Home to the 2nd highest number of MSMEs, accounting for 14% of India's total MSMEs

West Bengal is located on the east coast of India with the Bay of Bengal in the south and shares its international border with Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

Situated in Eastern India, West Bengal shares international borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal. The state also shares borders with Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, Sikkim and Assam. 

The State has vast road network of 3,15,404 km with road density of 333.5 km per 1000 sq. metre. It has 3rd largest road coverage in the country with 16 National Highways and 2 Asian Highways. The state is also leading in rail density with ~4000 km of railway tracks and has 2nd largest metro rail network in the country. 

The State is richly gifted with natural maritime advantages and navigable waterways with 950 km of waterfront and 13% of national coastline. It has 2 large container and bulk handling ports at Kolkata and Haldia. A deep seaport is upcoming at Tajpur with enhanced connectivity to South East Asia. It has 2 international airports at Kolkata and Bagdogra and 1 private sector greenfield airport at West Bardhhaman.


Largest producer of vegetables and Paddy in India


Leading in the country in terms of spread, density, reach of National Inland Waterways and 3rd Largest in India in terms of road coverage with 16 National Highways and 2 Asian Highways  


2nd largest producer of tea in India- The land of the famous Darjeeling Tea

Information Technology

Bengal Silicon Valley Hub: Launched in 2018, it has 200-acre IT Hub in New Town to support growth and development of IT industries.

The state has 12 Operational IT parks and 7 to be operational in the next 5 years. It also has set up ‘Incubation Centres’ at Taratala, Salt Lake, Durgapur and Siliguri to promote Start-up and SME companies. These Incubation Centers are “Plug & Play Ready”, thus saving both time & initial investment for entrepreneurs.


West Bengal is the 3rd largest producer of finished leather products in India. 26% of the tanneries in India are located in West Bengal.

West Bengal is hub of leather goods exports from India, having around 50% share of total exports in this category. The state has around 538 tanneries, 230 footwear units and 436 leather goods units. Kolkata and its suburbs have developed into highly successful leather and leather goods export hub due to availability of raw material, presence of support industries such as leather chemicals, metal fittings, ancillary product suppliers, skilled labour etc.


West Bengal is the seat of hosiery industry in India, with 17,900 hosiery units present in the state.

The textiles products of West Bengal have attracted both national & global attention and bear the timeless legacy of state’s cultural heritage. Traditionally, handlooms, power looms, hosiery, jute and silk are major segments of West Bengal’s textiles industry. Readymade garment segment has also gained some base in the state.  


The state has taken initiative of integrated textile development project of 13 textile parks under 4 broad categories, viz, Apparel & Garments; Dyeing & Processing; Power loom& Apparel and Technical Textiles 

Agriculture and Horticulture

West Bengal Produced 29.55 million tonnes (MT) of vegetables in 2018-19 against 27.70 MT in the year before which is 15.9 per cent of the country’s total vegetable production

With diverse natural resources and varied agro-climatic conditions, West Bengal offers cultivation of wide range of crops. The state ranks first in paddy and vegetables production in the country. 

West Bengal is also rich in fisheries, poultry, meat and milk production with large number of water bodies, 52.84 million of poultry population, 11.51 million of goat and 16.5 million cattle population. The state ranks third in terms of meat production and one of the highest consumers of fish, meat and eggs. Also, Bengali sweets hold a unique place in the heart of people who have sweet tooth globally. 

Tea Production

West Bengal is the 2nd largest tea-growing state in India with around 370 tea gardens in the state.

The Darjeeling Tea is famous globally due to its own special aroma and rare fragrance.

The state has introduced “Tea Tourism and Allied Business” Policy, 2019, for better utilization of unused tea garden land.


Metals and Minerals

West Bengal is 3rd largest in India in terms of mineral production and accounts for around 1/5th of total mineral production.

West Bengal is 3rd largest in India in terms of mineral production and accounts for around 1/5th of total mineral production. Coal accounts of 99% of extracted minerals. The state has 11% of total national coal reserves with India’s largest coal mine located in the South Western part of Birbhum Coalfield in West Bengal.

Other mineral sources such as Apatite, Wolframite, Kyanite, Decorative stones, Base Metal, Sand form a considerable chunk of the total mineral base of the state



West Bengal saw tourist footfall of 81.2 million domestic and foreign tourists in 2017.

With rich history, cultural heritage, diverse socio-ethnic tradition along with natural beauty, the state has emerged as all season tourist destination. The state has natural benefits of mountains in North, Gangetic plains and World’s largest mangrove forests in South in Sundarbans and the rich coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It also has 2 UNESCO World Heritage Sites – Darjeeling Himalayan Railway and Sunderbans National Park.


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


According to Economic Survey 2018-19, 58.5% of West Bengal’s population will be in the age structure between 20-59 years.

West Bengal, the 4th Most populated state in India, is home to about 7.2% of country’s total population. The state’s total population is 91.3 million with literacy of 77.1%


  • Industry in West Bengal
  • West Bengal Investment
  • West Bengal Industries

Updates From West Bengal