India and the United Kingdom share a modern partnership bound by strong historical ties. The UK is the 6th largest investor in India and has invested $30.59 bn in foreign direct investment inflows. There are currently ~572 UK companies in India with a combined turnover of ~ INR 3,390 billion and directly employing 416,121 people directly as of FY20. the range of sectors attracting investment from the UK has seen strong growth in education, retail, consumer goods, life sciences, healthcare, and infrastructure.
Major UK Investors
The UK – India Startup Launchpad was launched at the UK techXchange in September 2019. The Launchpad enables startups, investors, incubators, and entrepreneurs of both countries to connect with one another and provides them with resources to expand and become globalized start-ups.
During the visit of the Indian Prime Minister to the UK in November 2015, PMs of both the countries agreed to hold biennial PM-level summits to enhance the partnership and agreed on a new Defence and International Security Partnership.
During the British Prime Minister's visit to India in November 2016, the two countries signed agreements pertaining to Ease of Doing Business to share best practices and cooperation in the field of intellectual property rights.
In April 2018, both the countries decided to launch an India-UK Tech Alliance, set up a UK-India Tech Hub, enhance UK-India Tech Cluster Partnerships and collaborate on AI and digital healthcare in India’s District Mental Health Programme.
The UK joined the India-backed International Solar Alliance in April 2018 during PM Modi’s visit to the UK. This is a resolve to help over a billion poor people gain access to clean and sustainable energy.
The UK is the 6th largest investor in India, having invested $30.59 bn between April 2000 and June 2021. This represents 5.59% of the total FDI inflows in India during this period. From April to December 2020, imports from the UK stood at $3 bn and exports at $5.4 bn.
During the India-UK Virtual Summit in 2021, PM Modi and PM Johnson agreed on a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership between the two regions and adopted the India-UK Roadmap to 2030 to drive cooperation for the next 10 years.
During 14th JETCO held in 2020, India and UK Trade Ministers committed to setting up an Enhanced Trade Partnership between the two countries. In the India-UK Virtual Summit 2021, PM Modi and PM Johnson launched the Partnership and set the ambitious target of more than doubling India-UK trade by 2030.
Southern states of India received 67% of the cumulative UK investments between September 2017 and August 2018. Of the total number of UK-based companies investing in India, 38% invested in Karnataka, 36% invested in Maharashtra 36% and 29% invested in Tamil Nadu.
Around 79% of the UK companies in India are subsidiaries, while 21% work with local partners through JVs. Also, nearly 49% of the UK companies export from India, of which 56% are from the manufacturing sector and 44% are from the services sector.
A survey conducted by Grant Thornton and Confederation of British Industry found that the UK companies generated indirect employment for 419,370 employees in India. The manufacturing sector had the highest number of indirect employees (252,400), followed by the services sector (166,120) and the trading sector (850).
Cultural ties between the UK and India go back to 1600s when The East India Company was formed to undertake trade between Tudor England and Mughal India. The two countries have continued to share strong cultural ties.
Scotland has a rich historical connection with Kolkata in particular, as well as a long-standing relationship with Indian artists, chiefly through festivals such as the Rajasthan International Folk Festival, the Edinburgh Festival and Fringe and Celtic Connections.
In 2017, the Queen of the UK launched the UK-India Year of Culture to mark cultural ties between the UK and India.
UK-based game developer Kwalee will invest $30 Million in its India operations over the next five years . The firm has picked Bangalore to be its first overseas studio and will employ 50 individuals including game engineers, visual architects and developers .
Revolut will invest ~$25Mn into the Indian market over the next five years and aims to launch its app by 2022 . It plans to hire 300 employees through its India subsidiary which will serve as global operations hub for the firm
Dyson expanded presence in Mumbai by opening its 7th India demo space at infiniti mall . This is their second store in Mumbai. The company has 6 other demo stores across Delhi NCR, Mumbai, Bengaluru and Chennai . It has also been listed as one of the fastest growing UK companies in India .
Bharat Dynamics (BDL) and Thales have signed a teaming agreement to work in partnership on the STARStreak Air Defence system with the support of both the governments of India and the United Kingdom. The agreement will provide opportunity for BDL to offer STARStreak missile system to the Indian Armed Forces with a minimum of 60%t of indigenous content, as well as design and development of the system, qualifying it under the ‘Make in India’ programme.
Agritech start-up Ergos has received $3 mn from the UK's CDC Group as the closure to its Series-A funding round. The Ergos platform operates like a bank and offers storage, digitisation, credit and liquidation facility to farmers and has consistently helped them achieve significantly higher incomes for their produce.
BP finalized its investment in India’s Green Growth Equity Fund (GGEF) with an initial investment of $30 million and a total commitment of $70 million to the fund. The fund, established in 2018, is focused on identifying, investing in and supporting growth in clean energy projects in India.
Johnson Matthey is setting up an automotive component manufacturing facility in Haryana with an investment potential of INR 1,050 Cr and an employment potential of 250 people. JM India proposes to augment capacity by building a new plan in NCR to get the maximum advantage of proximity to the clients and support from the existing plant at IMT Manesar.
BP has recently announced acquiring 49% in RIL’s Petroleum retail business at $1 bn. There is also a plan to increase retail outlets from the present level of 1,400 to 5,500.
Shell India, subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell acquired 100% of Hazira Port and LNG venture allowing Shell to build an integrated gas value chain: supply from its global LNG portfolio, regasification at the Hazira facility, and downstream customer sales. It further enables Shell to contribute to India’s long-term need for more and cleaner energy solutions.
BP plans to invest $2 bn in India upstream ventures over next few years. In the past 7 years, BP has invested more than $8 bn in India, with over $7 bn invested in exploration and production. With its partner Reliance Industries (RIL), BP also plans to produce 10% of India’s total gas demand by 2022.
Trent Hypermarket, a 50:50 JV between Tata and British retailer Tesco, plans to open 50 retail stores in Hyderabad in the next 2-3 years apart from setting up a distribution centre. The expansion is part of the 200 stores planned for Mumbai, Pune, Hyderabad and Bengaluru.
British brand Marks & Spencer (M&S) today reaffirmed its commitment to growing its joint venture business with Reliance Retail in India and expects to continue opening 10 new stores annually. M&S also plans to grow its reach across the country via online fashion platforms.
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The World's Most Innovative Investment Promotion Agency Award 2021 awarded by OCO Global
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Investment Promotion Award 2020 for best practices in COVID response
Best Investment Project Award five years in a row - 2016 to 2020 at the Annual Investment Meeting (AIM) organized by the Ministry of Economy, UAE.
Great Place to Work Certification by GPTW Survey 2019
The UNCTAD Award 2018 for promoting investment in sustainable development
Great Place to Work Certification by GPTW Survey 2018
Investment Award 2016 from the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) Investment Promotion Award 2016 for excellence in partnering for investment promotion