Jammu and Kashmir: Dry fruits worth ~USD 1 bn exported in 2015-16
Jammu and Kashmir, the northern-most state of India, shares its international border with China, Afghanistan and Pakistan. The state lies in the Greater-Himalayan ranges and is enclosed with mountains and valleys. Chenab, Jhelum and Ravi, all part of the Indus river system, are the major rivers that flow through the state.
Horticulture and floriculture are the mainstays of Jammu and Kashmir economy. The state is also renowned for handloom and handicrafts products. As many as 4 handicraft products are registered as geographical indications (GI) of Jammu and Kashmir, including the popular Pashmina wool. The state has about 53 industrial estates and more than 29,400 small-scale enterprises with a total investment over USD 568 mn. The state is well-connected with an international airport in Srinagar and two domestic airports in Jammu and Leh. There are several upcoming ropeways and cable car projects to facilitate better tourist movement.
Key upcoming projects include:
- Khanmoh Industrial Estate in Srinagar
- Doabgah Food Park in Baramulla
- Third largest producer of wool in India
- India's largest producer of saffron, one of the most expensive spices in the world
- Kashmir Willow bats, used in the game of cricket, are made out of Willow trees in the state
- GSDP (Current price)
USD 18 bn (2015-16)
- GSDP growth rate (YoY)
- Per capita income
USD 1,140 (2015-16)
- Share of renewable in energy
Jammu and Kashmir is the 19th most populated state in India, with 1% of the total population of the country.
The total population of the state is 12.5 mn, comparable to the population of Belgium.
females/ 1000 males
In 2015-16, total production of fruits in the state stood at around 2.6 mn metric tonnes. The state exported USD 945 mn worth of fresh and dry fruits in the same year. Seven lakh families comprising of 33 lakh people are directly or indirectly engaged in horticulture industry in the state.
Jammu and Kashmir has 523 registered handloom industrial co-operative societies with approximately 38,000 handlooms and 3018 handicrafts societies registered. In 2014-15, woollen shawls and silk carpets accounted for about 34% and 32% share respectively in state's total exports.
Jammu is famous for its temples, while the Kashmir valley is known for its scenic beauty. The state government has established 20 tourism development authorities at places with good tourism potential, and has also extended exemption across the lodging services offered by guest houses, hotels and lodges during 2016-17.