Uttar Pradesh: Longest river and rail network
Fourth largest state in India, Uttar Pradesh falls in the influence area of key industrial corridors and several expressways such as the North-South and East-West (NS-EW) Corridor, conveniently connecting it with remote parts of the country. There are as many as 12 major rivers, including the largest river in India: Ganges, that flow through the state.
Uttar Pradesh has an oil refinery in Mathura, operated by Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. High livestock population in the state makes it one of the leading producers of leather products. The state is a leader in the production of multiple food and horticulture crops such as wheat, potato, mango etc. Uttar Pradesh is also the third largest producer of thermal power and second largest producer of hydel power in India. Noida-Greater Noida region in the state is home to 8 operational IT SEZs. With an existing pool of resources, Uttar Pradesh saw more than 143,000 MSMEs and heavy industrial units set-up their base during the 12th five-year plan. The state has the highest number of cities identified under the Smart Cities Mission of India.
Key upcoming projects include:
- Shaktiman Mega Food Park, in over 30 ha, in Jagdishpur
- Integrated Industrial Township (IIT) in Greater Noida, spread across 303 ha
- Smart Cities Mission, for which Aligarh, Kanpur, Allahabad, Lucknow, Varanasi and Agra are the cities identified in Uttar Pradesh
Key upcoming industrial corridor:
- Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) passes through Uttar Pradesh, with presence of two industrial nodes at Dadri-Noida-Ghaziabad Investment Region (DNGIR) and Meerut-Muzaffarnagar Industrial Area (MMIA)
- Largest producer of horticulture crops- mango, green peas, potato
- Largest producer of food crops- wheat, sugarcane
- Largest milk producer in India
- GSDP (Current price)
USD 190 bn (2016-17)
- GSDP growth rate (YoY)
- Per capita income
USD 774 (2016-17)
- Arable land
Around 59% of the population of Uttar Pradesh lies in the working age group of 15-59 years.
The total population of Uttar Pradesh is 200 mn, which is equivalent to that of Brazil.
females/ 1000 males
The state is home to a large pool of suppliers, majorly located in Noida and Ghaziabad. In 2014-15, car and two-wheeler sales in the state reached 140,000 units and 2.2 mn units respectively. In July 2016, Ford India announced its plans to expand retail distribution of Ford genuine parts in Uttar Pradesh.
The state government aims to reduce the gap between potential and actual yields through application of biotechnology. The capital city Lucknow, also the biotech capital of the state, has around 3,000 highly qualified scientists working in drug research labs in the city.
Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of food grains in India and accounted for about 18% of the country’s total food grain output in 2015-16. With 9 agro-climatic zones, the state is a leader in production of wheat and sugarcane. The state produced 134 mn tonnes of sugar in 2015-16. Also a leader in milk production, the state accounts for 21% of the country's total production.
Uttar Pradesh has 10 operational SEZs in Noida, Greater Noida, Bulandshahar and Gautam Budh Nagar. The state is also the fourth largest exporter of softwares; it exported USD 4 bn worth in 2014-15.
Uttar Pradesh is the second largest producer of leather goods and contributes about 25% in total production of leather and leather products in India. Items of major exports are finished leather, leather footwear, saddlery and harness items. Kanpur and Agra districts are respectively the major saddlery and leather shoe manufacturing hubs in India. The state is also the largest exporter of saddlery goods in India.
The state contributes about 6% to India’s total production of chemicals. Chemical manufacturers like Tata Chemicals, Kanoria Chemicals and Jubilant Life Sciences have their presence in the state. There is huge availability of raw materials for production of fertilizers in Bundelkhand area and rock phosphate in Lalitpur.
Uttar Pradesh ranks 9th in the production of cement in India. As of 2014-15, the state was home to 12 large cement plants with a cumulative capacity of 7.2 mn tonnes. The production of limestone in the state stood at 3 mn tonnes in 2014-15.
Uttar Pradesh ranks 3rd in total tourist arrivals in India. The state is home to the first of the seven wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal. In 2015, around 3 mn foreign tourists visited the state.