Continuing the upward trend, agricultural exports rose by 13 percent to $ 19.69 billion in the first nine months of Financial Year 2022-23 in comparison with the corresponding period of FY 2021-22.
Wheat exports have touched an all time high of $ 1508 million in April-December 2022 up from the previous high from $ 1452 million in April-December 2021.
Other cereals’ exports increased from $ 764 million in April-December 2021 to $ 869 million in April-December 2022 and the export of milled products increased from $ 188 million in April-December 2021 to $ 255 million in April-December 2022—registering a growth of 35.71 percent. India’s organic food market is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 25.25% during 2022-2027.
The growth in the agriculture sector is likely to remain buoyant, supported by healthy progress in Rabi sowing, with the area sown being higher than the previous year. Fiscal policy statements highlighted that the Indian agriculture sector is projected to grow by 3.5 percent in FY 2022-23. Apart from meeting domestic requirements, India has also rapidly emerged as a net exporter of agricultural products in recent years. With the agriculture exports touching $50.2 Bn in FY 2022-23. The total Kharif food grain production in the country is estimated at 149.9 million tonnes.
As per Second Advance Estimate for 2022-23, Total Foodgrain production in the country is estimated at record 3235.54 lakh tonnes which is higher by 79.38 LMT as compared to the previous year 2021-22. Rice production during 2022-23 is estimated at (a record) 1308.37 LMT. It is higher by 13.65 lakh tonnes as compared to the previous year. The production of Wheat (record) is estimated at 1121.82 LMT which is higher by 44.40 LMT as compared to the previous year’s production. Production of Maize in the country during 2022-23 is estimated at (record) 346.13 lakh tonnes which is higher by 8.83 lakh tonnes than the previous year’s production of 337.30 lakh tonnes.
Production of Nutri / Coarse Cereals is estimated at 527.26 lakh tonnes which is higher by 16.25 lakh tonnes than the previous year’s production. The production of Moong is estimated at a new record of 35.45 LMT which is higher by 3.80 LMT as compared to the previous year’s production. Total Pulses production during 2022-23 is estimated at 278.10 lakh tonnes which is higher by 5.08 lakh tonnes than the previous year’s production of 273.02 LMT and 31.54 LMT higher than the average pulses production of the last five years.
The production of Soybean and Rapeseed & Mustard is estimated at 139.75 LMT and 128.18 LMT respectively, which is higher by 9.89 LMT and 8.55 LMT respectively than the production of the previous year 2021-22. Total Oilseeds production in the country during 2022-23 is estimated at record 400.01 lakh tonnes which is higher by 20.38 lakh tonnes than the previous year’s oilseeds production. The total production of Sugarcane in the country during 2022-23 is estimated at a record 4687.89 lakh tonnes. The production of sugarcane during 2022-23 is higher by 293.65 lakh tonnes than the previous year’s production. Production of Cotton is estimated at 337.23 lakh bales (of 170 kg each) and production of Jute & Mesta is estimated at 100.49 lakh bales (of 180 kg each)
Milk production in the world contributing 24% of global milk production
Producer of millet in the world with an area of 15.48 million hectares under cultivation.
Producer and Exporter of Sugar
Mnumber of organic farmers and 9th in terms of area under organic farming
India is the largest producer of mango, banana, coconut, cashew, spices, papaya, pomegranate, pulses, milk, and jute (raw and jute goods).
Globally, India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables, rice, wheat, groundnuts, cashew, and tea.
374.25 lakh MT Cold Chain capacity
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According to the provisional data released by the Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI&S), the exports of agricultural and processed food products rose by 13 percent in the nine months of the Financial Year 2022-23 (April-December) in comparison with the corresponding period of FY 2021-22.
In April-December, 2021, fresh fruits were exported to the tune of USD 1078 million which increased to USD 1121 million in the corresponding months of the fiscal year 2022-23. Exports of processed F&V jumped to USD 1472 million in nine months of FY 2022-23 from USD 1129 million in the corresponding months of the previous year.
India is the largest producer as well as the largest exporter of cereal products in the world. Basmati Rice exports witnessed a growth of 40.26 percent in nine months of FY 2022-23 as its export increased from USD 2379 million (April-December 2021) to USD 3337 million (April-December 2022), while the export of non-Basmati rice registered a growth of 4 percent in nine months of previous fiscal. Non-basmati rice export increased to USD 4663 million in nine months of the fiscal year 2022-23 from USD 4512 million in the corresponding months of the fiscal year 2021-2022.
The export of pulses has witnessed an increase of 80.38 percent in nine months as the export of lentils increased from USD 242 million (April-December 2021-22) to USD 436 million (April-December 2022-23).
Organic Products: India has the highest number of organic farmers in the world at 44.3 lakhs, and 59.1 lakh ha area has been brought under organic farming by 2021-22, producing certified organic products including all varieties of food products namely Oil Seeds, fiber, Sugar cane, Cereals & Millets, Cotton, Pulses, Aromatic & Medicinal Plants, Tea, Coffee, Fruits, Spices, Dry Fruits, Vegetables, Processed foods, etc. The production is not limited to the edible sector but also produces organic cotton fiber, functional food products, etc.
Union Budget 2023 Highlights:
- INR 20 Lakh Cr: Agricultural Credit Target with a focus on Animal Husbandry, dairy and fisheries sector
- Atmanirbhar Bharat Horticulture Clean Plant Program: Outlay of INR 2200 Cr to promote high-value horticulture crops
- Agricultural Accelerator Fund: To be setup to promote startups in rural India
- Provision of INR 60,000 cr has been made for the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan)
- Provision of INR 450 cr has been made for the Digital Agriculture Mission started by the Modi Government, and about INR 600 crore allocated for the promotion of Agriculture sector through technology.
- The government will launch a subscheme under PM Matsya Sampada Yojana with an outlay of INR 6,000 cr
Population and income growth creates new opportunities for farmers and businesses to expand and innovate also the growing demand for food and agricultural products is encouraging the sector to adopt new technologies and practices, move up the value chain, and explore new markets both domestically and internationally.
Drives demand for agricultural products and creates opportunities for innovation in the sector, with new technologies like vertical farming and hydroponics improving productivity and efficiency.
Increasing exports have opened up new markets and supply chains for Indian farmers and businesses. This has increased competitiveness in the sector and encouraged innovation and expansion.
Hybrid and genetically modified seeds, a Favourable climate for agriculture and a wide variety of crops, technologically advanced irrigation infrastructure, the Green Revolution in Eastern India which intends to address the constraints limiting the productivity of “rice based cropping systems” in eastern India and an increase in climate-smart agricultural practices.
Growing institutional credit, Increasing MSP, Increase in the procurement from farmers, Introduction of new schemes like Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, Pradhanmantri Gram, Sinchai Yojana, and Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana, Inception of Agri Infrastructure Fund, Creation of a Start-up Ecosystem in agriculture and allied sector, promotion of agricultural mechanization and subsidy for machines and supports drones.
Initiatives like Kisan Rath (mobile app for farmers, FPOs, and traders), 200+ Kisan Rails, and Krishi Udaan Scheme for produce transportation, Perishable Cargo Centres, cold storage facilities at Airports and Inland Container Depots as well as cargo terminals and warehouses.
e-NAM is a digital platform integrating 1260 APMC mandis across 22 States and 3 UTs to facilitate online trading of 203 agriculture and horticulture commodities to enable farmers to realize better remunerative prices for their produce. e-NAM is catalysing the digital transformation of mandi operations and e-trading of agricultural commodities. As of 31.12.2022, more than 1.74 Cr farmers & 2.39 Lakh traders have been registered on the e-NAM portal. A total trade consisting of 69 mn metric tonnes amounting to INR 2.42 lakh cr has been recorded on the e-NAM platform.
Changing Consumer Preferences
Consumers in India are increasingly looking for organic and locally sourced produce, creating opportunities for small-scale farmers to enter the market and differentiate their products from those of larger agricultural corporation
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