Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, briefly touched upon a new scheme, Vibrant Village Programme to promote infrastructure in villages in her Budget Speech. Under this new scheme, northern border villages with a scanty population, limited connectivity and infrastructure will see expansion advancements. Under the programme, the villages will see the construction of village infrastructure, accommodation, tourist centres, road connectivity, provisioning of decentralised renewable energy, direct home access for Doordarshan and education channels, and support for livelihood generation. Supplemental funding for these activities will also be provided, and all the current schemes will be merged, determining their developments and observing them continuously.

The programme aims to enhance infrastructure in villages along India's border with China, in states like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Arunachal Pradesh. Under the scheme, the government will construct a modern system of transportation and connectivity on the mountains, allowing the country's border villages to become vibrant. The Border Management funds allotted to the Ministry of Home Affairs has also seen a more than 42 per cent jump to INR 2,517.02 crore from INR 1,921.39 crore last year.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, while addressing a programme on 'Aatmanirbhar Arthvyavastha', stated that the migration from border villages is not appropriate for national security, and the current budget has provisions for designing vibrant villages on the border. He also said that the budget also concentrated on designing villages at the border while adding that the National Cadet Corps (NCC) Centres will be brought in at schools situated at the borders. The government is also taking a holistic method to supply electricity, water, among other things.

The government wishes to supply all villages and their citizens with access to e-services, communication establishments, and digital resources as metropolitan regions and their inhabitants. The contracts for laying optical fibre in all villages, including remote areas, will be granted under the Bharatnet project through PPP in 2022-23. The completion of the same is expected in 2025, and actions will be taken to facilitate better and more efficient use of optical fibre.