Union Budget 2023-24
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  • What will be the treatment of restricted items?

    Please refer to CBIC instruction issued vide F.No. 450/147/2015-Cus.IV dated 26th February 2016 in the matter where it has been clarified that all regulatory checks shall be applied at the into bond stage for a bill of entry for warehousing. Thus all compliances are required before the goods can be utilized in a Section 65 warehouse.

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  • How is hazardous cargo to be treated?

    Hazardous cargo has to comply with all extant laws. Operating under Section 65 does not exempt units from compliance to any applicable laws.

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  • Can an existing Private warehouse licensee apply for Section 65 permission or do they have to file a new application?

    Please refer to Para 4 of Circular No. 34/2019-Customs dated 1st October 2019 wherein it has been clarified that applicants can seek a license under section 58 and permission to operate under Section 65 synchronously, or request for permission under Section 65, if they already have a warehouse licensed under Section 58.

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  • At what stage is PGA clearance required for Bills of Entry relating to warehousing?

    Please refer to CBIC instructions issued vide F.No. 450/147/2015-Cus.IV dated 26th February 2016 in the matter where it has been clarified that all regulatory checks shall be applied at the into bond stage for a bill of entry for warehousing.

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  • Regulation 7 of MOOWR 2019 requires that a person who has been granted permission under regulation 5 shall appoint a warehouse keeper who has sufficient experience in warehousing operations and customs procedures to discharge functions on his behalf. Can a Customs broker be appointed as a warehouse keeper?

    Yes, a person who has passed the examination referred to in regulation 6 or regulation 13 of the Customs Broker Regulations, 2018 may be appointed as a warehouse keeper. There is also no bar in appointing any person who has sufficient experience in warehousing operations and customs procedures.

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  • What is the procedure for termination of operations in the bonded warehouse and surrender of premises license? Whether payment of duty is required on inventory lying in the premises, particularly, if such goods are proposed to be exported in the near future?

    Since the unit operating under Section 65 is also licensed as a Private Bonded warehouse under Section 58 of the Customs Act, 1962, the procedure for surrender of licence will be as per the regulation 8 of the Private Warehouse Licensing Regulations, 2016. A licensee may therefore, surrender the licence granted to him by making a request in writing to the Principal Commissioner of Customs or Commissioner of Customs, as the case may be. On receipt of such request, the licence will be cancelled subject to payment of all dues and clearance of remaining goods in such warehouse. Thus duty on the remaining bonded inventory needs to be paid before surrender of license. In case the bonded goods are desired to be exported, the same needs to be done before surrender of the license.

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  • Can existing AEOs continue to get AEO benefits once they switch over to MOOWR from DTA, EOU units?

    Operating under Section 65 has no effect on AEO status. All benefits available as an AEO continue notwithstanding operations under Section 65.

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  • Whether at the time of filing the ex-bond Bill of Entry, the importer can claim exemption from customs duties as may be applicable under various Customs Tariff notifications?

    As per Section 15(1)(b) of the Customs Act 1962, the rate of duty in case of goods cleared from a warehouse shall be the rate on the date on which a bill of entry for home consumption is presented. Thus, the importer can claim exemption from customs duties under various Customs Tariff notifications as may be applicable on the date on which a Bill of Entry for home consumption is presented.

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  • How would the valuation of the imported inputs be done for the purpose of payment of Customs duty in case of DTA clearances?

    The valuation of imported inputs for the purpose of payment of Customs duty shall be as per Section 14 and Section 15 (1)(b) of the Customs Act 1962.

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  • What activities are permissible under Tourist Visa?

    Tourist Visa can be granted to a foreigner whose sole objective of visiting India is recreation, sight seeing, casual visit to meet friends or relatives, attending a short-term yoga programme, etc. and no other purpose/ activity. 

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  • What is the eligibility criteria to apply for an employment visa in India?

    An Employment visa is granted to a foreigner who is a highly skilled and/or qualified professional. The foreign national being sponsored for an employment visa in any sector should draw a gross salary in excess of Rs. 16.25 lakhs per annum.

    The salary threshold limit of Rs. 16.25 lakhs per annum will be worked out taking into account the salary and all other allowances paid to the foreign national in cash and also perquisites like rent free accommodation etc. which are included in the salary for the purpose of calculating income tax.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can foreign nationals already in India for executing projects on business visas be allowed to convert their business visas to employment visas without leaving the country?

    Business Visa shall be non-convertible to any other type of visa except in specific cases.

    For more details, please refer the following link.

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  • What is the difference between single and multiple entry visas and e-visas?

    A single-entry visa allows you to visit India one time while the visa is valid whereas a multiple-entry visa allows you to enter India several times within the validity period of the visa. In case of e-tourist visa and e-business visa, multiple entry visa is granted with a validity of 1 year.

    For more information, click here

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  • Is PAN and AADHAAR mandatory?

    Yes. The companies (incorporation) rules notified has liberalized many requirements in respect of Proof of Identity and Proof of residence in respect of Subscribers and Directors. The Companies (Incorporation) third Amendment Rules dated 27th July 2016 has relaxed the mandatory attachment of proof of identity and residence in respect of a subscriber having a valid DIN.
    For further details please access following link.

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  • What financial criteria are required to be fulfilled for setting-up a BO/LO (Branch Office or Liaison Office) in India?

    The non-resident entity applying for a BO/LO in India should have a financially sound track record as below:

    • For BO: A profit making track record during the immediately preceding five financial years in the home country and net worth of not less than US$100,000 or its equivalent
    • For LO: A profit making track record during the immediately preceding three financial years in the home country and net worth of not less than US$50,000 or its equivalent

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  • Why are Digital Signature Certificates needed?

    Like physical documents being signed manually, electronic documents(such as e-forms) are required to be signed digitally using a Digital Signature Certificate (DSC).

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can provisional DIN be utilized for registration of DSC at MCA portal?

    No, director must have an approved DIN to register the DSC on MCA portal.
    For further details please access following link.

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  • Can OPCs be incorporated using SPICe forms?

    Yes. Form INC-2 is no longer be available for filing.
    For further details please access following link.

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  • When should the first auditors be appointed for a newly incorporated entity?

    The first auditors should be appointed by the board within 30 days of incorporation of the company.  In case of failure by the board to appoint auditors, the auditors shall be appointed by the shareholders in general meeting within 90 days from the expiry of the 30 days period

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  • What are the activities that are permitted to be undertaken by Liaison Office?

    The list of activities provided by the RBI for the LO to undertake is as follows:

    • Representing the parent company / group companies in India
    • Promoting export / import from / to India
    • Promoting technical/ financial collaborations between parent / group companies and companies in India
    • Acting as a communication channel between the parent company and Indian companies

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  • What is the time limit for filing form INC-6?

    Form INC-6 shall be filed within 30 days in case of voluntary conversion (if any One Person Company wants to convert itself into private/public company then also it can voluntarily apply through Form INC-6 after two years of its incorporation) and within six months of mandatory conversion (In case paid up share capital of an One Person Company exceeds fifty lakh rupees or its average annual turnover).
    For further details please access following link.

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  • Can more than one Liaison Office be set up?

    Yes. Requests for establishing additional Liaison Offices may be submitted through fresh FNC form duly signed by the authorized signatory of the foreign entity in the home country to the Reserve Bank of India.

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  • How long will the directors be liable for the offences occurred during his tenure?

    A director shall be liable for the offences / non-compliances occurred during his tenure even after his resignation and disassociation with the company.

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  • What is the procedure for making portfolio investments in India for a Non-Resident Indian?

    An NRI needs to apply to a designated branch of a bank, which deals in Portfolio Investment. An NRI can purchase shares up to 5% of the paid-up capital of an Indian Company on a fully diluted basis. All NRIs taken together cannot purchase more than 10% of the paid-up value of the Company. The aggregate limit of up to 24%, with the approval of its Board of Directors and its General Body through a resolution and a special resolution, respectively.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the FDI Policy for Asset Reconstruction Companies?

    Up to 100% FDI is permitted for Asset Reconstruction Companies registered with Reserve Bank of India without government route. 

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can one increase the Company's authorized capital to get more external funding?

    The authorized capital of a Company can be increased at any time as per the Companies Act, 2013 and in case the Article of Association does not allow this, the AoA can be amended by passing a “special resolution”. One may also consider getting External Commercial Borrowings.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the pricing guidelines to be complied with given the scenario of transfer to shares from non-resident to resident?

    Listed Securities: Price to be not more than price worked out as per SEBI guidelines

    Unlisted Securities: Price to be not more than fair value worked out as per any internationally accepted pricing methodology for valuation of shares on arm’s length basis

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  • Whether the IDRs required to be listed in any stock exchanges of India?

    Yes, The IDRs are required to be listed in at least one stock exchange in India having nationwide terminals.

    For more information, click here

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  • Which are the permissible ways in which an FVCI can make the investment?

    The FVCI is permitted to:

    a) Purchase the securities/ instruments (permitted for FVCI) either from the issuer of these securities/ instruments or from any person holding these securities/ instruments.

    b) Invest in securities on a recognized stock exchange subject to the provisions of the SEBI (FVCI) Regulations, 2000, as amended from time to time.

    c) Acquire, by purchase or otherwise, from, or transfer, by sale or otherwise, to, any person resident in or outside India, any security/ instrument it is allowed to invest in, at a price that is mutually acceptable to the buyer and the seller/ issuer.

    d) Receive the proceeds of the liquidation of VCFs or of Cat-I AIFs or of schemes/ funds set up by the VCFs or Cat-I AIFs.

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  • What is the FDI policy for Single Brand Retail Trading sector?

    Up to 100% FDI is permitted for Single Brand Retail Trading (SBRT) sector without any government route subject to the following conditions:

    • Products should be of single brand only
    • Sold under same brand internationally
    • Covers products which are branded during manufacturing
    • DIPP approval is needed for any addition to product category
    • Entities involving FDI beyond 51% in the SBRT are required to source at least 30% of the value of goods purchased by them from India

    For more information, click here

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  • How can foreign investors put money in Portfolio Investments in India?

    Investment by FPI registered in accordance with SEBI guidelines including deemed RFPI (erstwhile FII) is permitted in the capital of an Indian Company under the Portfolio Investment Scheme. Investment by individual FPIs should be less than 10% of the paid-up capital of the Indian Company on a fully diluted basis. The aggregate investment by FPIs should not exceed 24% of the paid-up capital of an Indian Company on a fully diluted basis. This aggregate limit of 24% can be increased by the Indian Company concerned up to the sectoral cap/ statutory ceiling, as applicable, with the approval of its Board of Directors and its General Body through a resolution and a special resolution, respectively and subject to prior intimation to RBI. The aggregate FII/FPI investment, individually or in conjunction with other kinds of foreign investment, cannot exceed sectoral/statutory cap.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the pricing guidelines to be complied with given the scenario of Issue of shares by Indian investee company to a person resident outside India?

    Listed Securities: Price to be not less than the price worked out as per SEBI guidelines

    Unlisted Securities: Price not less than the price worked out as per internationally accepted pricing methodology on arm’s length basis

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  • Whether IDRs can be converted/ redeemed into underlying equity shares?

    IDRs can be converted/ redeemed into the underlying equity shares only after the expiry of one year from the date of the listing of the IDRs, subject to the compliance of the related provisions of Foreign Exchange Management Act and Regulations issued thereunder by RBI & SEBI in this regard.

    For more information, click here

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  • How can one raise loans through ECB?

    The framework for raising loans through external commercial borrowings (ECB) comprises the following three tracks:

    1. Track I: Medium-term foreign currency denominated ECB with minimum average maturity of 3/5 years (exception of minimum average maturity of 1 year for manufacturing sector companies)
    2. Track II: Long-term foreign currency denominated ECB with minimum average maturity of 10 years
    3. Track III: Indian Rupee (INR) denominated ECB with minimum average maturity of 3/5 years (exception of minimum average maturity of 1 year for manufacturing sector companies.

    For more information, click here 

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  • What are the various types of ECB?

    ECB includes Loans, Securitized instruments, Buyers’ and supplier’s credit, Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (FCCBs). Financial Lease and Foreign Currency Exchangeable Bonds (FCEBs). 

    For more information, click here.

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  • Where can one get the details of extant External Commercial Borrowings (ECB) and Trade Credits (TC) framework?

    Master Direction No. 5 on ‘External Commercial Borrowings, Trade Credits and Structured Obligations dated March 26, 2019 may be referred to for guidance on the extant framework on ECB and TC. ECBs and TCs raised under the prior frameworks should continue to be in compliance with the corresponding guidelines applicable at the time of availing the ECBs and TCs.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the Reporting prerequisites for converting External commercial borrowing into equity?

    In case of partial or full conversion of ECB into equity, the reporting to the RBI will be as under:

    • For partial conversion, the converted portion is to be reported to the concerned Regional Office of the Foreign Exchange Department of RBI in Form FC-GPR prescribed for reporting of FDI flows, while monthly reporting to DSIM in ECB 2 Return will be with suitable remarks "ECB partially converted to equity".
    • For full conversion, the entire portion is to be reported in Form FC-GPR, while reporting to DSIM in ECB 2 Return should be done with remarks ECB fully converted to equity. Subsequent filing of ECB 2 Return is not required.
    • For conversion of ECB into equity in phases, reporting through ECB 2 Return will also be in phases.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can External Commercial Borrowing be used for funding real estate?

    No, no activity under real estate is permitted as eligible end use for raising ECB.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the routes ECB can be raised in?

    Under the (External Commercial borrowing) ECB/Trade Credit (TC) framework, ECB/TC can be raised either under the automatic route or under the approval route. Under the approval route, the prospective borrowers are required to send their requests to the RBI through their banks for examination. 

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  • Who are the eligible borrowers under ECB framework?

    All entities except a Limited Liability Partnership are allowed to obtain ECB as per the prescribed guidelines.

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  • What is the earliest when an External Commercial Borrowing can be matured?

    Minimum average maturity period (MAMP) is three years for all external commercial borrowings (ECB). However, for ECB raised from foreign equity holder and utilised for specific purposes, as detailed in sub-section 2.1 of the Annex, the MAMP is five years. Similarly, for ECB up to INR 3.5 b per financial year raised by manufacturing sector, which has been given a special dispensation, the MAMP is one year.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the procedure of raising ECB?

    Entities looking to raise ECB may approach the RBI with an ECB application form in prescribed format for examination through their AD Category I bank. Cases shall be considered keeping in view the overall guidelines, macroeconomic situation and merits of the specific proposals.

    ECB proposals received by the RBI above certain threshold limit (re-fixed from time to time) would be placed before the Empowered Committee set up by the Reserve Bank. The Empowered Committee will have external as well as internal members and the Reserve Bank will take the decision based on the recommendation of the Empowered Committee.

    Entities desirous to raise ECB under the automatic route may approach an AD Category I bank with their proposal along with duly filled Form 83. Formats of ECB Form and Form 83 are available at Annex I and II respectively of Part V of the Master Directions Reporting under Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.

    For more information, click here

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  • What are the regulations on Remittance on winding up/liquidation of Companies?

    AD Category-I banks have been allowed to remit winding up proceeds of companies in India, which are under liquidation, subject to payment of applicable taxes. Liquidation may be subject to any order issued by the court winding up the company or the official liquidator in case of voluntary winding up under the provisions of the Companies Act 2013 as applicable. AD Category-I banks shall allow the remittance provided the applicant submits:

    a) No objection or Tax clearance certificate from Income Tax Department for the remittance.

    b) Auditor's certificate confirming that all liabilities in India have been either fully paid or adequately provided for.

    c) Auditor's certificate to the effect that the winding up is in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, as applicable.

    d) In case of winding up otherwise than by a court, an auditor's certificate to the effect that there are no legal proceeding spending in any court in India against the applicant or the company under liquidation and there is no legal impediment in permitting the remittance.

    Please refer to subsection 1.1(iii) of Annexure-6 of Consolidated FDI Policy at link for more information.

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  • Where can complaints against listed company be registered?

    SEBI Complaints Redress System (SCORES) is an online platform designed to help investors lodge their complaints online with SEBI pertaining to securities market  against listed companies and SEBI registered intermediaries. All complaints received by SEBI against listed companies and SEBI registered intermediaries are dealt through SCORES.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the list of case where prior approval is needed by RBI to transfer capital instruments?

    The following cases require prior approval of RBI:

    • Transfer of capital instruments from resident to non-residents by way of sale where:
      • Transfer is at a price which falls outside the pricing guidelines specified by RBI
      • Transfer of capital instruments by the non-resident acquirer involving deferment of payment of the amount of consideration.
    • Transfer of any capital instrument, by way of gift by a person resident in India to a person resident outside India. 

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the capability criteria concerning the Trustee in InvITs?

    Eligibility criteria for the grant of certificate for a trustee in the Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs) are

    1. That the trustee is registered with SEBI under SEBI (Debentures Trustees) Regulations, 1993 and is not an associate of the sponsor or manager
    2. That the trustee has such wherewith with respect to infrastructure, personnel, etc. to the satisfaction of SEBI and in accordance with circulars specified by the Board.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is Foreign investment facilitation board?

    The Foreign Investment Facilitation Portal (FIFP) is the new online single point interface of the Government of India for investors to facilitate Foreign Direct Investment. This portal is being administered by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce & Industry.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the duration within which capital instruments need to be issued, post receiving inward remittances?

    The capital instruments should be issued within 180 days from the date of receipt of the inward remittance received through normal banking channels including escrow account or by debit to the NRE/FCNR (B) account of the non-resident investor. In case, the capital instruments are not issued within this time, the amount received should be refunded immediately to the non-resident investor by outward remittance through normal banking channels or by credit to the NRE/FCNR (B) account, as the case may be. Non-compliance to this would be reckoned as a contravention under the Foreign Exchange Management Act and would attract penal provisions. In exceptional cases, refund of the amount outstanding beyond 180 days from the date of receipt may be considered by the Reserve Bank of India on the merits of the case.

    For more information, click here

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  • What are the guidelines to be followed in the event of a delay in issuing capital instruments?

    If the capital instruments are not issued by the Indian company within 60 days from the date of receipt of the inward remittance, the amount so received must be refunded to the person concerned by outward remittance through banking channels or by credit to the person’s Non-Resident External (NRE)/ Foreign Currency Non-Resident (FCNR) (B) accounts, as the case may be, within 15 days from the date of completion of 60 days.

    Non-compliance of instructions shall be a contravention of Foreign Exchange Management Act 20 (R) notwithstanding the fact that interest for delayed refund has been paid as per the Companies Act, 2013.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is procedure of issuing Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds?

    A.  For listed companies

    • Any Indian company not eligible to raise funds from the Indian capital market or restrained from accessing securities market by SEBI is not eligible to issue FCCB
    • Erstwhile Overseas Corporate Bodies not eligible to invest in India through portfolio and entities prohibited to buy, sell or deal in securities by SEBI are not eligible to subscribe to FCCB
    • Pricing of GDR/ FCCB should not be less than the higher of either average of weekly high and low of closing prices of related shares for six months preceding the relevant date or average of weekly high and low of closing prices of related shared for two weeks preceding the relevant date
    • The voting rights shall be as per the provisions of The Companies Act 2013

    B. For unlisted companies

    • Companies which have not yet accessed GDR/ FCCB route for raising capital in international market need to get listed in the domestic market
    • Companies which have already issued GDR/ FCCB in the international market would now require listing in the domestic market on making profit beginning 2005-06 or within 3 years of such issue

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  • What is the procedure for reporting the issue of shares against conversion of External Commercial Borrowing?

    In case of partial or full conversion of external commercial borrowing (ECB) into equity, the reporting to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) happens as under:

    • For partial conversion -  Converted portion to be reported to the concerned Regional Office of the Foreign Exchange Department of RBI in Form FC-GPR, while monthly reporting to the Department of Statistics and Information Management (DSIM) in ECB 2 Return (Annex III)
    • For full conversion - Entire portion is to be reported in Form FC-GPR, while reporting to DSIM in ECB 2 Return.
    • For conversion in phases - Reporting through ECB 2 Return will also be in phases

    For more information, click here

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  • What is meant by Downstream Investment?

    ‘Downstream Investment’ means indirect foreign investment, by an eligible Indian entity, into another Indian company / LLP, by way of subscription or acquisition.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How does a registration of design stop other people from exploiting?

    Once a design is registered, it gives the legal right to bring an action against those persons (natural/legal entity) who infringe the design right, in the Court not lower than District Court in order to stop such exploitation and to claim any damage to which the registered proprietor is legally entitled.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Whether it is possible to transfer the right of ownership for a design under The Design Act 2000?

    Yes, it is possible to transfer the right through assignment, agreement, transmission with terms and condition in writing or by operation of law. However, certain restrictive conditions not being the subject matter of protection relating to registration of design should not be included in the terms and condition of the contract/agreement etc.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the object of registration of Designs under the Design Act?

    Object of the Design Act is to protect new or original designs so created to be applied or applicable to particular article to be manufactured by Industrial Process or means.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can the application for registration of design be filed by the applicant himself only or through a professional person under the Design Act 2000?

    The application for registration of design can be filed by the applicant himself or through a professional person (i.e. patent agent, legal practitioner). However, for the applicants not resident of India an agent residing in India has to be employed.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How to get information on registration of design?

    After registration of designs the best view of the article along with other bibliographic data will be notified in the Official Journal of The Patent Office, which is being published on every Friday.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is defined as an article under the Designs Act?

    Under the Designs Act, 2000 the "article" means any article of manufacture and any substance, artificial, or partly artificial and partly natural; and includes any part of an article capable of being made and sold separately.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can the same applicant make an application for the same design again, if the prior application has been abandoned?

    Yes, the same applicant can apply again since no publication of the abandoned application is made by the Patent Office, provided the applicant does not publish the said design in the meanwhile.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the penalty for using a registered design under the design act?

    If anyone contravenes the copyright in a design, he is liable for every offence to pay a sum not exceeding INR25,000/- to the registered proprietor subject to a maximum of INR50,000/- recoverable as contract debt in respect of any one design.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is meant by ‘Design’ under the Designs Act, 2000?

     ‘Design’ means only the features of shape, configuration, pattern or ornament or composition of lines or colour or combination thereof applied to any article whether two dimensional or three dimensional or in both forms, by any industrial process or means, whether manual, mechanical or chemical, separate or combined, which in the finished article appeal to and are judged solely by the eye, but does not include any mode or principle or construction or anything which is in substance a mere mechanical device, and does not include any trade mark.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Why is it important to file the application for registration of design at the earliest possible?

    First-to-file rule is applicable for registrability of design. If two or more applications relating to an identical or a similar design are filed on different dates only first application will be considered for registration of design.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does the Patent Office help to select a patent attorney or agent to make patent search or to prepare and prosecute patent application? (Under The Patents Act 1970)

    Yes, Patent Office is publishing the list of facilitators who are willing to play a role in filing patent applications for start-ups and act as a patent agent on their behalf. Their fees for this purpose have also been notified. The list of facilitators is available in IPO website www.ipindia.nic.in and has also been uploaded in the Start-up Hub in DPIIT website.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • How a patent specification is prepared?

    A patent specification can be prepared by the applicant himself or his registered and authorized agent. The patent specification generally comprises of the title of the invention indicating its technical field, prior art, draw backs in the prior art, a concise but sufficient description of the invention and its usefulness, drawings (if any) and details of best method of its working.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What happens when applicant is not able to meet the requirement within the prescribed time for a patent?

    If the applicant does not file a reply within 6 months or does not take an extension of 3 months, the application is deemed to have been abandoned.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are obligations of the patentee after grant of patent?

    After grant of patent, every patentee has to maintain the patent by paying renewal fee every year as prescribed in the schedule I. for first two years, there is no renewal fee.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does provisional specification of patents include?

    Indian Patent Law follows first to file system. A provisional application is an application which can be filed if the invention is still under experimentation stage. Filing a provisional specification provides the advantage to the inventor since it helps in establishing a priority date of the invention.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does the Patent Office keep information of the invention secret?

    Yes. All the patent applications are kept secret upto 18 months from the date of filing or priority date whichever is earlier and thereafter they are published in the Official Journal of the Patent Office which is published every week and also available on the IPO website.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is patent application once filed examined automatically?

     A patent application is not examined automatically after its filing. The examination is done only after receipt of the request of examination in Form 18 either from the applicant or from third party or Form 18A for expedited examination (under conditions as prescribed in the Rules).

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does Indian Patent given protection worldwide? (Under The Patents Act 1970)

    Patent protection is territorial right and therefore it is effective only within the territory of India. However, filling an application in India enables the applicant to file a corresponding application for same invention in conventional countries, within or before expiry of twelve months from filling data in India. Therefore, separate patent should be obtained in each country where the applicant requires protection of his invention in those countries. There is no patent valid worldwide.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • How can one find out that an invention is already patented? (Under The Patents Act 1970)

    The person concerned can perform a preliminary search on Patent Office website in the Indian Patent database of granted patent or Patent Office journal published every week. The public can conduct search free of charge on the website of Patent Office. The person concerned can also make a request for such information under section 153 of the Act.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • What are the criteria of patentability?

    An invention can become patentable subject matter must meet the following criteria:
     1) It should be novel.
     2) It should have inventive step or it must be non-obvious.
     3) It should be capable of industrial application.
     4) It should not fall within any of the provisions of sections 3 and 4 of the Patents Act 1970

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is the employer obliged to employ people sponsored by employment exchanges under the act?

    No, the employer is not obliged to select or employ a person sponsored by the Employment Exchanges Act, 1959.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • Earlier I employed 22 Labourers, now I have reduced to 18 workmen, whether my establishment has to continue with the Labour license or surrender under the Contract Labour (R&A) Act, 1970?

    Yes, your establishment will continue to be covered under the provisions of the Contract Labour (R&A) Act, 1970 for a period of one year from the day on which 20 or more workmen were lastly employed.


    For further details please access following link.

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  • What are the registers to be maintained under Act?

    Register showing the name of date of birth of every child so employed or permitted to work, hours and periods of work of any such child and intervals of rest, the nature of work of any such child.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can an employee give up his rights under the minimum wages act?

    Any contract or agreement, whether made before or after the commencement of this Act, whereby an employee either relinquishes or reduces his right to a minimum rate of wages or any privilege or concession accruing to him under this Act shall be null and void. (Section 25).

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • What is the procedure for the issuance of a duplicate license under the Contract Labour (R&A) Act, 1970?

    A fee of  US$ 0.075 to be remitted along with a request under the Contract Labour (R&A) Act, 1970.


    For further details please access following link.

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  • What are the notices to be displayed under the Act and list of actions that are considered as misconduct at workplace?

    An abstract of  Section 3 and 14 of the Act in Local Language and English.
    List of actions are:

    •Willful insubordination or disobedience, whether or not in combination with another, of any lawful and reasonable order of a superior.
    •Going on illegal strike or abetting, inciting, instigating or acting in furtherance thereof;
    •Willful slowing down in performance of work, or abetment or instigation thereof;
    •Theft, fraud or dishonesty in connection with the employers’ business or property or the theft or property of another workman within the premises of the establishment;
    •Taking or giving bribes or any illegal gratification;
    •Habitual absence without leave, or absence without leave for more than ten consecutive days or overstaying the sanctioned leave without sufficient grounds or proper or satisfactory explanation;
    •Habitual breach of any Standing Order or any law applicable to the establishment or ant rules made there under;
    •Collection without the permission of the Manager of any money within the premises of the establishment except as sanctioned by any law for the time being in force;
    •Engaging in trade within the premises of the establishment;
    •drunkenness, riotous, disorderly or indecent behavior on the premises of the establishment;
    •Commission of any act subversive of discipline or good behavior on the premises of the establishment;
    •Habitual neglect of work, or gross or habitual negligence;
    •Habitual breach of ant rules or instruction for the maintenance and running of any department, or the maintenance of the cleanliness of any portion of the establishment;
    •Habitual commission of any act or commission for which a fine may be imposed under the Payment of Wages Act, 1936.
    •Canvassing for union membership, or the collection of union dues within the premises of the establishment except in accordance with any law or with the permission of the Manager
    •Willful damage to work in process or to any property of the establishment;
    •holding meeting inside the premises of the establishment without the previous permission of the Manager or except in accordance with the provisions of any la for the time being in force;
    •Disclosing to any unauthorised person any information in regard to the processes of the establishment which may come into the possession of the workman in the course of his work;
    •Gambling within the premises of the establishment;
    •Smoking or spitting on the premises of the establishment where it is prohibited by the employer;
    •Failure to observe safety instructions notified b the employer or interference with any safety device or equipment installed within the establishment;
    •Distributing or exhibiting within the premises of the establishment hand-bills, pamphlets, posters, and such other things or causing to be displayed  by means of signs or writing or other visible representation on any matter without previous sanction of the Manager;
    •Refusal to accept a charge-sheet, order or other communication served I accordance with these Standing Orders;
    •Unauthorised possession of any lethal weapon in the establishment.

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  • Can employees go to a civil court for recovering minimum wages payable under the minimum wages act?

    The Act prohibits Civil Courts from entertaining any suit for recovery of minimum wages payable under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 (Section 24).

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • Is a subcontractor supposed to take License under the Contract Labour (R&A) Act, 1970?

    If principal employer endorses the name of sub-contractor in the agreement, after having Form V from principal employer, a subcontractor is requested to take license under the Contract Labour (R&A) Act, 1970.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • After what age can a person start working in India?

    In India, child below 14 years cannot be employed. However, there are following exceptions which includes non-hazardous family enterprises and child working as an artist in an audio-visual entertainment industry.

    Additionally, a child above 14 years but below 15 years of age can be employed only for 4.5 hours a day and cannot work during the night.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is an employer required to maintain any register and record under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948?

    Every employer must maintain a muster-roll-cum-wage register and also a bound inspection book. (Rule 27 & 28) of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.

    For more information, click here.

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  • When does it become mandatory to notify regarding a combination to CCI?

    The Competition Act requires mandatory notification of all combinations within stipulated timelines. Combinations must be notified to CCI within 30 days of a trigger event

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the way in which maximum permissible non-public shareholding has been derived?

    Maximum permissible non-public shareholding is derived based on the minimum public shareholding requirement under the Securities Contracts (Regulations) Rules 1957 (SCRR). Rule 19A of SCRR requires all listed companies (other than public sector companies) to maintain public shareholding of at least 25% of share capital of the company. Thus, by deduction, the maximum number of shares which can be held by promoters i.e. maximum permissible non-public shareholding in a listed company (other than public sector companies) is 75% of the share capital.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does the term combination mean under mergers and acquisitions?

    Any Merger or Amalgamation that meets the below threshold limits is considered as combination:

    1. Enterprise Level
      1. India : Assets > Rs 2,000 cr. Or Turnover > Rs. 6,000 Cr
      2. Worldwide (India component) : Assets > $ 1Bn with Rs. 1000 cr in India Or Turnover > $ 3Bn with Rs. 3,000 Cr in India
    2. Group Level
      1. India: Assets > Rs 8,000 cr. Or Turnover > Rs. 24,000 Cr
      2. Worldwide (India Component): Assets > $ 4Bn with Rs. 1000 cr in India Or Turnover > $ 12Bn with Rs. 3,000 Cr in India

                For more information, click here.  

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  • What are ‘Investment Linked Incentives’ under the Indian Tax Act, and which businesses are eligible for such incentives?

    With the objective of creating infrastructure and environment friendly alternative means for transportation of bulk goods, Investment linked incentives have been introduced in Indian tax laws for certain specified businesses.
    Under these incentives, any capital expenditure incurred for specified businesses is allowed as a deduction in the year in which it is incurred (instead of amortizing the same over several years).

    Following are the specified businesses, eligible for this incentive:
    1) Setting up and operating a semi-conductor water fabrication manufacturing unit.
    2) Laying and operating a slurry pipeline for the transportation of iron ore.
    3) Production of fertilizers.
    4) Building and operating a hotel of two star or above category, anywhere in India.
    5) Developing and/or operating and maintaining a new infrastructure being a road, bridge, rail system, highway project, water supply project, water treatment system, irrigation project, a port, airport, inland waterway, inland port or navigational channel in the sea, etc.
    6) Building and operating a hospital with atleast 100 beds for patients, anywhere in India.
    7) Developing and building a housing project under specified schemes.
    8) Setting up and operating an inland Container Depot or a container freight station.
    9) Setting up and operating cold chain facilities/warehousing facilities.
    10) Laying and operating a cross-country natural gas or crude or petroleum oil pipeline network for distribution including storage facilities being an integral part of such network.

    For further details please access following link for Sec 35AD (income tax act 1961). 

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  • Can a wholly owned subsidiary (WOS) of a Foreign corporation repatriate profits to its parent/holding company in home country?

    Yes. The WOS may repatriate the profits to its holding company in China by way of dividends upon payment of Dividend Distribution Tax(DDT) in India @ 20.555%. Additionally, in cases where DDT has been paid by the WOS, such dividend will be exempt from tax in the hands of the shareholders/ Foreign corporation.

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  • What are the prescribed forms of return under the income tax law?

    Different forms of returns of income are prescribed for filing of returns for different Status and Nature of income. These forms can be downloaded from www.incometaxIndia.gov.in

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • What would be the fees for the collecting agent?

    The collecting agent may deduct 0.2 per cent of the stamp-duty collected on behalf of the State Government towards facilitation charges before transferring the same to such State Government.

    For more information on Indian Stamp Act, 1899, click here. For more details about the amendments, refer here.

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  • What books of account have been prescribed to be maintained by a person carrying on business/profession under the Income-tax Act?

    The Income-tax Act does not prescribe any specific books of account for a person engaged in business or in non-specified profession. However, such a person is expected to keep and maintain such book of account and other documents as may enable the Assessing Officer to compute his total income in accordance with the provisions of the Act, if:-.

    In case of existing business or profession, income or gross turnover in any one of the 3 preceding previous years exceeds the following-
                                                                                                                                       Individual/HUF                    Other
    • Income from business or profession                                                                        INR 2,50,000                       INR 1,20,000
    • Turnover/gross receipts in the business or profession                                             Rs. 25,00,000                     INR 10,00,000

    In case of newly setup business or profession, income or gross turnover of the first previous year is likely to exceed the following-
                                                                                                                                      Individual/HUF                    Other
    • Income from business or profession                                                                       INR 2,50,000                       INR 1,20,000
    • Turnover/gross receipts in the business or profession                                            INR 25,00,000                     INR 10,00,000


    For companies the books of account are prescribed under the Companies Act. Further, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India has prescribed various Accounting Standards and Guidelines that are required to be followed by the business entities As regards the maintenance of books of account by a professional, who is engaged in specified profession has to maintain certain prescribed books of account, if the annual receipts from the profession exceed Rs. 1,50,000 in all the three years immediately preceding the previous year (in case of newly set up profession, his annual receipts in the profession for that year are likely to exceed Rs. 1,50,000).
    Specified profession covers profession of legal, medical, engineering, architectural, accountancy, company secretary, technical consultancy, interior decoration, authorised representative, film artist or information technology.
    For more details on the provisions relating to maintenance of books of account you may refer provisions of section 44AA read with Rule 6F of the Income-tax Rules, 1962.

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  • Does India also have a mechanism of private tax rulings? What are the benefits of obtaining a private tax ruling in India?

    To get certainty on tax position, a non-resident may consider seeking an advance ruling/private tax ruling.

    The Authority for Advance Rulings (AAR) is an independent quasi-judicial body which issues advance rulings on income-tax matters. AAR rulings are binding on both the applicant and revenue authorities unless there is a change in law or facts.

    Benefits:

    • Upfront resolution of questions related to tax liability
    • Avoid uncertainty and protracted litigation with revenue authorities
    • Lower time cost vis-à-vis normal dispute resolution process

    Currently there is a lot of pendency in the AAR due to non-functioning in the past. Hence the option may require to be evaluated from a timing perspective

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  • Has India adopted/implemented Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Action 13 for transfer pricing documentation in Indian transfer pricing regulations?

    Yes, OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) BEPS (Base Erosion and Profit Shifting) Action Plan 13 has been implemented in India through Section 92D and Section 286 of the Act, accompanied by relevant rules (i.e., Rule 10DA and 10DB).

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  • On transfer of units of Mutual Funds and AIFs held in physical form stamp duty is to be collected from the transferor. As these transfers happen outside the purview of RTAs what will be process of collection and remittance of stamp duty?

    Stamp duty has to be collected and remitted only by collecting agents (RTA for physical units and Depositories for demat units). Where Mutual Fund and AIF units are issued in physical form, stamp duty has to be collected and remitted by RTA. Accordingly, when the transferee approaches RTA for effecting the transfer in their books, RTA will be collecting the stamp duty from the transferor before effecting the transfer which will then be remitted to the state of domicile of the transferee.

    For more information on Indian Stamp Act, 1899, click here. For more details about the amendments, refer here.

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  • What is the validity period of the registration certificate issued to a non-resident taxable person?

    In terms of Section 27(1) read with proviso thereto, the certificate of registration issued to a 'casual taxable person' or a 'non-resident taxable person' shall be valid for a period specified in the application for registration or ninety days from the effective date of registration, whichever is earlier. However, the proper officer, at the request of the said taxable person, may extend the validity of the aforesaid period of ninety days by a further period not exceeding ninety days.


    For further details please access following link.

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  • Who is required to register for Goods and Service Tax payment?

    Every supplier is liable to get registered under this Act if his/her aggregate turnover in a financial year exceeds INR 40 lakhs /20 lakhs in case of special category states (North Eastern and Hilly States). Section 24 of GST Act also specifies compulsory registration for people irrespective of the above threshold limits.

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  • Can we offset the payment receivable from importer towards consultancy to be paid to him?

    You are permitted to capitalise the payments due from the foreign entity towards exports, fees, royalties or any other dues from the foreign entity for supply of technical know-how, consultancy, managerial and other services within the ceilings applicable. Capitalisation of export proceeds remaining unrealised beyond the prescribed period of realisation will require prior approval of the Reserve Bank of India.

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  • Can I surrender Import Export Code number if I do not wish to operate as Exporter Importer?

    If an IEC holder does not wish to operate allotted IEC number, he may surrender same by informing issuing authority. On receipt of such intimation, issuing authority shall immediately cancel it and electronically transmit it to DGFT and Customs authorities.

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  • What are the different kinds of duties of custom levied on imported goods?

    Different kinds of duties of customs levied on imported goods are

    (i) Basic Customs Duty

    (ii) Additional levies like Countervailing duty, Anti dumping duty, safe guard duty etc.

    In addition, cess duty is leviable on certain goods.

    Section 12 of the Customs Act, 1962 authorises the Customs Officers to levy and collect these duties.

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  • Importer Exporter Code (IEC) is mandatory in which cases?

    Any bona fide person/ company starting a venture for International trade or any foreign transfers on account of business, IEC number is mandatory.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the validity of an import authorization?

    Validity period of Import / Export Authorisations varies from 12 months to 24 months, depending on type or authorisation and Items. However, DGFT may decide to issue specific authorisation/ class of authorisations for a longer/shorter validity period. For details you may refer para 2.16 of the document : Link

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  • We have exported in a foreign currency which does not appear in the list of customs. How can we calculate the foreign exchange received for discharging our export obligation?

    In such cases, total realised value in rupee as mentioned by bank in the eBRC should be converted into $ by using the $ or INR exchange rate prevailing on the date of realisation as published by customs through notification.

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  • What is the validity of IEC?

    An IEC allotted to an applicant shall have permanent validity unless cancelled by the competent authority. The IEC will cover all branches / divisions / units / factories of the applicant.

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  • What is custom duty and its different types ?

    Customs duty is the duty charged on goods on their importation into India or exportation out of India.

    There are two types of rates of duty of Customs:

    1. Ad valorem rate i.e., the duty is charged on the basis of value.

    2. Specific rate i.e., on the basis of quantity/number/ volume

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  • What does IEC stand for?

    IEC Stands for Importer Exporter Code.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How do I find HS Code for my product?

    If you want to know the HS Code, Click on ‘ITC HS Based Policy’ on the website of DGFT. A new window will open as ITC(HS) Query Form. Insert the name of the product in the description option to know the HS Code of your product. Similarly, if you want to know the product and are already aware of the HS Code, enter the ITC(HS) Code (e.g. 0324) option to know the product.

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  • Are there any specific restriction on BOEs to conduct third-party inspections?

    There are no restrictions on BOE if they are authorized under section 34(3) of the Boilers Act 1923.

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  • What is the process for integration of the data pertaining to cases pending/resolved before the Civil Courts?

    Data pertaining to cases pending/resolved before the Civil Courts is available with the Court Registry or respective filing section(s) of the Revenue/District Courts and High Court in the State. The same falls within the purview of the State and should be integrated/ linked with the record of each parcel of land.

    Further, it has been represented by some States that integration of land records and civil court case data is under consideration of the Supreme Court ecommittee. The Case Information Management System will include details of land in relation to civil court case data. In this regard, the States/UT's are advised to pursue the same for implementation with the Supreme Court e-committee. DIPP will assist States/UTs in this regard, as is required.

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  • Whether both registration and renewal feature required to be developed?

    The State shall develop feature only for registration under Shops and Establishments Act. The “Registration and renewal under The Shops and Establishments Act” refers only to the main heading of the reforms.

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  • When a user enters the survey number/property identification number on the website, the information like land transaction deed, property tax, revenue court case details and civil court case data can be shown on a single web-page of the website?

    Details of land transaction deed, property tax etc. must be displayed on a single web page on one website in a consolidated format.

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  • .Should requirement for renewal of registration under Shops and Establishments Act be eliminated?

    Yes. The State should encourage voluntary update of information by the establishment and remove requirement for renewal of registration under Shops and Establishments Act

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  • Which Departments would fall under the term “Departments involved” as Stated in reform action plan point 1-sub point number (iii)?

    The “Departments involved” means the Departments whose clearances/ approvals/ NOCs are required prior to applying for a particular service.

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  • Does mapping of civil court case data with survey number or property identification number, fall under the purview of the State Government as this data is with Hon’ble Supreme Court for all the States/UTs?

    The State should coordinate with their respective High Courts and in case of any concern, DIPP shall discuss the same with the D/o Justice.

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  • Whether State can exempt any Act under which returns are not to be filed?

    The State may exclude the Act(s) under which there is no requirement to file return. However, the State should submit necessary evidence for nonapplicability of the reform point.

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  • What are “links to online application forms” that have to be provided in the Information Wizards?

    The link should be provided for the Single Window System or the online portal where the applicant can apply for the permission against which it is listed.

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