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  • What does debt fund mean?

    Debt fund is an Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) which invests primarily in debt or debt securities of listed or unlisted investee companies according to the stated objectives of the Fund. These funds are registered under Category II.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Could an Alternative investments funds dispatch a reserve/plan of any size?

    No, each scheme of the Alternative Investment Fund (other than angel fund) shall have corpus of at least INR twenty crore. In case of an angel fund, it shall have a corpus of at least INR ten crore.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the meaning of Angel Fund?

    "Angel Fund” is a sub-category of Venture Capital Fund under Category I Alternative Investment Fund that raises funds from angel investors and invests in accordance with the provisions of AIF Regulations.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the reporting requirements to SEBI for Alternate Investment Funds registered with SEBI?

    As per circular No.CIR/IMD/DF/10/2013 dated 29th July, 2013, Category I and II AIFs and the Category III AIFs which do not undertake leverage are required to submit report to SEBI on a quarterly basis while Category III AIFs which undertake leverage are required to submit the reports on a monthly basis. The formats for such reports are provided as a part of the said circular. All AIFs shall submit the report irrespective of whether or not the AIF has started activity.  

    Currently, all AIFs shall send reports to SEBI by email to aifreporting@sebi.gov.in. No physical reports are required to be filed with SEBI.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are Category III AIFs?

    Alternate Investment Funds (AIFs), which employ diverse or complex trading strategies and may employ leverage including through investment in listed or unlisted derivatives. Various types of funds such as hedge funds, PIPE Funds, etc. are registered as Category III AIFs.

    For more information, click here

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  • In what classifications can a candidate look for enrolment as an AIF?

    Applicants can seek registration as an AIF in one of the following categories, and in sub-categories thereof, as may be applicable

    • Category I AIF: 
      • Venture capital funds (Including Angel Funds) 
      • SME Funds
      • Social Venture Funds
      • Infrastructure funds
    • Category II AIF 
    • Category III AIF

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are Category II AIFs?

    Alternative Investment Funds (AIF) which do not fall in Category I and III and which do not undertake borrowing other than to meet day-to-day operational requirements and as permitted in the SEBI (Alternative Investment Funds) Regulations, 2012 are Category II AIF.

    Various types of funds such as real estate funds, private equity funds, funds for distressed assets, etc. are registered as Category II AIF.

    For more information, click here

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  • In which authoritative documents can an Alternative Investment Fund be set up?

    An alternative investment fund (AIF) under the SEBI (Alternative Investment Funds) Regulations, 2012 can be established or incorporated in the form of a trust or a company or a limited liability partnership or a body corporate.

    For more information, click here

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  • What are Category I AIFs?

    Category I of the Alternative Investment Funds (AIF) include funds which invest in start-up, early stage ventures, social ventures, small & medium enterprises (SME), infrastructure or other sectors or areas which the Government or regulators consider as socially or economically desirable.

    It shall include venture capital funds, SME funds, social venture funds, infrastructure funds and such other AIF.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the upper limit for investors under Alternative Investment Fund (AIF)?

    No scheme of Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) shall have more than 1,000 investors, subject to the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 if the AIF is formed as a company.

    For more information, click here

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  • What are the various types of ECB?

    ECB includes Loans, Securitized instruments, Buyers’ and supplier’s credit, Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (FCCBs). Financial Lease and Foreign Currency Exchangeable Bonds (FCEBs). 

    For more information, click here.

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  • Where can one get the details of extant External Commercial Borrowings (ECB) and Trade Credits (TC) framework?

    Master Direction No. 5 on ‘External Commercial Borrowings, Trade Credits and Structured Obligations dated March 26, 2019 may be referred to for guidance on the extant framework on ECB and TC. ECBs and TCs raised under the prior frameworks should continue to be in compliance with the corresponding guidelines applicable at the time of availing the ECBs and TCs.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the Reporting prerequisites for converting External commercial borrowing into equity?

    In case of partial or full conversion of ECB into equity, the reporting to the RBI will be as under:

    • For partial conversion, the converted portion is to be reported to the concerned Regional Office of the Foreign Exchange Department of RBI in Form FC-GPR prescribed for reporting of FDI flows, while monthly reporting to DSIM in ECB 2 Return will be with suitable remarks "ECB partially converted to equity".
    • For full conversion, the entire portion is to be reported in Form FC-GPR, while reporting to DSIM in ECB 2 Return should be done with remarks ECB fully converted to equity. Subsequent filing of ECB 2 Return is not required.
    • For conversion of ECB into equity in phases, reporting through ECB 2 Return will also be in phases.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can External Commercial Borrowing be used for funding real estate?

    No, no activity under real estate is permitted as eligible end use for raising ECB.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the routes ECB can be raised in?

    Under the (External Commercial borrowing) ECB/Trade Credit (TC) framework, ECB/TC can be raised either under the automatic route or under the approval route. Under the approval route, the prospective borrowers are required to send their requests to the RBI through their banks for examination. 

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  • Who are the eligible borrowers under ECB framework?

    All entities except a Limited Liability Partnership are allowed to obtain ECB as per the prescribed guidelines.

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  • What is the earliest when an External Commercial Borrowing can be matured?

    Minimum average maturity period (MAMP) is three years for all external commercial borrowings (ECB). However, for ECB raised from foreign equity holder and utilised for specific purposes, as detailed in sub-section 2.1 of the Annex, the MAMP is five years. Similarly, for ECB up to INR 3.5 b per financial year raised by manufacturing sector, which has been given a special dispensation, the MAMP is one year.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the procedure of raising ECB?

    Entities looking to raise ECB may approach the RBI with an ECB application form in prescribed format for examination through their AD Category I bank. Cases shall be considered keeping in view the overall guidelines, macroeconomic situation and merits of the specific proposals.

    ECB proposals received by the RBI above certain threshold limit (re-fixed from time to time) would be placed before the Empowered Committee set up by the Reserve Bank. The Empowered Committee will have external as well as internal members and the Reserve Bank will take the decision based on the recommendation of the Empowered Committee.

    Entities desirous to raise ECB under the automatic route may approach an AD Category I bank with their proposal along with duly filled Form 83. Formats of ECB Form and Form 83 are available at Annex I and II respectively of Part V of the Master Directions Reporting under Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.

    For more information, click here

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  • What are the reporting requirements under ECB?

    Borrowings under ECB Framework are subject to following reporting requirements apart from any other specific reporting required under the framework:

    • Loan Registration Number (LRN): Any draw-down in respect of an ECB should happen only after obtaining the LRN from the RBI. To obtain the LRN, borrowers are required to submit duly certified Form ECB, which also contains terms and conditions of the ECB, in duplicate to the bank
    • Changes in terms and conditions of ECB: Changes in ECB parameters in consonance with the ECB norms, including reduced repayment by mutual agreement between the lender and borrower, should be reported to the DSIM through revised Form ECB at the earliest, in any case not later than seven days from the changes effected. While submitting revised Form ECB the changes should be specifically mentioned in the communication 
    • Monthly reporting of actual transactions: The borrowers are required to report actual ECB transactions through Form ECB 2 Return (Annex II) through the AD Bank on monthly basis so as to reach DSIM within seven working days from the close of month to which it relates. Changes, if any, in ECB parameters should also be incorporated in Form ECB 2 Return

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  • Are the shipping/airline companies allowed to raise External Commercial Borrowing for import of second hand vessels?

    Yes, shipping and airline companies can raise external commercial borrowings (ECB) for import of vessels and aircrafts, however, only under Track I of the ECB framework.

    For more information, click here

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  • Could ECB be profited for reimbursement of local INR credit?

    Yes, however, it is only permitted if external commercial borrowing (ECB) is raised from direct and indirect equity holders or from a Group company, and provided the loan is for a minimum average maturity of five years.

    ECB raised under Tracks I or III for repayment of Rupee loans, must be raised from a foreign equity holder.

    For more information, click here

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  • Is it possible for Indian Companies to issue employees' stock option and/or sweat equity shares?

    Yes, an Indian company may issue “employees’ stock option” and/or “sweat equity shares” to its employees/ directors or employees/ directors of its holding company or joint venture or wholly owned overseas subsidiary/ subsidiaries who are resident outside India subject to provisions contained in Companies Act 2013 and SEBI Act 1992.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the method of payment and remittance/credit of sale proceeds for a person residing outside India?

    The sale consideration in respect of the shares purchased by a person resident outside India shall be remitted to India through normal banking channels. 

    In case the buyer is a FII, FPI, payment should be made by debit to its Special Non-Resident Rupee Account. 

    In case the buyer is a NRI, the payment may be made by way of debit to his NRE/FCNR (B) accounts. 

    However, if the shares are acquired on non-repatriation basis by NRI, the consideration shall be remitted to India through normal banking channel or paid out of funds held in NRE/FCNR (B)/NRO accounts. 

    The sale proceeds of shares (net of taxes) sold by a person resident outside India may be remitted outside India. In case of FII/FPI, the sale proceeds may be credited to its special Non-Resident Rupee Account. In case of NRI, if the shares sold were held on repatriation basis, the sale proceeds (net of taxes) may be credited to his NRE /FCNR (B) accounts and if the shares sold were held on non repatriation basis, the sale proceeds may be credited to his NRO account subject to payment of taxes. The sale proceeds of shares (net of taxes) sold by an OCB may be remitted outside India directly if the shares were held on repatriation basis and if the shares sold were held on non-repatriation basis, the sale proceeds may be credited to its NRO (Current) Account subject to payment of taxes, except in the case of OCBs whose accounts have been blocked by Reserve Bank.

    Please refer to subsection-4 of 'Section 1' of Annexure-3 of Consolidated FDI Policy at link for more information.

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  • What are the reporting requirements for foreign currency convertible bond/depository receipts Issues?

    The domestic custodian needs report the issue/transfer of sponsored/unsponsored depository receipts as per DR Scheme 2014 in ‘Form DRR’ given in Section 5, Annexure 6 of the Consolidated FDI Policy, 2017, within 30 days of close of the issue/ program.

    For more information, click here

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  • Would I be able to get financing support from Make in India?

    The Make in India initiative was launched by Prime Minister in September 2014 as part of a wider set of nation-building initiatives.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is meant by ‘AD Category-I Bank'?

    ‘AD Category-I Bank’ means a bank (Scheduled Commercial, State or Urban Cooperative) which is authorized under Section 10 (1) of FEMA to undertake all current and capital account transactions according to the directions issued by the RBI from time to time.

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  • What is Two-way Fungibility Scheme?

    A limited two-way Fungibility Scheme has been put in place by the Government of India for American Depository Receipts (ADR)/ Global Depository Receipts (GDR). Under this Scheme, a stock broker in India, registered with Securities & Exchange Board of India (SEBI), can purchase shares of an Indian company from the market for conversion into ADR/GDR based on instructions received from overseas investors. Re-issuance would be permitted to the extent of ADR/GDR which have been redeemed into underlying shares and sold in the Indian market.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is debt restructuring of advances?

    Debt restructuring is an act in which a lender, for economic or legal reasons relating to the borrower's financial difficulty, grants concessions to the borrower. Restructuring normally involves modification of terms of the advances/ securities, which would generally include, among others, alteration of repayment period, repayable amount, the number/amount of installments, rate of interest, roll over of credit facilities, sanction of additional credit facility, enhancement of existing credit limits, compromise settlements where time for payment of settlement amount exceeds three months.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Are dividends repatriable?

    Dividends are freely repatriable without any restrictions (net after Tax deduction at source or Dividend Distribution Tax, if any, as the case may be). The repatriation is governed by the provisions of Foreign Exchange Management (Current Account Transactions) Rules, 2000

    For more information, click here.

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  • Which bodies and organizations can be classified as Funding Bodies?

    As per the notification no. G.S.R 180(E) dated February 17, 2016, Alternate Investment Funds, Venture Capital Funds, Angel Fund and Seed Funds registered with SEBI can be classified as Funding bodies. These bodies are eligible for providing recommendation/ support/ endorsement letter to entities in which more than 20 percent equity is taken up by such funds.
    A list of SEBI registered VCFs and AIFs has been published on Start-up India portal on http://startupIndia.gov.in

    For more information, click here

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  • Is credit rating mandatory for the MSE borrowers?

    Credit rating is not mandatory but it is in the interest of the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) to get their credit rating done as it would help in credit pricing of the loans taken by them from the banks.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the guidelines for delayed payment of dues to the MSE borrowers?

    The buyer is to make payment on or before the date agreed on between him and the supplier in writing or, in case of no agreement, before the appointed day. The agreement between seller and buyer shall not exceed more than 45 days. If the buyer fails to make payment of the amount to the supplier, he shall be liable to pay compound interest with monthly rests to the supplier on the amount from the appointed day or, on the date agreed on, at three times of the Bank Rate notified by Reserve Bank. For any goods supplied or services rendered by the supplier, the buyer shall be liable to pay the interest as advised above. In case of dispute with regard to any amount due, a reference shall be made to the Micro and Small Enterprises Facilitation Council, constituted by the respective State Government. To take care of the payment obligations of large corporate borrowers to MSEs, banks have been advised that while sanctioning/ renewing credit limits to their large corporate borrowers (i.e. borrowers enjoying working capital limits of $ 1.5 million and above from the banking system), to fix separate sub-limits, within the overall limits, specifically for meeting payment obligations in respect of purchases from MSEs either on cash basis or on bill basis. Banks are also advised by RBI to closely monitor the operations in the sub-limits, particularly with reference to their corporate borrowers’ dues to MSE units by ascertaining periodically from their corporate borrowers, the extent of their dues to MSE suppliers and ensuring that the corporate pay off such dues before the ‘appointed day’ /agreed date by using the balance available in the sub-limit so created. In this regard the relevant RBI circular; IECD/5/08.12.01/2000-01 dated October 16, 2000 (reiterated on May 30, 2003, vide circular No. IECD.No.20/08.12.01/2002-03 ) available on RBI website.

    For further details please visit link1 or link2.

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  • Is it mandatory to put all sick units under rehabilitation by banks?

    No, if a sick unit is found potentially viable it can be rehabilitated by the banks. The viability of the unit is decided by the banks. A unit should be declared unviable only if such a status is evidenced by a viability study.

    For more information. click here.

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  • What is the timeline for banks to implement the rehabilitation package?

    Viable or potentially viable micro and small enterprise (MSE), which turns sick despite debt re-structuring needs to be rehabilitated and put under nursing by the bank within six months from the date such enterprise is declared viable or potentially viable. It will be for the bank/financial institution to decide whether a sick MSE unit is potentially viable or not.

    During the six months period of identifying and implementing rehabilitation package, the bank is required to do a ’holding operation’ that allows the sick unit to draw funds from the cash credit account at least to the extent of deposit of sale proceeds.

    For more information, click here

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  • Is there any provision for grant of composite loans by banks?

    A composite loan limit of $1.5 mn can be sanctioned by banks to enable the MSME entrepreneurs to avail of their working capital and term loan requirement through Single Window.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How do banks assess the working capital requirements of borrowers?

    The banks have been advised to put in place loan policies governing extension of credit facilities for the MSE sector duly approved by their Board of Directors (Refer circular RPCD.SME & NFS.BC.No.102/06.04.01/2008-09 dated 4 May  2009). However, banks have been advised to sanction limits after proper appraisal of the genuine working capital requirements of the borrowers keeping in mind their business cycle and short term credit requirement. As per Nayak Committee Report, working capital limits to SSI units is computed on the basis of minimum 20% of their estimated turnover up to credit limit of $ .7 million. For more details paragraph 4.15.2 of the Master Circular on lending to the MSME sector dated 1 July 2014 may please be seen.


    For further details please visit link1 or link2.

     

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  • What are the guidelines for interest rates on loans disbursed by commercial banks in India?

    As part of the financial sector liberalisation, all credit related matters of banks including charging of interest have been deregulated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and are governed by the banks' own lending policies. With a view to enhancing transparency in the methodology followed by banks for determining interest rates on advances and the efficiency of monetary policy transmission, from 1 April 2016, banks are required to sanction all their advances with reference to marginal cost of fund-based lending rates (MCLR).

    Banks shall have to provide an option to the customers to switch to the MCLR from Base rate/Benchmark Prime Lending Rate (BPLR) and this should not be treated as a foreclosure of existing facility. 

    For more information, click here

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  • Why do small borrowers need to have credit rating?

    With a view to facilitating credit flow to the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) and enhancing the comfort-level of the lending institutions, the credit rating of MSMEs done by reputed credit rating agencies should be encouraged. The banks are advised to consider these ratings as per availability and wherever appropriate structure their rates of interest depending on the ratings assigned to the borrowing MSMEs.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the various types of loan options available under Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana?

    Under MUDRA scheme, the following loans are available to eligible company:

    • Shishu: covering loans upto INR 50,000
    • Kishor: covering loans above INR 50,000 and upto INR 5 lakh
    • Tarun: covering loans above INR 5 lakh and upto INR 10 lakh

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the rate of interest on MUDRA loans?

    The interest rates are deregulated and the banks have been advised to charge reasonable interest rates within the overall RBI guidelines.

    Please refer to link for more information.

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  • What is Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana?

    Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) is a scheme launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister for providing loans upto INR 10 Lakhs to non-corporate, non-fam small/ micro enterprises.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Under PMMY-Shishu loans, what is the turn around time for processing the loan proposal?

    For Shishu loans, normally 7 to 10 days is the turn around time for processing the loan proposals on receipt of complete information.

    Please refer to link for more information

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  • How much interest rate is charged on a Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) loan?

    The interest rates are deregulated, and the banks have been advised to charge reasonable interest rates within the overall RBI guidelines.
    For more information, click here.

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  • I intend to work on franchisee model. Can MUDRA help me?

    MUDRA operates a special refinance scheme for traders and shopkeepers. You can avail the facilities under the scheme as per your requirements from any banks/MFIs/NBFCs in the area.

    Please refer to link for more information

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  • I want to start my own business. Can Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency help me?

    Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) does provide loans up to INR10 Lakhs to the non-corporate, non-farm, small/ micro enterprises (SMEs). These loans are given by Commercial bank, RRBs, Small finance bank, Cooperative banks, MFIs and NBFC

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the agencies providing loans under Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency?

    Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) loans will be extended by all Public sector Banks such as PSU banks, Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), Cooperative Banks, Private Sector Banks, Foreign Banks, Micro Finance Institutions and Non-Banking Finance Companies.
    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the application form to apply for a MUDRA loan?

    Click on any of the 3 categories under MUDRA Scheme for application forms and checklist

    1. Shishu: Covering loans up to INR 50,000

    2. Kishor: Covering loans above INR 50,000 and up to INR 500,000

    3. Tarun: Covering loans above INR 500,000 up to INR 1 m

    Note: MUDRA is a refinance agency and not a direct lending institution. MUDRA provides refinance support to its intermediaries viz. banks, micro finance institutions and non-banking financial companies, who further extend these loans to businesses/ entrepreneurs

    For more information, click here.

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  • Who all are eligible under MUDRA?

    Any Indian citizen who has a business plan for a non-farm income-generating activity such as manufacturing, processing, trading or service sector whose credit need is less than INR 1 m can approach either banks, micro finance institutes or non-banking financial companies for availing of MUDRA loans under PMMY. The usual terms and conditions of the lending agency may have to be followed for availing of loans under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY). The lending rates are as per the RBI guidelines issued in this regard from time to time.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What qualifies as a Start-up with the end goal of Government plans?

    Eligibility criteria for recognition as a start-up includes:

    • The start-up should be incorporated as a private limited company or registered as a partnership firm or a limited liability partnership
    • Turnover should be less than INR 1 b in any of the previous financial years
    • An entity shall be considered as a start-up up to 10 years from the date of its incorporation
    • The start-up should be working towards innovation/ improvement of existing products, services and processes and should have the potential to generate employment/ create wealth. An entity formed by splitting up or reconstruction of an existing business shall not be considered a start-up

    For more information, click here 

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  • For how long an organization can be referred to as Start-up?

    An entity is recognised as a start-up up to seven years from the date of its incorporation/registration. However, in case of start-ups in biotechnology sector, the period is up to ten years from the date of its incorporation/registration.

    For more information, click here

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  • Who is the contact person for addressing questions regarding startups?

    The queries could be addressed to the Start-up India Hub through the following details:  
    Toll-Free Number: 1800115565
    Working Hours:10:00 AM to 5:30 PM (Monday to Friday)
    Email: dipp-startups@nic.in

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  • What are the key conditions regarding qualification of Sponsor(s)?

    The term ‘sponsor’ means any company or LLP or body corporate which sets up the InvIT. Each sponsor must have a net worth of not less than US$15.38 mn if it is a body corporate or company; or Net tangible assets of value not less than US$15.38 mn in case of an LLP.

    The sponsor(s) together shall hold not less than 15% of total units of InvIT on a post-issue basis for a period of at least 3 years from the date of listing, subject to following:

    a) Sponsors would be responsible to the InvIT for all acts, omissions and representations/covenants;

    b) Sponsor/associate of the sponsor shall act as the project manager for a minimum period of 3 years unless a suitable replacement is appointed by unitholders. However, this conditions shall not apply if the sponsors hold a minimum of 25% stake on post-issue basis for at least 3 years from the date of listing

    c) Minimum experience of 5 years in infrastructure sector for each sponsor and where sponsor is a developer, at least 2 projects of sponsor should be completed.

    Please refer to section 4(d) of SEBI (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations 2014 at link for more information.

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  • What are the key conditions regarding qualification of Investment Manager?

    The key conditions are:

    • Net worth (net tangible assets in case of an LLP) of not less than US$15.38 mn if the investment manager is a body corporate or a company.

    • Experience of not less than five years in fund management or advisory services or development in the infrastructure sector.

    • Has not less than two employees who have at least five years experience each, in fund management or advisory services or development in the infrastructure sector.

    • Has not less than one employee who has at least five years experience in the relevant sub-invest.

    • Has not less than half of its directors in case of a company or members of the governing board in case of an LLP as independent and not directors or members of the governing board of another InvIT.

    • Has an office in India from where the operations pertaining to the InvIT is proposed to be conducted.

    Please refer to section 4(e) of SEBI (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations 2014 at link for more information

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  • What are the provisions regarding disclosures under infrastructure Investment Trust?

    The disclosure guidelines for an Infrastructure Investment Trust (InvIT) include:

    • Disclosure in placement memorandum for privately-placed InvIT in accordance with sub-section (4), section (15), Chapter IV and any circular issued by the Board in this regard.
    • Disclosure in offer document for publicly-offered InvIT in accordance with Schedule III and any circular issued by the Board in this regard.

    For more information, click here 

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  • What are the conditions regarding issue and allotment of units in InvITs?

    • An InvIT shall not make an initial offer of its units unless: • The InvIT is registered with the Board under these regulations; • The value of assets held by InvIT is at least INR 500 crores; • The offer size is at least INR 250 crores • Slabs for minimum offer size and public float: • If post issue capital is less than INR 1600 crores: minimum 25% of the total outstanding units of the InvIT or INR 250 crores, whichever is higher • If post issue capital is equal to or more than INR 1600 crores but less than INR 4000 crores: minimum INR 400 crores • If post issue capital is equal to more than INR 4,000 crores: minimum 10% of the total outstanding units of the InvIT • Any units offered to sponsor or manger or their related parties or their associates shall not be counted towards units offered to public • Public float in all cases shall be increased to a minimum of 25% within a period of three years from the date of listing • In case of a privately places InvIT, minimum investment from an investor should be INR 1 crore. However, if such InvIT invests or proposes to invest 80% or more of the value of InvIT assets, minimum investment from an investor shall be INR 25 crore • In case of a public InvIT, minimum subscription from an investor in initial and follow on offer to be INR 10 lakh • Maximum 10% of the amount raised by InvIT by public issue of units could be used for ‘general purposes’ as mentioned in the offer document. Issue related expenses shall not form part of general purpose. • Minimum subscription amount shall be 90% of the fresh issue size as specified in the offer document • If the InvIT fails to make any offer of its units, whether by way of public issue or private placement, within 3 years from the date of registration with the Board, it shall surrender its certificate of registration to the Board and cease to operate as an InvIT Please refer to Chapter IV of SEBI (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations 2014 at link for more information

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  • Which are the registered InvITs under SEBI?

    The list of SEBI registered InvITs as on February 16, 2017 is available at the link.

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  • Which are the registered Infrastructure Investment Trusts under Securities and Exchange Board of India?

    The list of SEBI registered InvITs can be accessed from here.

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  • What are the venture conditions for Infrastructure Investment Trusts?

    The investment conditions for real estate investment trusts (REIT) are stated in detail in section 18, Chapter V of SEBI (Real Estate Investment Trusts) Regulations, 2014, as amended from time to time.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does INVITS entail?

    An Infrastructure Investment Trust (InvIT) is like a mutual fund, which enables direct investment of money from individual and institutional investors in infrastructure projects to earn a portion of the income as return. The InvIT is designed as a tiered structure with Sponsor setting up the InvIT which in turn invests into the eligible infrastructure projects either directly or via special purpose vehicles (SPV).

    InvIT are regulated by the SEBI (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations, 2014.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the procedure for registering as an InvIT?

    No person shall act as an InvIT unless it has obtained a certificate of registration from the Board under SEBI (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations 2014. An application for grant of certificate of registration as InvIT shall be made by the sponsor on behalf of the trust in Form A as specified in the Schedule I of SEBI (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations 2014 and shall be accompanied by a non-refundable application fee as specified in Schedule II. The Board on being satisfied that the applicant fulfils the requirements shall send intimation to the applicant and on receipt of the payment of registration fees as specified in Schedule II, grant certificate of registration in Form B under Schedule I.

    Please refer to section 3 and 6 of SEBI (Infrastructure Investment Trusts) Regulations 2014 at the link for more information.

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  • What is a Draft Offer Document, Red Herring Prospectus, Prospectus and Letter of Offer? How are they different from one another?

    Draft Offer Document, Red Herring Prospectus, Prospectus and Letter of Offer are all types of offer documents. Since 1992, entire IPO/ FPO of companies is driven by disclosures, i.e., informing the investors as much as possible to enable them to take informed decision. The offer documents contain all the relevant information about the company, promoters, projects, financial details, objects of raising money, forms of the issue, etc.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is SEBI takeover code?

    SEBI has notified the Takeover Regulations namely SEBI (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011 (hereinafter referred to as “SEBI (SAST) Regulations, 2011”). Acquisition or sale of shares of Listed Company shall be governed by provisions of SEBI (SAST) Regulations, 2011.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is a listed company making a rights issue required to satisfy any entry norm?

    No, there is no entry norm for a listed company making a Rights Issue.

    For more information, click here

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  • Are there any mandatory provisions which an issuer is expected to comply before making an issue?

    Yes, there are mandatory provisions which an issuer is expected to comply before making an issue w.r.t. Minimum Promoter’s contribution and lock‐in period:

    • Public issue by an Unlisted Issuer: Promoters shall contribute not less than 20% of the post-issue capital which should be locked in for a period of 3 years. The remaining pre-issue capital of the promoters should also be locked in for a period of 1 year from the date of listing.
    • Public issue by a Listed Issuer: Promoters shall contribute not less than 20% of the post-issue capital or 20% of the issue size.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Which are the intermediaries involved in an issue?

    The intermediaries (registered with SEBI) involved in an issue, are Merchant Bankers to the issue (known as Book Running Lead Managers (BRLM) in case of book built public issues), Registrars to the issue, and Bankers to the issue & Underwriters to the issue who are associated with the issue for different activities. Their addresses, telephone/fax numbers, registration number, and contact person and email addresses are disclosed in the offer documents.
    i) Merchant Banker: Merchant banker does the due diligence to prepare the offer document which contains all the details about the company. They are also responsible for ensuring compliance with the legal formalities in the entire issue process and for marketing of the issue.
    ii) Registrars to the Issue: They are involved in finalizing the basis of allotment in an issue and for sending refunds, allotment details, etc.
    iii) Bankers to the Issue: The Bankers to the Issue enable the movement of funds in the issue process and therefore enable the registrars to finalize the basis of allotment by making clear funds status available to the Registrars.
    iv) Underwriters: Underwriters are intermediaries who undertake to subscribe to the securities offered by the company in case these are not fully subscribed by the public, in case of an underwritten issue.

    Please refer to page 22 of link for more information.

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  • Once the shares are issued, how can one report it?

    An Indian company should file Form , not later than 30 days from the date of issue of shares. The Form should be duly filled and signed by the Managing Director/Director/ Secretary of the company and submitted to the Authorised Dealer of the company who will forward it to the RBI.

    For detailed list of documents, refer to Sub-section 2.2 of Annexure 6 of the FDI policy.

    For more information, click here

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  • In case, the company has not issued shares to the public and it is not listed on the stock exchange, can an application be made for convertible securities in the company?

    Yes, an application can be made for public issue of convertible securities even if the company has not issued shares to the public and is not listed on the stock exchange.

    Please refer to page 9 of link for more information

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  • What does Depository Receipts mean?

    DRs refer to negotiable securities representing INR denominated equity shares of a company and issued outside of India by a Depository bank on behalf of the company. The DRs listed and traded in US markets are known as American Depository Receipts (ADRs). The DRs listed and traded except in the US markets are known as the Global Depository receipts (GDRs).

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  • What is a letter of offer?

    A letter of offer is a document addressed to the shareholders of the target company containing disclosures of the acquirer/ PACs, target company, their financials, justification of the offer price, the offer price, number of shares to be acquired from the public, purpose of acquisition, future plans of acquirer, if any, regarding the target company, change in control over the target company , if any, the procedure to be followed by acquirer in accepting the shares tendered by the shareholders and the period within which all the formalities pertaining to the offer would be completed.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the different kinds of issues which can be made by an Indian company in India?

    The various instruments that can be issued by an Indian company include:


    1) Equity shares; fully, compulsorily and mandatorily convertible debentures/ preference shares

    2) Non-convertible, optionally convertible or partially convertible debentures/ preference shares

    3) Rights issue

    4) Composite issue

    5) Bonus issue

    6) Institutional placement program

    7) Convertible note

    8) Depository receipt (DR)

    9) Foreign currency convertible bonds (FCCB)

    10) Security receipt

    11) Two-way fungibility scheme

    12) Warrants & partly-paid shares

    For more information, click here

     

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  • What is the capability criteria concerning the Trustee in ReITs?

    The eligibility criteria for the trustee of a Real Estate Investment Trust (ReIT) includes:

    1. That the trustee is registered with SEBI under SEBI (Debentures Trustees) Regulations, 1993 and is not an associate of the sponsor or manager
    2. That the trustee has such wherewith with respect to infrastructure, personnel, etc. to the satisfaction of SEBI and in accordance with circulars specified by the Board.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the qualification criteria for Managers in REITs?

    The qualification criteria for managers in REITs include:

    • The manager has a net worth of not less than $1.53 mn if the manager is a body corporate or a Company or net tangible assets of value not less than $1.53 mn in case the manager is a LLP. 
    • The manager or its associate has not less than 5 years’ experience in fund management or advisory services or property management in the real estate industry or in development of real estate.
    • The manager has not less than 2 key personnel who each have not less than 5 years’ experience in fund management or advisory services or property management in the real estate industry or in development of real estate.
    • The manager has not less than half, of its directors in the case of a Company or of members of the governing Board in case of an LLP, as independent and not directors or members of the governing Board of another REIT

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the qualification criteria with regard to the Sponsor(s) in ReITs?

    The term ‘sponsor group’ has been defined to include:

    • The sponsor

    • Where the sponsor is a body corporate.

    • Entities/persons controlled by such body corporate.

    • Entities/persons controlling such body corporate.

    • Entities/persons controlled by entities/persons controlling such body corporate. 

    • Where the sponsor is an individual.

    • Relatives of such individual.

    • Entities/controlled by such individual for each sponsor group, not less than one person shall be identified as the 'sponsor'. Sponsors and the sponsor group shall collectively hold.

    • A minimum of 25% of the total units on a post issue basis

    • A minimum of 15% of the outstanding units of the REIT at all times.

    • Minimum holding of 5% of outstanding units of REIT at all time.

    • Net worth of at least US$ 15.38 mn on consolidated basis and US$307,692  on individual basis.

    • Minimum experience of 5 years in real estate industry for each sponsor and where sponsor is a developer, at least 2 projects of sponsor should be completed.

    Please refer to section 4(d) and chapter IV of SEBI (Real Estate Investment Trusts) Regulations 2014 at link for more information.

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  • What is meant by 'real estate' or 'Property'?

    'Real estate' or 'property' means land and any permanently attached improvements to it, whether leasehold or freehold and includes buildings, sheds, garages, fences, fittings, fixtures, warehouses, car parks, etc. and any other assets incidental to the ownership of real estate but does not include mortgage. However, any asset falling under the purview of 'infrastructure' as defined vide Notification of Ministry of Finance dated October 07, 2013 including any amendments or additions made thereof shall not be considered as 'real estate' or 'property'. Notwithstanding the above, following captured within the above mentioned definition of infrastructure shall be considered under “real estate” or “property”:

    i) Hotels, hospitals and convention centers, forming part of composite real estate projects, whether rent generating or income generating

    ii) Common infrastructure" for composite real estate projects, industrial parks and SEZ.

    Please refer to section 2(zi) of SEBI (Real Estate Investment Trusts) Regulations 2014 at link for more information.

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  • What are the venture conditions for Real estate investment trust?

    The real estate investment trusts (REIT) are subject to various investment conditions, including investing only in special purpose vehicles (SPV) or properties or securities or transferable development rights (TDR) in India and at least 50% of the revenues, other than gains from disposal of properties shall be from rental, leasing and letting real estate assets.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the procedure of obtaining registration as a real estate investment trusts from Securities and Exchange Board of India?

    No person shall act as a real estate investment trust (REIT) unless it is registered with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) through following steps:

    1. Filing of application – A sponsor shall file an application for grant of the Registration Certificate (RC) in Form A, Schedule I of the SEBI (Real Estate Investment Trusts) Regulations 2014, and shall submit a non-refundable application fee as per Schedule II.
    2. Eligibility criteria – For grant of RC, the Board shall check for all matters relevant to the activities as a REIT
    3. Furnishing of further information – The Board may require the applicant to furnish further information or clarification before processing the application.
    4. Grant of Certificate – On being satisfied with the information received and on receipt of registration fee, the Board shall grant the RC as per Form B, Schedule I
    5. Conditions of Certificate – The RC hence issued shall be subject to abiding by provisions of the Act, by the Code of Conduct specified in Schedule VI and informing the Board of any misleading/ updated information given earlier.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the Viability Gap Funding scheme?

    The Viability Gap Funding (VGF) Scheme aims at supporting infrastructure projects that are economically justified but fall marginally short of financial viability. Support under this scheme is available only for infrastructure projects where private sector sponsors are selected through a process of competitive bidding. The total VGF under the scheme does not exceed 20% of the total project cost, however, the Government may decide to provide additional grants up to a limit of a further 20%.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Up to what level can ventures be endorsed by Empowered Institution?

    The Empowered Institution may section viability gap funding (VGF) of up to INR 1 b, s.t. budgetary ceilings by the Ministry of Finance. Other proposals are also considered by the Institution and placed before the Empowered Committee.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the procedure for getting Viability Gap Funding?

    The process for availing viability gap funding (VGF) involves:

    1. Submission of project proposals that include requisite information by the Government/ statutory entity owning the underlying asset
    2. Projects based-on model documents would be preferred over standalone documents
    3. Empowered Institution (EI) may seek required details for satisfying eligibility criteria
    4. The EI shall inform the sponsoring Government/ statutory entity whether the project is eligible for financial assistance within 30 to 60 days
    5. The EI may refer the case to Empowered Committee (EC) for further clarity on eligibility
    6. Projects shall be approved and implemented in accordance with the procedures specified from time to time
    7. The inter-se allocation of VGF between an ongoing scheme and this scheme shall be determined by the EC.

    For more information, click here

     

     

     

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  • What is the eligibility criteria for VGF funding?

    a) The PPP projects may be posed by the Central Ministries, State Government or Statutory Authorities (like Municipal Authorities and Councils), which own the underlying assets;.
    b) To be eligible for financing under the scheme, the PPP projects should be implemented, i.e. developed, financed, constructed, maintained and operated for the Projects term by a Private Sector Company to be selected by the Government or a statutory entity through a transparent and open competitive bidding process.
    c) The criterion for bidding should be the amount of Viability Gap Funding required by the Private Sector Company for implementing the project where all other parameters are comparable.
    d) The project should provide a service against payment of pre-determined tariff or user charge.
    e) This Scheme will apply only if the contract/concession is awarded in favour of a private sector company.
    f) The approval to projects is given prior to invitation of bids and actual disbursement takes place once the private entity has expended his portion of the equity.
    g) The final VGF is determined through the bidding.

    The detailed VGF guidelines may be accessed at the following link.

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  • Which are the areas qualified under Viability Gap Funding conspire?

    List of sectors permissible for viability gap funding (VGF) include:

    • Public infrastructure such as roads, airports
    • Public amenities such as power, water supply, waste management
    • Infrastructure projects in special economic zones (SEZ) and national investment and manufacturing zones (NIMZ)
    • Education, health and skill development

    For more information, click here

     

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  • What is the document checklist for proposal for grant of ‘in principle' approval in viability gap funding (VGF)?

    a) EI memo with Annexures.
    b) Feasibility Report/Detailed Project Report.
    c) RFP Bidding Document:

    1. Vol. I Instruction of Bidders.
    2. Vol. II Draft Concession Agreement.
    3. Vol. III Schedules.

    d) Statement on Deviation from MCA, if any.
    e) Other project agreements as applicable. The above documents and soft copy thereof are to be provided in 6 sets for consideration by member of Empowered Institution

    For more information, click here.

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  • What documents would be needed for proposal for grant of final approval?

    The documents required for grant of final approval for viability gap funding (VGF) are:

    1. Empowered Institution (EI) memo for final approval
    2. Appraisal report of the project by Lead Financial Institution
    3. Executed project agreement
    4. Certificate from the sponsoring authority that all conditions specified in the scheme have been complied with

    The above documents and soft copy thereof are to be provided in 6 sets for consideration by member of EI.

    For more information, click here

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  • Is there any time lag involved between grant of in-principle approval and disbursement of grant?

    The approvals to a project are given prior to the invitation of bids and actual disbursement takes place once the private entity has expanded its portion of equity. Thus, there is necessarily a time lag involved between the grant of in-principle approval and the disbursement of grant of minimum 12 to 18 months.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can the funds from VGF be used for building medical colleges?

    VGF would be admissible only if:

    • The proposed medical college is located in one of the backward districts identified under various schemes of GoI, and  
    • There is no medical college in that district as on the date of in-principle approval of VGF by the competent authority

    For more information, click here.

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