The agricultural exports have grown by 19.92% during 2021-22 to touch $50.21 Bn

The export of wheat touched an all-time high at $2.11 Bn in 2021-22, growing 273% from 2020-21 while other cereals registered a growth of 53% by fetching $1.083 Bn in 2021-22

The agriculture sector in India has experienced buoyant growth in the past two years. The sector, which is the largest employer of workforce within the country, accounted for a sizeable 18.8% (2021- 22) in GVA of the country registering a growth of 3.6% in 2020-21 and 3.9% in 2021-22. 

As per 4th Advance Estimates, the estimated production of major crops during 2021-22 is as under: Foodgrains 315.72 MT, Rice 130.29 MT, Wheat 106.84 MT, Nutri / Coarse Cereals 50.90 MT, Maize 33.62 MT, Pulses 27.69 MT, Tur 4.34 MT, Gram 13.75 MT, Oilseeds 37.70 MT, Groundnut 10.11 MT, Soyabean 12.99 MT, Rapeseed and Mustard 11.75 MT, Sugarcane 431.81 MT, Cotton 31.20 mn bales (each of 170 kg), Jute & Mesta 10.32 mn bales (each of 180 kg).

Production of Nutri / Coarse Cereals estimated at 50.90 MT, which is higher by 4.32 MT than the last five years’ average production of 46.57 MT.

Total Pulses production during 2021-22 is estimated at record 27.69 MT which is higher by 3.87 MT than the last five years’ average production of 23.82 MT.

Total Oilseeds production in the country during 2021-22 is estimated at record 37.70 MT which is higher by 1.75 MT than the production of 35.95 MT during 2020-21. Further, the production of oilseeds during 2021-22 is higher by 5.01 MT than the average oilseeds production.

Total production of Sugarcane in the country during 2021-22 is estimated at record 431.81 MT which is higher by 58.35 MT than the average sugarcane production of 373.46 MT.

  • #

    Producer of spices in the world

  • #

    Largest producer of horticultural products

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    Largest in global food production

  • Lakh MT

    Cold Chain capacity

India is the largest producer of mango, banana, coconut, cashew, spices, papaya, pomegranate etc., pulses, milk, and jute (raw and jute goods)

Globally, second largest producer of fruits and vegetables, rice, Wheat, groundnuts, cashew tea

India ranks first in productivity of grapes, banana, cassava, peas, papaya 

Industry Scenario

Agricultural and processed food products exports up by 16% to $17.43 bn for period April-November FY 22-23 compared to same period last year

As per National Horticulture Database (Second Advance Estimates) published by National Horticulture Board, during 2020-21, India produced 102.48 MMT of fruits and 200.45 MMT of vegetables. The area under cultivation of fruits stood at 9.6 mn hectares while vegetables were cultivated at 10.86 mn hectares. 

During 2021-22, India exported fresh fruits and vegetables worth $1.5 bn which comprised fruits worth $0.74 bn and vegetables worth

nbsp;0.76 bn. Private investment in agriculture increases to 9.3% in 2020-21

499 permanent Soil Testing Laboratories, 113 Mobile Soil Testing Laboratories, 8,811 Mini Soil Testing Laboratories and 2,395 Village-level Soil Testing Laboratories have been established in India.

India is the largest producer as well as the largest exporter of cereal products in the world. India's export of cereals stood at  $12.87 bn during the year 2021-22. Rice (including Basmati and Non-Basmati) occupy the major share in India's total cereals export with 75% (in value terms) during the same period. Whereas, other cereals including wheat represent only a 25 % share of total cereals exported from India during this period. 

Organic Products: India produced around 3496800.34 MT (2020-21) of certified organic products which includes all varieties of food products namely Oil Seeds, fibre, Sugar cane, Cereals & Millets, Cotton, Pulses, Aromatic & Medicinal Plants, Tea, Coffee, Fruits, Spices, Dry Fruits, Vegetables, Processed foods etc. The production is not limited to the edible sector but also produces organic cotton fiber, functional food products etc.

As on 14th December 2022, a total of 2359 trips of Kisan Rail trains have been operated on 167 routes, wherein nearly 7.9 lakh tones of consignments have been transported.



  • Demand-side drivers

    Population and income growth, Increasing exports & Favourable demographics

  • Supply-side drivers

    Hybrid and genetically modified seeds, Favourable climate for agriculture and wide variety of crops, Mechanisation Irrigational facilities and Green revolution in Eastern India

  • Policy support

    Growing institutional credit, Increasing MSP, Introduction of new schemes like Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana, Pradhanmantri Gram, Sinchai Yojana, and Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana and Opening exports of wheat and rice

  • Logistics support

    Initiatives like Kisan Rath (mobile app for farmers, FPOs and traders), 200+ Kisan Rails and Krishi Udaan Scheme for produce transportation, and Perishable Cargo Centres, cold storage facilities at Airports and Inland Container Depot as well as cargo terminals and warehouses.

  • Digital Transformation

    e-NAM is a digital platform integrating 1260 APMC mandis across 22 States and 3 UTs to facilitate online trading of 203 agriculture and horticulture commodities to enable farmers to realize better remunerative prices for their produce. e-NAM is catalysing the digital transformation of mandi operations and e- trading of agricultural commodities. As on 31.12.2022, more than 1.74 Cr farmers & 2.39 Lakh traders have been registered on e-NAM portal. A total trade consisting of 69 mn metric tonnes of worth INR 2.42 lakh cr has been recorded on e-NAM platform.


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Asked Questions

What is the Agricultural Marketing Infrastructure scheme?

It is common knowledge that there is a need to promote agriculture marketing infrastructure projects for reducing the involvement of intermediates and minimizing post-harvest losses. A robust agriculture marketing infrastructure will ensure better remuneration to farmers and supply of better quality products to consumers and processing industries. During the XII plan period, the estimated investment for marketing infrastructure and value chain development was $ 8.61 billion .

To address this need, the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC), Govt. of India has introduced the Agricultural Marketing Infrastructure (AMI) Scheme by merging the earlier GrameenBhandaranYojana (GBY) and the Scheme for Development/Strengthening of Agricultural Marketing Infrastructure, Grading and Standardization (AMIGS).

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What is agricultural biotechnology?

Agricultural biotechnology is an advanced technology that allows plant breeders to make precise genetic changes to impart beneficial traits to the crop plants we rely on for food and fiber.

For centuries farmers and plant breeders have labored to improve crop plants. Traditional breeding methods include selecting and sowing the seeds from the strongest, most desirable plants to produce the next generation of crops. By selecting and breeding plants with characteristics such as higher yield, resistance to pests and hardiness, early farmers dramatically changed the genetic make-up of crop plants long before the science of genetics was understood. As a result, most of today's crop plants bear little resemblance to their wild ancestors.

The tools of modern biotechnology allow plant breeders to select genes that produce beneficial traits and move them from one organism to another. This process is far more precise and selective than crossbreeding, which involves the transfer of tens of thousands of genes, and provided plant developers with a more detailed knowledge of the changes being made.

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What are the benefits of Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2020?

This Act empowers farmers to freely sell their produce from farm gate directly to the buyers/exporters/processors/retailers who are offering better prices as alternative to APMC Markets without paying any market fee in trade area. It will help to reduce transportation cost of farmers produce from the farm gate to the mandis. It will also help in reducing post-harvest losses. The farmers can now store their produce in warehouses after harvest and sell it directly from such warehouses at appropriate time at suitable prices without bringing the produce to APMC Markets for selling.

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Under Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2020, corporate companies are also becoming entity as ‘farmer’?

Corporate companies are not included in the definition of farmer in this Act. Only Farmer Producers Organizations (FPOs), which are registered under any law, are included under the definition of farmer apart from individual farmers.

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What are the payment procedures for FPO or Agricultural Cooperative Society under Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2020?
  • An FPO or an agricultural co-operative society shall make payment to the farmer immediately after sale, but not later than fourteen days from the date of aggregation or purchase subject to the condition that the receipt of delivery shall be given to the farmer on the same day.
  • When FPO aggregates or buys the scheduled farmers’ produce from farmer in the trade area and sells such produce in raw form itself, it shall make the payment immediately after such sale, but not later than three days from the date of aggregation or purchase, if procedurally so required, subject to the condition that the receipt of delivery shall be given to the farmer on the same day.

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