Home to the 2nd highest number of MSMEs, accounting for 14% of India's total MSMEs

West Bengal is located on the east coast of India with the Bay of Bengal in the south and shares its international border with Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

The state has a vast network of railways and roadways, running over 4,100 km and 316,700 km respectively, and natural maritime advantages with potential navigable waterways including NW-1, NW - 5 and waterfront of 950 km. The state is well connected globally with Haldia and Kolkata ports and an international airport in Kolkata. In 2016-17, 385,891 containers were imported and 385,785 containers were exported via Kolkata Port. Kolkata is also the biggest tea handling port and tea auction market in India. The state is also home to India’s second-largest metro rail network.

The strategically important Siliguri Corridor is situated in West Bengal and connects eight North-Eastern states to the rest of India. The airport at Bagdogra links Siliguri to important destinations within the country, making it a vital trade and logistics hub for the entire region. The state also provides easy access to important international trade routes to countries such as Australia, Bangladesh, China, Malaysia, New Zealand and Singapore. The state has an oil refinery at Haldia, operated by Indian Oil Corporation, with a capacity of 7.5 MMTPA.


Largest producer of vegetables in India


Largest inland waterways in India in terms of spread, density and reach  


2nd largest producer of tea in India

Information Technology

West Bengal houses over 500 IT companies employing more than 135,000 people directly or indirectly. There are five IT/ITeS based SEZs and 11 IT parks operating in the state.

The state government is setting up seven IT parks, two electronic manufacturing clusters and two hardware parks across the state. The state has seen 80% growth in IT exports during 2012-17 and plans to increase its share in the production of electronic goods to 15% by 2020.

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West Bengal is the 3rd largest producer of finished leather products in India. 26% of the tanneries in India are located in West Bengal.

The state government has set up an integrated leather complex on the eastern fringe of Kolkata, spread over 445 ha. Kolkata is the second most important tanning centre of India, accounting for 22-25% of the country’s tanning activities.

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West Bengal is the seat of hosiery industry in India, with 17,900 hosiery units present in the state.

The state aims to increase the sector’s share to 10% of the state GDP by 2022-23 which would provide employment to at least 10 mn people.

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Agriculture and Horticulture

Production of fruits and vegetables in West Bengal in 2016-17 stood at 3.7 mn tonnes and 25.5 mn tonnes, respectively.

With the presence of six agro-climatic zones, West Bengal offers a diverse environment for agriculture and horticulture production. Floriculture is an emerging industry in West Bengal with high prospects. In 2016-17, gross area of 26,040 ha was under flower production in the state. 

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Tea Production

West Bengal is the 2nd largest tea-growing state in India and accounted for around 29% of India’s tea production during 2017.

Tea produced in Darjeeling has a geographical indication (GI) status that is recognised globally. It is regarded by connoisseurs as the 'Champagne of Teas'. International tea manufacturers in the state include Tata Global Beverages, Goodricke Group, McLeod Russell India and Duncan Industries.

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Metals and Minerals

West Bengal accounts for about 10% of the country’s total steel capacity.

Durgapur, popularly named the ‘Steel city of Eastern India’ has two major steel plants: Durgapur Steel Plant and Alloy Steel Plant. Coal accounts for 40% of extracted minerals in the state. The total value of mineral production (excluding atomic minerals and minor minerals) from the state stood at $ 1.3 bn during 2017.

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West Bengal saw the arrival of close to 76 mn domestic and foreign tourists in 2016.

The state government has identified 11 potential tourist sites in the state where it will develop tourism infrastructure through PPP mode.

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Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


Over 67% of West Bengal's population is in the working age group of 15-59 years.

West Bengal, the 4th most populated state in India, is home to about 8% of the country's total population. The state's total population is 91.4 mn and it is the second-most densely populated state in India.

Upcoming Projects

Upcoming industrial:

  • Six new theme-based townships, including Health and Education city (Dabgram), Geriatric and Wellness township (Baruipur), Sports city (Dumurjala), Cultural hub (Bolpur), Industrial township (Asansol) and Analytics city (Kalyani)
  • Three multi-product industrial parks at Goaltore, Haldia and Haringhata and an integrated manufacturing park at Raghunathpur
  • Major deep-sea port at Bhor Sagar, expected to start by 2019
  • Deep-sea port at Tajpur, with docking capacity of 60,000 tonnes and other port near Kulpi
  • Project Texpro, involving setting up of 13 textile parks in 214 ha
  • Multi-product parks in Goaltore, Haldia and Haringhata and 10 SME parks in 271 ha
  • Smart Cities Mission, for which New Town Kolkata is the city identified in West Bengal
  • Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor, with an electrified double-track segment of 1,409 km between Dankuni in West Bengal and Khurja in Uttar Pradesh
  • Amritsar Kolkata Industrial Corridor (AKIC), spanning 20 cities in 7 states to be aligned to Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC), to be completed by 2019
  • Open

    WB Design Policy 2016

    Aims at establishing West Bengal as the biggest Design led e…

  • Open

    WB Fisheries Investment Policy 2015

    Aims to extend fiscal incentives to encourage entrepreneurs…

  • Open

    WB Information & Communication Techn…

    Aims to be ranked among top three states in the IT and ESDM…

  • Open

    WB Investment & Industrial Policy 20…

    Aims to propel the State's industrial and economic growth wi…

  • Open

    WB MSME Policy 2013-18

    Aims to increase ancillarization and vendor linkage of MSME…

  • Open

    WB Policy on Co-generation/Generation of…

    Aims to promote generation of electricity from renewable ene…

  • Open

    WB Public Private Partnership Policy

    Aims at enhancing the quality of life of the people by provi…

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    WB Startup Policy 2016-21

    Aims to make West Bengal emerge as one of the top start-up d…

  • Open

    WB State Support for Industries Scheme 2…

    A scheme to extend certain financial support for large scale…

  • Open

    WB Textile Policy 2013-18

    Aims at doubling the share of West Bengal's textile industry…

  • Open

    WB Tourism Policy 2016

    The Policy aims to attain the status of being the most prefe…

Data on Map

Major Investors