed with more than 952 species of plants used in medical practices. Key industrial infrastructure in Assam include Pharmaceutical Hub at Balipara, Guwahati Biotech Park and proposed Pharmaceutical Park at Chaygaon.

Plastics and Petrochemicals

Assam accounts for almost 15% of India's total crude oil output. The crude oil produced in the North-East is treated in four refineries in Assam, the oldest being Digboi.

Assam accounts for 50% of India's onshore production of natural gas. Almost all the petroleum producing areas of the upper Brahmaputra contain ‘associated natural gas'. Barak Valley, on the other hand, contains ‘free natural gas' in the Adamtila structure. With reserves of 1.3 bn tonnes of crude oil and 156 bn cubic meters of natural gas, and the same being available at attractive prices, the state is an ideal destination for energy, oil and gas-based industries.

Currently, 31 industrial units are engaged in manufacturing of plastic products with annual installed capacity of 320000 MT. The state has access to a trained human capital through 20 Engineering related institutes including CIPET, IIT, Plastic Waste Management Centre.

A Plastic Park at Tinsukia, with present allocable area of 4,80,000 sqm., provides a key zone for investments into the plastics manufacturing sector.


North-Eastern states of India have a hydropower potential of 63,257 MW, which is about 43% of the total assessed hydropower potential of the country. Out of this, Assam has a capacity to produce 680 MW of hydropower.

The state also has a potential of generating 14,000 MW of solar power. As of March 2017, out of the total installed power generation capacity in Assam, thermal power-based sources contributed 1,122.5 MW, hydropower sources contributed 431.2 MW and renewable power sources contributed 45.9 MW.

River Transport and Port Township

15 of the declared 111 national waterways, including NW-2 of the Brahmaputra river, pass through Assam.

The state government is planning to increase inland waterways transportation’s share of cargo traffic from 3% to 10%, making it 35 metric tonnes per annum. There is also a plan to introduce ferry services, which will provide safe, efficient and economical service to 18 mn passengers per annum.

To modernize and transform Inland Water Transport in Assam, the World Bank is assisting the Government of Assam through a phase-wise project which includes upgradation of ferry Infrastructure and last mile connectivity, Fleet Modernization, institutional capacity development etc.

Information Technology

Assam government is planning to develop an IT Park in Bongora, Guwahati over an area of 40 ha. An estimated amount of more than $ 700 mn is planned to be invested in this park.

About 14 ha of land is sought to be developed for the ESDM sector. Under the Assam Fibrenet project, the state government is planning to provide broadband connectivity to each household of the state.

The state is home to 20 Engineering institutes including IIT, IIIT, NIT which ensures availability of highly skilled and trained human capital for the Industry.

Textile, Handloom and Handicrafts

Assam is the largest producer of gold silk. It ranks third in the country for production of Vanya silk (Eri, Muga and Tasar).

The state produces 51 unique species of bamboo. Apart from the strong base of natural resources, the state also has a strong infrastructure base with a large pool of skilled workforce for weaving and looming.

Tourism, Hospitality and Wellness

Termed as the land of “Blue Hills and Red River” Assam is the gateway to the North-Eastern states and has been aptly described as the sentinel of North-East India.

The state recorded the arrival of 5.7 mn tourists in 2016, registering an annual growth of 16.1%. More than 75% of tourists coming to the North-East visit Assam. Tourism sector contributes 5.5% to the state GDP and provides approximately 10.5% of the total employment in the state.

There are five national parks and 18 wildlife sanctuaries, of which, Kaziranga National Park and Manas Wildlife Sanctuary have been accorded as world heritage sites by UNESCO.

Agri-Horticulture and Food Processing

With 98.4% of the total land mass in rural areas, agriculture and allied activities are the major occupations in Assam. The state has a net cultivable area of 2.8 mn ha, out of which 88% is available for cultivation.

Assam is the single largest tea producing region globally and contributes over 50% to India’s total tea production. It is the largest producer of ginger, second largest producer of pineapple, and third largest producer of okra and areca nut, amongst Indian states. The upcoming Mega Food Park project at Tihu in Nalbari district, with a 23 ha Central Processing Centre (CPC), will enable the state to enhance efficient use of the available raw material.

The government has secured a Geographical Indication (GI) for the tea produced in the state. As a result, ‘Assam Tea’ is known as ‘Assam Orthodox Tea’. The Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (GTAC) is among the largest CTC tea auction centres of the world.


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


About 65% of Assam's population is in the working age group of 15-59 years.

Assam, the 15th most populated state in India, is home to about 2.6% of the country’s total population. The state’s population of 31.2 mn is comparable to the population of California in the US. 


  • Industries in Assam
  • Assam Industries

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