Home to the 2nd highest number of MSMEs, accounting for 14% of India's total MSMEs

West Bengal is located on the east coast of India with the Bay of Bengal in the south and shares its international border with Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh.

The state has a vast network of railways and roadways, running over 4,100 km and 315,404 km respectively, and natural maritime advantages with potential navigable waterways including NW-1, NW - 5 and waterfront of 950 km. The state is well connected globally with Haldia and Kolkata ports and international airports in Kolkata & Bagdogra. Kolkata port handled 63.8 million tonnes of traffic in 2018-19. KoPT registered a high growth of 10.14% over traffic handled in 2017-18, 2nd highest among major ports, higher than the average growth rate of 2.9% clocked by Indian Major Ports.Total number of Containers handled at KoPT during 2018-19 increased by 4.18% to 8,29,482 TEUs from 7,96,211 TEUs in 2017-18. Containerised cargo also increased at the Port to 1,30,74,461 tonnes in 2018-19 from 1,24,32,329 tonnes in 2017-18 (5.17% growth).Kolkata Port ranked First amongst all Indian Major Ports in terms of Coking Coal & Other Coal handling, Second in Other Liquids and Third in Container Traffic handling in 2018-2019.  Kolkata is also the biggest tea handling port and tea auction market in India. The state is also home to India’s second-largest metro rail network.

The strategically important Siliguri Corridor is situated in West Bengal and connects eight North-Eastern states to the rest of India. The airport at Bagdogra links Siliguri to important destinations within the country, making it a vital trade and logistics hub for the entire region. The state also provides easy access to important international trade routes to countries such as Australia, Bangladesh, China, Malaysia, New Zealand and Singapore. The state has an oil refinery at Haldia, operated by Indian Oil Corporation, with a capacity of 7.5 MMTPA.


Largest producer of vegetables in India


Largest inland waterways in India in terms of spread, density and reach  


2nd largest producer of tea in India

Information Technology

West Bengal houses over 500 IT companies employing more than 135,000 people directly or indirectly. In Bengal Silicon Valley, 64 acres of land has been allocated to leading organizations. It is expected to bring Rs. 3,000 Cr. investment in 5 yrs.

The state government is setting up eight IT parks, two electronic manufacturing clusters and two hardware parks across the state.
The total export from the IT Industry of the State 3.27 billion $ in 2018-19 as compared to 2010-11 showing a growth of about 175% in eight years. The state plans to increase its share in the production of electronic goods to 15% by 2020.

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West Bengal is the 3rd largest producer of finished leather products in India. 26% of the tanneries in India are located in West Bengal.

The state government has set up an integrated leather complex on the eastern fringe of Kolkata, spread over 445 ha. Kolkata is the second most important tanning centre of India, accounting for 22-25% of the country’s tanning activities.

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West Bengal is the seat of hosiery industry in India, with 17,900 hosiery units present in the state.

The state aims to increase the sector’s share to 10% of the state GDP by 2022-23 which would provide employment to at least 10 mn people.

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Agriculture and Horticulture

West Bengal Produced 29.55 million tonnes (MT) of vegetables in 2018-19 against 27.70 MT in the year before which is 15.9 per cent of the country’s total vegetable production

With the presence of six agro-climatic zones, West Bengal offers a diverse environment for agriculture and horticulture production.

Cultivation of vegetables, fruits, flowers and spices is being encouraged. An additional land of 3,687 hectares has been brought under cultivation in Paschimanchal and 1,090 hectares in North Bengal regions.

30 FPOs (Farmer Producers Organizations) have been formed for procurement of inputs, cultivation and marketing of produce.

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Tea Production

West Bengal is the 2nd largest tea-growing state in India and accounted for around 29% of India’s tea production during 2017.

Tea produced in Darjeeling has a geographical indication (GI) status that is recognised globally. It is regarded by connoisseurs as the 'Champagne of Teas'. International tea manufacturers in the state include Tata Global Beverages, Goodricke Group, McLeod Russell India and Duncan Industries.

The total tea production in north Bengal has increased to 424.06 million kilos in 2019 from 394 million kilos in 2018.

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Metals and Minerals

West Bengal accounts for about 10% of the country’s total steel capacity.

Durgapur, popularly named the ‘Steel city of Eastern India’ has two major steel plants: Durgapur Steel Plant and Alloy Steel Plant. Coal accounts for 97% of extracted minerals in the state. The total value of mineral production (excluding atomic minerals and minor minerals) from the state stood at $ 1.3 bn during 2017.

During 2017-18 (Apr-Oct), the total value of mineral production (excluding atomic minerals and minor minerals) from the state stood at $ 637.76 mn.

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West Bengal with 1.57 million foreign tourists was the 6th most visited state by foreign tourists in 2017

The state government has identified 11 potential tourist sites in the state where it will develop tourism infrastructure through PPP mode.

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Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio


Over 67% of West Bengal's population is in the working age group of 15-59 years.

West Bengal, the 4th most populated state in India, is home to about 8% of the country's total population. The state's total population is 91.4 mn and it is the second-most densely populated state in India.

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  • Industry in West Bengal
  • West Bengal Investment
  • West Bengal Industries

Major Investors

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