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Arunachal Pradesh: Largest among the 7 northeastern states of India

With an area of about 8.4 mn ha, Arunachal Pradesh shares its international border with Bhutan to the west (217 km), China to the north and northeast (1,080 km) and Myanmar to the east (520 km). The geographic location of the state provides immense opportunities for international trade with South Asian countries.

The state is endowed with an evergreen forest cover of over 82%. Rich flora and fauna of the state are characterized by 601 species of orchids and over 500 species of medicinal plants. Major industries of the state include agriculture, art and crafts, weaving, cane and bamboo, horticulture, power and mineral-based industry. The state has one of the highest potentials for generating hydro-power in India.

 

Key upcoming project includes:

  •  Smart Cities Mission, for which Pasighat is the city identified in Arunachal Pradesh     

Proposed industrial corridor:

  •  East-West Industrial Corridor in northeast India, with an aim to improve connectivity of northeastern states with the rest of India     

Highlights

  • 3rd highest per capita income growth recorded in India during 2015-16
  • Longest international border in northeast India - 1,817 km
  • Home to India's largest and world's second largest monastery - Tawang Monastery
  • GSDP (Current price)

    USD 3 bn (2015-16)

  • GSDP growth rate (YoY)

    13% (2015-16)

  • Per capita income

    USD 1,871 (2015-16)

  • Share of renewable in energy

    74%

Demographics

About 60% of the population of Arunachal Pradesh lies in the working age group of 15-59 years.

The total population of Arunachal Pradesh is 1.3 mn, equivalent to the population of Estonia.

  • 23%

    Urbanisation rate

  • 938

    females/ 1000 males

Skilled manpower
  • Central universities

    1

  • Central agricultural universities

    1

  • Private universities

    7

  • Engineering colleges

    7

  • Polytechnic institutes

    1

Key Sectors

Hydropower sector in Arunachal Pradesh has a potential of 50,000 MW capacity. Some of the key upcoming power projects include the 2,000 MW in Subansiri Lower and 1,750 MW in Demwa Lower.

Major agro and forest-based industries in Arunachal Pradesh are related to tea, fruit, non-timber plywood and cane. An MoU was signed by the state government in 2016 to boost palm oil production in the state on 25,000 ha of land in four districts.

Production of raw silk in the state stood at 37 metric tonnes in 2015-16, compared to 12 metric tonnes in 2014-15. Major textile produce from the state include cotton shawls, side bags and curtain cloth. Carpet making is an important occupation in the districts of Tawang, West Kameng, Changlang and Upper Siang.

Tourism has grown manifold in the recent years in Arunachal Pradesh, with eco and adventure tourism, cultural tourism and religious tourism being the key attractions for tourists. The state is regarded as an 'Orchid Paradise', accounting for 601 species of orchids.

Major Investors

Policies and Resources