Union Budget 2023-24
Know More


Home to the 2nd highest number of MSMEs in the country

West Bengal is located in the east coast, forming a gateway to Southeast Asia and North East India. The state shares international borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal.

Situated in Eastern India, West Bengal shares international borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal. The state also shares borders with Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, Sikkim and Assam.

The State has vast road network of 3,15,404 km with road density of 333.5 km per 1000 sq. metre with 16 National Highways and 2 Asian Highways. The state is also leading in rail density with ~4000 km of railway tracks and has 2nd largest metro rail network in the country. The state also leads in the country in terms of spread, density, and reach of National Inland Waterways.

The State is richly gifted with natural maritime advantages and navigable waterways with 950 km of waterfront and 13% of national coastline. It has the oldest maritime infrastructure with two major ports at Kolkata and Haldia, two international airports at Kolkata and Bagdogra and one private sector greenfield airport at Andal, West Bardhhaman.


3rd largest producer of rice in the country


6th largest state economy in the country  


Accounts for nearly 14% of India's total MSMEs

Information Technology

Information Technology

Bengal Silicon Valley Hub: Launched in 2018, it has 100+ acres of land plots allotted to  20+ organizations including organizations like Reliance Corporate IT Park, Tata Consultancy Services, First-source Solutions Ltd, Indo-Japan Horological Pvt. Ltd., Vikram Solar, Airtel, etc..

There are 17 nos. of Govt. IT Parks. 4 (Four) more IT Parks are in different stages of construction in Sector-V(BN-9, BN-4), Rajarhat (Ph-II) and Kalyani (Ph-II).

Other initiatives include Webel fujisoft Vara Centre of Excellence, Nasscom 10K Startup, Webel - BCC&I Tech Incubation Centre continues to promote emerging technologies and start-ups.



West Bengal is one of the country’s leading states for export of finished leather goods.

Calcutta Leather Complex (CLC) is one of the largest integrated leather complexes in India – spreading over 1150 acres and comprising of tanneries and leather goods manufacturing units.



Handloom products of Bengal have a rich tradition ‒ Some of the exquisite varieties of handloom products of the state are Baluchari, Tangail, Jamdani, Korial, Santipuri and Dhaniakhali Sarees

TexPro Bengal: To facilitate creation of plug and play infrastructure for textile sector, Seven Textiles Parks (Govt. and Govt. supported private parks) are being developed involving 320 acres land. These will be focusing on all back-end and front-end work: spinning, dying and processing to garmenting.

Mega Carpet Clusters: For focused growth of existing carpet producing pockets in (Sattri, Malda, Malgaon) Uttar Dinajpur and (Moyna & Panskura) Purba Medinipur, 3 mega clusters are being developed in these districts.

A mega garment cluster is also being developed in Metiabruz, Kolkata.

Agriculture and Horticulture


The state has six agro climatic zones ‒ helps in production of myriad crops. West Bengal is one of the major producers of vegetables, fruits, spices and flowers.

During 2019-20, estimated production of food grains was 198.65 lakh MT. The state is also leading producer of poultry, meat and marine products in India. Annual egg and meat production in the state was recorded at 9.73 billion and 5.77 lakh MT respectively in 2019-20. 12.90 lakh MT of fish and 24875 million fish seed have been produced in 2020-21.


Metals and Minerals

West Bengal is 3rd largest in India in terms of mineral production and accounts for around 1/5th of total mineral production.

West Bengal is 3rd largest in India in terms of mineral production and accounts for around 1/5th of total mineral production. Coal accounts of 99% of extracted minerals. The state has 11% of total national coal reserves with India’s largest coal mine located in the South Western part of Birbhum Coalfield in West Bengal.

Other mineral sources such as Apatite, Wolframite, Kyanite, Decorative stones, Base Metal, Sand form a considerable chunk of the total mineral base of the state



West Bengal ranks 5th in terms of foreign tourist arrival in India in the year 2019-20.

With rich history, cultural heritage, diverse socio-ethnic tradition along with natural beauty, the state has emerged as all season tourist destination. The state has natural benefits of mountains in North, Gangetic plains and World’s largest mangrove forests in South in Sundarbans and the rich coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It also has 2 UNESCO World Heritage Sites – Darjeeling Himalayan Railway and Sunderbans National Park.


Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


59.8% of West Bengal’s population is projected to be in the age structure between 20-59 years in 2021

West Bengal, the 4th Most populated state in India, is home to about 7% of country’s total population. The state’s total population is 91.3 million with literacy of 77.1%

Industrial Land Bank Portal

GIS - based map displaying available infrastructure for setting up business operations in the state.

Data On Map

  • Industry in West Bengal
  • West Bengal Investment
  • West Bengal Industries


Updates From West Bengal