Tamil Nadu : Highest contributor to India's renewable energy capacity - 28%
Tamil Nadu has a well-developed infrastructure with an excellent road and rail network. The state also has the second longest coastline in India, running 1,076 km, with 3 major ports and 17 non-major ports and seven airports that offer excellent connectivity. The state has a diversified manufacturing sector and features among the leaders in several industries such as automobile and auto-components, engineering, pharmaceutical, textile and garment products, leather products, chemicals, plastics, etc.
Key upcoming projects include:
- Ennore LNG Project, with an expected capacity of 5 mt of LNG per annum, is being developed by Indian Oil LNG Pvt. Ltd.
- GK Industrial Park, an upcoming 243 ha fabrication-focused industrial property in Tiruchirapalli
- Smart Cities Mission, for which Tiruchirapalli, Tirunelveli, Thiruvananthapuram, Thanjavur, Tiruppur, Salem, Vellore, Coimbatore, Madurai, Thoothukudi and Chennai are the cities identified in Tamil Nadu
Key upcoming industrial corridors:
- Chennai Bengaluru Industrial Corridor (CBIC) is a 560 km long corridor, spread across more than 8,900 ha in Tamil Nadu
- Madurai Tuticorin Industrial Corridor is expected to have an outlay of USD 28.9 bn and cover 29 industrial projects spanning across southern districts of Tamil Nadu
- Highest number of operational SEZs (36) in India
- Largest producer of flowers, banana, tapioca, coconut and turmeric
- Largest producer of eggs and second largest poultry population in India
- GSDP (Current price)
USD 191 bn (2016-17)
- GSDP growth rate (YoY)
- Per capita income
USD 2,284 (2016-17)
- FDI inflow
USD 25 bn (2000-17)
Tamil Nadu is the 6th most populated state in India, constituting around 6% of the total population of the country.
The total population of Tamil Nadu is 72.15 mn. It is India's most urbanised state by population and has third highest sex ratio amongst all states.
females/ 1000 males
The state contributes 21% to the total auto exports from India. It is also the export hub of passenger vehicles, accounting for 70% of India's overall exports. Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu, is one of the largest auto hubs of India. Tamil Nadu the largest tyre manufacturing state in India and home to over 80 auto component manufacturers.
Tamil Nadu is the only state in India to have 4 international airports. To utilise its comparative advantage, the state is planning Special Purpose Aviation Resource Cluster SEZs (SPARKS) to boost investments in the sector, expected to create 100,000 direct and indirect employment opportunities for highly skilled resources. The state has also earmarked 1,214 ha land in Perambalur region for setting up an integrated aerospace park with an estimated investment of USD 830 mn.
Tamil Nadu accounts for 10% of the total pharmaceutical production of the country and is fifth largest producer of pharmaceutical products in India. The state has existing and upcoming SEZs and dedicated bio-pharmaceutical parks that offer research labs, advanced medical equipments and genetic engineering as some of the facilities. The state government has initiated various flagship infrastructure projects in the sector such as the TICEL biotech park-II in Chennai, TICEL biotech park-III in Coimbatore and marine biotech park near Mahabalipuram.
Tamil Nadu ranks first in apparel production and second in textile production in India. It houses India's largest spinning industry, accounting for almost 40% of the total installed capacity of the country. Textile and apparel sector together provide employment to 35% of the state's population. The state has around 6 upcoming textile parks and 2 upcoming apparel parks.
Tamil Nadu is the fourth largest software exporter from India. IT exports from the state account for more than 10% of the country's total IT exports. The state has the largest telecom bandwidth and highest tele-density in India with 14.8 tbps. Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu, has about 1780 IT units and employs more than 400,000 professionals. Tamil Nadu had 16 operational SEZs for IT/ITeS sector as of July 2016. The state government offers various training and capital subsidies to promote investments in the sector.
Tamil Nadu is a leading producer of variety of horticulture crops such as banana, grapes, tea and poultry products. The state has diverse soil types and 7 agro-climatic zones that provide ample opportunity to grow a variety of horticulture crops. Seafood and spices form a major part of agricultural exports from Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Nadu has an advantageous geographical position that offers it a potential of 500 MW of biomass power and a solar incidence of 5.5 - 6 kWh/sq m/day. The state has highest renewable energy capacity in India and ranks 10th globally in installed capacity of wind power generation units. The state government has initiated several schemes such as Chief Minister's Solar Rooftop Capital Incentive Scheme under the Solar Energy Policy 2012 to promote usage of renewable energy in residential lighting and to set up rooftop solar panels.
Tamil Nadu is ranked first in both domestic and foreign tourist arrivals in 2014 and 2015 consecutively in the country. Many steps are being taken to sustain the top position in both domestic and foreign tourist arrivals in the ensuing years. The state holds the distinction of being home to 5 UNESCO Heritage sites, which is the highest for any state in India.