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渔业和水产养殖:待定

印度是世界上最大的虾出口国,2019 财年的出口额为 48.9 亿美元。
印度在 2019 财年共出口了价值 67 亿美元的鱼和鱼产品。
中国、美国、东南亚、欧盟和日本是印度鱼和鱼产品的主要出口目的地。
印度的鱼类产量从 1950 财年的 0.75 MMT 增加到 2019 财年的 14.16 MMT,增长了 19 倍。
2019 财年,74% 的鱼类产量由内陆渔业贡献,其余 26% 由海洋渔业贡献。
有 2800 万渔民和养鱼户从事初级渔业和水产养殖业。

  • %

    2019年水产养殖对印度鱼类生产的贡献

  • %

    2019财年行业平均年增长率

  • %

    2019 财年该行业对农业 GVA 的贡献

  • %

    2019财年该行业对全国GVA的贡献

1st largest culture shrimp producer and exporter 

2nd  largest aquaculture producing country

3rd largest fish producing country 

Industry Scenario

1.24% Contribution of the sector in nation’s GVA in FY 2019 

With the rising population, stress on existing resources is increasing tremendously to meet the growing demand for nutritional diet. Fisheries and Aquaculture sector plays a vital role in meeting this growing demand for protein. 


India’s top fish consuming states in terms of per capita consumption are Tripura, Kerala, Manipur, Orissa, and Assam


India Specific Key Facts: 

  • 10.43 MMT Inland Fisheries production in FY 2019 
  • 3.72 MMT Marine Fisheries production in FY 2019 
  • Frozen shrimp and Frozen Fish continued to be the flagship export item
  • $1.56 mn Export of Ornamental Fisheries in FY 2019
  • Top exporting destination for Ornamental Fisheries: Thailand; UAE; Singapore; Hong Kong; China; Jordan; Taiwan
  • States with major breeding units for Ornamental Fisheries: Tamil Nadu; Maharashtra; Kerala; Rajasthan; Madhya Pradesh; Himachal Pradesh; West Bengal
  • 1548 total fish landing centres 
  • 654 Cold Storages with 402,949.38 MT of capacity
  • 42 Chilled Storages with 23,267.80 MT of capacity 
  • 90 Dry Fish Storages with 30,151.92 MT of capacity

增长驱动力

  • Demand-side drivers

    Fish is an affordable and rich source of protein, minerals and vitamins Changing lifestyle and food habits towards animal-based diet Increasing demand for protein due to rising population

  • Supply-side drivers

    Rich and diverse set of water resources implying diverse fisheries resources 10 % of the global biodiversity in terms of fish and shellfish species found in India 2.02 million sq.km EEZ & underutilized inland waters offer a huge potential

  • Policy support

    Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF)- INR 7522.48 Cr Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)- INR 20,500 Cr Production Linked Incentive Scheme for Food Processing Industry- INR 10900 Cr FDI Policy- 100% FDI allowed through automatic route in Pisciculture and Aquaculture

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工业土地银行门户

基于 GIS 的地图显示用于在该州开展业务运营的可用基础设施。

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