• Is the import of raw material without BCD and IGST allowed? Will there be any interest obligation if IGST is paid when finished goods are sold in domestic markets?

    Inputs/raw materials can be imported and deposited in the licensed warehouse without payment of BCD and IGST. No interest liability arises when the duties are paid at the time of ex-bonding the resultant goods. The duties (without any interest) are to be paid only when the resultant goods are being cleared for home consumption.

    Refer to the Bonded Manufacturing microsite for more details.

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  • Would it be mandatory to appoint a warehouse keeper in the factory licensed under Section 65 of the Customs Act? Would all goods cleared from the said factory be subject to inspection by the warehouse keeper/ Customs authorities?

    A warehouse keeper has to be appointed, for a premise to be licensed as a private warehouse under Section 58 of the Customs Act. The warehouse keeper is expected to discharge duties and responsibilities, maintain accounts and also sign the documents, on behalf of the licensee. The warehouse keeper is expected to supervise and satisfy himself about the veracity of the declaration/accounts that he is signing. The inspection of goods by customs at the stage of ex-bonding would be done, only if there is indication of risks and not as a matter of routine practice. Approval of the bond officer is not required for clearance of the goods from the warehouse.

    Refer to the Bonded Manufacturing microsite for more details.

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  • How frequently is an audit of a unit operating under Section 65 of Customs Act, 1962 expected?

    The audit of units operating under Section 65 would also be based on risk criteria. There is no prescribed frequency for such audit.

    Refer to the Bonded Manufacturing microsite for more details.

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  • What is the customs document/ form for movement of imported goods on which duty has been deferred to/ from a unit undertaking manufacture and other operations in a bonded warehouse? Are such goods required to be under customs escort during their movement?

    Following are the customs document for movement of imported goods on which duty has been deferred to/ from a unit undertaking manufacture and other operations in a bonded warehouse:

    • Customs Station to Section 65 unit: Bill of entry for warehousing. It is clarified that no separate form is prescribed for movement from Customs station to Section 65 unit as the goods are already accompanied by the Bill of entry for warehousing.
    • From another warehouse (non-Section 65) to a Section 65 Unit: Form for transfer of goods from a warehouse as prescribed under the Warehoused Goods (Removal) Regulations, 2016. This is because warehouse which is not a Section 65 unit has to follow the Warehoused Goods (Removal) Regulations, 2016.
    • From Section 65 Unit to another warehouse (the other warehouse can be a Section 65 unit or a non-Section 65 warehouse): Form prescribed in Manufacture and Other Operations in Warehouse (no. 2) Regulations, 2019.

    The goods will not be under customs escort during movement.

    Refer to the Bonded Manufacturing microsite for more details.

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  • If the imported capital goods are cleared for home consumption after use, is depreciation available?

    No. Depreciation is not available if imported capital goods (on which duty has been deferred) are cleared for home consumption after use in a Section 65 unit.

    Refer to the Bonded Manufacturing microsite for more details.

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  • If the imported capital goods are cleared for export after use, is depreciation available?

    The imported capital goods (on which duty has been deferred) after use in a Section 65 unit can be exported without payment of duty as per Section 69 of the Customs Act. For the purposes of valuation of the export goods, the same will be as per the Section 14 of the Customs Act read with the Customs Valuation (Determination of Value of Export Goods) Rules 2007.

    Refer to the Bonded Manufacturing microsite for more details.

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  • Can all export benefits under FTP and Customs (Import of Goods at Concessional Rate of Duty) Rules, 2017 (IGCR) be taken in Bonded warehouse simultaneously?

    The eligibility to export benefits under FTP or IGCR would depend upon the respective scheme. If the scheme allows, unit operating under Section 65 has no impact on the eligibility. In other words, a unit operating under Section 65 can avail any other benefit, if the benefit scheme allows.

    Refer to the Bonded Manufacturing microsite for more details.

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  • What will be the method of inventory control method in Section 65 units? Whether First in First Out (FIFO) method can be followed?

    The Generally Accepted Accounting Principles will be followed for inventory control in a Section 65 unit. Thus FIFO method can be followed.

    Refer to the Bonded Manufacturing microsite for more details.

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  • What is the procedure and documentation requirements for re-entry of manufactured goods, returned by the customers for repair, in the premises?

    Once the goods are cleared from the warehouse, they will no longer be treated as warehoused goods. Thus if the resultant goods cleared from the warehouse are returned by the customer for repair, they will be entered as DTA receipts (this is provided in the accounting form). After repair, when the same is cleared from the warehouse, the same will be entered in the prescribed accounting form. If the goods were exported and subsequently rejected or sent back for repair by the customer, then the goods upon re-import have to be entered as Imports receipts in the accounting form. The relevant customs notification for re-imports has to be followed while filing the Bill of Entry for re-import of the goods.

    Refer to the Bonded Manufacturing microsite for more details.

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  • What is the procedure for the surrender of licence for a Section 65 unit?

    Since the unit operating under Section 65 is also licensed as a Private Bonded warehouse under Section 58 of the Customs Act, the procedure for surrender of licence will be as per the regulation 8 of the Private Warehouse Licensing Regulations, 2016. A licensee may therefore, surrender the licence granted to him by making a request in writing to the Principal Commissioner of Customs or Commissioner of Customs, as the case may be. On receipt of such request, the licence will be cancelled subject to payment of all dues and clearance of remaining goods in such warehouse.

    Refer to the Bonded Manufacturing microsite for more details.

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  • Can foreign nationals already in India for executing projects on business visas be allowed to convert their business visas to employment visas without leaving the country?

    Business Visa shall be non-convertible to any other type of visa except in specific cases.

    For more details, please refer the following link.

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  • What is the difference between single and multiple entry visas and e-visas?

    A single-entry visa allows you to visit India one time while the visa is valid whereas a multiple-entry visa allows you to enter India several times within the validity period of the visa. In case of e-tourist visa and e-business visa, multiple entry visa is granted with a validity of 1 year.

    For more information, click here

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  • If the Indian organization/entity sponsors an employment visa, does this mean that the Indian organization/entity has to necessarily be the legal employer of the person?

    No, it is not necessary for Indian organization/entity sponsoring an employment visa to necessarily be the legal employer of the person. 

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  • What is the Port of Arrival in India which is to be filled in the application frame?

    The port of arrival (POA), commonly called the port of entry (POE), is the location - typically name of the city - from where on the visitor lawfully enters India.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can a foreign company/organization that does not have any project office/subsidiary/joint venture/branch office in India, sponsor a foreign national/employee of a foreign company for employment visa?

    No, in case the foreign entity does not have any office in India, it cannot sponsor an employment visa. The visa can be sponsored by an Indian ‘host’ company,The visa can be sponsored by an Indian ‘host’ company subject to following conditions:

    • Ensure good conduct of the foreigner during stay in India and inform Foreigners Regional Registration Office (FRRO) or Foreigner’s Registration Officer’s (FRO) office in case of termination of business contract
    • Produce the foreigner in person at FRRO/ FRO office within 24 hours in case of withdrawal of undertaking for the good conduct of the foreigner.

    For more information, click here 

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  • What is an e-Tourist Visa (e-TV) in India?

    e-Tourist Visa is a completely online application for which no facilitation is required by any intermediary/agents, etc. However, its validity is for 30 days and it is only valid for single entry into India. The e-Tourist visa allows for visa on arrival issuance only for arrival and departure from the airports in Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bengaluru (Bangalore), Chennai, Cochin, Delhi, Gaya, Goa, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, Tiruchirapalli, Trivandrum and Varanasi.

    For more information, click here

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  • Which type of visa would be granted to senior management personnel and/or specialists employed by foreign firms who are relocated to India to work on specific project/management assignment?

    Senior management personnel and/or specialists employed by foreign firms, who are relocated to India to work on specific project/management assignment can apply for employment visa. 

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  • Is it conceivable that the visa allowed to me is for a lesser span than I initially connected?

    Visa issued by the Embassy or the Consulate is not a matter of right and is entirely up to the Competent Authority to decide on the issue of such visa. In some circumstances, visa may be issued for a period less than what was requested by the applicant.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can I undertake employment in India on a business visa?

    No, a foreign citizen cannot undertake employment on the basis of a business visa. Only on an employment visa can a foreign citizen undertake employment in India

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the eligibility criteria for Entry (‘X’) Visa in India?

    Entry (‘X’) Visa may be granted to a foreigner in the following cases :- 

    1. A Person of Indian Origin, who do not possess an OCI card, and may be granted ‘X-1’ Visa for five years at a time, with multiple entry facility.
    2. Spouse and children of an Indian citizen/ Person of Indian Origin/ OCI cardholder (other than those who are registered as OCI cardholder) may be granted ‘X-2’ visa for five years at a time, with multiple entry facility.

    For more information, click here 

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  • Can a listed company be converted to LLP?

    No, only private / unlisted public company or a partnership firm can be converted into LLP.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What if there are more than seven subscribers to MoA and AoA?

    Incase of more than 7 subscribers INC 32 to be filled with MoA, AoA as attachment 
    For further details please access following link.

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  • In case of overseas shareholders and directors, are the documents required to be notarized and apostilled for incorporation of a company?

    Where the shareholder or a director to be appointed in the proposed company is a company incorporated outside India (for example, in China/ Chinese national residing in China), the MoA (Memorandum of Association), AoA (Articles of Association), proof of identity as well as address proof is required to be notarized before the Notary (Public) in China and the certificate of the Notary (Public) shall be attested by the Indian Embassy in China.

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  • How to inform RoC about change in membership of OPC?

    The company shall file form INC-4 in case of cessation of member of OPC on account of death, incapacity to contract or change in ownership. In the same form, user needs to provide details of the new member of the OPC.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Do partnership agreements have to be registered under LLP?

    Yes, it is mandatory to execute and file partnership agreement in view of Sections 2(0) & (q), 22 and 23 of the LLP Act.
    As per provisions of the Act, in the absence of agreement, the mutual rights and liabilities shall be as provided for under Schedule-I to the Act. Therefore, in case any LLP proposes to exclude provisions or requirements of Schedule-I, it would have to enter into an agreement, specifically excluding applicability of any or all paragraphs of the Schedule.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the Important clauses included in a Joint venture Agreement?

    Some of the important clauses in a Joint Venture Agreement are as below:
    a) Object and scope;
    b) Equity Participation by local and foreign investors;
    c) Lock in Clause;
    d) Financial Arrangements;
    e) Composition of Board and Management arrangements;
    f) Remedying a deadlock;
    g) Roles & Responsibilities of the Parties;
    h) Exit Clause;
    i) Representations, Warranties & Covenants of the Parties;
    j) Confidentiality;
    k) Dispute Resolution;
     

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  • Is there any cooling period for the existing auditors after the expiry of their term?

    An individual auditor who has completed his term of five years shall not be eligible for re-appointment as auditor in the company for five years from the completion term of five years.

    An auditor firm who has completed their two terms of five years shall not be eligible for re-appointment as auditor in the company for next five years from the completion of 10 year.

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  • Is it mandatory to use eMoA and eAoA? Can physical copies of MoA/AoA be signed and attached with SPICe forms?

    Yes. It is mandatory to use eMoA (INC-33) and eAoA (INC-34) . Physical copies of MoA/AoA be signed and attached only in case of foreign subscriber.
    For further details please access following link.

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  • Is there any endorsed fee(s) that can be charged from the Start-ups for furnishing them with a suggestion/bolster/underwriting letter?

    Yes. A maximum fee of INR 5,000 can be charged by the incubators for issuing a letter of recommendation to Start-ups. In cases where an incubator is required to form a panel of external experts to assess the innovativeness of the product/service/process, a maximum fee of Rs. 10,000 can be charged by the incubators.

    For more information, click here.

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  • On approval of SPICe how PAN & TAN is communicated to the user?

    On approval of SPICe forms, the Certificate of Incorporation (CoI) is issued with PAN as allotted by the Income Tax Department. An electronic mail with Certificate of Incorporation (CoI) as an attachment along with PAN and TAN is also sent to the user. Further PAN card shall be issued by the Income Tax Department.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Whether the IDRs required to be listed in any stock exchanges of India?

    Yes, The IDRs are required to be listed in at least one stock exchange in India having nationwide terminals.

    For more information, click here

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  • Which are the permissible ways in which an FVCI can make the investment?

    The FVCI is permitted to:

    a) Purchase the securities/ instruments (permitted for FVCI) either from the issuer of these securities/ instruments or from any person holding these securities/ instruments.

    b) Invest in securities on a recognized stock exchange subject to the provisions of the SEBI (FVCI) Regulations, 2000, as amended from time to time.

    c) Acquire, by purchase or otherwise, from, or transfer, by sale or otherwise, to, any person resident in or outside India, any security/ instrument it is allowed to invest in, at a price that is mutually acceptable to the buyer and the seller/ issuer.

    d) Receive the proceeds of the liquidation of VCFs or of Cat-I AIFs or of schemes/ funds set up by the VCFs or Cat-I AIFs.

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  • What is the FDI policy for Single Brand Retail Trading sector?

    Up to 100% FDI is permitted for Single Brand Retail Trading (SBRT) sector without any government route subject to the following conditions:

    • Products should be of single brand only
    • Sold under same brand internationally
    • Covers products which are branded during manufacturing
    • DIPP approval is needed for any addition to product category
    • Entities involving FDI beyond 51% in the SBRT are required to source at least 30% of the value of goods purchased by them from India

    For more information, click here

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  • How can foreign investors put money in Portfolio Investments in India?

    Investment by FPI registered in accordance with SEBI guidelines including deemed RFPI (erstwhile FII) is permitted in the capital of an Indian Company under the Portfolio Investment Scheme. Investment by individual FPIs should be less than 10% of the paid-up capital of the Indian Company on a fully diluted basis. The aggregate investment by FPIs should not exceed 24% of the paid-up capital of an Indian Company on a fully diluted basis. This aggregate limit of 24% can be increased by the Indian Company concerned up to the sectoral cap/ statutory ceiling, as applicable, with the approval of its Board of Directors and its General Body through a resolution and a special resolution, respectively and subject to prior intimation to RBI. The aggregate FII/FPI investment, individually or in conjunction with other kinds of foreign investment, cannot exceed sectoral/statutory cap.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the pricing guidelines to be complied with given the scenario of Issue of shares by Indian investee company to a person resident outside India?

    Listed Securities: Price to be not less than the price worked out as per SEBI guidelines

    Unlisted Securities: Price not less than the price worked out as per internationally accepted pricing methodology on arm’s length basis

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  • Whether IDRs can be converted/ redeemed into underlying equity shares?

    IDRs can be converted/ redeemed into the underlying equity shares only after the expiry of one year from the date of the listing of the IDRs, subject to the compliance of the related provisions of Foreign Exchange Management Act and Regulations issued thereunder by RBI & SEBI in this regard.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can FDI be made in investment vehicles?

    Any person resident outside India may invest in units of Investment Vehicles subject to the conditions laid down in Schedule 8 to Notification No FEMA 20.
     A person resident outside India who has acquired or purchased units of an investment vehicle may sell or transfer in any manner or redeem the units as per regulations framed by SEBI or directions issued by the Reserve Bank.

    For more information, click here

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  • Which are the major FDI attractive sub-sectors in India?

    Textiles (including Dyed, Printed) sector attracted $ 3.19 Bn FDI during April 2000-June 2019.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the regulations for a foreign company to set up business operations in India?

    A foreign company can set up business in India via Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) either by incorporating an Indian company or foreign company or LLP under the Companies Act, 2013 or by setting up a Liaison Office, Project Office or a Branch Office of the foreign company. Entry into India is however as per the provision of FDI policy and FEMA rules.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is it permissible for Start-ups to secure foreign funding?

    RBI via the Foreign Exchange Management (Transfer or Issue of Security by a Person Resident outside India) Regulations, 2000 (FEMA 20) has allowed startups to issue convertible notes to foreign investors apart from FDI in startups by foreign venture capital investors through subscribing to equity or equity-linked instruments or debt instruments.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Could an Alternative investments funds dispatch a reserve/plan of any size?

    No, each scheme of the Alternative Investment Fund (other than angel fund) shall have corpus of at least INR twenty crore. In case of an angel fund, it shall have a corpus of at least INR ten crore.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the meaning of Angel Fund?

    "Angel Fund” is a sub-category of Venture Capital Fund under Category I Alternative Investment Fund that raises funds from angel investors and invests in accordance with the provisions of AIF Regulations.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the reporting requirements to SEBI for Alternate Investment Funds registered with SEBI?

    As per circular No.CIR/IMD/DF/10/2013 dated 29th July, 2013, Category I and II AIFs and the Category III AIFs which do not undertake leverage are required to submit report to SEBI on a quarterly basis while Category III AIFs which undertake leverage are required to submit the reports on a monthly basis. The formats for such reports are provided as a part of the said circular. All AIFs shall submit the report irrespective of whether or not the AIF has started activity.  

    Currently, all AIFs shall send reports to SEBI by email to aifreporting@sebi.gov.in. No physical reports are required to be filed with SEBI.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are Category III AIFs?

    Alternate Investment Funds (AIFs), which employ diverse or complex trading strategies and may employ leverage including through investment in listed or unlisted derivatives. Various types of funds such as hedge funds, PIPE Funds, etc. are registered as Category III AIFs.

    For more information, click here

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  • In what classifications can a candidate look for enrolment as an AIF?

    Applicants can seek registration as an AIF in one of the following categories, and in sub-categories thereof, as may be applicable

    • Category I AIF: 
      • Venture capital funds (Including Angel Funds) 
      • SME Funds
      • Social Venture Funds
      • Infrastructure funds
    • Category II AIF 
    • Category III AIF

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are Category II AIFs?

    Alternative Investment Funds (AIF) which do not fall in Category I and III and which do not undertake borrowing other than to meet day-to-day operational requirements and as permitted in the SEBI (Alternative Investment Funds) Regulations, 2012 are Category II AIF.

    Various types of funds such as real estate funds, private equity funds, funds for distressed assets, etc. are registered as Category II AIF.

    For more information, click here

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  • In which authoritative documents can an Alternative Investment Fund be set up?

    An alternative investment fund (AIF) under the SEBI (Alternative Investment Funds) Regulations, 2012 can be established or incorporated in the form of a trust or a company or a limited liability partnership or a body corporate.

    For more information, click here

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  • What are Category I AIFs?

    Category I of the Alternative Investment Funds (AIF) include funds which invest in start-up, early stage ventures, social ventures, small & medium enterprises (SME), infrastructure or other sectors or areas which the Government or regulators consider as socially or economically desirable.

    It shall include venture capital funds, SME funds, social venture funds, infrastructure funds and such other AIF.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the upper limit for investors under Alternative Investment Fund (AIF)?

    No scheme of Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) shall have more than 1,000 investors, subject to the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 if the AIF is formed as a company.

    For more information, click here

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  • How can the investors redress their complaints against Alternative Investment Funds (AIFs)?

    SEBI has a web-based centralized grievance redress system called SEBI Complaint Redress System (SCORES) where investors can lodge their complaints against AIFs.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the currency of borrowing in case of ECBs?

    ECB can be raised in Indian Rupees (INR) and / or any convertible currency. Any entity raising INR denominated ECB is not permitted to convert the liability arising out of this ECB into foreign currency liability in any manner or assuming foreign currency risk is any manner by either entering into a derivative contract or otherwise.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can proceeds of External commercial borrowing raised under Track I of the framework be used for payment of overdue import bills?

    No, though proceeds from external commercial borrowing (ECB) raised under Track I can be utilized for the purposes, among others, such as refinancing of existing trade credit raised for import of capital goods and payment of capital goods already shipped but unpaid, the borrowing are not prescribed for payment of overdue import bills.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can External Commercial Borrowing be used for importing services?

    No, ECB is not permitted for import of services.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the end-utilize solutions for ECB raised under track I?

    1) Investment in real estate or purchase of land

    2) Investment in capital market.

    3) Investment in capital market.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How can one raise loans through ECB?

    The framework for raising loans through external commercial borrowings (ECB) comprises the following three tracks:

    1. Track I: Medium-term foreign currency denominated ECB with minimum average maturity of 3/5 years (exception of minimum average maturity of 1 year for manufacturing sector companies)
    2. Track II: Long-term foreign currency denominated ECB with minimum average maturity of 10 years
    3. Track III: Indian Rupee (INR) denominated ECB with minimum average maturity of 3/5 years (exception of minimum average maturity of 1 year for manufacturing sector companies.

    For more information, click here 

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  • What are the various types of ECB?

    ECB includes Loans, Securitized instruments, Buyers’ and supplier’s credit, Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (FCCBs). Financial Lease and Foreign Currency Exchangeable Bonds (FCEBs). 

    For more information, click here.

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  • Where can one get the details of extant External Commercial Borrowings (ECB) and Trade Credits (TC) framework?

    Master Direction No. 5 on ‘External Commercial Borrowings, Trade Credits and Structured Obligations dated March 26, 2019 may be referred to for guidance on the extant framework on ECB and TC. ECBs and TCs raised under the prior frameworks should continue to be in compliance with the corresponding guidelines applicable at the time of availing the ECBs and TCs.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the Reporting prerequisites for converting External commercial borrowing into equity?

    In case of partial or full conversion of ECB into equity, the reporting to the RBI will be as under:

    • For partial conversion, the converted portion is to be reported to the concerned Regional Office of the Foreign Exchange Department of RBI in Form FC-GPR prescribed for reporting of FDI flows, while monthly reporting to DSIM in ECB 2 Return will be with suitable remarks "ECB partially converted to equity".
    • For full conversion, the entire portion is to be reported in Form FC-GPR, while reporting to DSIM in ECB 2 Return should be done with remarks ECB fully converted to equity. Subsequent filing of ECB 2 Return is not required.
    • For conversion of ECB into equity in phases, reporting through ECB 2 Return will also be in phases.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can External Commercial Borrowing be used for funding real estate?

    No, no activity under real estate is permitted as eligible end use for raising ECB.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the routes ECB can be raised in?

    Under the (External Commercial borrowing) ECB/Trade Credit (TC) framework, ECB/TC can be raised either under the automatic route or under the approval route. Under the approval route, the prospective borrowers are required to send their requests to the RBI through their banks for examination. 

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  • Who is a Foreign Venture Capital Investor (FVCI)?

    FVCI refers to an investor incorporated and established outside India, which is registered under the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Foreign Venture Capital Investor) Regulations, 2000 {SEBI (FVCI) Regulations} and proposes to make investments in accordance with FDI Regulations.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Are foreigners allowed to invest in India?

    A non-resident entity can invest in India, subject to the prevailing FDI Policy, except in those sectors which are prohibited. Foreign Institutional Investor (FII) and Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPI) may invest in the capital of an Indian Company under the Portfolio Investment Scheme, subject to FEMA provisions.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What documents to be submitted by a person resident in India for transfer of shares to a person resident outside India by way of gift?

    Documents to be submitted by a resident person for transfer of shares to a person resident outside India by way of gift:

    i) Name and address of the transferor (donor) and the transferee (donee).

    ii) Relationship between the transferor and the transferee.

    iii) Reasons for making the gift.

    iv) In case of Government dated securities and treasury bills and bonds, a certificate issued by a CA on market value of such security.

    v) In case of units of domestic mutual funds and units of Money Market Mutual Funds, a certificate from the issuer on the Net Asset Value of such security.

    vi) In case of shares and convertible debentures, a certificate from a Chartered Accountant on the value of such securities according to the guidelines issued by Securities & Exchange Board of India or as per any internationally accepted pricing methodology on arm’s length basis for listed companies and unlisted companies, respectively.

    vii) Certificate from the concerned Indian company certifying that the proposed transfer of shares/convertible debentures by way of gift from resident to the non-resident shall not breach the applicable sectoral cap/ FDI limit in the company and that the proposed number of shares/convertible debentures to be held by the non-resident transferee shall not exceed 5 per cent of the paid up capital of the company.

    viii) An undertaking from resident transferor that value of security to be transferred together with any security already transferred by transferor, as gift, to any person residing outside India does not exceed the rupee equivalent of $ 50,000during a financial year*.

    ix) A declaration from donee accepting partly paid shares or warrants that donee is aware of the liability as regards calls in arrear and consequences thereof.

    Please refer to 'section 2' of Annexure-3 Consolidated FDI Policy at link for more information.

    *RBI’s A.P. (DIR Series) Circular No. 14 Dated 15.09.2011

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  • What is a ‘Foreign Institutional Investor’ ?

    An entity established or incorporated outside India which proposes to make investment in India and which is registered as a FII in accordance with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) (Foreign Institutional Investor) Regulations 1995.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is transfer of shares to non-residents/ NRIs permitted as per the FDI policy?

    General permission is granted to non-residents/ NRIs for acquisition of shares by way of transfer in the following situations:

    1) Transfer of shares in the investee company from one non-resident to another non-resident in sectors which are under automatic route. Government approval is required for transfer of stake from one non-resident to another non-resident in sectors which are under Government approval route

    2) NRIs may transfer by way of sale or gift shares or convertible debentures to another NRI

    3) Person resident outside India can transfer any security to a person resident in India by way of gift

    4) A person resident outside India can sell shares and convertible debentures of an Indian company on a recognized Stock Exchange in India through a registered stock broker or a registered merchant banker

    5) A person resident in India can transfer by way of sale, shares/ convertible debentures (including transfer of subscriber’s shares), of an Indian company under private arrangement to a person resident outside India, subject to the FDI Policy guidelines

    6) Transfer of shares/convertible debentures, by way of sale under private arrangement by a person resident outside India to a person resident in India, subject to the FDI guidelines

    7) The above mentioned situations also covers transfer by a resident to a non-resident of shares/convertible debentures of an Indian company, engaged in an activity earlier covered under the Government Route but now falling under Automatic Route, as well as transfer of shares by a non-resident to an Indian company under buyback and/or capital reduction scheme of the company.

    Please refer to section 4 of Annexure-3 of Consolidated FDI Policy at link for more information.

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  • What are the project funding options available in India?

    Projects in India can be financed through sources such as Bank loans, Private equity, Public subscriptions, Debt instruments and Government bonds.
    If you are a start-up or a SME, then you can register on Startup India. You can also register on India Investment Grid, which is our repository of investible projects.
     

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  • What is Sponsored American Depository System/ Global Depository System issue?

    An Indian company can sponsor an issue of ADR/ GDR. Under this mechanism, the company offers its resident shareholders a choice to submit their shares back to the company so that on the basis of such shares, ADRs/ GDRs can be issued abroad. The proceeds of the ADR/ GDR issue are remitted back to India and distributed among the resident investors who had offered their Rupee denominated shares for conversion.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • Are NRIs(Non-Resident Indians) allowed to invest in sole proprietorship in India?

    NRI or a person of Indian origin (PIO) can invest in sole proprietorship / partnership firm on non-repatriable basis, except those in agricultural or plantation or real estate business, or in the print media sector. NRIs/PIO may seek prior permission of Reserve Bank for investment in sole proprietorship concerns/partnership firms with repatriation option.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Are Non-Resident Indians allowed to make investments in India?

    An NRI can invest in capital of Indian companies on non-repatriation basis provided:

    • The amount is invested by inward remittance or out of NRE/FCNR(B)/NRO account maintained with Authorized Dealers/Authorized banks. 
    • The entity is not engaged in agricultural/plantation or real estate business or construction of farmhouses or dealing in Transfer of Development Rights.
    • Amount invested not eligible for repatriation outside India. For investments on a repatriable basis, provisions of FDI policy apply.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What documents are required for sale of shares by a person resident in India?

    The following documents are required for sale of shares by a person resident in India:

    (i) Consent letter duly signed by the seller and buyer or their duly appointed agent indicating the details of transfer i.e. number of shares to be transferred, the name of the investee company whose shares are being transferred and the price at which shares are being transferred. In case there is no formal Sale Agreement, letters exchanged to this effect may be kept on record.

    (ii) Where consent letter has been signed by their duly appointed agent, the Power of Attorney Document executed by the seller/buyer authorizing the agent to purchase/sell shares.

    (iii) The shareholding pattern of the investee company after the acquisition of shares by a person resident outside India showing equity participation of residents and non-residents category-wise (i.e. NRIs/OCBs/foreign nationals/incorporated non-resident entities/FIIs, FPIs) and its percentage of paid up capital obtained by the seller/buyer or their duly appointed agent from the company, where the sectoral cap/limits have been prescribed.

    (iv) Certificate indicating fair value of shares from a Chartered Accountant.

    (v) Copy of Broker’s note if sale is made on Stock Exchange.

    (vi) Undertaking from the buyer to the effect that he is eligible to acquire shares/convertible debentures under FDI policy and the existing sectoral limits and Pricing Guidelines have been complied with.

    (vii) Undertaking from the FII/sub account to the effect that the individual FII/ Sub account ceiling as prescribed by SEBI has not been breached, till it gets registered as FPI.

    Please refer to subsection 5.1 of 'section 1' of Annexure-3 of Consolidated FDI Policy at link for more information.

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  • Can Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency provide loans for running a franchise?

    MUDRA Scheme operates a special refinance scheme for traders and shopkeepers. You can avail the facilities under the Scheme as per your requirements from any bank/ micro finance institute/ non-banking financial company in your area.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the usage of the Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Card?

    MUDRA Card is an innovative credit product wherein the borrower can avail of credit in a hassle free and flexible manner. It will provide a facility of working capital arrangement in the form of CC/OD to the borrower. Since MUDRA Card will be RuPay debit card, it can be used for drawing cash from ATM or Business Correspondent or make purchase using Point of Sale (POS) machine. Facility is also there to repay the amount, as and when, surplus cash is available, thereby reducing the interest cost.

    For more information, click here

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  • Which banks are eligible to provide Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency loans?

    All public-sector banks (PSB), regional rural banks (RRB) and scheduled cooperative banks are allowed to cover all loans up to INR 10 lakhs, sanctioned on or after 8 April 2015, under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY).

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the list of documents needed for availing MUDRA loans?

    List of documents required for availing MUDRA loans are Application form, Address Proof, ID proof, Bank Statement of defined period, Statutory return and others as may be required. This is just an indicative list.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the grievance component accessible against bank authorities, in case of non-endorse of advance?

    Any grievance against non-consideration of MUDRA loan can be registered with the higher authorities in the respective Bank like Regional Manager/Zonal Manager of the Bank, provided there is any lapse from the bank officials in sanctioning the loan.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the grievance mechanism available against bank officials, in the event of non sanction of loan?

    Any grievance against non consideration of MUDRA loan can be registered with the higher authorities in the respective Bank like Regional Manager/Zonal Manager of the Bank, provided there is any lapse from the bank officials in sanctioning the loan.

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  • Is there any standard format of application to avail MUDRA loans?

    Yes. In respect of Shishu category, an one page application format has been designed which has been posted in MUDRA website. In respect of Kishor and Tarun category, a 3 page indicative application format has been designed and the same is also posted in MUDRA website.

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  • What does the MUDRA scheme entail?

    MUDRA, which stands for Micro Units Development & Refinance Agency Ltd, is a financial institution being set up by the Government of India under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) for development and refinancing micro unit enterprises. It was announced by the Hon’ble Finance Minister while presenting the Union Budget for 2015-16. The purpose of MUDRA is to provide funding to the non-corporate small business sector through various last-mile financial institutions like banks, non-banking financial institutions (NBFC) and micro finance institutions (MFI).

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is there any requirement for a life insurance for MUDRA scheme?

    Life insurance is not required for loans under PMMY.

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  • Who are the objective customers of MUDRA/ What sort of borrowers are qualified for help from MUDRA?

    Non–Corporate Small Business Segment (NCSB) comprising of millions of proprietorship / partnership firms running as small manufacturing units, service sector units, shopkeepers, fruits/ vegetable vendors, truck operators, food-service units, repair shops, machine operators, small industries, artisans, food processors and others, in rural and urban areas.

    For more information, click here.

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  • For how long an investment in public issue is required to be kept open?

    The period for which an issue is required to be kept open is:
     1) For Fixed price public issues: 10 working days
     2) For Book built public issues: 7 working days extendable by 3 days in case of a revision in the price band
     3) For Rights issues: 30 days.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is a Right Issue?

    A Right Issue is an issue of shares or convertible securities to existing shareholders as on a particular date (record date) fixed by the issuer. The rights are offered in a particular ratio to the number of shares or convertible securities held as on the record date.

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  • Whether a Foreign investor can invest in rights shares issued by an Indian company at a discount?

    There are no restrictions under FEMA for investment in Rights shares issued at a discount by an Indian company under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The offer on rights basis to the person resident outside India shall be:

    • In case of shares of a company listed on a recognized stock exchange in India, at a price, as determined by the company
    • In case of shares of a company not listed on a recognized stock exchange in India, at a price, which is not less than the price at which the offer on right basis is made to resident shareholders

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  • What is a Bonus Issue?

    A Bonus Issue is an issue of shares to its existing shareholders without any consideration based on the number of shares already held by them as on a record date. The shares are issued out of the company’s Free Reserve or Share Premium Account in a particular ratio to the number of securities held on a record date.

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  • What does composite issue of shares mean?

    A Composite Issue is an issue of shares or Convertible Securities on Public-cum-Right basis, wherein the allotment in both Public Issue and Rights Issue is proposed to be made simultaneously.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does private placement of shares mean?

    A Private Placement is the issue of shares or convertible securities to a select group of persons not exceeding 49%.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does rights issue of shares mean?

    A rights issue is an issue of shares or convertible securities to existing shareholders as on a record date fixed by the issuer. The rights are offered in a ratio to the number of shares or convertible securities held as on the record date.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What do offer documents imply?

    An offer document contains all the relevant information about the company, promoters, projects, financial details, objects of raising the money, terms of the issue, etc. and is used for inviting subscription to the issue being made by the issuer. Offer document is called a ’Prospectus’ in case of a Public Issue and ’Letter of Offer’ in case of a Rights Issue.

    For more information, click here

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  • What happens if a shareholder does not receive the letter of offer in time?

    The Public Announcement contains procedure for such cases i.e. where the shareholders do not receive the letter of offer or do not receive the letter of offer in time. The shareholders are usually advised to send their consent to Registrar to offer, if any or to MB on plain paper stating the name, address, number of shares held, Distinctive Folio No, number of shares offered and bank details along with the documents mentioned in the Public Announcement, before closure of the offer.

    The public announcement and the letter of offer along with the form of acceptance is available on the SEBI website.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the different types of methods which can be applied for computing arm's length price?

    As per Section 92C of the Income - tax Act, 1961, the following methods can be used for computing arm's length price: 
    a) Comparable Uncontrolled Price (CUP) Method 
    b) Resale Price Method (RPM) 
    c) Cost Plus Method (CPM) 
    d) Profit Split Method (PSM) 
    e) Transactional Net Margin Method (TNMM) 
    f) Any Other Method

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  • Is there a requirement for a fresh benchmarking analysis every year vs roll-forward/ update of the financials?

    A fresh benchmarking search needs to be conducted every year. According to Rule 10D(4), “The information and documents specified under [sub-rules (1), (2) and (2A)], should, as far as possible, be contemporaneous and should exist latest by the specified date referred to in clause (iv) of section 92F.”

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  • When are the taxpayers required to prepare Transfer Pricing (TP) Documentation as per Rule 10D of the Income - tax Rules, 1962?

    Taxpayers indulging in any international or specified domestic transactions are required to maintain a set of documents specified in Rule 10D of the Income - tax Rules, 1962. The transfer pricing documentation shall be required if the value of international transactions exceeds INR 1 crore and specified domestic transactions exceed INR 20 crore in a financial year.

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  • Is there a statutory deadline for submission of transfer pricing documentation?

    An accountant’s report in Form 3CEB must be furnished along with the Income Tax Return, i.e., (on or before 30 November following the end of the financial year under consideration). With respect to the transfer pricing documentation, the taxpayer is required to maintain the same before furnishing Form 3CEB. However, there is no requirement of furnishing the transfer pricing documentation along with accountant’s report/Form 3CEB at the time of filing tax return.

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  • When are the taxpayers required to file accountant's report specified in Section 92E of the Income - tax Act, 1961?

    All the taxpayers are mandatorily required to file an accountant's report prepared by an independent professional through Form No. 3CEB for all international transactions irrespective of the value of international transactions and specified domestic transactions if the value exceeds INR 20 crore in a financial year.

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  • What are safe harbor rules under the Indian transfer pricing regulations?

    Safe harbor rules is a mechanism under which in certain circumstances tax authorities accept the transfer prices declared by tax payer without undertaking detailed audit. The tax authorities have introduced rules prescribing procedure for adopting safe harbor, the transfer price to be adopted, the compliance procedures upon adoption of safe harbor and the circumstances in which a safe harbor adopted may be held to be invalid.

    The categories of international transactions covered under the safe harbor provisions include:

    • Provision of software development services
    • Provision of IT enabled services
    • Provision of knowledge process outsourcing services
    • Advancing of intra-group loans
    • Provision of corporate guarantee
    • Provision of contract research and development services
    • Manufacturing and export of auto components
    • Receipt of low value adding intragroup services

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  • Which transaction is classified as “international transaction”?

    The term international transaction as defined under Section 92B of the Act as:

    • Purchase, sale or lease of tangible or intangible property
    • Provision of services
    • Lending or borrowing of money or capital financing, including any type of long-term or short-term borrowing, lending or guarantee; purchase or sale of marketable securities or any type of advance, payments or deferred payment or receivable; or any other debt arising during the course of business
    • A mutual agreement or arrangement for cost allocation or apportionment
    • A transaction of business restructuring or reorganization
    • Any other transaction having a bearing on the profits, income, losses or assets of such enterprises

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  • Does Indian transfer pricing law have an Advance Pricing Agreement (APA) program?

    APA is a binding agreement between the taxpayer and tax authority to determine in advance, a set of criteria that would govern the transfer prices for covered inter-company transactions for a fixed period of time.

    The APA regime has been introduced in India effective 01 July 2012. The APA rules provide an option for taxpayers to seek a unilateral, bilateral or multilateral APA. It can be valid for up to five years and additionally for a period of four consecutive previous years.

    The APA filing process includes an optional pre-filing submission, the filing of the APA request, negotiation of the APA, execution and monitoring. Taxpayers are required to prepare and file an annual compliance report for each year under the APA. It helps that taxpayer in attaining certainty on the transfer price adopted and assists in mitigating the risks of litigation for the period covered under APA.

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  • When do the transfer pricing regulations apply to an enterprise?

    An enterprise is required to comply with the transfer pricing regulations when:

    • The taxpayer has entered into an international transaction or a specific domestic transaction (within India)
    • With an associated enterprise outside India, (international transaction) or within India (specific domestic transaction)

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  • What are the scenarios under which Form FC-TRS is required to be filed?

    Form FC-TRS shall be required to be filed within sixty days of receipt/ remittance of funds or transfer of capital instruments whichever is earlier, under the following scenarios for transfer of capital instruments by way of sale:

    • From a person resident outside India holding capital instruments in an Indian company on a repatriable basis to a person resident outside India holding capital instruments on a non-repatriable basis
    • From a person resident outside India holding capital instruments in an Indian company on non-repatriable basis to a person resident outside India holding capital instruments on repatriable basis
    • From a person resident outside India holding capital instruments in an Indian company on repatriable basis to a person resident in India
    • From a person resident in India holding capital instruments in an Indian company to a person resident outside India holding capital instruments on repatriable basis
    • By a person resident outside on a recognized stock exchange

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  • What is the procedure for registration of a work under the Copyright Act, 1957?

    The procedure for registration is as follows:
     1) Application for registration is to be made on Form
     2) Separate applications should be made for registration of each work.
     3) Each application should be accompanied by the requisite fee prescribed in the second schedule to the Rules.
     4) The applications should be signed by the applicant or the advocate in whose favour a Vakalatnama or Power of Attorney has been executed.
     5) The fee is either in the form of Demand Draft, Indian Postal Order favouring ‘Registrar Of Copyright Payable At New Delhi’ or through E-payment

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is it necessary to register a work to claim copyright?

    No. Acquisition of copyright is automatic and it does not require any formality. Copyright comes into existence as soon as a work is created and no formality is required to be completed for acquiring copyright.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How long I have to wait to get my work to get registered by the Copyright office?

    After you file your application and receive diary number you have to wait for a mandatory period of 30 days so that no objection is filed in the Copyright office against your claim. In case any objection is filed, the Registrar of Copyrights after giving an opportunity of hearing to both the parties, may decide to register the work or otherwise.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is copyright?

    Copyright is a right given by the law to creators of literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings. In fact, it is a bundle of rights including, inter alia, rights of reproduction, communication to the public, adaptation and translation of the work. There could be slight variations in the composition of the rights depending on the work.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How can I get copyright registration for my Website?

    A website may be understood as a web-page or set of interconnected web-pages, hosted or stored on a server, and is made available online to members of public. Users can access the information and other underlying work on a website through various means such as scrolling web-pages, using internal hypertext links or a search feature.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can stamps. Labels, tokens, cards be considered an article for the purpose of registration of Design?

    No. Because once the alleged Design i.e., ornamentation is removed only a piece of paper, metal or like material remains and the article referred ceases to exist. Article must have its existence independent of the Designs applied to it.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How does a registration of design stop other people from exploiting?

    Once a design is registered, it gives the legal right to bring an action against those persons (natural/legal entity) who infringe the design right, in the Court not lower than District Court in order to stop such exploitation and to claim any damage to which the registered proprietor is legally entitled.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Whether it is possible to transfer the right of ownership for a design under The Design Act 2000?

    Yes, it is possible to transfer the right through assignment, agreement, transmission with terms and condition in writing or by operation of law. However, certain restrictive conditions not being the subject matter of protection relating to registration of design should not be included in the terms and condition of the contract/agreement etc.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the object of registration of Designs under the Design Act?

    Object of the Design Act is to protect new or original designs so created to be applied or applicable to particular article to be manufactured by Industrial Process or means.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can the application for registration of design be filed by the applicant himself only or through a professional person under the Design Act 2000?

    The application for registration of design can be filed by the applicant himself or through a professional person (i.e. patent agent, legal practitioner). However, for the applicants not resident of India an agent residing in India has to be employed.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How to get information on registration of design?

    After registration of designs the best view of the article along with other bibliographic data will be notified in the Official Journal of The Patent Office, which is being published on every Friday.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is defined as an article under the Designs Act?

    Under the Designs Act, 2000 the "article" means any article of manufacture and any substance, artificial, or partly artificial and partly natural; and includes any part of an article capable of being made and sold separately.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can the same applicant make an application for the same design again, if the prior application has been abandoned?

    Yes, the same applicant can apply again since no publication of the abandoned application is made by the Patent Office, provided the applicant does not publish the said design in the meanwhile.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the penalty for using a registered design under the design act?

    If anyone contravenes the copyright in a design, he is liable for every offence to pay a sum not exceeding INR25,000/- to the registered proprietor subject to a maximum of INR50,000/- recoverable as contract debt in respect of any one design.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is meant by ‘Design’ under the Designs Act, 2000?

     ‘Design’ means only the features of shape, configuration, pattern or ornament or composition of lines or colour or combination thereof applied to any article whether two dimensional or three dimensional or in both forms, by any industrial process or means, whether manual, mechanical or chemical, separate or combined, which in the finished article appeal to and are judged solely by the eye, but does not include any mode or principle or construction or anything which is in substance a mere mechanical device, and does not include any trade mark.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does the Trade Marks Registry help to select a trademark agent to prepare and prosecute trademarks application?

    Yes, Trade Marks Registry had published a list of facilitators who are willing to facilitate filing trademark applications for start-ups and act as a trademark agent on their behalf. Their fees for this purpose have also been notified.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the legal requirements to register a trademark in India?

    The legal requirements to register a trademark under the Act are:

    The selected mark should be capable of being represented graphically (that is in the paper form).

    • It should be capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one undertaking from those of others.

    • It should be used or proposed to be used mark in relation to goods or services for the purpose of indicating or so as to indicate a connection in the course of trade between the goods or services and some person have the right to use the mark with or without identity of that person.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can any correction be made in the application or the trademark register?

    Yes. However, the basic principle is that the trademark applied for should not be substantially altered affecting its identity. Subject to this, changes are permissible according to rules detailed in the subordinate legislation.

    For more information, click here.

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  • When should an application for a patent be filed?

    An application for a patent can be filed at the earliest possible date and should not be delayed. An application filed with provisional specification, disclosing the essence of the nature of the invention helps to register the priority of the invention. Further, the application for patent should be filed before the publication of the invention and until then it should not be disclosed or published.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can any invention be patented after publication or display in the public exhibition?

    Generally, an invention which has been either published or publicly displayed cannot be patented as such publication or public display leads to lack of novelty. However, under certain circumstances, the Patents Act provides a grace period of 12 months for filing of patent application from the date of its publication in a journal or its public display in an exhibition organised by the Government or disclosure before any learned society or published by applicant.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does the Patent Office help to select a patent attorney or agent to make patent search or to prepare and prosecute patent application? (Under The Patents Act 1970)

    Yes, Patent Office is publishing the list of facilitators who are willing to play a role in filing patent applications for start-ups and act as a patent agent on their behalf. Their fees for this purpose have also been notified. The list of facilitators is available in IPO website www.ipindia.nic.in and has also been uploaded in the Start-up Hub in DPIIT website.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • How a patent specification is prepared?

    A patent specification can be prepared by the applicant himself or his registered and authorized agent. The patent specification generally comprises of the title of the invention indicating its technical field, prior art, draw backs in the prior art, a concise but sufficient description of the invention and its usefulness, drawings (if any) and details of best method of its working.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What happens when applicant is not able to meet the requirement within the prescribed time for a patent?

    If the applicant does not file a reply within 6 months or does not take an extension of 3 months, the application is deemed to have been abandoned.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are obligations of the patentee after grant of patent?

    After grant of patent, every patentee has to maintain the patent by paying renewal fee every year as prescribed in the schedule I. for first two years, there is no renewal fee.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does provisional specification of patents include?

    Indian Patent Law follows first to file system. A provisional application is an application which can be filed if the invention is still under experimentation stage. Filing a provisional specification provides the advantage to the inventor since it helps in establishing a priority date of the invention.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does the Patent Office keep information of the invention secret?

    Yes. All the patent applications are kept secret upto 18 months from the date of filing or priority date whichever is earlier and thereafter they are published in the Official Journal of the Patent Office which is published every week and also available on the IPO website.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is patent application once filed examined automatically?

     A patent application is not examined automatically after its filing. The examination is done only after receipt of the request of examination in Form 18 either from the applicant or from third party or Form 18A for expedited examination (under conditions as prescribed in the Rules).

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does Indian Patent given protection worldwide? (Under The Patents Act 1970)

    Patent protection is territorial right and therefore it is effective only within the territory of India. However, filling an application in India enables the applicant to file a corresponding application for same invention in conventional countries, within or before expiry of twelve months from filling data in India. Therefore, separate patent should be obtained in each country where the applicant requires protection of his invention in those countries. There is no patent valid worldwide.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • If an employer, who is not paying basic wages and cost of living allowance separately as fixed under the Act but who is paying wages more than prescribed minimum rates under the Act, committing any illegality?

    The minimum rate of wages fixed under the Act is remuneration payable to the worker as one package of fixed amount, neither the scheme of the Act nor any provision of the Act provides that the rate of minimum wages is to be split into basic wages and cost of living allowance. Therefore, where an employer is paying total sum which is higher than the minimum rate of wages fixed under the Act including cost of living allowance, the employer is not committing any illegality.


    For further details please access following link.

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  • Up to what number of building workers, can obtaining registration certificate be avoided?

    The maximum number of workers are Ten.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the type of return to be submitted by small establishments and very small establishments?

    In both Establishments, a core return in ‘Form A’ is required to be submitted.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • How can the fees be paid under the building and construction workers act?

    Payment can be made online through shram Suvidha Portal.

    For more information,click here.

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  • Who can file Claim application under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948?

    An employee, any legal practitioner or any official of a registered trade union authorized in writing to act, any inspector under the Act or any person with permission of the authority can file claim under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.


    For further details please access following link.

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  • What are the welfare provisions that need to be made for the workers under the Indian labour laws?

    As per the Indian labour laws, employers need to ensure that following amenities are available to their employees:

    • Canteen (if 250 or more Contract Labour were/are working)
    • Restroom /Shelters/Lunch Rooms (If 150 or more Contract Labour were/are working)
    • Drinking Water
    • Toilets/ Urinal/ Washroom
    • First Aid Facility
    • Creche (if 50 or more women workers are ordinarily employed)
    • Washing facilities

    For more information, click here.

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  • Who all are covered under the exemption from furnishing return component of labour laws?

    Establishments which are covered under the exemption from furnishing return component of labour laws:

    • Small Establishment
    • Very Small Establishment

    For more information, click here

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  • Are industrial tribunals allowed to adjudicate upon wage disputes of employees under the act?

    Section 24 of the Industrial disputes Act does not bar the jurisdiction of an Industrial Tribunal to adjudicate upon a dispute relating to the fixation of wages of employees covered under the Act.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What should be done when employer pays less than the prescribed Minimum Wage?

    An aggrieved employee can file a claim application requesting relief before the Authority under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.


    For further details please access following link.

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  • What is the list of occupations that a child cannot be employed in?

    No child shall be employed or permitted to work in any of the occupations set forth in Part A of the Schedule or in any workshop wherein any of the processes set forth in Part B of the Schedule is carried on.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the way in which maximum permissible non-public shareholding has been derived?

    Maximum permissible non-public shareholding is derived based on the minimum public shareholding requirement under the Securities Contracts (Regulations) Rules 1957 (SCRR). Rule 19A of SCRR requires all listed companies (other than public sector companies) to maintain public shareholding of at least 25% of share capital of the company. Thus, by deduction, the maximum number of shares which can be held by promoters i.e. maximum permissible non-public shareholding in a listed company (other than public sector companies) is 75% of the share capital.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does the term combination mean under mergers and acquisitions?

    Any Merger or Amalgamation that meets the below threshold limits is considered as combination:

    1. Enterprise Level
      1. India : Assets > Rs 2,000 cr. Or Turnover > Rs. 6,000 Cr
      2. Worldwide (India component) : Assets > $ 1Bn with Rs. 1000 cr in India Or Turnover > $ 3Bn with Rs. 3,000 Cr in India
    2. Group Level
      1. India: Assets > Rs 8,000 cr. Or Turnover > Rs. 24,000 Cr
      2. Worldwide (India Component): Assets > $ 4Bn with Rs. 1000 cr in India Or Turnover > $ 12Bn with Rs. 3,000 Cr in India

                For more information, click here.  

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  • What is the meaning of a voluntary open offer?

    A voluntary open offer under Regulation 6, is an offer made by a person who himself or through persons acting in concert, if any, holds 25% or more shares or voting rights in the target company but less than the maximum permissible non-public shareholding limit.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does one need to notify CCI in case they are acquiring less than 25% of equity shares of a listed company from a secondary market?

    The acquisition of up to 25% shares where the acquirer does not acquire control and the acquisition is solely as an investment or in ordinary course of business, need not normally be notified to the CCI for prior approval.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • Do all acquisitions of shares in excess of the prescribed limits and/or control lead to an open offer?

    No, in respect of certain acquisitions, SAST Regulations, 2011 provide exemption from the requirements of making an open offer, subject to certain conditions being fulfilled. For example, acquisition pursuant to inter- se transfer of shares between certain categories of shareholders, acquisition in the ordinary course of business by entities like underwriter registered with SEBI, stock brokers, merchant bankers acting as stabilizing agent, Scheduled Commercial Bank (SCB), acting as an escrow agent, etc.

    For further details please access following link. 

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  • What are the applicable competition laws/rules/regulations in respect of merger, amalgamations and acquisition transactions?

    Following statutory provisions apply to mergers, amalgamations and acquisitions from competition law perspective:
    1) Competition Act, 2002.
    2) The Competition Commission of India (Procedure in regard to the transaction of business relating to combinations) Regulations, 2011.
    3) The Competition Commission of India (General) Regulations, 2009:
    i) Notification No. S.O. 93(E) dated January 8, 2013
    ii) Notification No. S.O. 673(E) dated March 4, 2016
    iii) Notification No. S.O. 674(E) dated March 4, 2016
    iv) Notification No. S.O. 675(E) dated March 4, 2016
    v) Notification No. S.O. 988(E) dated March 29, 2017
    vi) Notification No. S.O. 2039(E) dated June 29, 2017
    For further details please access following link.

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  • What is the validity of an open offer?

    Ten days

    For more information, click here

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  • What are the important regulations pertaining to mergers and acquisitions in India?

    The key laws governing M&A in India are:

    • Companies Act, 1956 and 2013
    • Income Tax Act, 1961
    • Competition Act, 2002
    • Foreign Exchange Management Act.

    The key regulations governing M&A in India are:

    • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
    • Takeover code of SEBI.
    • Reserve Bank of India.
    • Competition Commission of India.

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  • What does the minimum level of acceptance mean under Sebi takeover code?

    'Minimum level of acceptance’ implies minimum number of shares which the acquirer desires under the said conditional offer. If the number of shares validly tendered in the conditional offer are less than the minimum level of acceptance stipulated by the acquirer, then the acquirer is not bound to accept any shares under the offer.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is an open offer under the SAST Regulations, 2011, Under which situations is an open offer required to be made by an acquirer?

    An open offer is an offer made by the acquirer to the shareholders of the target company inviting them to tender their shares in the target company at a particular price. The primary purpose of an open offer is to provide an exit option to the shareholders of the target company on account of the change in control or Substantial acquisition of shares, occurring in the target company.
    If an acquirer has agreed to acquire or acquired control over a target company or shares or voting rights in a target company which would be in excess of the threshold limits, then the acquirer is required to make an open offer to shareholders of the target company.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • Are there any requirements to maintain proofs and records of business income as per tax laws?

    The tax laws in India require the taxpayers to maintain books and accounts specified under the Income-tax Act. These documents are required to be preserved for a total of seven financial years from the end of relevant financial year to which such records pertain (subject to certain exceptions).

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  • Which entity will qualify as constituent entities (CEs) for the purpose of reporting in the CbCR as per Indian regulations?

    A constituent entity means

    • Any separate entity of an international group that is included in the consolidated financial statement of the said group for financial reporting purposes on a line by line basis (i.e., profits, revenue and assets)
    • Any such entity that is excluded from the consolidated financial statement of the international group solely on the basis of size or materiality
    • Any PE of any separate business entity of the international group included in above points, if such business unit prepares a separate financial statement for such PE for financial reporting, regulatory, tax reporting or internal management control purposes

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  • Is stamp duty applicable on units of Mutual Fund?

    Sub-Section 23A of Section 2 of the Indian Stamp Act, 1899 defines securities as including securities defined in clause (h) of section 2 of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 (SCRA). Further, it may be noted that clause (h)(id) of Section 2 of SCRA, 1956, which defines “securities” includes “units or any other such instrument issued to the investors under any mutual fund scheme” under its ambit. Therefore, units of Mutual Fund Schemes are to be considered as securities for the purpose of applicability of stamp duty also.

    For more information on Indian Stamp Act, 1899, click here. For more details about the amendments, refer here.

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  • What are the heads under which an individual needs to pay tax?

    Section 14 of the Income Tax Act has classified the income of a taxpayer under five different heads of income, viz.:

    • Salaries.
    • Income from house property
    • Profits and gains of business or profession
    • Capital gains
    • Income from other sources

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the administrative framework of Income-tax?

    The revenue functions of the Government of India are managed by the Ministry of Finance. The Finance Ministry has entrusted the task of administration of direct taxes like Income-tax, Wealth tax, etc., to the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT). The CBDT is a part of Department of Revenue in the Ministry of Finance.CBDT provides essential inputs for policy framing and planning of direct taxes and also administers the direct tax laws through the Income-tax Department. Thus, Income-tax Law is administrated by the Income-tax Department under the control and supervision of the CBDT.​

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  • What other type of taxes are required to be paid in GST regime?

    • Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is required to be paid by certain categories of registered persons to the government account
    • Tax Collected at Source (TCS) is required to be paid by e-commerce operator

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  • If the international group does not prepare the MF, as the jurisdiction in which it operates (other than India) does not have any legislative requirement to prepare/file the MF, will the CEs operating in India still be required to maintain and furnish the MF?

    Yes. The CEs operating in India will be required to file Part A of Form 3CEAA and Part B (if the applicable criteria are satisfied).

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  • What is Transfer Pricing under income tax?

    Transfer Pricing and related regulations are applicable to entities that enter into an International Transaction with an Associated Enterprise (AE). The aim is to arrive at the comparable price as available to any unrelated party in open market conditions and is known as ALP.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • What are the applicable taxes that may be relevant for a corporate tax-payer in India?

    Income tax rate for domestic company (including Indian subsidiary of a Foreign corporation): 26% ~ 34.944%

    Income tax rate for domestic LLP: 31.2% ~ 34.944

    Income tax rate for Foreign corporation (including branch office (BO) and project office (PO) in India) : 41.6% ~ 43.68%

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  • Who needs to apply for Permanent Account Number (PAN)?

    PAN is to be obtained by following persons:  

    1. Every person if his total income or the total income of any other person in respect of which he is assessable during the previous year exceeds the maximum amount which is not chargeable to tax. 
    2. A charitable trust who is required to furnish return under Section 139(4A)
    3. Every person who is carrying on any business or profession whose total sale, turnover, or gross receipts are or is likely to exceed five lakh rupees in any previous year
    4. Every person who intends to enter into specified financial transactions in which quoting of PAN is mandatory
    5. Every non-individual resident persons and person associated with them if the financial transaction entered into by such non-individual resident persons during a financial year exceeds Rs. 2,50,000. A person not covered in any of the above can voluntarily apply for PAN.

    A person not covered in any of the above can voluntarily apply for PAN

    For more information, click here 

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  • Can we avail benefit of basic customs duty under post Exports EPCG if I am not availing CENVAT. How will the export obligation under EPCG would be fixed under post export EPCG Scheme?

    Duty credit scrips issued under Post Export EPCG Scheme will be issued only in respect of basic customs duty, even when you are not availing CENVAT.  Since the concession under post exports EPCG is confined to basic customs duty, the Export Obligation shall be fixed with reference to the basic customs duty paid by you. However, you will be required to furnish a certificate from Central Excise regarding non-availment of CENVAT credit. Such certificate from central excise regarding non-availing of CENVAT credit will not be required where the unit is not registered with central excise.

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  • What is the duration to get an IEC after filing application for Import Export Code number?

    Normally IEC number is issued within two to three days, if all documents are in order.  

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  • What is provisional assessment?

    When an importer/ exporter is unable to produce necessary  documents or information for assessment of duty on goods, or when the necessary documents are needed to produce but the proper officer of customs may deem it necessary to make further enquiry for assessing the duty, he may resort to provisional assessment, pending such enquiry a provisional assessment of goods maybe be requested. 

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  • How to set up an import export unit in India?

    For an individual/ business unit to avail incentives under the Foreign Trade Policy, it must first register itself as an EXIM unit. Following are the broad steps to register as an EXIM unit:

    1. Incorporation of Company
    2.  To open a current account
    3. Obtain Import export code/PAN
    4. Obtain registration cum membership certificate
    5. Get risk coverage policy

    For more information, click here

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  • Can a Public Limited Co. / Private Limited Co./ Partnership obtain different IECs for different concerns owned by it ?

    No. However, the name of each concern owned by such a company may be included in the IEC of the firm in whose name PAN exists, as a branch.

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  • Can we discharge export obligation under EPCG by selling ITA 1 products in the domestic market?

    Supply of ITA-1 items to Domestic Tariff Area, provided realization is in free foreign exchange, is considered for meeting the export obligation under EPCG Scheme and thus you can do it.

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  • Is PAN Number / PAN card essential for IEC? What are the alternatives?

    After introduction of GST, PAN is the IEC. 

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  • What are ‘Project Imports’? What are the advantage of importing under project import regulation?

    Project Imports are the imports of machinery, instruments, and apparatus etc., required for initial sating up of a unit or for substantial expansion of an existing Unit. The exported goods are charges duty at a flat rate of duty under the same tariff heading. Project Imports assessment is a scheme of assessment which is designed to help expeditious and easy assessment of variety of industrial goods falling under different chapters of the Customs Tariff.

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  • Which is the issuing authority for Import Export Code?

    IEC number is issued by Directorate General of Foreign Trade at each regional office where the exporter/importer is situated. It has recently introduced the facility of issuing Importer Exporter Code in electronic form (e-IEC).

    For issuance of e-IEC an application can be submitted online on DGFT website. Applicants can upload the documents and pay the required fee through net banking.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the procedure for transfer of imported goods?

    Freely importable goods can be transferred by sale or otherwise by importer  freely. Transfer of imported goods, which are subject to actual user condition and have become surplus to the needs of actual user, shall be made only with prior permission of DGFT (HQ). For details relevant para 2.43 of Handbook of Procedures may be seen.

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  • Does mapping of civil court case data with survey number or property identification number, fall under the purview of the State Government as this data is with Hon’ble Supreme Court for all the States/UTs?

    The State should coordinate with their respective High Courts and in case of any concern, DIPP shall discuss the same with the D/o Justice.

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  • Whether State can exempt any Act under which returns are not to be filed?

    The State may exclude the Act(s) under which there is no requirement to file return. However, the State should submit necessary evidence for nonapplicability of the reform point.

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  • What are “links to online application forms” that have to be provided in the Information Wizards?

    The link should be provided for the Single Window System or the online portal where the applicant can apply for the permission against which it is listed.

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  • With reference to this reform please clarify the applicability of ‘’Provision of risk-based classification of Buildings’’ clause for Lifts and electrical installations.

    The reform does not refer to lift and escalator installation

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  • State/UT might require applicants to submit fewer documents to process application for electricity connections than mandated under BRAP 2019. Will reform be approved?

    The reform requires States/UTs to reduce the document required to obtain electricity connection to the following:

    1. Proof of identity of the user
    2. Proof of ownership/occupancy (in case of owned/leased premise)
    3. Authorization document (in case of firm or company) In case the State/UT chooses to further reduce this list, the reform will be approved provided other criteria for approval for this reform are met.

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  • Which are the incentives that are covered under this reform?

    The reform only refers to the incentives provided by the State Government.

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  • What is meant by legally sanctioned Master plans/ Zonal plans/ land use plans?

    The plan must have been adopted by the ULB/ relevant Department in the State and must not be in a draft or consultation stage.

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  • Under what provisions can the Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling be constituted?

    The Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling is constituted under the relevant provisions of the State/UT GST Act. For example the provisions for constitution of Appellate Authority for Advance Ruling are mentioned under Punjab Goods and Services Tax Act 2017, Chapter XVII on ‘Advance Ruling’, Section 99.

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  • What is meant by the term “verification” used in Reform point 4-sub point i.e. “Eliminate physical touch-point for document submission and verification”

    The Reform Point pertains to elimination of physical touch-point at the time of the routine scrutiny and verifying the sanctity of documents, done by the Departments after receipt of an application.

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  • Whether the authorization of BOE is required to be introduced for both registration & renewal of boilers or only for renewal of boilers as unregistered boilers cannot be in use?

    Authorization of Boiler Operation Engineer is required to be introduced only for renewal of boilers.

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