SNAPSHOT

Largest agricultural area under irrigation in India

Punjab has an excellent network of irrigation facilities with 98% of net area sown covered under irrigation.

Punjab, called the "Granary of India", is bounded on the west by Pakistan, on the north by Jammu and Kashmir, on the northeast by Himachal Pradesh and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan.

The state has one of the highest road densities amongst Indian states and has been ranked 2nd best in the country at 133 sq. km. It is well connected to all major markets with 72,212 km of the total road network, 2,830 km of rail track network and 5 airports. It has a total installed capacity of over 13,960 MW. With 1.5% land area, Punjab contributes to 3% of the national GDP. The State ranks 2nd in logistics ease in the country and also offers a strong logistics backbone with five container freight stations (CFSs) and four inland container depots (ICDs); thereby easing exports and imports for the state.

The state has a total cultivable area of 4.2 mn ha, which constitutes 3% of the net area sown in India. With this area, Punjab is the largest producer of wheat and rice in India, contributing 21% rice and 38% wheat to the central grain pool. The State is also the largest producer of machine, hand tools and bicycle components as well as Hosiery and Woollen manufacturing in India. The State also ranks 2nd in access to basic amenities, including clean drinking water, sanitation, clean energy, nutrition, housing and digital access in the country.

Major industries in Punjab include food processing, tractors and auto components, agro-based parts, bicycle and bicycle parts, sports goods, light engineering goods, metal and alloys, chemical products, textiles, IT and Pharmaceuticals.

Rice

Largest producer of wheat and rice in India 

Machine Tools

Largest producer of machine, hand tools and bicycle components in India 

Horticulture crops

Leading producer of horticulture crops - carrot, peas, mandarin, radish and melon

Food processing in Punjab

Food Processing

Agriculture and allied sectors account for approximately 21% of Punjab’s GSDP against an all India average of 14%. The state enjoys high yield for various agricultural produce that includes wheat, paddy, cotton, lychee, guava and orange.

Agriculture is one of the significant sectors for the growth of Punjab’s economy. It is providing livelihoods to more than 60 per cent of the state’s population and is known as the ‘Bread Basket of India’ leading to the first Green Revolution in the country.

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Basmati rice is the most exported commodity and exports reached US$ 535.77 million in between April 2020 and January 2021.

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The government has sanctioned 42 Mega Food Parks (MFPs) to be set up in the country under the Mega Food Park Scheme. Currently, 17 Mega Food Parks have become functional.

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1 mega food park is already operational and second one started partial operation since April 2019.

Light Engineering

Punjab has a rich industrial base of MSME units belonging to bicycle parts, auto components, hosiery, sports goods and agricultural implements.

The state accounts for 92% of India’s production of bicycle parts and 75% of bicycle production of India. Light Engineering is an important sector for the state with Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Sangrur, Moga, Hoshiarpur and Mohali districts being host to thousands of light engineering companies. Punjab is also developing a new Industrial Estate at Nabha for light engineering and a Light Engineering Park along the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor and the Amritsar Kolkata Industrial Corridor.

Textile and Garments

Punjab is the leading hub for textile-based industries such as apparel manufacturing, spinning and hosiery exports with Ludhiana being the biggest manufacturing cluster in North India.

The state accounts for 95% of India’s woollen knitwear production, 85% of India’s sewing machine production and 75% of India’s sports goods production. The state has emerged to be the second largest cotton and blended yarn producer in the country. Punjab is also setting up a Technical Textile Park to explore international partnerships for technology sourcing and joint ventures.

Renewable Power

Punjab offers a conducive environment to encourage power generation from renewable energy sources.

The state is strategically placed to harness solar energy in a big way. It was ranked number one amongst all Indian states for progress in solar energy by World Bank in 2015. The state aims to harness 5,400 MW (15%) energy from renewable sources of energy by 2022. It has launched two unique policies to support the sector—New and Renewable Sources of Energy (NRSE) Policy and Net Metering Policy.

37.5

Urbanisation Rate

Females/ 1000 Males
895

Female/Male Ratio

Male/Female Ratio

Demographics

68% of Punjab's population is in the working age group of 15-59 years.

About 75% of total population of Punjab is directly dependent on agriculture sector for their livelihood. The state's population of 28 million is equivalent to the population of Australia.

Industrial Land Bank Portal

GIS - based map displaying available infrastructure for setting up business operations in the state.

Data On Map

MAJOR INVESTORS

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