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The Prime Minister’s Science, Technology, and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC), is an overarching Council that facilitates the Principal Scientific Adviser’s Office to assess the status in specific science and technology domains, comprehend challenges in hand, formulate specific interventions, develop a futuristic roadmap and advise the Prime Minister accordingly. The Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser (PSA) to the Government of India coordinates to facilitate and ensure the implementation of significant interventions by concerned government departments, agencies, and ministries.
The PM-STIAC Secretariat is based at Invest India and provides support to the Office of the PSA on project management and monitoring of the aforesaid interventions and national missions.
Professor Krishnaswamy VijayRaghavan FRS, succeeded Dr. R.Chidambaram as the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India on April 3, 2018.
Previously, he served as Secretary, Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India, during January, 2013 to January, 2018. Till then, he was the Director of the National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bengaluru, where he continues as a Distinguished Professor.
The mission aims to make opportunities and progress in science and technology accessible to all in their mother tongue and remove the barrier that a requirement of high-level of proficiency in English poses. Using a combination of machine and human translation, the mission will eventually enable access to teaching and researching material bilingually – in English and one’s native Indian language.
This mission aims to initiate work in the understanding and control of quantum mechanical systems with a large number of degrees of freedom as one of the great contemporary challenges in fundamental science and technology. Building excellence in the quantum frontier through this mission is essential for national security and development of quantum computers, quantum chemistry, quantum communication, new materials, quantum sensors, and quantum cryptography.
The Artiﬁcial Intelligence (AI) mission focuses on eﬀorts that will beneﬁt India in addressing societal needs in areas such as healthcare, education, agriculture, smart cities and infrastructure, including smart mobility and transportation.
This mission will work with extensive academia-industry interactions on developing core research capability at national level which will include international collaborations. It will help push technology frontiers through the creation of new knowledge and in developing and deploying applications.
National Biodiversity Mission
This mission includes comprehensive documentation of India’s biodiversity with the potential for cataloguing and mapping all lifeforms in India including associated cultural and traditional practices; assessment of the distribution and conservation status of India’s biodiversity; development of a cadre of professionals adept at handling large sets of environmental data for management and monitoring of biodiversity; expansion of knowledge in ecosystem functioning that will inform restoration efforts; enhanced options for agricultural production and livelihood; establishment of vibrant biodiversity-based sustainable economy anchored on a foundation of the reliable information system; and public engagement for security and the general well-being of society.
The mission aims to develop vehicle sub-systems and components specific to Indian requirements. It is to assist speedy adoption of electric vehicles by making their use viable.
Bioscience for Human Health
The diversity of Indians and of our environment requires a large-scale study of human genomes speciﬁc to our lifestyle and how this impacts health and disease patterns. The mission will make use of healthy and disease samples to understand the impact of nature and nurture on health. The primary goal of the mission is to construct comprehensive reference maps of genomes and to understand the dynamics of how exposure to diﬀerent environments impact our bodies.
Waste to Wealth
The Waste to Wealth - Swachh Bharat, Unnat Bharat mission set up under the Prime Minister’s Science, Technology & Innovation Advisory Council, is an initiative by the Office of the Principal Scientiﬁc Advisor that aims to leverage global technological capabilities to create socio-economic beneﬁts for more than a billion Indians by addressing the issues of waste disposal, deteriorating air quality and increasing river pollution.
The purpose of this mission is to scientiﬁcally explore the deep oceans towards improving our understanding of the blue frontier. The information from this mission will address issues arising from long term changes in the ocean due to climate change. The focus areas cover the development of technologies for deep sea exploration and exploitation of living (biodiversity) and non-living (minerals) resources; development of underwater vehicles and underwater robotics; development of ocean climate change advisory services; technological innovations and conservational methods for sustainable utilisation of marine bio-resources; oﬀshore based desalination techniques; and renewable energy generation.
This mission aims to support the national eﬀorts to boost the innovation ecosystem in the country by connecting innovators across industry, individuals and the grassroots to the market and helping commercialise innovative solutions. It will provide a platform for innovators to bring their technology ready products and solutions to industry and the market thereby helping propel techno-entrepreneurship which can usher a new era of inclusive socio-economic growth.