• What are the different methods to calculate arm’s length price?

    The various methods to calculate the arm’s length price with respect to an international/specified transaction are as under:

    • Comparable uncontrolled price method (CUP)
    • Resale price method (RPM)
    • Cost plus method (CPM)
    • Profit Split Method (PSM)
    • Transactional net margin method (TNMM)
    • Other Method as prescribed by the Board (CBDT)

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  • What are the different types of methods which can be applied for computing arm's length price?

    As per Section 92C of the Income - tax Act, 1961, the following methods can be used for computing arm's length price: 
    a) Comparable Uncontrolled Price (CUP) Method 
    b) Resale Price Method (RPM) 
    c) Cost Plus Method (CPM) 
    d) Profit Split Method (PSM) 
    e) Transactional Net Margin Method (TNMM) 
    f) Any Other Method

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  • Is there a requirement for a fresh benchmarking analysis every year vs roll-forward/ update of the financials?

    A fresh benchmarking search needs to be conducted every year. According to Rule 10D(4), “The information and documents specified under [sub-rules (1), (2) and (2A)], should, as far as possible, be contemporaneous and should exist latest by the specified date referred to in clause (iv) of section 92F.”

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  • When are the taxpayers required to prepare Transfer Pricing (TP) Documentation as per Rule 10D of the Income - tax Rules, 1962?

    Taxpayers indulging in any international or specified domestic transactions are required to maintain a set of documents specified in Rule 10D of the Income - tax Rules, 1962. The transfer pricing documentation shall be required if the value of international transactions exceeds INR 1 crore and specified domestic transactions exceed INR 20 crore in a financial year.

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  • Is there a statutory deadline for submission of transfer pricing documentation?

    An accountant’s report in Form 3CEB must be furnished along with the Income Tax Return, i.e., (on or before 30 November following the end of the financial year under consideration). With respect to the transfer pricing documentation, the taxpayer is required to maintain the same before furnishing Form 3CEB. However, there is no requirement of furnishing the transfer pricing documentation along with accountant’s report/Form 3CEB at the time of filing tax return.

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  • When are the taxpayers required to file accountant's report specified in Section 92E of the Income - tax Act, 1961?

    All the taxpayers are mandatorily required to file an accountant's report prepared by an independent professional through Form No. 3CEB for all international transactions irrespective of the value of international transactions and specified domestic transactions if the value exceeds INR 20 crore in a financial year.

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  • What are safe harbor rules under the Indian transfer pricing regulations?

    Safe harbor rules is a mechanism under which in certain circumstances tax authorities accept the transfer prices declared by tax payer without undertaking detailed audit. The tax authorities have introduced rules prescribing procedure for adopting safe harbor, the transfer price to be adopted, the compliance procedures upon adoption of safe harbor and the circumstances in which a safe harbor adopted may be held to be invalid.

    The categories of international transactions covered under the safe harbor provisions include:

    • Provision of software development services
    • Provision of IT enabled services
    • Provision of knowledge process outsourcing services
    • Advancing of intra-group loans
    • Provision of corporate guarantee
    • Provision of contract research and development services
    • Manufacturing and export of auto components
    • Receipt of low value adding intragroup services

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  • Which transaction is classified as “international transaction”?

    The term international transaction as defined under Section 92B of the Act as:

    • Purchase, sale or lease of tangible or intangible property
    • Provision of services
    • Lending or borrowing of money or capital financing, including any type of long-term or short-term borrowing, lending or guarantee; purchase or sale of marketable securities or any type of advance, payments or deferred payment or receivable; or any other debt arising during the course of business
    • A mutual agreement or arrangement for cost allocation or apportionment
    • A transaction of business restructuring or reorganization
    • Any other transaction having a bearing on the profits, income, losses or assets of such enterprises

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  • Does Indian transfer pricing law have an Advance Pricing Agreement (APA) program?

    APA is a binding agreement between the taxpayer and tax authority to determine in advance, a set of criteria that would govern the transfer prices for covered inter-company transactions for a fixed period of time.

    The APA regime has been introduced in India effective 01 July 2012. The APA rules provide an option for taxpayers to seek a unilateral, bilateral or multilateral APA. It can be valid for up to five years and additionally for a period of four consecutive previous years.

    The APA filing process includes an optional pre-filing submission, the filing of the APA request, negotiation of the APA, execution and monitoring. Taxpayers are required to prepare and file an annual compliance report for each year under the APA. It helps that taxpayer in attaining certainty on the transfer price adopted and assists in mitigating the risks of litigation for the period covered under APA.

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  • When do the transfer pricing regulations apply to an enterprise?

    An enterprise is required to comply with the transfer pricing regulations when:

    • The taxpayer has entered into an international transaction or a specific domestic transaction (within India)
    • With an associated enterprise outside India, (international transaction) or within India (specific domestic transaction)

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  • Is it necessary to register a work to claim copyright?

    No. Acquisition of copyright is automatic and it does not require any formality. Copyright comes into existence as soon as a work is created and no formality is required to be completed for acquiring copyright.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How long I have to wait to get my work to get registered by the Copyright office?

    After you file your application and receive diary number you have to wait for a mandatory period of 30 days so that no objection is filed in the Copyright office against your claim. In case any objection is filed, the Registrar of Copyrights after giving an opportunity of hearing to both the parties, may decide to register the work or otherwise.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is copyright?

    Copyright is a right given by the law to creators of literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings. In fact, it is a bundle of rights including, inter alia, rights of reproduction, communication to the public, adaptation and translation of the work. There could be slight variations in the composition of the rights depending on the work.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How can I get copyright registration for my Website?

    A website may be understood as a web-page or set of interconnected web-pages, hosted or stored on a server, and is made available online to members of public. Users can access the information and other underlying work on a website through various means such as scrolling web-pages, using internal hypertext links or a search feature.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does Intellectual Property entail?

    Intellectual Property is the Property, which has been created by exercise of Intellectual Faculty. It refers to creation of mind such as inventions, designs for industrial articles, literary, artistic work, symbols which are ultimately used in commerce. Intellectual Property rights allow the creators or owners to have the benefits from their works when these are exploited commercially. These rights are statutory rights governed in accordance with the provisions of corresponding legislation. Intellectual Property rights reward creativity & human endeavour which fuel the progress of humankind.The intellectual property is classified into seven categories i.e.

    1. Patent
    2. Industrial Design
    3. Trade Mark
    4. Copyright
    5. Geographical Indications
    6. Lay put designs of integrated circuits
    7. Protection of undisclosed information/Trade Secret according to TRIPs agreements

    For more information, click here.

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  • Whether unpublished works are registered?(Under the Copyright Act 1957)

    Yes. Both published and unpublished works can be registered. Copyright in works published before 21st January, 1958, i.e., before the Copyright Act, 1957 came in force, can also be registered, provided the works still enjoy copyright. Three copies of published work may be sent along with the application. If the work to be registered is unpublished, a copy of the manuscript has to be sent along with the application for affixing the stamp of the Copyright Office in proof of the work having been registered. In case two copies of the manuscript are sent, one copy of the same duly stamped will be returned, while the other will be retained, as far as possible, in the Copyright Office for record and will be kept confidential. It would also be open to the applicant to send only extracts from the unpublished work instead of the whole manuscript and ask for the return of the extracts after being stamped with the seal of the Copyright Office. When a work has been registered as unpublished and subsequently it is published, the applicant may apply for changes in particulars entered in the Register of Copyright in Form V with prescribed fee.The process of registration and fee for registration of copyright is same.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • What is the scope of protection in the Copyright Act, 1957?

    The Copyright Act, 1957 protects original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and cinematograph films and sound recordings from unauthorized uses. Unlike the case with patents, copyright protects the expressions and not the ideas. There is no copyright protection for ideas, procedures, methods of operation or mathematical concepts as such (Please see Article 9.2. of TRIPS).

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can a computer software be registered under the copyright act?

    Yes. Computer Software or programme can be registered as a ‘literary work’. As per Section 2 (o) of the Copyright Act, 1957 “literary work” includes computer programmes, tables and compilations, including computer databases. ‘Source Code’ and “Object Code” have also to be supplied along with the application for registration of copyright for software products.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is it allowed to get names and titles copyrighted?

    Copyright does not ordinarily protect titles by themselves or names, short word combinations, slogans, short phrases, methods, plots or factual information. Copyright does not protect ideas or concepts. To get the protection of copyright a work must be original.

    For more information, click here.

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  • If a copyright is rejected, is there any opportunity given for hearing the case?

    As per the rule 70 (12) of the Copyright Rules, 2013, an opportunity of hearing must be given. Only after hearing, it may be decided to register the work or to reject it. The applicant himself or his/her pleader may appear in the hearing.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How one can ascertain whether registration subsists in respect of any design?

    For ascertaining whether registration subsists in respect of a design, a request should be made to the Patent Office, Kolkata. If the Design number is known, the request should be made on Form 6, otherwise on Form 7, together with prescribed fees. Each such request should be confined to information in respect of a single design.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the most appropriate time for filing the registration of designs?

    First-to-file rule is applicable for registrability of design. If two or more applications relating to an identical or a similar design are filed on different dates only first application will be considered for registration of design.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is there a possibility of cancelling the registration of a design?

    The registration of a design may be cancelled at any time after the registration of design on a petition for cancellation in Form 8 with prescribed fee to the Controller of Designs on the following grounds:

    • That the design has been previously registered in India.

    • That it has been published in India or elsewhere prior to date of registration.

    • The design is not new or original.

    • Design is not registerable.

    • It is not a design under Clause (d) of Section 2

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is it possible to re-register a design for which Copyright has expired?

    No. A registered design, the copyright of which has expired, cannot be re-registered.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the important criteria for determining a "set of article"?

    If a group of articles meets the following requirements then that group of articles may be regarded as a set of articles under the Designs Act, 2000:

    • Ordinarily on sale or intended to be used together

    • All having common design even though articles are different (same class)

    • Same general character

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is design registration in India?

    Object of the Designs Act is to protect new or original designs so created to be applied or applicable to particular article to be manufactured by Industrial Process or means. Design Registration is a means to ensure that the artisan, creator, originator of a design having aesthetic look is not deprived of his bonafide reward by others applying it to their goods.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What purpose does marking the article to a registered design serve?

    Yes, it would be always advantageous to the registered proprietors to mark the article so as to indicate the number of the registered design except in the case of Textile designs. Otherwise, the registered proprietor would not be entitled to claim damages from any infringer unless the registered proprietor establishes that the registered proprietor took all proper steps to ensure the marking of the article, or unless the registered proprietor show that the infringement took place after the person guilty thereof knew or had received notice of the existence of the copyright in the design.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the date of registration under the Design Act, 2000?

    The date of registration, except in case of priority, is the actual date of filing of the application. In case of registration of design with priority, the date of registration is the date of making an application in the respective country.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the essential requirements for the registration of ‘design’ under the Designs Act, 2000?

    1. The design should be new or original, not previously published or used in any country before the date of application for registration. The novelty may reside in the application of a known shape or pattern to new subject matter.
    2. The design should relate to features of shape, configuration, pattern or ornamentation applied or applicable to an article.
    3. The design should be applied or applicable to any article by any industrial process.
    4. The features of the design in the finished article should appeal to and are judged solely by the eye. This implies that the design must appear and should be visible on the finished article, for which it is meant.
    5. Any mode or principle of construction or operation or anything which is in substance a mere mechanical device, would not be a registerable design. For instance,a key having its novelty only in the shape of its corrugation or bent at the portion intended to engage with levers inside the lock associated with, cannot be registered as a design under the Act.
    6. The design should not include any Trade Mark or property mark, or artistic works as defined under the Copyright Act, 1957.

    For more information, click here

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  • Are the registered designs open for public inspection?

    Yes, registered designs are open for public inspection only after publication in the official journal on payment of prescribed fee on a request in Form-5.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the benefits of registering a trademark?

    The registration of a trademark confers upon the owner the exclusive right to the use the trademark in relation to the goods or services in respect of which the mark is registered and to indicate so by using the symbol (R) and seek the relief of infringement in appropriate courts in the country. The exclusive right is however subject to any conditions entered on the register such as limitation of area of use etc. Also, where two or more persons have registered identical or nearly similar marks due to special circumstances, such exclusive right doesn't operate against each other.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the formalities and government fees for major trademark transactions?

    1. For filing new applications there are prescribed forms depending on the nature of application such as Form TM-1, TM-2, TM-3, TM-8, TM-51 etc. Fees: INR 4000/-
    2. To file a Notice of Opposition to oppose an application published in the Trade Marks Journal (FormTM-5). Fees: INR 2,500/- for each class covered<
    3. For Renewal of a Regd. trademark (Form TM-12). Fees: INR 5,000/-
    4. Surcharge for belated renewal (Form TM-10). Fees: INR 3,000/-
    5. Restoration of removed mark (Form TM-13) Fees: INR 5,000/-
    6. Application for rectification of a registered trademark (Form TM-26) Fees: INR 3,000/-
    7. Legal Certificate (Form TM-46) (Providing details of entries in the Register) Fees: INR 500/-
    8. Copyright search request and issuance of certificate (Form TM-60) Fees: INR 5,000/-.

    For more information, click here

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  • What are the types of trademarks in India?

    Following are the types of trademarks in India:

    1. Any name (including personal or surname of the applicant or predecessor in business or the signature of the person), which is not unusual for trade to adopt as a mark.
    2. An invented word or any arbitrary dictionary word or words, not being directly descriptive of the character or quality of the goods/service.
    3. Letters or numerals or any combination thereof.
    4. The right to proprietorship of a trademark may be acquired by either registration under the Act or by use in relation to particular goods or service.
    5. Devices, including fancy devices or symbols
    6. Monograms
    7. Combination of colors or even a single color in combination with a word or device
    8. Shape of goods or their packaging
    9. Marks constituting a 3- dimensional sign.
    10. Sound marks when represented in conventional notation or described in words by being graphically represented.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the function of a trademark? (Under the Trade Marks Act 1999)

    Under modern business condition a trademark performs four functions: 

    1) It identifies a good/service and its origin.
    2) It guarantees its unchanged quality.
    3) It advertises the goods/services.
    4) It creates an image for good/services.

    For further details please access following link.

     

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  • Under the Trade Marks Act 1999, who benefits from a trademark?

    The registered proprietor of a trademark can create, establish and protect the goodwill of his products or services. He/she can stop traders from unlawfully using his trademark, sue for damages and secure destruction of infringing goods or labels.

    The government earns revenue as a fee for registration and protection of registration of trademark.

    The legal professionals render services to the entrepreneurs regarding selection, registration and protection of trademarks and get remuneration for the same. The purchaser and ultimately consumers of goods and services get options to choose the best.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is a trademark?(Under the Trade Marks Act 1999)

    A trademark (popularly known as brand name) is a visual symbol which may be a word signature, name, device, label, numerals or combination of colours used by one undertaking on goods or services or other articles of commerce to distinguish it from other similar goods or services originating from a different undertaking.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How do I file a trademark application for my brand?

    The Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks has information regarding trademark form and fees.

    For more information, click here

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  • Does the Trade Marks Registry help to select a trademark agent to prepare and prosecute trademarks application?

    Yes, Trade Marks Registry had published a list of facilitators who are willing to facilitate filing trademark applications for start-ups and act as a trademark agent on their behalf. Their fees for this purpose have also been notified.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the legal requirements to register a trademark in India?

    The legal requirements to register a trademark under the Act are:

    The selected mark should be capable of being represented graphically (that is in the paper form).

    • It should be capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one undertaking from those of others.

    • It should be used or proposed to be used mark in relation to goods or services for the purpose of indicating or so as to indicate a connection in the course of trade between the goods or services and some person have the right to use the mark with or without identity of that person.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can any correction be made in the application or the trademark register?

    Yes. However, the basic principle is that the trademark applied for should not be substantially altered affecting its identity. Subject to this, changes are permissible according to rules detailed in the subordinate legislation.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What happens to a patent application once it is examined?

    After examination, the Patent Office issues an examination report to the applicant, which is generally known as First Examination Report (FER). Thereafter, the applicant is required to comply with the requirements within a period of twelve months from the date of FER. In case, the application is found to be in order for grant, the patent is granted, provided there is no pre-grant opposition filed or pending.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Who can apply for a patent? (Under The Patents Act 1970)

    A patent application can be either filled by true and first inventor or his assignee, either alone or jointly with any other person. However, legal representative of any deceased person can also make an application for patent. 

    For further details please access following link.

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  • Does Indian Patent give protection worldwide?

    No. Patent protection is a territorial right and therefore, it is effective only within the territory of India. There is no concept of global patent. However, filing an application in India enables the applicant to file a corresponding application for same invention in convention countries or under PCT, within or before expiry of twelve months from the filing date in India. Patents should be obtained in each country where the applicant requires protection of his invention.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does patent office help in finding users for patent? (Under The Patents Act 1970)

    The Patent Office has no role in the commercialization of patent. However, the information relating to patents is published in the e-journal of the Patent Office in the official website which is freely accessible to the public worldwide. This certainly helps the applicant to attract potential user or licensee. The Patent office also compiles a list of patents which have not been commercially worked in India.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • How can I apply for a patent?

    A patent application can be filed with Indian Patent Office either with provisional specification or with complete specification along with fee as prescribed in schedule I. In case the application is filed with provisional specification, then one has to file complete specification within 12 months from the date of filing of the provisional application.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is there a possibility for early publication of patents?

    Yes, the applicant can make a request for early publication in Form 9 along with the prescribed fee.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the term of patent? (Under The Patents Act 1970)

    Term of every patent in India is 20 years from the date of filing of patent application, irrespective of whether it is filed with provisional or complete specification. However, in case of applications filed under PCT, the term of 20 years begins from International filing date.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • Is there provision for filling patent application electronically by online system?

    Yes, one can file patent applications through comprehensive online filing system at https://ipindiaonline.gov.in/epatentfiling/goForLogin/doLogin.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does patent office help in finding users for patent?

    The Patent Office has no role beyond grant of patent. Since patents are private rights the patent owner is responsible for commercializing the patent either himself or through licensee. However, the information relating to grant of patent is published in the Patent Office journal and also published on the Patent Office website which is accessible to the public worldwide.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is there any difference in the amount of fees to be paid by an individual or a legal entity for filing a patent application?

    Yes, the Patent Rules provides for different fee for individuals/Startups, SME‘s and legal entity. Details can be seen in the First Schedule of the Patents Rules, 2003 as amended from time to time.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • After what age can a person start working in India?

    In India, child below 14 years cannot be employed. However, there are following exceptions which includes non-hazardous family enterprises and child working as an artist in an audio-visual entertainment industry.

    Additionally, a child above 14 years but below 15 years of age can be employed only for 4.5 hours a day and cannot work during the night.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is an employer required to maintain any register and record under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948?

    Every employer must maintain a muster-roll-cum-wage register and also a bound inspection book. (Rule 27 & 28) of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.

    For more information, click here.

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  • I employed 20 Contract Labour only on one day, will my establishment be covered under Contract Labour (R & A) Act, 1970?

    Yes.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • Is there anything that I need to adhere to, before recruiting women for my company?

    The following need to be adhered to for recruiting women in a company:

    • Every employer employing more than 10 workers shall constitute an “Internal Complaints Committee” (ICC) to address any complaints of the women employee related to sexual harassment. 
    • Women employees are entitled to 12-26 weeks of maternity leave.  
    • Moreover, women are not to be allowed to work in a factory between 10:00 pm to 5:00 am. 

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can employees file application in groups for claiming minimum wages under the act?

    A single application can be made on behalf or in respect of any number of employees as per The Minimum Wages Act, 1948.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • If a Trade Union has an identical name with another, will it be registered?

    Registrar of Trade Union shall not register that union, until they make a change in the identical name under the Trade Union Act.

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  • What are the privileges in terms of pay that laid-off labourers can avail?

    Workers who have completed one year of services are eligible for compensation equal to 50% of total Basic wages and Dearness Allowance.

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  • Is it possible to award ten times compensation of the difference amount between wages payable and actually paid, under the minimum wages act?

    The limit of 'ten times the amount of such excess' mentioned in section 20(3)(i) of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 is the maximum limit. When the Authority awards heavy compensation under the said section, it must give reasons for doing so.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • Registrar of Trade Union withdrew a union’s registration in view of non performance of certain statutory provisions. Is it possible?

    Registrar has the power only to cancel the registration.  He cannot withdraw the order of registration issued by him.

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  • Are there any policies with respect to child labours? If yes, which act?

    Yes, The National Policy on Child Labour declared in August 1987, contains the provisions with respect to employment of child labour.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does the minimum level of acceptance mean under Sebi takeover code?

    'Minimum level of acceptance’ implies minimum number of shares which the acquirer desires under the said conditional offer. If the number of shares validly tendered in the conditional offer are less than the minimum level of acceptance stipulated by the acquirer, then the acquirer is not bound to accept any shares under the offer.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is an open offer under the SAST Regulations, 2011, Under which situations is an open offer required to be made by an acquirer?

    An open offer is an offer made by the acquirer to the shareholders of the target company inviting them to tender their shares in the target company at a particular price. The primary purpose of an open offer is to provide an exit option to the shareholders of the target company on account of the change in control or Substantial acquisition of shares, occurring in the target company.
    If an acquirer has agreed to acquire or acquired control over a target company or shares or voting rights in a target company which would be in excess of the threshold limits, then the acquirer is required to make an open offer to shareholders of the target company.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • What is the defined size for an open offer to be made under SEBI takeover code?

    An open offer, other than a voluntary open offer under Regulation 6, must be made for a minimum of 26% of the target company’s share capital. The size of voluntary open offer under Regulation 6 must be for at least 10% of the target company’s share capital. Further the offer size percentage is calculated on the fully diluted share capital of the target company taking into account potential increase in the number of outstanding shares as on 10th working day from the closure of the open offer.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does the term control entail as per the guidelines of CCI?

    “Control” means controlling the affairs or management of a target enterprise or group.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are hostile bids under SEBI takeover code?

    Officially, there is no such term as hostile bid in the regulations. Hostile bid is generally understood to be an unsolicited bid by a person, without any arrangement or MOU with persons currently in control. Any person with or without holding any shares in a target company, can make an offer to acquire shares of a listed company subject to minimum offer size of 26%.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • Is competition due to Merger and Acquisition covered under any act?

    The competition act 2002 governs the laws and regulations with respect to merger, acquisition and amalgamation transactions. Competition commission of India is the governing body.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is a ‘Target Company’?

    A 'Target Company' is the company/body corporate or corporation whose equity shares are listed in a stock exchange and in which a change of shareholding or control is proposed by an acquirer.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • What is the procedure to report an acquisition that is made in India?

    In respect of acquisitions under clause (a) of sub regulation (1), and clauses (e) and (f) of sub regulation (4), the acquirer shall intimate the stock exchanges where the shares of the target company are listed, the details of the proposed acquisition in such form as may be specified, at least four working days prior to the proposed acquisition, and the stock exchange shall forthwith disseminate such information to the public.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is National Company Law Tribunal?

    The National Court of Law Tribunal has been formed under the Companies Act, 2013 setup as a quasi-judicial body for corporate law purposes. NCLT is one of the recent reforms undertaken by the government in corporate law.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • Who is an ‘Acquirer’?

    Acquirer means any person who, whether by himself, or through, or with persons acting in concert with him, directly or indirectly, acquires or agrees to acquire shares or voting rights in, or control over a target company. An acquirer can be a natural person, a corporate entity or any other legal entity. 
     

    For further details please access following link.

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  • How to deposit Self Assessment Tax or Advance tax to the credit of Government?

    ​Self Assessment Tax or Advance Tax is to be deposited to the credit of Government by using the challan prescribed in this behalf, i.e., ITNS 280. The Challan can be downloaded from www.incometaxindia.gov.in Tax can be paid in the designated banks through two modes, viz., physical mode, i.e., cash/cheque or e-payment mode by using debit card or internet banking. ​​

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  • What are the consequences if a taxpayer (say, Chinese corporation or Wholly Owned Subsidiary, WOS) does not file tax return in India?

    Non-filing of tax return despite of having taxable income carries penalty and prosecution exposure. Also, non-filing of tax return with negative income by due date prohibits the carry forward of such losses including the losses in the past years, if any, to the subsequent year for adjustment against subsequent year(s) positive income. Taxpayers are liable to furnish the tax returns even in situation where tax payable is negated by the taxes withheld by the customers.

    Further, it may be noted that non-payment of tax, i.e., tax evasion can attract interest, penalty and prosecution.

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  • If the ultimate parent entity of the group is a resident of a country (home jurisdiction) where the CbCR is not required to be filed, or if it has not opted for a parent surrogate filing, will the Indian CE be required to file a CbCR in India?

    As per the section 286(4) of the Income Tax Act, if the ultimate parent entity, resides in a country where CbCR is not required to be filed and the group has not opted for a surrogate filing, then the entity will be obligated to file a CbCR in India.

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  • Who will collect and transfer the Stamp duty to States in case of transactions in units of Mutual Funds and AIFs in Statement of Account/ Physical (non-demat form)?

    To provide for collection of Stamp Duty on transactions in mutual fund and AIF units in the statement of account/physical (non-demat) form, RTI and/or STA have been notified (vide Gazette Notification dated 8th January, 2020) as a “Depository” for the limited purposes of acting as a “collecting agent” under the said Act and the Rules made thereunder. Accordingly, for non-demat Mutual Fund and AIF transactions, collection of stamp duty by RTAs shall be governed by the provisions of Section 9A(1)(b) and 9A(1)(c) and the transfer of stamp duty to the respective States shall be governed by the provisions of Section 9A (4). Thus, the transfer of collected stamp duty to respective States/UTs by RTAs also is governed by buyer-based principle as covered in Section 9A(4) and not on the basis of registered office of the issuer.

    For more information on Indian Stamp Act, 1899, click here. For more details about the amendments, refer here.

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  • Would a foreign bidder require a Goods and Service Tax registration in India for execution of works contract?

    If the foreign bidder coming into India for execution of LSTK works contract, then as per Sec 24 of CGST Act, such foreign bidder would be required to obtain GST registration mandatorily in India.

    For more information, click here

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  • What duties will be levied on import of goods?

    Customs duty and cess as applicable + IGST+ GST compensation cess. IGST and GST compensation cess shall be paid after adding all customs duty and customs cess to the value of imports.

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  • What is an e-way bill?

    An e-way bill is an electronic document generated on common portal evidencing movement of goods of consignment value more than INR 50,000.

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  • What is e-PAN?

    e-PAN is a digitally signed PAN card issued in electronic form and it is a valid proof of allotment of PAN.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the elements of employment compensation, that enjoy exemption from tax?

    Generally, subject to certain conditions, following items of compensation are not taxable in the hands of employees:
    1) House Rent Allowance (HRA): HRA is an allowance granted to meet housing costs of employees. This exemption is not available if the employee resides in his own house, or in a house for which he does not incur any rent.
    2) Certain travel/tour allowances: Allowances granted to meet the cost of travel for official purposes are exempt (on actual basis).
    3) Reimbursement of medical expenses up to specified limits: Reimbursement of medical expenses actually incurred by an employee for self or any member of his/her family is exempt up to US$ 217.50 per tax year.
    4) Leave travel concession (LTC): LTC granted to an employee for vacation at any place in India is exempt for upto two journeys in a block of four calendar years, subject to certain conditions.
    5) Tax borne by an employer on non-monetary perquisites: 
    Tax borne by an employer on non-monetary perquisites provided to its employee, is exempt from tax, provided the employer does not claim it as a deduction against its taxable income.
    6) Gratuity: Gratuity received by an employee on retirement/termination of employment or by family on the death of employee tax-payer is exempt from tax subject to specified limit (presently US$ 14,505).
    7) Leave encashment: Leave encashment received by an employee on retirement is exempt from tax subject to specified limit (presently INR 300,000).
    8) Employer Provident Fund contribution:Employer’s contribution towards Provident Fund is exempt from tax subject to fulfilment of certain conditions.
    Apart from above, there are other allowances such as Children’s allowance, hostel allowance, etc., which form part of salary and are exempt from tax but subject to certain conditions and/or monetary limits.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • Do the Indian tax laws prescribe any beneficial tax rates where a Foreign corporation proposes to establish an Indian subsidiary for undertaking manufacturing activities in India?

    Yes. The Indian tax laws provide the option of beneficial tax rate of 17.6% (15% plus 10% plus 4%) for taxing the income of a new Indian subsidiary engaged in manufacturing activities, incorporated on or after 01 October 2019 and commencing manufacturing on or before 31 March 2023 (subject to certain conditions).

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  • Can a Public Limited Co. / Private Limited Co./ Partnership obtain different IECs for different concerns owned by it ?

    No. However, the name of each concern owned by such a company may be included in the IEC of the firm in whose name PAN exists, as a branch.

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  • Can we discharge export obligation under EPCG by selling ITA 1 products in the domestic market?

    Supply of ITA-1 items to Domestic Tariff Area, provided realization is in free foreign exchange, is considered for meeting the export obligation under EPCG Scheme and thus you can do it.

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  • Is PAN Number / PAN card essential for IEC? What are the alternatives?

    After introduction of GST, PAN is the IEC. 

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  • What are ‘Project Imports’? What are the advantage of importing under project import regulation?

    Project Imports are the imports of machinery, instruments, and apparatus etc., required for initial sating up of a unit or for substantial expansion of an existing Unit. The exported goods are charges duty at a flat rate of duty under the same tariff heading. Project Imports assessment is a scheme of assessment which is designed to help expeditious and easy assessment of variety of industrial goods falling under different chapters of the Customs Tariff.

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  • Which is the issuing authority for Import Export Code?

    IEC number is issued by Directorate General of Foreign Trade at each regional office where the exporter/importer is situated. It has recently introduced the facility of issuing Importer Exporter Code in electronic form (e-IEC).

    For issuance of e-IEC an application can be submitted online on DGFT website. Applicants can upload the documents and pay the required fee through net banking.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the procedure for transfer of imported goods?

    Freely importable goods can be transferred by sale or otherwise by importer  freely. Transfer of imported goods, which are subject to actual user condition and have become surplus to the needs of actual user, shall be made only with prior permission of DGFT (HQ). For details relevant para 2.43 of Handbook of Procedures may be seen.

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  • Can we get refund of Service Tax on payments made for Certificates of Origin (COO) to FIEO or other Chambers of Commerce?

    FIEO  or EPC or Trade Association which issues COO Certificate  acts as a technical inspection and certification agency, and issuance of COO attracts service tax under ‘technical inspection and certification agency’ service. Service tax paid on ‘technical inspection and certification’ of export goods is eligible for refund under Notification 17/2009-ST dated 7th July, 2009.

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  • What are the documents needed for an Importer Exporter Code application?

    The following documents to be submitted/ uploaded along with the application for IEC:

    A.  Entity seeking the IEC: 

    (1) PAN of the business entity in whose name import/export would be done (Applicant individual in case of Proprietorship firms). 

    (2) Address proof of the applicant entity. 

    (3) LLPIN /CIN/ Registration Certification Number (whichever is applicable). 

    (4) Bank account details of the entity. Cancelled cheque bearing entity’s pre-printed name or Bank certificate in prescribed format ANF2A(I).

    B. Proprietor/ Partners/ Directors/ Secretary or Chief Executive of the Society/ Managing Trustee of the entity:

    (1) PAN (for all categories)

    (2) DIN/DPIN (in case of Company /LLP firm)

    C. Individual/ signatory applicant:

    (1) Identity proof

    (2) PAN

    (3) Photograph

    More details on documents can be obtained from the following Link

    C. Individual/ signatory applicant:

    (1) Identity proof

    (2) PAN

    (3) Photograph

    More details on documents can be obtained from the following Link

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  • What are the documents to be filled to clear the imported goods for home consumption?

    1) Supplier’s invoice.

    2) Import Authorisation, if applicable

    3) Bill of lading (original and non-negotiable).

    4) Packing list (2 copies).

    5) If invoice is for FOB, freight charges and insurance premium amount certificate should be attached.

    6) Catalogue/write/up/drawing for machinery items.

    7) If second hand machinery is being imported then Chartered Engineers certificate is necessary as per the Import Export Policy

    8) If steel is being imported then analysis certificate from manufacturers.

    9) In the case of chemicals & allied products like synthetic resin wax, literature showing chemical composition.

    Apart from the above the importers are also required to file declaration in the prescribed form by the importers regarding correctness of the contents and the value of the goods.

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  • What is the procedure for import of prototypes?

    Import of new / second hand prototypes / second hand samples may be allowed on payment of duty without an authorisation to an actual user (Industrial) engaged in production of or having industrial licence / letter of intent for research in item for which prototype is sought for product development or research, as the case may, upon a self – declaration to that effect, to satisfaction of customs authority.

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  • What is meant by the term “verification” used in Reform point 4-sub point i.e. “Eliminate physical touch-point for document submission and verification”

    The Reform Point pertains to elimination of physical touch-point at the time of the routine scrutiny and verifying the sanctity of documents, done by the Departments after receipt of an application.

    The investor should not be required to visit the Department concerned nor should the official be required to physically contact him for the purpose of verification. Clarification may be sought online.

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  • Are the States required to empanel the same agencies for third-party certification which have been empanelled by DPIIT?

    Yes. There is no need for empanelment of the same third party agencies by the State.

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  • What is meant by “specific permissions from the respective Head of Department”?

    The permission for every surprise inspection or inspection based on complaints must be taken from the officer who heads the Department within the State/UT.

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  • What should be the notification process for an investor who has applied for multiple approvals?

    In case where an investor has applied for multiple permits/ NOCs/ approvals, the investor shall be notified as and when each approval is accorded, without waiting for other approvals.

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  • Are the States allowed to relax criteria for hiring of BOE?

    No.

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  • Will multiple site visits which are a part of a single inspection be considered a violation of the reform criteria with respect to The Boilers Act 1923?

    Inspection for a boiler which requires more than one visit can be considered as one inspection and the same inspector can carry out the stages of inspections (in case of power boiler which requires thorough examination and Hydro testing on two different days, must be considered as one inspection). For subsequent inspections the State Government may advise/educate the boiler owner to approach Private Component Persons for carrying out the inspections of Boilers so that the system proposed in BRAP 2019 can be effectively implemented.

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  • What does “service wise approvals may be granted” refer to in subpoint (v) of the reform?

    This refers to the case where different approvals are granted in accordance with different timelines. The applicant should receive approvals in the Single Window System as and when they are given by the Department / Agency responsible.

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  • Is there a requirement of empanelment of Boiler Operation Engineer?

    No, there is no requirement of empanelment of BOE.

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  • If the provision for renewal of a License is no longer valid for State, how will State be evaluated for this point?

    If the renewal of license is no longer valid in the State, the State must provide appropriate evidence for the same. If another provision has been introduced, such as payment of periodic fee for retention of old license, the State must ensure the process is completely online. Evidence for the same must be provided as well.

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  • What is the limit (number of years) for the digitization of land transaction deed?

    The Reform aims at bringing ease of buying and registering property. The limitation law requires that records up to 30 years are available to the person to verify the title and encumbrances. In the current year, only 10 years of the same is proposed to be covered. Going slow on this reform will keep registering property a cumbersome process for many years. Therefore, the number of years are expected to be 15, 20 and 30 years in next 3 years.

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