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Home to the 2nd highest number of MSMEs in the country

West Bengal is located in the east coast, forming a gateway to Southeast Asia and North East India.

Situated in Eastern India, West Bengal shares international borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal. The state also shares borders with Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, Sikkim and Assam. 

Kolkata, West Bengal’s capital is among the four original metropolitan cities of India and is the headquarters of multiple Indian industry conglomerates. With an industrial history comparable to Silicon Valley of today’s time, the state offers extensive road network as well as one of the leading rail network densities. Two international Airports are there in West Bengal at Kolkata (CCU) & Bagdogra (IXB) along with the first private sector Greenfield airport of India operational at Durgapur (RDP). In addition, the state's Howrah Maidan-Esplanade Metro section has the first underwater metro transportation tunnel under any major river in India.

West Bengal is leading in the country in terms of spread, density & reach of inland waterways. Moreover, with two existing major ports at Kolkata & Haldia, along with two upcoming deep sea ports at Tajpur & Kulpi, the state is all geared up for a big push in the maritime sector. West Bengal has the largest warehousing capacity in the eastern part of the country as well as the second-largest cold-storage capacity in the country.


Largest producer of rice, pineapple, vegetables, jute and mesta in the country


4th largest state economy in the country  


Ranks 1st in total meat production (including poultry) in the country

Information Technology

Information Technology

Bengal Silicon Valley Hub: Launched in 2018, it is planned to be set up on 200 acres of land plots allotted to various organizations including organizations like Reliance Corporate IT Park, Tata Consultancy Services, First-source Solutions Ltd, Indo-Japan Horological Pvt. Ltd., Vikram Solar, Airtel, etc.

West Bengal is one of the preferred IT & ITES destination in the country and is a home to big names in IT industry like IBM, Wipro, TCS, Accenture, Cognizant, Capgemini, HSBC, Genpact etc. There are 26 IT Parks operational across the state. 
Other initiatives include Webel fujisoft Vara Centre of Excellence, Nasscom 10K Startup, Webel - BCC&I Tech Incubation Centre continues to promote emerging technologies and start-ups.



West Bengal is one of the country’s leading states for export of finished leather goods

Calcutta Leather Complex (CLC) is one of the largest integrated leather complexes in India – spreading over 1,150 acres and comprising of tanneries and leather goods manufacturing units.



Handloom products of Bengal have a rich tradition ‒ Some of the exquisite varieties of handloom products of the state are Baluchari, Tangail, Jamdani, Korial, Santipuri and Dhaniakhali Sarees

TexPro Bengal: To facilitate creation of plug and play infrastructure for textile sector, Seven Textiles Parks (Govt. and Govt. supported private parks) are being developed involving 320 acres land. These will be focusing on all back-end and front-end work: spinning, dying and processing to garmenting.

Mega Carpet Clusters: For focused growth of existing carpet producing pockets in (Sattri, Malda, Malgaon) Uttar Dinajpur and (Moyna & Panskura) Purba Medinipur, 3 mega clusters are being developed in these districts.

A mega garment cluster is also being developed in Metiabruz, Kolkata.

Agriculture and Horticulture


The state has six agro climatic zones ‒ helps in production of myriad crops. West Bengal is one of the major producers of vegetables, fruits, spices and flowers

Predominantly, an agrarian state, West Bengal comprises of 2.7% of India's geographical area supporting ~8% of the state's population. The state is bestowed with diverse natural resources  varied agro-climatic conditions which support cultivation of a wide range of crops. West Bengal is a leading producer of rice and vegetables. 
One Mega Food park in Murshidabad is operational currently. 


Metals and Minerals

West Bengal is 3rd largest in India in terms of mineral production and accounts for around 1/5th of total mineral production

The mineral sources are uniformly distributed throughout West Bengal. The state has 11% of total national coal reserves with India’s largest coal mine located in the South Western part of Birbhum Coalfield in West Bengal.
Other mineral sources such as Apatite, Wolframite, Kyanite, Decorative stones, Base Metal, Sand form a considerable chunk of the total mineral base of the state
The state has been allotted 8 coal blocks out of which 6 are being developed through Public Private Participation (PPP) mode by West Bengal Mineral Development & Trading Corporation Ltd. (WBMTDC) and 2 by Damodar Valley Corporation (DVC).



West Bengal has the largest number of heritage clubs with all kinds of recreational facilities

With rich history, cultural heritage, diverse socio-ethnic tradition along with natural beauty, the state has emerged as all season tourist destination. The state has natural benefits of mountains in North, Gangetic plains and World’s largest mangrove forests in South in Sundarbans and the rich coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It also has 3 UNESCO World Heritage Sites – Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Santiniketan and Sunderbans National Park.


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


59.5% of West Bengal’s population is projected to be in the age structure between 15-59 years

West Bengal, the 4th Most populated state in India, is home to about 7% of country’s total population. The state’s total population is 91.27 Mn with literacy of 76.26%

Industrial Land Bank Portal

GIS - based map displaying available infrastructure for setting up business operations in the state.

Data On Map

  • Industry in West Bengal
  • West Bengal Investment
  • West Bengal Industries


Updates From West Bengal