• What are the different methods to calculate arm’s length price?

    The various methods to calculate the arm’s length price with respect to an international/specified transaction are as under:

    • Comparable uncontrolled price method (CUP)
    • Resale price method (RPM)
    • Cost plus method (CPM)
    • Profit Split Method (PSM)
    • Transactional net margin method (TNMM)
    • Other Method as prescribed by the Board (CBDT)

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  • What are the different types of methods which can be applied for computing arm's length price?

    As per Section 92C of the Income - tax Act, 1961, the following methods can be used for computing arm's length price: 
    a) Comparable Uncontrolled Price (CUP) Method 
    b) Resale Price Method (RPM) 
    c) Cost Plus Method (CPM) 
    d) Profit Split Method (PSM) 
    e) Transactional Net Margin Method (TNMM) 
    f) Any Other Method

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  • Is there a requirement for a fresh benchmarking analysis every year vs roll-forward/ update of the financials?

    A fresh benchmarking search needs to be conducted every year. According to Rule 10D(4), “The information and documents specified under [sub-rules (1), (2) and (2A)], should, as far as possible, be contemporaneous and should exist latest by the specified date referred to in clause (iv) of section 92F.”

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  • When are the taxpayers required to prepare Transfer Pricing (TP) Documentation as per Rule 10D of the Income - tax Rules, 1962?

    Taxpayers indulging in any international or specified domestic transactions are required to maintain a set of documents specified in Rule 10D of the Income - tax Rules, 1962. The transfer pricing documentation shall be required if the value of international transactions exceeds INR 1 crore and specified domestic transactions exceed INR 20 crore in a financial year.

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  • Is there a statutory deadline for submission of transfer pricing documentation?

    An accountant’s report in Form 3CEB must be furnished along with the Income Tax Return, i.e., (on or before 30 November following the end of the financial year under consideration). With respect to the transfer pricing documentation, the taxpayer is required to maintain the same before furnishing Form 3CEB. However, there is no requirement of furnishing the transfer pricing documentation along with accountant’s report/Form 3CEB at the time of filing tax return.

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  • When are the taxpayers required to file accountant's report specified in Section 92E of the Income - tax Act, 1961?

    All the taxpayers are mandatorily required to file an accountant's report prepared by an independent professional through Form No. 3CEB for all international transactions irrespective of the value of international transactions and specified domestic transactions if the value exceeds INR 20 crore in a financial year.

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  • What are safe harbor rules under the Indian transfer pricing regulations?

    Safe harbor rules is a mechanism under which in certain circumstances tax authorities accept the transfer prices declared by tax payer without undertaking detailed audit. The tax authorities have introduced rules prescribing procedure for adopting safe harbor, the transfer price to be adopted, the compliance procedures upon adoption of safe harbor and the circumstances in which a safe harbor adopted may be held to be invalid.

    The categories of international transactions covered under the safe harbor provisions include:

    • Provision of software development services
    • Provision of IT enabled services
    • Provision of knowledge process outsourcing services
    • Advancing of intra-group loans
    • Provision of corporate guarantee
    • Provision of contract research and development services
    • Manufacturing and export of auto components
    • Receipt of low value adding intragroup services

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  • Which transaction is classified as “international transaction”?

    The term international transaction as defined under Section 92B of the Act as:

    • Purchase, sale or lease of tangible or intangible property
    • Provision of services
    • Lending or borrowing of money or capital financing, including any type of long-term or short-term borrowing, lending or guarantee; purchase or sale of marketable securities or any type of advance, payments or deferred payment or receivable; or any other debt arising during the course of business
    • A mutual agreement or arrangement for cost allocation or apportionment
    • A transaction of business restructuring or reorganization
    • Any other transaction having a bearing on the profits, income, losses or assets of such enterprises

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  • Does Indian transfer pricing law have an Advance Pricing Agreement (APA) program?

    APA is a binding agreement between the taxpayer and tax authority to determine in advance, a set of criteria that would govern the transfer prices for covered inter-company transactions for a fixed period of time.

    The APA regime has been introduced in India effective 01 July 2012. The APA rules provide an option for taxpayers to seek a unilateral, bilateral or multilateral APA. It can be valid for up to five years and additionally for a period of four consecutive previous years.

    The APA filing process includes an optional pre-filing submission, the filing of the APA request, negotiation of the APA, execution and monitoring. Taxpayers are required to prepare and file an annual compliance report for each year under the APA. It helps that taxpayer in attaining certainty on the transfer price adopted and assists in mitigating the risks of litigation for the period covered under APA.

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  • When do the transfer pricing regulations apply to an enterprise?

    An enterprise is required to comply with the transfer pricing regulations when:

    • The taxpayer has entered into an international transaction or a specific domestic transaction (within India)
    • With an associated enterprise outside India, (international transaction) or within India (specific domestic transaction)

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  • If a copyright is rejected, is there any opportunity given for hearing the case?

    As per the rule 70 (12) of the Copyright Rules, 2013, an opportunity of hearing must be given. Only after hearing, it may be decided to register the work or to reject it. The applicant himself or his/her pleader may appear in the hearing.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the guidelines regarding registration of a work under the Copyright Act 1957?

    Chapter XIII of the Copyright Rules, 2013, as amended, sets out the procedure for the registration of a work. Copies of the Act and Rules can be obtained from the Manager of Publications, Publication Branch, Civil Lines, Delhi or his authorized dealers on payment or download from the Copyright Office web-site, link.

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  • Can an individual file for registration of copyright of a work without professional assistance?

    Yes. Any individual who is an author or rights owner or assignee or legal heir can file application for copyright of a work either at the copyright office or by post or by e-filing facility from the copyright Office web-site "www.copyright.gov.in"

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the fee for getting work registered under the copyright act?

    The fee is not reimbursable in case of rejection of the application. The fee can be paid by postal order/demand draft/online payment payable to “registrar of copyrights, New Delhi. 

    For information on the fee for getting work registered under the copyright act, click here

     

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  • Where can I file application for registration of copyright for a work?

    The Copyright Office has been set up to provide registration facilities to all types of works and is headed by a Registrar of Copyrights and is located at 4th Floor Jeevan Deep Building, New Delhi- 110 001. The applications for registration of works can be filled at the counter provided at the Copyright Office from 2.30 P.M. to 4.30. P.M. from Monday to Friday. The applications are also accepted by post. On-line registration through “E-filing facility “has been provided from 14th February 2014, which facilitates the applicants to file applications at the time and place chosen by them.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the procedure for registration of a work under the Copyright Act, 1957?

    The procedure for registration is as follows:
     1) Application for registration is to be made on Form
     2) Separate applications should be made for registration of each work.
     3) Each application should be accompanied by the requisite fee prescribed in the second schedule to the Rules.
     4) The applications should be signed by the applicant or the advocate in whose favour a Vakalatnama or Power of Attorney has been executed.
     5) The fee is either in the form of Demand Draft, Indian Postal Order favouring ‘Registrar Of Copyright Payable At New Delhi’ or through E-payment

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is it necessary to register a work to claim copyright?

    No. Acquisition of copyright is automatic and it does not require any formality. Copyright comes into existence as soon as a work is created and no formality is required to be completed for acquiring copyright.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How long I have to wait to get my work to get registered by the Copyright office?

    After you file your application and receive diary number you have to wait for a mandatory period of 30 days so that no objection is filed in the Copyright office against your claim. In case any objection is filed, the Registrar of Copyrights after giving an opportunity of hearing to both the parties, may decide to register the work or otherwise.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is copyright?

    Copyright is a right given by the law to creators of literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings. In fact, it is a bundle of rights including, inter alia, rights of reproduction, communication to the public, adaptation and translation of the work. There could be slight variations in the composition of the rights depending on the work.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How can I get copyright registration for my Website?

    A website may be understood as a web-page or set of interconnected web-pages, hosted or stored on a server, and is made available online to members of public. Users can access the information and other underlying work on a website through various means such as scrolling web-pages, using internal hypertext links or a search feature.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is a Register of Designs under the Designs Act of 2000?

    The Register of Designs is a document maintained by The Patent Office, Kolkata as a statutory requirement. It contains the design number, class number, date of filing (in this country) and reciprocity date (if any), name and address of Proprietor and such other matters as would affect the validity of proprietorship of the design and it is open for public inspection on payment of prescribed fee & extract from register may also be obtained on request with the prescribed fee. For further details please access following.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is meant by priority claim under the Designs Act, 2000?

    India is one of the countries party to the Paris Convention so the provisions for the right of priority are applicable. On the basis of a regular first application filed in one of the contracting state, the applicant may within the six months apply for protection in other contracting states, latter application will be regarded as if it had been filed on the same day as the first application.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can stamps. Labels, tokens, cards be considered an article for the purpose of registration of Design?

    No. Because once the alleged Design i.e., ornamentation is removed only a piece of paper, metal or like material remains and the article referred ceases to exist. Article must have its existence independent of the Designs applied to it.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How does a registration of design stop other people from exploiting?

    Once a design is registered, it gives the legal right to bring an action against those persons (natural/legal entity) who infringe the design right, in the Court not lower than District Court in order to stop such exploitation and to claim any damage to which the registered proprietor is legally entitled.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Whether it is possible to transfer the right of ownership for a design under The Design Act 2000?

    Yes, it is possible to transfer the right through assignment, agreement, transmission with terms and condition in writing or by operation of law. However, certain restrictive conditions not being the subject matter of protection relating to registration of design should not be included in the terms and condition of the contract/agreement etc.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the object of registration of Designs under the Design Act?

    Object of the Design Act is to protect new or original designs so created to be applied or applicable to particular article to be manufactured by Industrial Process or means.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can the application for registration of design be filed by the applicant himself only or through a professional person under the Design Act 2000?

    The application for registration of design can be filed by the applicant himself or through a professional person (i.e. patent agent, legal practitioner). However, for the applicants not resident of India an agent residing in India has to be employed.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How to get information on registration of design?

    After registration of designs the best view of the article along with other bibliographic data will be notified in the Official Journal of The Patent Office, which is being published on every Friday.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is defined as an article under the Designs Act?

    Under the Designs Act, 2000 the "article" means any article of manufacture and any substance, artificial, or partly artificial and partly natural; and includes any part of an article capable of being made and sold separately.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can the same applicant make an application for the same design again, if the prior application has been abandoned?

    Yes, the same applicant can apply again since no publication of the abandoned application is made by the Patent Office, provided the applicant does not publish the said design in the meanwhile.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How do I file a trademark application for my brand?

    The Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks has information regarding trademark form and fees.

    For more information, click here

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  • Does the Trade Marks Registry help to select a trademark agent to prepare and prosecute trademarks application?

    Yes, Trade Marks Registry had published a list of facilitators who are willing to facilitate filing trademark applications for start-ups and act as a trademark agent on their behalf. Their fees for this purpose have also been notified.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the legal requirements to register a trademark in India?

    The legal requirements to register a trademark under the Act are:

    The selected mark should be capable of being represented graphically (that is in the paper form).

    • It should be capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one undertaking from those of others.

    • It should be used or proposed to be used mark in relation to goods or services for the purpose of indicating or so as to indicate a connection in the course of trade between the goods or services and some person have the right to use the mark with or without identity of that person.

    For more information, click here

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  • Can any correction be made in the application or the trademark register?

    Yes. However, the basic principle is that the trademark applied for should not be substantially altered affecting its identity. Subject to this, changes are permissible according to rules detailed in the subordinate legislation.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is there a possibility to get a registered trademark removed?

    It can be removed on application to the Registrar on prescribed form on the ground that the mark is wrongly remaining on the register.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does the trademark register contain?

    The register of trademark currently maintained in electronic form contains inter alia the trademark the class and goods/ services in respect of which it is registered including particulars affecting the scope of registration of rights conferred; the address of the proprietors; particulars of trade or other description of the proprietor; the convention application date (if applicable); where a trademark has been registered with the consent of proprietor of an earlier mark or earlier rights, that fact.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the sources of trademark laws?

    The national statues i.e., The Trade Marks Act, 1999 and rules made are as under:

    ·       International multilateral convention.

    ·       National bilateral treaty.

    ·       Regional treaty

    ·       Decision of the courts

    ·       Office practice reduced in Manuals and guidelines and rulings of the Courts.

    ·       Decision of Intellectual Appellate Board.

    ·       Text books written by academician ad professional experts

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the benefits of registering a trademark?

    The registration of a trademark confers upon the owner the exclusive right to the use the trademark in relation to the goods or services in respect of which the mark is registered and to indicate so by using the symbol (R) and seek the relief of infringement in appropriate courts in the country. The exclusive right is however subject to any conditions entered on the register such as limitation of area of use etc. Also, where two or more persons have registered identical or nearly similar marks due to special circumstances, such exclusive right doesn't operate against each other.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the formalities and government fees for major trademark transactions?

    1. For filing new applications there are prescribed forms depending on the nature of application such as Form TM-1, TM-2, TM-3, TM-8, TM-51 etc. Fees: INR 4000/-
    2. To file a Notice of Opposition to oppose an application published in the Trade Marks Journal (FormTM-5). Fees: INR 2,500/- for each class covered<
    3. For Renewal of a Regd. trademark (Form TM-12). Fees: INR 5,000/-
    4. Surcharge for belated renewal (Form TM-10). Fees: INR 3,000/-
    5. Restoration of removed mark (Form TM-13) Fees: INR 5,000/-
    6. Application for rectification of a registered trademark (Form TM-26) Fees: INR 3,000/-
    7. Legal Certificate (Form TM-46) (Providing details of entries in the Register) Fees: INR 500/-
    8. Copyright search request and issuance of certificate (Form TM-60) Fees: INR 5,000/-.

    For more information, click here

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  • What are the types of trademarks in India?

    Following are the types of trademarks in India:

    1. Any name (including personal or surname of the applicant or predecessor in business or the signature of the person), which is not unusual for trade to adopt as a mark.
    2. An invented word or any arbitrary dictionary word or words, not being directly descriptive of the character or quality of the goods/service.
    3. Letters or numerals or any combination thereof.
    4. The right to proprietorship of a trademark may be acquired by either registration under the Act or by use in relation to particular goods or service.
    5. Devices, including fancy devices or symbols
    6. Monograms
    7. Combination of colors or even a single color in combination with a word or device
    8. Shape of goods or their packaging
    9. Marks constituting a 3- dimensional sign.
    10. Sound marks when represented in conventional notation or described in words by being graphically represented.

    For more information, click here

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  • Is there any provision for early examination of patent application?

    There is no provision for filing a request for early examination of patent application. The applications are examined in the order in which requests for examination are filed. However, an express request for examination before expiry of 31 months can be made in respect of the applications filed under Patent Cooperation Treaty known as National Phase applications by payment of the prescribed fee.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is it necessary to file a provisional application for Patents?

    Generally, when an invention is not complete an application can be filed with provisional specification which is known as provisional application. This is useful in establishing a priority date for your invention.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the contents of the Patent Office Journal?

    The Patent office Journal contains information relating to patent applications which are published u/s 11A, post grant publication, restoration of patent, notifications, list of nonworking patents and public notices issued by the Patent Office.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Is it possible to file international application under Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) in India?

    Yes, it is possible to file an international application known as PCT application in India in the Patent Offices located at Kolkata, Chennai, Mumbai, and Delhi. All these offices act as Receiving Offices (RO) for International application.  

    For address of these offices, website is: www.ipIndia.nic.in

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is a Patent?

    A Patent is a statutory right for an invention granted for a limited period of time to the patentee by the Government, in exchange of full disclosure of his invention for excluding others, from making, using, selling, importing the patented product or process for producing that product for those purposes without his consent.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Where can one find the information relating to published/ granted patent application?

    The information relating to the patent application is published in the Patent Office Journal issued on every Friday. This is also available in electronic form on the website of the Patent Office, www.ipindia.nic.in

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • What can be patented?

    An invention relating either to a product or process that is new, involving inventive step and capable of industrial application can be patented.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the term of a patent in the Indian system?

    The term of every patent granted is 20 years from the date of filing of application. However, for application filed under national phase under Patent Cooperation Treaty(PCT), the term of patent will be 20 years from the international filing date accorded under PCT.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What happens to a patent application once it is examined?

    After examination, the Patent Office issues an examination report to the applicant, which is generally known as First Examination Report (FER). Thereafter, the applicant is required to comply with the requirements within a period of twelve months from the date of FER. In case, the application is found to be in order for grant, the patent is granted, provided there is no pre-grant opposition filed or pending.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Who can apply for a patent? (Under The Patents Act 1970)

    A patent application can be either filled by true and first inventor or his assignee, either alone or jointly with any other person. However, legal representative of any deceased person can also make an application for patent. 

    For further details please access following link.

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  • Registrar of Trade Union withdrew a union’s registration in view of non performance of certain statutory provisions. Is it possible?

    Registrar has the power only to cancel the registration.  He cannot withdraw the order of registration issued by him.

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  • Are there any policies with respect to child labours? If yes, which act?

    Yes, The National Policy on Child Labour declared in August 1987, contains the provisions with respect to employment of child labour.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Are industrial tribunals allowed to fix higher rates under the minimum wages act?

    An Industrial Tribunal adjudicating a dispute relating to wages is not bound by the minimum rates of wages fixed under the Minimum Wages Act and it is open to it to fix wages at rates higher than the rates of minimum wages fixed under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • When happens when membership falls down after the date of application?

    Application shall not become invalid.

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  • Who is a Child under The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986?

    Child means a person who has not completed 14 years of age.

    For more information, click here.

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  • How many labourers are required in any industrial establishment to frame a Works Committee?

    In an industrial establishment wherein one hundred or more workmen are employed or have been employed on any day in the preceding twelve months, the appropriate Government may by general or special order require the employer to constitute a Works Committee in the prescribed manner.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Can an employee getting wages higher than the minimum wages fixed under the Act claim overtime wages under Section 20(2) of the Act?

    Where an employee gets wages higher than the minimum wages fixed under the Act, he cannot claim any benefit under the Act.


    For further details please access following link.

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  • What is the number of registers to be maintained by establishments exempt from furnishing return under labour laws?

    The Registers required to be maintained by establishments exempt from furnishing return are as under:

    1. registers in Form B, Form C and Form D, in the case of small establishments: and
    2. register in Form E, in the case of very small establishments

    For more information, click here

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  • What is the fee structure for registration application under the building and construction workers act?

    Registration fee: 

    • Up to 100 building workers: Rs. 100
    • Between 20 to 500 building workers: Rs. 500
    • Above 500 building workers: Rs. 1000

    For more information, click here

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  • What is retrenchment under the Industrial Dispute Act, 1947?

    Retrenchment means the termination of employee's service by the employer for any reason whatsoever, otherwise than as a punishment inflicted by way of disciplinary action.

    For more information, click here

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  • What is meant by Takeovers & substantial acquisition of shares?

    When an ‘acquirer’ takes over the control of the ‘Target Company’, it is termed as a Takeover. When an acquirer acquires ‘substantial quantity of shares or voting rights’ of the Target Company, it results into substantial acquisition of shares. 
    For further details please access following link.

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  • What are the modes of payment allowed for receiving Foreign Direct Investment in an Indian company?

    An Indian company issuing shares/convertible debentures to a person resident outside India shall receive the amount of consideration by: 
    1) Inward remittance through normal banking channels.
    2) Debit to NRE/ FCNR (B) account of a person concerned maintained with an AD Category I bank.
    3) Debit to non-interest bearing Escrow account in Indian Rupees in India which is opened with the approval from AD Category – I bank and is maintained with the AD Category I bank on behalf of residents and non-residents towards payment of share purchase consideration.
    4) Conversion of royalty/ lump sum/ technical know-how fee due for payment or conversion of ECB. Conversion of pre-incorporation/ pre-operative expenses incurred by the a non-resident entity up to a limit of five percent of its capital or US$ 500,000 whichever is less.
    5) Conversion of import payables/pre incorporation expenses/can be treated as consideration for issue of shares with the approval of FIPB,against any other funds payable to a person resident outside India, the remittance of which does not require the prior approval of the Reserve Bank or the Government of India and swap of capital instruments, provided where the Indian investee company is engaged in a Government route sector, prior Government approval shall be required.If the shares or convertible debentures are not issued within 180 days from the date of receipt of the inward remittance or date of debit to NRE/FCNR (B)/Escrow account, the amount shall be refunded. Further, Reserve Bank may on an application made to it and for sufficient reasons permit an Indian Company to refund/allot shares for the amount of consideration received towards issue of security if such amount is outstanding beyond the period of 180 days from the date of receipt.

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  • When does it become mandatory to notify regarding a combination to CCI?

    The Competition Act requires mandatory notification of all combinations within stipulated timelines. Combinations must be notified to CCI within 30 days of a trigger event

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the way in which maximum permissible non-public shareholding has been derived?

    Maximum permissible non-public shareholding is derived based on the minimum public shareholding requirement under the Securities Contracts (Regulations) Rules 1957 (SCRR). Rule 19A of SCRR requires all listed companies (other than public sector companies) to maintain public shareholding of at least 25% of share capital of the company. Thus, by deduction, the maximum number of shares which can be held by promoters i.e. maximum permissible non-public shareholding in a listed company (other than public sector companies) is 75% of the share capital.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What does the term combination mean under mergers and acquisitions?

    Any Merger or Amalgamation that meets the below threshold limits is considered as combination:

    1. Enterprise Level
      1. India : Assets > Rs 2,000 cr. Or Turnover > Rs. 6,000 Cr
      2. Worldwide (India component) : Assets > $ 1Bn with Rs. 1000 cr in India Or Turnover > $ 3Bn with Rs. 3,000 Cr in India
    2. Group Level
      1. India: Assets > Rs 8,000 cr. Or Turnover > Rs. 24,000 Cr
      2. Worldwide (India Component): Assets > $ 4Bn with Rs. 1000 cr in India Or Turnover > $ 12Bn with Rs. 3,000 Cr in India

                For more information, click here.  

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  • What is the meaning of a voluntary open offer?

    A voluntary open offer under Regulation 6, is an offer made by a person who himself or through persons acting in concert, if any, holds 25% or more shares or voting rights in the target company but less than the maximum permissible non-public shareholding limit.

    For more information, click here.

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  • Does one need to notify CCI in case they are acquiring less than 25% of equity shares of a listed company from a secondary market?

    The acquisition of up to 25% shares where the acquirer does not acquire control and the acquisition is solely as an investment or in ordinary course of business, need not normally be notified to the CCI for prior approval.

    For more information, click here.

     

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  • Do all acquisitions of shares in excess of the prescribed limits and/or control lead to an open offer?

    No, in respect of certain acquisitions, SAST Regulations, 2011 provide exemption from the requirements of making an open offer, subject to certain conditions being fulfilled. For example, acquisition pursuant to inter- se transfer of shares between certain categories of shareholders, acquisition in the ordinary course of business by entities like underwriter registered with SEBI, stock brokers, merchant bankers acting as stabilizing agent, Scheduled Commercial Bank (SCB), acting as an escrow agent, etc.

    For further details please access following link. 

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  • What are the applicable competition laws/rules/regulations in respect of merger, amalgamations and acquisition transactions?

    Following statutory provisions apply to mergers, amalgamations and acquisitions from competition law perspective:
    1) Competition Act, 2002.
    2) The Competition Commission of India (Procedure in regard to the transaction of business relating to combinations) Regulations, 2011.
    3) The Competition Commission of India (General) Regulations, 2009:
    i) Notification No. S.O. 93(E) dated January 8, 2013
    ii) Notification No. S.O. 673(E) dated March 4, 2016
    iii) Notification No. S.O. 674(E) dated March 4, 2016
    iv) Notification No. S.O. 675(E) dated March 4, 2016
    v) Notification No. S.O. 988(E) dated March 29, 2017
    vi) Notification No. S.O. 2039(E) dated June 29, 2017
    For further details please access following link.

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  • What is the validity of an open offer?

    Ten days

    For more information, click here

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  • How to deposit Self Assessment Tax or Advance tax to the credit of Government?

    ​Self Assessment Tax or Advance Tax is to be deposited to the credit of Government by using the challan prescribed in this behalf, i.e., ITNS 280. The Challan can be downloaded from www.incometaxindia.gov.in Tax can be paid in the designated banks through two modes, viz., physical mode, i.e., cash/cheque or e-payment mode by using debit card or internet banking. ​​

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  • What are the consequences if a taxpayer (say, Chinese corporation or Wholly Owned Subsidiary, WOS) does not file tax return in India?

    Non-filing of tax return despite of having taxable income carries penalty and prosecution exposure. Also, non-filing of tax return with negative income by due date prohibits the carry forward of such losses including the losses in the past years, if any, to the subsequent year for adjustment against subsequent year(s) positive income. Taxpayers are liable to furnish the tax returns even in situation where tax payable is negated by the taxes withheld by the customers.

    Further, it may be noted that non-payment of tax, i.e., tax evasion can attract interest, penalty and prosecution.

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  • If the ultimate parent entity of the group is a resident of a country (home jurisdiction) where the CbCR is not required to be filed, or if it has not opted for a parent surrogate filing, will the Indian CE be required to file a CbCR in India?

    As per the section 286(4) of the Income Tax Act, if the ultimate parent entity, resides in a country where CbCR is not required to be filed and the group has not opted for a surrogate filing, then the entity will be obligated to file a CbCR in India.

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  • Who will collect and transfer the Stamp duty to States in case of transactions in units of Mutual Funds and AIFs in Statement of Account/ Physical (non-demat form)?

    To provide for collection of Stamp Duty on transactions in mutual fund and AIF units in the statement of account/physical (non-demat) form, RTI and/or STA have been notified (vide Gazette Notification dated 8th January, 2020) as a “Depository” for the limited purposes of acting as a “collecting agent” under the said Act and the Rules made thereunder. Accordingly, for non-demat Mutual Fund and AIF transactions, collection of stamp duty by RTAs shall be governed by the provisions of Section 9A(1)(b) and 9A(1)(c) and the transfer of stamp duty to the respective States shall be governed by the provisions of Section 9A (4). Thus, the transfer of collected stamp duty to respective States/UTs by RTAs also is governed by buyer-based principle as covered in Section 9A(4) and not on the basis of registered office of the issuer.

    For more information on Indian Stamp Act, 1899, click here. For more details about the amendments, refer here.

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  • Would a foreign bidder require a Goods and Service Tax registration in India for execution of works contract?

    If the foreign bidder coming into India for execution of LSTK works contract, then as per Sec 24 of CGST Act, such foreign bidder would be required to obtain GST registration mandatorily in India.

    For more information, click here

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  • What duties will be levied on import of goods?

    Customs duty and cess as applicable + IGST+ GST compensation cess. IGST and GST compensation cess shall be paid after adding all customs duty and customs cess to the value of imports.

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  • What is an e-way bill?

    An e-way bill is an electronic document generated on common portal evidencing movement of goods of consignment value more than INR 50,000.

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  • What is e-PAN?

    e-PAN is a digitally signed PAN card issued in electronic form and it is a valid proof of allotment of PAN.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What are the elements of employment compensation, that enjoy exemption from tax?

    Generally, subject to certain conditions, following items of compensation are not taxable in the hands of employees:
    1) House Rent Allowance (HRA): HRA is an allowance granted to meet housing costs of employees. This exemption is not available if the employee resides in his own house, or in a house for which he does not incur any rent.
    2) Certain travel/tour allowances: Allowances granted to meet the cost of travel for official purposes are exempt (on actual basis).
    3) Reimbursement of medical expenses up to specified limits: Reimbursement of medical expenses actually incurred by an employee for self or any member of his/her family is exempt up to US$ 217.50 per tax year.
    4) Leave travel concession (LTC): LTC granted to an employee for vacation at any place in India is exempt for upto two journeys in a block of four calendar years, subject to certain conditions.
    5) Tax borne by an employer on non-monetary perquisites: 
    Tax borne by an employer on non-monetary perquisites provided to its employee, is exempt from tax, provided the employer does not claim it as a deduction against its taxable income.
    6) Gratuity: Gratuity received by an employee on retirement/termination of employment or by family on the death of employee tax-payer is exempt from tax subject to specified limit (presently US$ 14,505).
    7) Leave encashment: Leave encashment received by an employee on retirement is exempt from tax subject to specified limit (presently INR 300,000).
    8) Employer Provident Fund contribution:Employer’s contribution towards Provident Fund is exempt from tax subject to fulfilment of certain conditions.
    Apart from above, there are other allowances such as Children’s allowance, hostel allowance, etc., which form part of salary and are exempt from tax but subject to certain conditions and/or monetary limits.

    For further details please access following link.

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  • Do the Indian tax laws prescribe any beneficial tax rates where a Foreign corporation proposes to establish an Indian subsidiary for undertaking manufacturing activities in India?

    Yes. The Indian tax laws provide the option of beneficial tax rate of 17.6% (15% plus 10% plus 4%) for taxing the income of a new Indian subsidiary engaged in manufacturing activities, incorporated on or after 01 October 2019 and commencing manufacturing on or before 31 March 2023 (subject to certain conditions).

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  • In case an EOU is procuring raw material from the indigenous market and then selling the product in the DTA then what is the amount of duty they are required to pay?

    In case an EOU making a product by procuring 100% raw material indigenously, then such product can be sold in the domestic market on payment of basic duty. Department of Revenue Notification No. Cicrular No. 85/2001-Cus., dated 21/12/2001, may please be seen. 

    For more. go to link.

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  • Which categories do not need an Importer Exporter Code (IEC)?

    Few categories are exempted from IEC, such as:

    • Ministries/ Departments of Central or State Government,
    • Persons importing or exporting goods for personal use not connected with trade or manufacture or agriculture etc.

    Detailed lists of exempt categories and corresponding permanent IEC numbers are given in the section named “IEC No. Exempted Categories" in the link provided below.

    For more information, click here

     

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  • What are the benefits of the LOC to the overseas importer of Indian goods and services?

    Exim Bank has been using the LOC mechanism for promoting India's exports to the traditional as well as new markets in developing countries, which need deferred credit for buying Indian machinery, goods and services. As the LOC is extended by Exim Bank on internationally competitive terms, the overseas importer of Indian goods is allowed access to the credit facility at competitive interest rates. The overseas importer and the Indian exporter do not have to negotiate credit terms separately as the credit arrangement between Exim Bank and the overseas borrower financial institution is already in place. 

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  • What is the new policy for import of gold by the banks?

    The new policy for import of gold is yet to be notified by RBI post scrapping of 20: 80 scheme on 28th November 2014 and it is anticipated that this would also be accompanied by some change in duty structure.

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  • Does IEC need to be revalidated after a period of time?

    No, IEC need not be revalidated  if the PAN is incorporated in it, but the same needs to be updated for changes in name / address / constitution.

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  • How can EOUs get star status?

    As per the present provision given in Chapter 3, paragraph 3.21 of the Foreign Trade Policy, exporters are given recognition as a 1 star export house, 2 star export house, 3 star export house, 4 star export house and 5 star export house etc. The eligibility criteria is:-

    (1) One Star Export House -3 million $

    (2) Two Star Export House – 25 million $

    (3) Three Star Export House - 100 million $

    (4) Four Star Export House -500 million $

    (5) Five Star Export House – 2000 million $ .

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  • Can Export /Import be made without Importer Exporter Code?

    No person is allowed to make any import or export without an IEC. IEC forms a primary document for recognition by Govt. of India as an Exporter/ Importer. However, there are a few exceptions listed down by the Directorate General of Foreign Trade.

    For more information, click here.

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  • What is the procedure for import of items which is governed through exclusive or special privileges granted to State Trading Enterprises (STE)(s)?

    Any goods, import of which is governed through exclusive or special privileges granted to State Trading Enterprises (STE(s)), may be imported by STE(s) as per conditions specified in ITC (HS). DGFT may, however, grant an Authorisation to any other person to import or export any of these goods under CHAPTER 2 of the Foreign Trade Policy 2015-2020. More details can be obtained from : Link

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  • Can we offset the payment receivable from importer towards consultancy to be paid to him?

    You are permitted to capitalise the payments due from the foreign entity towards exports, fees, royalties or any other dues from the foreign entity for supply of technical know-how, consultancy, managerial and other services within the ceilings applicable. Capitalisation of export proceeds remaining unrealised beyond the prescribed period of realisation will require prior approval of the Reserve Bank of India.

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  • Can I surrender Import Export Code number if I do not wish to operate as Exporter Importer?

    If an IEC holder does not wish to operate allotted IEC number, he may surrender same by informing issuing authority. On receipt of such intimation, issuing authority shall immediately cancel it and electronically transmit it to DGFT and Customs authorities.

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  • If the provision for renewal of a License is no longer valid for State, how will State be evaluated for this point?

    If the renewal of license is no longer valid in the State, the State must provide appropriate evidence for the same. If another provision has been introduced, such as payment of periodic fee for retention of old license, the State must ensure the process is completely online. Evidence for the same must be provided as well.

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  • What is the limit (number of years) for the digitization of land transaction deed?

    The Reform aims at bringing ease of buying and registering property. The limitation law requires that records up to 30 years are available to the person to verify the title and encumbrances. In the current year, only 10 years of the same is proposed to be covered. Going slow on this reform will keep registering property a cumbersome process for many years. Therefore, the number of years are expected to be 15, 20 and 30 years in next 3 years.

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  • .Introduction of “Minimum 5 years of experience in the field related to boilers for BOE” in contradiction to Rule 31 of the BOE Rules, 2011 relating to age, qualifications and experience for BOE?

    Rule 31 of the BOE Rules, 2011 provides for minimum eligibility criteria i.e. age, qualifications and experience for obtaining a certificate of proficiency and operate a boiler as a Boiler Operation Engineer. The said criteria is Stated for both, Diploma and Degree Holders.

    However, under BRAP 2019, distinction form the qualifications under Rule 31 of the BOE Rules, 2011 has been made in relation to third-party certification. For the purpose of issuing/granting third-party certification, only a BOE who holds a degree/is a graduate in Mechanical/ Production/ Power Plant/ Metallurgical engineering from a recognised institution and has minimum 5 years of experience in the field related to boilers is eligible. The said reform excludes diploma holders to grant third-party certificate.

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  • What should be reflected in metadata Record of Rights (ROR) at all Revenue Department offices online in public domain for all areas of the State/UT?

    The metadata shall reflect ownership details and history of ownership of land.

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  • Are there any specific restriction on BOEs to conduct third-party inspections?

    There are no restrictions on BOE if they are authorized under section 34(3) of the Boilers Act 1923.

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  • What is the process for integration of the data pertaining to cases pending/resolved before the Civil Courts?

    Data pertaining to cases pending/resolved before the Civil Courts is available with the Court Registry or respective filing section(s) of the Revenue/District Courts and High Court in the State. The same falls within the purview of the State and should be integrated/ linked with the record of each parcel of land.

    Further, it has been represented by some States that integration of land records and civil court case data is under consideration of the Supreme Court ecommittee. The Case Information Management System will include details of land in relation to civil court case data. In this regard, the States/UT's are advised to pursue the same for implementation with the Supreme Court e-committee. DIPP will assist States/UTs in this regard, as is required.

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  • Whether both registration and renewal feature required to be developed?

    The State shall develop feature only for registration under Shops and Establishments Act. The “Registration and renewal under The Shops and Establishments Act” refers only to the main heading of the reforms.

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  • When a user enters the survey number/property identification number on the website, the information like land transaction deed, property tax, revenue court case details and civil court case data can be shown on a single web-page of the website?

    Details of land transaction deed, property tax etc. must be displayed on a single web page on one website in a consolidated format.

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  • .Should requirement for renewal of registration under Shops and Establishments Act be eliminated?

    Yes. The State should encourage voluntary update of information by the establishment and remove requirement for renewal of registration under Shops and Establishments Act

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  • Which Departments would fall under the term “Departments involved” as Stated in reform action plan point 1-sub point number (iii)?

    The “Departments involved” means the Departments whose clearances/ approvals/ NOCs are required prior to applying for a particular service.

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