World’s fastest-growing energy market

India is the 3rd largest energy and oil consumer in the world

India is the 4th largest importer of liquefied natural gas (LNG).

India consumed 204.23 MMT petroleum products and 63.9 BCM natural gas in FY 2021-22, making a growth of 5.1% and 5%  over the FY 2020-21. India’s oil demand is projected to rise 50% to 7.2 MBD in 2030 from 4.8 mbd in 2019 as against a global expansion of 7%. India’s natural gas demand is projected to double to 133 BCM in 2030 from 64 BCM in 2019 as against a 12% rise in global gas demand.

  • The conventional hydrocarbon resources in India are currently estimated at approx. 42 BMT of Oil & Oil Equivalent of Gas (O+OEG), spread over 26 sedimentry basins covering an area of  3.36 mn sq. km
  • The total number of fuel retail outlets increased from 45,104 (2012) to 83,027 (2022). This number has increased to 84,614 as of October 2022
  • India has set a target to raise the share of natural gas in the energy mix to 15% by 2030 from about 6.7% now
  • Target of setting up 12 Commercial Scale 2G Bio-Ethanol Projects with Viability Gap Funding of up to INR 150 Cr per project under the Pradhan Mantri Ji-VAN Yojana
  • Target of setting up 5000 Compressed Biogas (CBG) units under the Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) Scheme
  • India increased the ethanol blending in petrol from 1.53% in 2013-14 to 10.17% in 2022 and advanced its target of 20% ethanol blending in petrol from 2030 to 2025-26
  • A total of 88% of the nation’s geographical area covering 98% of the population has been authorized for the development of City Gas Distribution network

100% FDI allowed through automated route in exploration & production activity, LNG regasification infrastructure, and refining in the private sector

49% FDI allowed in petroleum refining by the Public Sector Undertakings (PSU), without any disinvestment or dilution of domestic equity in the existing PSUs under automatic route

100% FDI under the automatic route is allowed in case an 'in-principle' approval for strategic disinvestment of a PSU has been granted by the Government

Approval for strategic disinvestment of a PSU has been granted by the Government

100% FDI allowed in infrastructure related to marketing of petroleum products and natural gas, petroleum product & natural gas pipelines, LNG regasification infrastructure,  market study and formulation and petroleum refining in private sector. 

For further details, please refer FDI Policy

  • %

    Gas Consumption CAGR (2015-16 to 2021-22)

  • %

    Petroleum Product Consumption CAGR (2015-16 to 2021-22)

  • %

    Number of Petroleum Product Retail Outlets CAGR (2012 to 2022)

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Largest exporter of petroleum products in Asia since 2009 (FY 20-21)

Second largest refiner in Asia (FY 20-21)

Third largest energy consumer in the world (FY 20-21)

Industry Scenario

India plans to almost double its oil refining capacity to 450 MT in the next 10 years to meet the rising domestic fuel demand as well as cater to export market.

India's refining capacity stands at about 251.2 MMTPA as on April 2022, comprising 23 refineries—19 under the public sector, 3 under the private sector, and 1 in a joint venture. Refinery capacity utilization is about 96% for the year 2021-22.  Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) is the largest domestic refiner with a capacity of 70.1 MMTPA. 

The total refining capacity is planned to increase by the CAGR of 2.5 % in the next 5 years, to reach 283.62 MMTPA.

Crude oil processing increased by 9% from 221.77 MMT in 2020-21 to 241.7 MMT in 2021-22.

One Nation One Gas Grid: A total of 22,306 km of the natural gas pipeline is operational and about 13,029 km of gas pipelines are under construction as on June 2022, as part of the Gas Grid. India targets increasing the pipeline coverage by ~54% to 34,500 km by 2024-25. All states are intended to be connected by a trunk national pipeline network by 2027. As on 30th September 2022, 221 Geographical Areas have been operationalized for the supply of CNG.

Petroleum product production saw an increase of 8.9% in FY 2021-22 vis-à-vis FY 2020-21. The production of petroleum products stood at 254.3 MMT in FY 2021-22.

Cumulative crude oil production during FY 21-22 was 29.7 MMT. Natural Gas production for FY 21-22 was 34.024 BCM.

Export of petroleum products increased by 107.47% from $ 21.4 Bn in the FY 2020-21 to $ 44.4 Bn in the FY 2021-22. Further, Exports of petroleum products in April – December 2022 were $ 70.28 bn registering a growth of 52.15% over $ 46.19 bn in April – December 2021.

OMCs have taken several steps to encourage better consumption of LPG and reduce diversion and delay in supplies. There are 3123 lakh active domestic customers of LPG as on October 2022.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) supply is forging ahead on both coasts with 06 operational LNG terminals. Total capacity of LNG terminals stands at 42.7 MMTPA.


  • India's energy demand

    BP estimates that India's energy demand will double, while natural gas demand is expected to grow five-fold by 2050

  • City Gas Distribution

    Coverage area has gone up from 20% to 88%

  • Abundant raw material

    Natural Gas Reserve at 1.37 TCM

  • Favorable policies

    National Data Repository (NDR), Discovered Small Field Policy (DSF),Marketing and Pricing freedom for natural gas, National Seismic Programme (NSP) of unappraised areas Planned 2D Seismic Survey for 48K LKM

  • Government incentives

    Early production royalty concession of 10%, 20% and 30% for Category I, II and III basins respectively

  • Setting up LNG stations

    Any entity can set up LNG stations in any Geographical Area in India even if they do not have a City Gas Distribution license

  • MoEFCC's gazette notification dated 16.01.2020

    Stipulates that seismic survey do not require prior Environmental clearance, provided the concession areas has got previous clearance for physical survey. Further, all project in respect of offshore and onshore oil and gas exploration are categorized as ‘B2’ projects” i.e., will not require an Environment Impact Assessment report


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Asked Questions

What is EPP or Export Parity Price?

Export Parity Price is the price which oil companies would realize on export of petroleum products. This includes Freight on Board (FOB) Price and advance license benefit (for duty free import of crude oil pursuant to export of refined products.

For more information, click here.

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What do you mean by import parity price?

Import Parity Price (IPP) is the price that importers would pay in case of actual import of product at the respective Indian ports. This includes FOB price, Ocean freight, Customs duty, Port dues etc.

For more information, click here

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What are biofuels?

The National Policy on Biofuels categorises Biofuels as:

“Basic Biofuels” viz. First Generation (1G) bioethanol & biodiesel and “Advanced Biofuels” – Second Generation (2G) ethanol, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to drop-in fuels, Third Generation (3G) biofuels, bio CNG etc.

For more information, click here.


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What are various types of petrol/ diesel available in India?

Various petrol types are as follows: MS 93/95, Bharat Stage (BS) IV, Bharat Stage (BS) VI, branded petrol (with additives) etc.

Various types of diesels are as follows: Light Diesel Oil (LDO), BS IV, BS VI, Bio Diesel, Branded Diesel (with additives) etc.

To know more about the Oil & Gas sector opportunity in India, please visit the Oil & Gas page at Invest India website.

For further details on Indian Petroleum and Natural Gas Statistics, please refer this link:

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Under what situations IGST is applicable?

As per the GST law, if the location of the supplier and place of supply is in different states then IGST would be applicable.

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New India Timeline @2047

BPCL to spend INR 1.4 lakh crore on petro chemical, gas business

Bharat Petroleum Corporation (BPCL) will make an investment of INR 1.4 lakh... Visit Page

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