• What is Automotive Mission Plan (AMP) 2016-2026?

    Automotive mission plan 2016-2026 targets India to be among the top three in the world for engineering, manufacturing and export of vehicles & auto components. You can find more details about achievements, vision and targets on the portal, link. 

  • What is National Automotive Board (NAB)?

    National Automotive Board provides a single platform for dealing with all matters relating to the automotive sector especially on matters pertaining to testing, certification, homologation, administering the automotive labs etc. being setup under NATRIP. The constitution of NAB, filling up of posts etc. is in progress.

    For more details, link. 

  • What is National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020?

    The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 is one of the most important and ambitious initiatives undertaken by the Government of India that has the potential to bring about a transformational paradigm shift in the automotive and transportation industry in the country.

  • What is NATrIPs (National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project)?

    NATrIPs is a unique joining of hands between the Government of India, a number of State Governments and Indian Automotive Industry to create a state of the art Testing, Validation and R&D infrastructure in the country. Presently there are 7 testing facilities finalised. They are:
    a) GARC Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
    b) iCAT Manesar, Haryana.
    c) NATRAX Indore, Madhya Pradesh.
    d) NCVRS Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh.
    e) NIAMIT Silchar, Assam.
    f) VRDE Ahmednagar, Gujarat.
    g) ARAI Pune, Maharashtra.

  • What is the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of hybrid and Electric vehicles (FAME) scheme?

    The FAME scheme introduced in April 2012 is to be implemented over a period of 6 years till 2020 to support hybrid/electric vehicles market development and its manufacturing. Under this scheme, demand incentives will be availed by buyers (end users/consumers) upfront at the point of purchase and the same shall be reimbursed by the manufacturers from Department of Heavy Industries, on a monthly basis.

  • Till when is the FAME scheme applicable for incentives for the electric and hybrid vehicles?

    According to the recent notification issued by the Department of Heavy Industry, the scheme which was only till FY 2016-17 has now been extended till September 2017. For more details on it, you can access the notification through the following link.

  • Is the FAME incentive applicable throughout the country?

    Presently scheme is applicable in selected areas like as notified separately broadly covering following cities:
    a) Cities under ’Smart Cities’ initiatives.
    b) Major metro agglomerations – Delhi NCR, Greater Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad.
    c) All State Capitals and other Urban Agglomerations/Cities with 1 Million+ population (as per 2011 census)
    d) Cities of the North Eastern States.
    However, for 2 and 3 wheeler, scheme is applicable in entire country.

    Please visit the link for more information.

  • Why FAME scheme is not applicable throughout the country?

    Phase I of the scheme is a sort of pilot project just to see the reaction of people to the electric and hybrid vehicles. If this phase is successful, in next phase, scheme will be applicable throughout the country. 

    For more information, please visit the following link.

  • Is the FAME incentive applicable along with any other incentives that may be available in my home state for electric vehicles?

    The FAME incentive will be available over and above any State level EV incentives being offered by any State/Local bodies.
    However for JNNRUM (AMRIT) funded buses, there is a specific incentive amount declared in the Scheme Guidelines.
    Please visit the link for more information.

  • Will the FAME incentive be applicable to fleet operators who wish to purchase xEVs for commercial applications (e.g. for use as a taxi)?

    Yes, the demand incentive will be applicable for fleet operators for commercial applications as well.
    Please visit the link for more information.

  • Will the FAME incentive be applicable for billings done directly by an OEM to a customer i.e. a sale that is not routed through an authorized dealer of the OEM?

    Yes, the OEM can bill the vehicle and customer may avail the demand incentive.
    Please visit the link for more information.

  • Is the FAME incentive available to corporate and other organizations or only to individuals?

    Yes, the incentive will be available to corporate and organizations.
    Please visit the link for more information.

  • Is the FAME incentive applicable for multiple xEV purchases by a customer? Or is it possible to get subsidy for bulk orders on a single person’s name or on single company’s names?

    Yes, an individual may buy multiple xEVs and avail the demand incentive applicable for each of them.
    Please visit the link for more information.

  • Is it necessary to sold sell old gasoline based vehicles to get subsidy under FAME India Scheme?

    No, there is no such condition in the present guidelines.

    For more information, please visit the following link.

  • What are the major objective under National Policy on Civil Aviation 2016?

    Major objectives under National Policy on Civil Aviation:
    i) Establish an integrated eco-system which will lead to significant growth of civil aviation sector, which in turn would promote tourism, increase employment and lead to a balanced regional growth.
    ii) Ensure safety, security and sustainability of aviation sector through the use of technology and effective monitoring.
    iii) Enhance regional connectivity through fiscal support and infrastructure development.
    iv) Enhance ease of doing business through deregulation, simplified procedures and e-governance.
    v) Promote the entire aviation sector chain in a harmonised manner covering cargo, MRO, general aviation, aerospace manufacturing and skill development

  • What is Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS)?

    The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA), Government of India released the National Civil Aviation Policy 2016 (NCAP 2016). One of the objectives of NCAP 2016 is to ’enhance regional connectivity through fiscal support and infrastructure development’. The primary objective of RCS is to facilitate/stimulate regional air connectivity by making it affordable.

  • What are the proposal submission requirements of an airline / helicopter operator under the RCS?

    As part of the the proposal submission, an applicant shall be required to submit information under the following categories, as may be specified in detail from time to time:
    a) Information about the Applicant
    b) Technical Proposal
    c) Financial Proposal

  • What are the clauses under performance guarantee?

    Some of the main clauses are as follows:
    a) Airline operator must enter into a three year contract with the implementing agency.
    b) Submit a performance guarantee fees of 5% of the total VGF amount.
    c) Additional guarantee required for non-operational airports.

  • What is the procedure to carry out cargo services related transactions electronically with AAI?

    Any exporter/importer/Customs House Agents/Airlines etc. who wish to transact electronically with AAI, would be mandatory required to get register with AAI at http://aaiclas-ecom.org Registration is mandatory for Message Exchange activities also.

    Registration Process:
    User has to fill up the physical registration form along with relevant documents and submit to Airports Authority of India (AAI). AAI would ascertain the correctness of the details submitted. Users are requested to fill valid E-Mail address and Phone Number(s) in Registration form to enable AAI to perform further communications regarding User ID and Password allocation. Users are requested to immediately change the password(s) assigned by AAI.
    Non Registered Users are not restricted from functionalities pertaining to Consignment Status, Charges Calculation Estimate Sheet and Cargo Procedures. Same features are available for registered users. In addition, Registered Users enjoy the privilege of accessing functionalities related to Printing of Charge related Documents, Payment transactions and Pre- Deposit account related statements.

    For more details please refer the link.

  • What is the procedure for seeking waiver of demurrage charges in import/ export?

    All applications along with relevant documents for waiver of demurrage charges shall be submitted within 15 calendar days from the date the 'Passed out of charge' is issued by customs authorities. However, delay beyond 15 days for submission and upto 30 days would be considered by APD/GM(Cargo) & M(Ops) respectively with the reason for condonation of delay and local finance concurrence.
    AAI has provisions for waiving demurrage charges accrued on export/import cargo, in deserving cases, as per laid down policy approved by the AAI Board. Salient features of the policy are as under:-
    1. Acknowledge request of waiver submitted by hand, on the spot.
    2. Process waiver applications within 15 days if within local powers, and 30 days in respect of cases referred to AAI Hqrs. where-ever all the relevant documents required are furnished along with applications.
    3. Application for Waiver/Remission of demurrage charges to be made by the consignee/shipper within 15 days after the consignment is passed “Out of Charge” or “Let Export Order” by the Customs, to the Airport Director/ G.M.(Cargo)/Dy. General Manager(Cargo), AAI, at the respective airports. It should be accompanied with legible photocopies of relevant documents such as AWB, Bill of Entry (with Customs Examination Report, Pass “out of charge” etc.), Shipping Bill, Detention Certificate of statutory authority , if any.
    4. The consignee/shipper can also make an Appeal to the AAI Appellate Authority for reconsideration of the order passed.
    Copy of waiver policy is available with In-charge of Cargo Dept., AAI and on the website of AAI.
    For further information please click here
  • What is the policy of Govt. of India on airport infrastructures?

    As per the Govt. of India's Policy on Airport Infrastructures issued in December, 1999, no Greenfield airport will normally be allowed within a distance of 150 kms from the nearest existing airport. Where the Govt. decides to set up a new airport at such place through AAI on social economic consideration, even through the same is not economically viable, suitable grant-in-aid will be provided to AAI to cover both the initial capital cost as well as recurring losses.

    For further information, please click here

  • Whether Passenger Service Fees (PSF) is levied to passengers fund development of new airports?

    Passenger Service Fees (PSF) is levied to meet the expenditure on airport security and passenger facilities at the airports and it is not utilised to fund new development / upgradation of airports.

    For further information, please click here

  • What is the Development Fee (DF) and why development fee is charged by airport operators?

    Development Fee is a levy made under section 22A of the AAI Act, 1994, inter-alia, for funding or financing the cost of upgradation, modernization or development of the airport. The levy is in the nature of a "pre-funding" charge and is consistent with ICAO policies.

    For further information, please click here


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  • What are the benefits of Biotechnology?

    This technology helps plants for pest resistance, helps plants to tolerate the stressful conditions like low temperature, drought, salt in soil, etc., helps to generate vaccines for the animals to fight against diseases, it is also used to produce pharmaceuticals etc.

  • What is the mandate of Department of Biotechnology?

    The mandate is as follows:
    1) Promote large scale use of Biotechnology.
    2) Support R&D and manufacturing in Biology.
    3) Responsibility for Autonomous Institutions.
    4) Promote University and Industry Interaction.
    5) Identify and Set up Centres of Excellence for R&D.
    6) Integrated Programme for Human Resource Development.
    7) Serve as Nodal Point for specific International Collaborations.
    8) Establishment of Infrastructure Facilities to support R&D and production.
    9) Evolve Bio Safety Guidelines, manufacture and application of cell based vaccines.
    10) Serve as nodal point for the collection and dissemination of information relating to biotechnology.

  • Are BIOTECH projects approved by the Govt. of India ?

    The portable plants, RCC digesters and waste to electricity plants which are designed and developed by BIOTECH have been approved by Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India. So these types of plants installed in India are eligible for the subsidy from MNRE.

  • What is agricultural biotechnology?

    Agricultural biotechnology is an advanced technology that allows plant breeders to make precise genetic changes to impart beneficial traits to the crop plants we rely on for food and fiber.

    For centuries farmers and plant breeders have labored to improve crop plants. Traditional breeding methods include selecting and sowing the seeds from the strongest, most desirable plants to produce the next generation of crops. By selecting and breeding plants with characteristics such as higher yield, resistance to pests and hardiness, early farmers dramatically changed the genetic make-up of crop plants long before the science of genetics was understood. As a result, most of today's crop plants bear little resemblance to their wild ancestors.

    The tools of modern biotechnology allow plant breeders to select genes that produce beneficial traits and move them from one organism to another. This process is far more precise and selective than crossbreeding, which involves the transfer of tens of thousands of genes, and provided plant developers with a more detailed knowledge of the changes being made.

  • What is the National Biopharma Mission?

    The NBM is an industry-academia collaborative mission for accelerating discovery research to early development for biopharmaceuticals innovate in India (I3). The aim of the mission is to enable and nurture an ecosystem for preparing India's technological and product development capabilities in biopharmaceutical to a level that will be globally competitive over the next decade, and transform the health standards of India's population through affordable product development. The department aims to achieve this through development of centres of excellence, strengthening of bio-clusters, creating shared infrastructure for product development, knowledge sharing etc.

    To submit one's proposal under the NBM, access the following link with relevant details.

  • Are there any schemes to support R&D in the biotechnology sector?

    The Department of Biotechnology as well as the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council has various schemes to support R&D through centres of excellence, industry partnerships and grants. These schemes are as follows:
    a) Centres Of Excellence and Innovation in Biotechnology.
    b) Research Resources, Service Facilities and Platforms.
    c) Societal Development.
    d) Biotech Parks and Incubators.
    e) Rapid Grant for Young Investigators.
    f) Glue Grant.
    g) Special Programmes-North-East region.
    h) Women Scientist Scheme.

    For more details, you can access the following link.

  • What is the Biosafety Research Programme?

    Under Biosafety research programme, main emphasis is given to facilitate the implementation of biosafety procedures, rules and guidelines under Environment (Protection) Act 1986 and Rules 1989 to ensure safety from the use of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and products thereof in research and application to the users as well as to the environment.

  • What is the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) Incubators SEED Fund?

    Under Incubator SEED Fund, BIRAC will provide Grant-in-aid Assistance to selected BIRAC funded incubators based on certain establishment and operational criteria. Initially BIRAC shall identify up to five incubators and expand further in due course. Each such selected incubator will be granted up to $ 300,000 for implementation of SEED Fund. Each incubator can design a selection process to screen & select startups for equity and operational funding through SEED Fund (e.g Accelerator program or Direct investment).

  • Does BIRAC offer any support to start-ups?

    The Bioincubators Nurturing Entrepreneurship for Scaling Technologies (BioNest) allows harnessing of the entrepreneurial potential of start-ups by providing access to infrastructure as well as mentoring and networking platforms that the start-ups could use during their fledgling days. So far BIRAC has supported twenty bioincubation centers across India on similar lines.

    For relevant guidelines, access the link.

  • Does BIRAC also support in any exchange programs of researchers with other countries?

    Yes, BIRAC and Centre of Entrepreneurial Learning (CEL) of Judge Business School, University of Cambridge have initiated a partnership that enables five BIRAC supported applicants to take part in CfEL’s flagship intensive entrepreneurial boot-camp programme called “IGNITE”, which is aimed at providing academics (PhDs, post-docs and scientists) entrepreneurial opportunities to explore their innovative ideas and transform them into a business project. CfEL provides one week intense mentorship and training to the BIRAC supported candidates and for second week encourage them to interact and learn from the Cambridge’s entrepreneurial cluster.

  • Is there a focus on start-ups in capital goods sector?

    One of the key recommendations of the National Capital Goods Policy is To create a 'Start-up Center for Capital Goods Sector' shared by Department of Heavy Industries and Capital Goods industry/industry association in 80:20 ratio to provide an array of technical, business and financial support resources and services to promising start-ups in both the manufacturing and services space.

  • What is Indian Electrical Equipment Industry Mission Plan 2012-2022?

    The plan aims at assured availability of quality power at competitive rate which is a sine qua non for industrial and economic development.
    For an efficient and developed power sector in a country of India’s size, a strong domestic electrical equipment manufacturing base is essential.

  • What is the capital goods policy 2016?

    National Capital Goods Policy is envisaged to provide ecosystem for capital goods growth and ensuring sustained incentive for domestic manufacturers to service domestic as well as export market demand. 

  • What is Technology Acquisition Fund Programme (TAFP)?

    TAFP will provide financial assistance to Indian capital goods industry to facilitate acquisition of strategic and relevant technologies and also development of technologies through contract route, in-house route or JV. 

  • What is the funding pattern under TAFP?

    Department of Heavy Industry has been instrumental in setting up Capital Goods Skill Council. Through this organization National Skill Standards are being notified with the purpose of defining skill needs of the industry. This way training institutions will be able to impart skills which are valued by employers in Industry. The Council has been targeted to benefit 10 million people in this way. 

  • What is the capital goods skill council?

    Department of Heavy Industry has been instrumental in setting up Capital Goods Skill Council. Through this organization National Skill Standards are being notified with the purpose of defining skill needs of the industry. This way training institutions will be able to impart skills which are valued by employers in Industry. The Council has been targeted to benefit 10 million people in this way. 

  • What is Capital Goods in GST?

    As per section 2(19) of CGST Act, Capital Goods means goods, the value of which is capitalized in the books of account of the person claiming the input tax credit and which are used or intended to be used in the course or furtherance of business. 

  • What is the meaning of ’Unavailed Cenvat Credit of Capital goods’ for the purpose of GST Act and Rules?

    The expression 'unavailed CENVAT credit' means the amount that remains after subtracting the amount of CENVAT credit already availed in respect of capital goods by the taxable person under the existing law from the aggregate amount of CENVAT credit to which the said person was entitled in respect of the said capital goods under the existing law. For example, as per the existing provision of Cenvat Credit Rule, Cenvat credit on capital goods can be availed @ 50% on the year of purchase and 50% can be availed at any other subsequent year from the year of purchase. There is possibility that the unavailed cenvat credit be there on the appointment day.

  • What is DHI Capital Goods Scheme?

    The DHI Capital Goods Scheme is a pilot scheme designed to support the industry to modernize technologies from current status to global level and beyond. For this two windows are provided. For those technologies, which are commercially not available for transfer, indigenous development at IITs and like institutions by a consortium of technology seekers grants support given upto 80% of the cost of development subject to maximum of $ 15.38 million per case within a budget of $ 38.46 million. Those technologies, which are commercially available and can be acquired by a company or a group of companies the scheme provides grant support upto 25% of the technology acquisition costs or $ 1.53 million whichever is less, within an overall budget of $ 7.69 million.
    The scheme also supports establishment of Common Engineering Facilities by a group of user industries. Upto 80% of the project cost could be given as grants. The Scheme also supports setting up one each of Test Centre for Earthmoving & Construction Equipments and Industrial Park. ( 100% upto $ 15.38 million  and upto 80% subject to maximum of $ 19.23 million).

  • Who can apply for DHI Capital Goods Scheme?

    Generally, a group of industry beneficiaries can make a proposal. Technology developers or infrastructure SPVs could also make a proposal which includes Central/State PSUs.

  • What is Chemical Promotion Development scheme (CPDS)?

    Chemical Promotion Development scheme is a government scheme with an objective of promoting and developing the chemical & petrochemical sectors by extending financial support for conduct of seminars, conferences, exhibitions, conducting studies/ consultancies, for facilitating growth, as well as analyzing critical issues affecting chemical and petrochemical sector.

  • What is a Petroleum, Chemicals and Petrochemical Investment Regions (PCPIR)?

    PCPIRs are Petroleum, Chemicals and Petrochemical Investment Regions is a specifically delineated investment region with an area of around 250 square kilometers planned for the establishment of manufacturing facilities for domestic and export led production in petroleum, chemicals & petrochemicals, along with the associated services and infrastructure. 
    The PCPIR policy can be accessed through the following link.
    The details of PCPIRs in certain states can be accessed through the following link.

  • What is Pharmaceutical Promotion Development Scheme (PPDS)?

    Pharmaceutical Promotion Development Scheme (PPDS) is meant for promotion, development and export promotion in Pharmaceutical sector. Under PPDS the Department of Pharmaceuticals on its own or through financial support by way of Grant-in-aid to the institutions, organizations, voluntary organizations or NGOs as mentioned in Rule 206 of GFR 2005:
    1) Conduct Training/knowledge improvement programs/activities on issues/subjects relevant to growth of pharmaceutical industry.
    2) Organize Summits, Convention, Exhibitions, Pharmacy week, meetings etc. in India and abroad and produce promotional materials like films, displays etc.
    3) Conduct research studies, sector reports etc.
    4) Purchase books, quality standards, pharmacopoeias, magazines, directories, software for developing information data banks, developing e-learning modules etc.
    5) Give awards to achievers in pharmaceutical industry.
    6) For any other activity not covered under above categories which may be decided by the Department of Pharmaceuticals from time to time.

  • What is Cluster Development Scheme (CDS)?

    Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP) has announced the Scheme for Cluster Development Programme for Pharma Sector in July 2014 to enhance quality, productivity and innovative capabilities of the SME pharma sector in the country.

  • What is CWC?

    Chemical Weapons Convention is universal non-discriminatory, multilateral, disarmament treaty that bans the development, production, acquisition, transfer, use and stockpile of all chemical weapons. The treaty puts all the States Parties on an equal footing. Countries having stockpiles of chemical weapons are required to declare and destroy them in a specified time frame and those who produce and use chemicals that can be easily converted into chemical weapons have to be open and transparent about the use of such weapons.
    For more details, please visit the following link.

  • What are OCPFs?

    OCPFs comprise of two different categories of organic chemicals and these are Discrete Organic Chemicals (DOCs) and PSF chemicals.  
    For more details, please visit the following link. 

  • What is a DOC?

    Discrete organic chemical is defined as any chemical belonging to the class of chemical compounds consisting of all compounds of carbon except for its oxides, sulfides and metal carbonates, identifiable by chemical name, by structural formula, (if known) and by Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) registry number (if assigned). For instance: Acetic Acid ,Ethanol.

    For more details, please visit the following link.

  • What are the objectives of the scheme for setting up of plastic parks in India?

    The major objectives of the scheme are:
    1) Increase the competitiveness, polymer absorption capacity and value addition in the domestic downstream plastic processing industry through adaptation of modern, research and development led measurers.
    2) Increase investments in the sector through additions in capacity and production, creating quality infrastructure and other facilitation to ensure value addition and increase in exports.
    3) Achieve environmentally sustainable growth through innovative methods of waste management, recycling, etc.
    4) Adopt a cluster development approach to achieve the above objectives owing to its benefits arising due to optimization of resources and economies of scale.

    For more details, please visit the following link. 

  • What are dual-use goods and technologies?

    Dual-use items are goods, software, technology, chemicals etc. which can be used for both civil and military applications. Such items require an authorization for exporting out of the country. India’s list of items which need an export license is known as the SCOMET list. 

    Please visit the following link for more information.

  • What is the meaning of SCOMET?

    SCOMET is an acronym for Special Chemicals, Organisms, Materials, Equipment and Technologies. 

    For more details, please visit the following link. 

  • What are the types of construction-development projects in which foreign investors/companies can invest in India?

    Government has permitted 100% equity under automatic route for construction-development projects (which would include development of townships, construction of residential/commercial premises, roads or bridges, hotels, resorts, hospitals, educational institutions, recreational facilities, city and regional level infrastructure, townships). We would also request you to refer to some conditions under which the investment in this sector is governed, as mentioned under section 5.2.10 of latest FDI Policy 2017. 

    Foreign nationals can invest in India in most of the sectors of Indian economy as per conditions and investment limits specified under latest FDI Policy 2017 at the following link.

  • What kind of real estate business activities are prohibited for foreign investment?

    FDI is prohibited in real estate business, construction of farm houses and trading in transferable development rights (TDRs). Where “Real estate business” means dealing in land and immovable property with a view to earning profit there from and does not include development of townships, construction of residential/ commercial premises, roads or bridges, educational institutions, recreational facilities, city and regional level infrastructure, townships. Further, earning of rent/ income on lease of the property, not amounting to transfer, will not amount to real estate business.

    For further details, please refer to latest FDI Policy 2017 at the following link. 

  • What is 'Smart Cities' program of the Indian government?

    Government of India has launched a new urban development mission. Target is to develop 500 cities, which include cities with a population of more than 100,000 and some cities of religious and tourist importance. These cities will be supported and encouraged to harness private capital and expertise through Public Private Partnerships (PPPs), to holster their infrastructure and services in the next 10 years. The strategic components of Area-based development in the Smart Cities Mission are:
    1) City improvement (retrofitting).
    2) City renewal (redevelopment).
    3) City extension (greenfield development).
    4) Pan-city initiative in which Smart Solutions are applied covering larger parts of the city.
    Please refer to these links for further details, link.

  • How are industrial corridor in India planned? Whom should we connect for details?

    Five industrial corridor projects across India have been identified, planned and launched by the GoI. These corridors are planned with strategic focus on inclusive development to provide an boost to industrialization and planned urbanization. Smart Industrial Cities are also being developed along the Corridors. Industrial development in a band of 150 km to 200 km on both the sides of the Freight corridor (Rail / Road based).

    For details please refer to following link.

  • What are investment opportunities under Swachh Bharat Mission?

    Swachh Bharat Mission aims to create a clean India by October 2, 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing 12 million toilets in rural India, at a projected cost of INR 1.96 lakh crore ($ 29 billion). Government provides an incentive of INR 15,000 ($ 220) for each toilet constructed by a BPL family.


  • Who can raise money through Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs)?

    Following are the qualifications for Sponsor(s) of raising Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs)
    1) Net worth of at least $ 15.38 mn in case of body corporate or a company or net intangible assets of $ 15.38 mn in case of a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP).
    2) Minimum experience of at least five years and has completed at least two projects.
    For further details, please refer to this link.

  • Who can raise money through Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs)?

    Following are the qualifications for Sponsor(s) of raising Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs):
    1) Minimum holding of 5% of total units of REIT with a maximum of 3 sponsors.
    2) Net worth of at least $ 15.385 mn on consolidated basis and $ 3.077 mn on individual basis.
    3) Minimum experience of 5 years in real estate industry for each sponsor and where sponsor is a developer, at least 2 projects of sponsor should be completed.
    For further details, please refer to this link.

  • What is Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Act, 2016?

    The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 is an Act of the Parliament of India which seeks to protect home-buyers as well as help boost investments in the real estate industry. The Act came into force from 1 May 2016. The key highlights of the act are:
    1) Mandatory to register with Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) for all commercial and residential real estate projects where the land is over 500 square metres, or eight apartments for launching a project, in order to provide greater transparency in project-marketing and execution.
    2) Registration of Real estate agents who facilitate selling or purchase of properties with RERA
    3) Establish state-level Real Estate Regulatory Authorities (RERAs) to regulate transactions related to both residential and commercial projects and ensure their timely completion and handover.
    4) Upon receipt of an application by the promoter, the Regulator Authority shall within a period of 30 days, grant or reject the registration. If the Regulatory Authority fails to grant or reject the application of the promoter within the period of 30 days, then the project shall be deemed to have been registered.
    5) The registration, if granted, will be valid until the period of completion of the project as committed by the promoter to the Regulatory Authority. Extension by one year only due to force majeure and on payment of fee.

  • What are the functions and duties of promoters under Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Act, 2016?

    Functions and duties of promoters are clearly defined under RERA act:
    1) The Act mandates that a promoter shall deposit 70% of the amount realised from the allottees, from time to time, in a separate account to be maintained in a scheduled bank. This is intended to cover the cost of construction and the land cost and the amount deposited shall be used only for the concerned project.
    2) Withdrawal can only be made after it is certified by an engineer, an architect and chartered accountant in practice that the withdrawal is in proportion to the percentage of completion of the project.
    3) The promoter is also required to get his accounts audited within six months after the end of every financial year by a practicing chartered accountant.
    He will also have to get verified during the audit that:
    i) The amounts collected for a particular project have been utilised for the project
    ii) The withdrawal has been in compliance with the proportion to the percentage of completion of the project.

    Obligations of promoter are clearly defined under this act.
    Restriction on transfer and assignment: The promoter shall not transfer or assign his majority rights and liabilities in respect of a project to a third party without obtaining prior written consent from two-thirds of the allottees, except the promoter and without the prior written approval of the Regulatory Authority.
    Further details, please refer the link.

  • What is 'Housing for ALL' (urban) scheme of Government of India?

    'Housing for All by 2022' (Urban) scheme of Government of India covers entire urban area consisting of 4041 statutory towns of India. Under this scheme, central grant of $ 1538 per house, on an average, will be available under the slum rehabilitation programme. 

  • What is the Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) 2016?

    The DPP is formulated to ensure timely procurement of military equipment, systems and platforms as required by the Armed Forces in terms of performance capabilities and quality standards, through optimum utilisation of allocated budgetary resources. It is worthwhile to mention that the document is not merely a procurement procedure but also an opportunity to improve efficiency of the procurement process to realize the vision of 'Make in India' in the defence sector.

  • How are the capital acquisition schemes classified under DPP?

    Capital Acquisition schemes are broadly classified as 'Buy', 'Buy and Make' and 'Make'. In decreasing order of priority the procurement of defence equipment, under this procedure are categorised as follows:
    1) Buy (Indian - IDDM).
    2) Buy (Indian).
    3) Buy and Make (Indian).
    4) Buy and Make.
    5) Buy (Global).

  • Are the any incentives for MSMEs under DPP?

    DPP 2016 provides great impetus to the MSMEs with certain categories of 'Make' products earmarked exclusively for MSMEs.

  • Is there funding provided by the government for certain categories?

    Yes, projects under 'Make-I' sub-category involves Government funding of 90%, released in a phased manner and based on the progress of the scheme, as per terms agreed between MoD and the vendor.

  • What is the defence sector overview in recent times?

    The Achievement report of the defence sector covering policy initiatives, R&D and other important areas can be accessed on the link.

  • How many JVs/ FDI proposals have been approved in the defence sector so far?

    Since May, 2001 after opening the defence production sector for 100% participation in private sector, so far 36 JVs/FDI proposals have been approved for manufacture of wide range of licensable defence items.

  • What is the FDI inflow in the defence sector since the opening for Private Participation?

    As per the FDI statistics available at DIPP’s website, an FDI inflow of $ 5.12 million (INR 25.51 crores) has been received in the country till September 2017 (as per data available on DIPP’s website).

  • Which is the Administrative Ministry for the grant of extension for Defence Industrial Licence? Where should the company apply for extension of Defence Industrial License?

    Ministry of Defence, Department of Defence Production is the Administrative Ministry for grant of extension of Industrial licence under the I(D&R) Act, 1951 to the private sector. The Company may send their IL extension application to Contract Purchase Officer, Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence, D(DIP) Section, Sena Bhawan, New Delhi.

  • What is the permissible FDI limit in the defence sector?

    DPIIT vide Press Note No. 5 of 2016 Series dated 24 June 2016 notified review of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Policy on various sectors including which includes conditions related to FDI in defence at Para 5 of the said Press Note. According to the revised guidelines, Foreign Investment Cap upto 49% is allowed through automatic route and beyond 49% under Government route, wherever it is likely to result in access to modern technology or for other reasons to be recorded. The foreign investment in defence sector is further subject to industrial license under the Industries (Development & Regulation Act), 1951. The detailed guidelines in this regard may be seen under the Press Note available at DPIIT website (link, followed by link Acts & Rules).

  • What is Electronics Development Fund Policy?

    Electronics Development Fund Policy provides a framework to set up an Electronics Development Fund (EDF) as a Fund of Funds which will foster R&D and innovation in technology sectors like electronics, IT and nano-electronics. EDF will support Venture Funds and Angel Funds, which will be professionally managed and are dedicated to these sectors.

  • Are there any incentives or schemes for electronics system design and manufacturing sector unit?

    Yes, Department of Electronics and Information Technology has launched the following schemes to promote domestic manufacturing of electronics items:

    1. Under the Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS), 25% of Capex is eligible for subsidy (20% for units in Special Economic Zones) for all investments made in manufacturing of ESDM products. 
    2. Production subsidy @10% of production turnover (ex-factory) in select high-tech units such as fabrication and ATMP of analog/mixed signal semiconductor chips, power semiconductors, LEDs etc.
    3. Preferential Market Access (PMA)- Preference to domestic manufacturers in Government procurement to promote domestic manufacturing in the country. 
    4. Specified items must meet the specified safety standards under the Compulsory Registration Order (CRO) which has been brought into force from January 3, 2014. The CRO provides a framework to add other electronic items under this regime, thereby providing a quality barrier for unsafe and sub-standard electronic goods.
    5. For common facilities to be used by a set of units as part of a supply chain or in any other form of a cluster, assistance @ 50% subject to a ceiling of $ 8 million is available for common facilities. Such common facilities could include testing facilities, training facilities, social infrastructure, as also up gradation of hard infrastructure including supply of water, power, roads and other logistics. 

    6. Under the skill development scheme, 75-100% of the training fee is reimbursed for any specialized skills that may be required for prospective employees in India (training provided in any training facility recognized by Electronics Sector Skills Council)
    7. A scheme to support 3000 additional PhD (1500 in ESDM and 1500 in IT/ITES) was approved in 2014. Out of 1500 additional PhDs in ESDM, 500 are would be full time and 1000 would be part time. In addition, 100 PhDs (full-time) are to be supported by industry/State Government as a part of this scheme.

    Please refer link for details on incentives.

  • What are the funding options available for ESDM in India?

    We would like to highlight the Modified Special Incentives Package Scheme (M-SIPS) wherein reimbursement of capex (20% for SEZs and 25% for non-SEZs) is provided encourage investments into the sector. You can get more details on applying for the scheme at the following link: http://www.msips.in/MSIPS/ImportantLinks.do . As part of this scheme, 25% capital expenditure for expansion/ modernization and diversification of existing facility is also reimbursed. You can get more details on applying for the scheme at the following link.

    Further, you can also refer to various funding alternatives available at the SIDBI website by clicking on the following link. 

    In addition to this, please note that the Government has recently launched a debt fund called SIDBI Make in India Loan for Enterprises (SMILE), to provide soft term loans and loans in the nature of quasi-equity to MSMEs to meet debt-to-equity norms and pursue growth opportunities in existing MSMEs.
    Further details are available at the link.


  • What is the M-SIPS scheme?

    To offset disability and attract investments in Electronic manufacturing, Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS) was notified on 27 July 2012 to offer incentives to certain verticals in the sector. The scheme was initially opened for 3 years till 26 July 2015 but was later extended up to 26 July 2020 post amendments dated 3 August 2015.

  • What are the objectives of the national policy on electronics?

    Government of India has notified the national policy on electronics in 2012. Some of its main
    objectives include:
    1) Achieve Net Zero Import by 2020.
    2) Achieve a turnover of $ 400 billion by 2020 with investments of $ 100 billion.
    3) Generating 28 million jobs.
    4) Build strong supply chain of raw materials, parts and electronic components.

  • Can existing units claim benefits under M-SIPS?

    The MSIPS is applicable to investments in new ESDM units, expansion of capacity/modernization
    and diversification of existing ESDM units. ESDM unit shall mean a unit engaged in design and 
    manufacturing of the electronics and nano-electronics and their accessories. It includes all stages of
    value addition and also includes electronics manufacturing services.
    Expansion of existing unit would mean increase in the value of fixed capital investment in plant &
    machinery of an ESDM unit by not less than 25% for the purpose of expansion of
    capacity/modernization and diversification.

  • What are different Electronic Manufacturing Clusters?

    Foreign individuals, companies, foreign institutional investors, foreign venture capitalists, foreign trust, private equity fund, pension/provident fund, sovereign wealth fund, partnership/proprietorship firm, financial institutions, non-resident Indians/person of Indian origin, etc. can invest in India, either on their own or in the form of a joint venture. 100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route in the ESDM sector. However, in defense electronics, subject to industrial license, FDI up to 100% is allowed (Upto 49% under the automatic approval route and above 49% is under Government route on case to case basis, wherever it is likely to result in access to modern and ‘state-of-art’ technology in the country). The Government has also approved 100% FDI in medical devices via automatic route. There will be no need for Foreign Investment Promotion Board’s permission to acquire an existing company or set up a new manufacturing unit in the medical devices sector. The investor will need to comply with the reporting requirements of the RBI and comply with all other relevant central & state laws & regulations.

  • Is Foreign Direct Investment allowed in the ESDM sector in India?

    Foreign individuals, companies, foreign institutional investors, foreign venture capitalists, foreign trust, private equity fund, pension/provident fund, sovereign wealth fund, partnership/proprietorship firm, financial institutions, non-resident Indians/person of Indian origin, etc. can invest in India, either on their own or in the form of a joint venture. 100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route in the ESDM sector. However, in defense electronics, subject to industrial license, FDI up to 100% is allowed. (Upto 49% under the automatic approval route and above 49% is under Government route on case to case basis, wherever it is likely to result in access to modern and ‘state-of-art’ technology in the country). The Government has also approved 100% FDI in medical devices via automatic route. There will be no need for Foreign Investment Promotion Board’s permission to acquire an existing company or set up a new manufacturing unit in the medical devices sector. The investor will need to comply with the reporting requirements of the RBI and comply with all other relevant central & state laws & regulations.

  • What are the major activities of Central Warehousing Corporation (CWC)?

    CWC provides storage and warehousing facilities for more than 400 commodities to wide range of clients comprising of public and private institutions, cooperative societies, traders, farmers, importers/exporters, etc. besides providing the services for storage and warehousing, CWC also undertakes the following activities:
    i) Providing Pest Control Services at the door step of customers which include general pest control, disinfestation of aircrafts, rail coaches, fumigation of containers/ships, pre and post construction anti termite treatment, etc.
    ii) Providing infrastructure such as CFSs/ICDs/Air Cargo Complexes/Cargo/Terminal of ICP etc. for supporting the EXIM trade.
    iii) Providing handling and transport facilities at the request of the depositors.
    iv) Consultancy of warehouse construction and warehousing related activities.
    v) Training of farmers for safe storage of foodgrains at farm level and assistingthem in securing cheap institutional credit.

  • What are the commodities under the Warehousing development and regulatory authority?

    The authority had approved 115 commodities including cereals, pulses, oil seeds, spices, rubber, tobacco, coffee, etc. for issuing negotiable warehouse receipts and also 26 perishable commodities for cold storage.

  • What is minimum land requirement for setting-up Mega Food Park?

    The minimum land required for setting-up a Mega Food Park is 50 acres of contiguous land and free from any kind of encumbrance. The selection of land needs to be justified in terms of connectivity and availability of basic infrastructure such as approach road, power, water etc. as also in terms of availability of raw materials/market.

  • For Mega food park, does the land needs to be changed from Agricultural to Industrial?

    Yes, it is mandatory to have Change of Land Use (CLU). CLU is not required in case the land is already in a designated industrial area.

  • What is ’eligible project cost’ in Mega food park?

    The ‘eligible project cost’ is the total project cost but excludes cost of land, preoperative expenses and margin money for working capital. However, interest during construction(IDC) as part of preoperative expenses and fee to PMC up to 2% of the approved grant would be considered under eligible project cost (refer para. 4.1 of guidelines, at the link).

  • What types of industries/units are permitted in Mega Food Park?

    Only food processing industries/units that make food products fit for human and animal consumption are permitted to be set up in the Mega Food Parks. Packaging facilities of food products as ancillary to the food processing industries will also be eligible for setting up in the Mega Food Parks. However, setting up of alcoholic beverage unit as an anchor unit will not be allowed.

  • Can foreign investors, private equity arms of foreign firms become members in SPV and invest in creation of common infrastructure in form of equity?

    Yes, such firms can join hands with Indian promoters to form the Special Purpose Vehicle and invest in the project by way of contributing equity. It may also be noted here that foreign direct investments in food processing sector is allowed under automatic route in India. However, adequate documents with regard to net worth and other relevant financial details in respect of such firms must be provided with the EOI proposal.

  • What is interest subvention to Small and Marginal Farmers against Negotiable Warehouse Receipts?

    In order to discourage distress sale of produce by farmers and to encourage them to store their produce in warehouses against warehouse receipts, Government of India (GoI) had introduced a scheme in 2011-12 for extending concessional loans to the farmers against negotiable warehouse receipts. Post-harvest loans against Negotiable Warehouse Receipts (NWR) provided by banks to Small and marginal farmers (SF/MF) having Kisan Credit Cards, would be eligible for interest subvention, for a period of up to six months on the same rate as available to crop loan. 

    SF/MF, who have not availed crop loans through banking system, would not be eligible. No additional subvention towards prompt repayment, as is available for crop loans, is envisaged under the scheme.

  • What is the Agricultural Marketing Infrastructure scheme?

    It is common knowledge that there is a need to promote agriculture marketing infrastructure projects for reducing the involvement of intermediates and minimizing post-harvest losses. A robust agriculture marketing infrastructure will ensure better remuneration to farmers and supply of better quality products to consumers and processing industries. During the XII plan period, the estimated investment for marketing infrastructure and value chain development was $ 8.61 billion .

    To address this need, the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC), Govt. of India has introduced the Agricultural Marketing Infrastructure (AMI) Scheme by merging the earlier GrameenBhandaranYojana (GBY) and the Scheme for Development/Strengthening of Agricultural Marketing Infrastructure, Grading and Standardization (AMIGS).

  • What is National Livestock Mission?

    National Livestock Mission is an initiative of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. The mission, which commenced from 2014-15, has been designed with the objective of sustainable development of the livestock sector. 
    NABARD is the subsidy channelizing agency under Entrepreneurship Development & Employment Generation (EDEG) component of National Livestock Mission. This includes:
    1) Poultry Venture Capital Fund (PVCF).
    2) Integrated Development of Small Ruminants and Rabbit (IDSRR).
    3) Pig Development (PD).
    4) Salvaging and Rearing of Male Buffalo Calves (SRMBC).

  • If I want to open a jewellery store in the Duty-free area, what are the FDI conditions?

    100% FDI is allowed under Duty-free shops via automatic route.

  • If I want to bring in another sub-brand, can I do so?

    Yes, but one need to set up a separate entity to undertake retail trading of the other brand.

    Please refer to Retail sector FAQs for more information.

  • Where can I find more information on the BIS Hallmarking Scheme?

    The government of India' has identified BIS a sole agency in India to operate this scheme. BIS hallmarking Scheme is voluntary in nature and is operating under BIS Act, Rules and Regulations. It operates on the basis of trust and thus it is desirable that aspect of quality control isin-built in the system responsible for managing quality.

  • What is a Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme?

    The Government of India launched the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme. This scheme enables the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to issue gold bonds denominated in grams of gold individuals in consultation with Ministry of Finance. This scheme provides an alternative to owning physical gold. It is aimed at keeping a check on imports of gold.

  • What are the GST benefits under gems and jewellery sector?

    Few Goods and Services Tax (GST) benefits under the gems and jewellery sector is as follows:
    a) Rate of duty on cut and polished colored gemstones changed from 2.5% to 5%.
    b) Rate of duty on diamonds including lab grown diamonds-semi processed, halfcut or broken, non-industrial diamonds including lab-grown diamonds (other than rough diamonds), including cut and polished diamonds changed from 2.5% to 5%.
    c) Rate of duty on Imitation Jewellery changed from 15% to 20%.

  • Whether advertising and communication material (banners/ hoardings/ posters) provided to distributors would be treated as supply in the course of business by the company thereby not requiring any reversal of ITC?

    a) Where the material is provided free of cost: This would not amount to a supply and hence no tax is payable on such transaction and in such a case credit availed by the company would need to be reversed in accordance with section 17(5) of the CGST Act, 2017.

    b) Where the material is provided for a consideration: This would amount to a normal supply.

  • Currently Banks do not pay any VAT on import of precious metals as banks/nominated agencies pay only customs duty on imports. In the new regime of GST, will the Banks have to pay IGST while importing?

    Yes, 3% IGST is payable on all imports of precious metals in addition to the basic customs duty. IGST paid can be taken as input tax credit by the banks.

  • Banks import gold / silver on consignment basis wherein the ownership of the metal is with the supplier of the bullion which maybe an overseas entity. Is the overseas entity required to have GST registration because currently they do not file returns and are governed by multi-nation treaties?

    This amounts to an import in accordance with the definition of the word “import” in the IGST Act, 2017 which provides that “bringing into India of any goods from any place outside India” is an import of the goods. What is material in this definition is the mere act of bringing into India; the ownership is not material for determining whether an import has taken place. Banks, being registered entities, would be liable to pay IGST on such imports but not the overseas entities since they are not effecting the import.

  • Gold and silver imported by banks/nominated agencies on consignment basis are lying in stock as on 1st July. Clarification is required on how to charge the customers in transition phase from VAT to GST. Will customers be liable to pay GST rates?

    GST is payable @ 3% with effect from 1 July 2017.

  • Banks lend gold in physical form for a period not exceeding six months and receive interest on the gold ounces disbursed as the same is converted into Rupees after calculation of interest on the ounces and the $/INR conversion. Will the same methodology continue in case of GST as well wherein Banks shall pay a provisional GST (i.e. IGST/SGST/CGST) on ongoing market prices and pay the final GST as and when the prices are fixed?

    Yes, Banks may avail of the benefit of provisional assessment provided under section 60 of the CGST Act, 2017.

  • Who are entitled for CGHS facilities?

    The entitled parties include:
    1) All Central Govt. employees and their dependant family members residing in CGHS covered areas.
    2) Central Govt Pensioners and their eligible family members getting pension from Central Civil Estimates
    3) Sitting and Ex-Members of Parliament.
    4) Ex-Governors & Lieutenant Governors.
    5) Freedom Fighters.
    6) Ex-Vice Presidents.
    7) Sitting and Ex-Judges of Supreme Court & High Courts.
    8) Employees and pensioners of certain autonomous organizations in Delhi.
    9) Journalists (in Delhi) accredited with PIB (for OPD & at RML Hospital).
    10) Delhi Police Personnel in Delhi only.
    11) Railway Board employees.
    12) Post and Telegraph Depatt. Employees.

  • What is CGHS?

    For the last six decades Central Government Health Scheme is providing comprehensive medical care to the Central Government employees and pensioners enrolled under the scheme. In fact CGHS caters to the healthcare needs of eligible beneficiaries covering all four pillars of democratic set up in India namely Legislature, Judiciary, Executive and Press. CGHS is the model Health care facility provider for Central Government employees & Pensioners and is unique of its kind due to the large volume of beneficiary base, and open ended generous approach of providing health care.
    CGHS provides health care through following systems of Medicine: 
    1) Allopathic
    2) Homoeopathic
    3) Indian system of medicine
    4) Ayurveda
    5) Unani
    5) Siddha 
    6) Yoga

  • What do you mean by Family Floater Policy?

    Family Floater is one single policy that takes care of the hospitalization expenses of your entire family. The policy has one single sum insured, which can be utilised by any/all insured persons in any proportion or amount subject to maximum of overall limit of the policy sum insured. Quite often Family floater plans are better than buying separate individual policies. Family Floater plans takes care of all the medical expenses during sudden illness, surgeries and accidents.

  • What are the different options for availing CGHS services to pensioners?

    Pensioners Residing in CGHS covered areas:
    a) They can get themselves registered in CGHS dispensary after making requisite contribution and can avail both OPD and IPD facilities.
    b) Such Pensioners are not eligible for Fixed Medical Allowance in lieu of CGHS.
    Pensioners residing in non-CGHS areas:
    i) They can opt for availing Fixed Medical Allowance (FMA) at $ 15.38 per month by not paying any contribution.
    ii) They can also avail benefits of CGHS (OPD and IPD) by registering themselves in the nearest CGHS city after making the required subscription. In such cases no Fixed Medical Allowance is given.
    iii) They also have the option to availing FMA for OPD treatment and CGHS only for IPD treatments after making the required subscriptions as per CGHS guidelines. 

  • What are the Export Promotion Schemes offered by the Ministry of Technology and Information Technology (MeITY)?

    The two major export promotion schemes launched under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology are:
    1) Software Technology Parks (STPs): STP of India was set up as an autonomous body in 1991. 
    Some of the benefits offered are:
    a) customs duty exemption.
    b)accelerated depreciation.
    c) 100% FDI permitted through automatic route.

    2) Special Economic Zone (SEZ): They were set up with an objective of providing an international competitiveness. Some of the benefits are:
    a) 100% income tax exemption on export income.
    b) Duty free import.

    Please note that SEZ are for multiple sectors and these benefits extend to sectors other than IT BPM.

  • Which IT Enabled Services are considered to be part of BPO operations?

    As per Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) notification No. 890E dated 26 September 2000, the list of eligible IT enabled services under BPO operations considered in IBPS are as under:
    i) Back office operations.
    ii) Call centres.
    iii) Content Development or Animation.
    iv) Data Processing.
    vi) Geographic information System Services.
    vii) Human Resource Services.
    viii) Insurance Claim processing.
    ix) Legal Databases.
    x) Medical Transcription.
    xi) Payroll.
    xii) Remote Maintenance.
    xiii) Revenue Accounting.
    xiv) Support Centres.
    xv) Website services.

    As per NASSCOM, BPO includes following processes that may be IT-enabled, do not necessitate on-shore presence and are hence, offshore-able:
    1) Customer Interaction & Support (CIS)- CIS includes all forms of IT-enabled customer contact, inbound or outbound, voice or non-voice based support used to provide customer services, sales and marketing, technical support and help desk services.
    2) Finance & Accounting (F&A)- F&A includes activities such as general accounting, transaction management (account receivables and payables management), corporate finance (e.g. treasury and risk management, and tax management); compliance management and statutory reporting, etc.
    3) Horizontal-specific BPM services- Services that are reasonably similar across industries. Horizontal BPM services include Customer Interaction and Support (CIS), Finance and Accounting (F&A) and other related processing services, Knowledge Services, Human Resource Management (HRM), Procurement BPM, etc.
    4) Human Resources Processing- HR processing services includes services that support the core HR activities plus talent management activities and associated business processes such as benefits, payroll and talent management.

  • How local entrepreneurs can participate in IBPS?

    An entrepreneur can form a Consortium with a Company registered anywhere under Companies Act 1956/2013 which is able to fulfil the other eligibility criteria(s). The eligible Indian Company must have at least 26 % equity shareholder in the Consortium and commit to maintain minimum equity shareholding (26%) for at least three years.

  • What is PayGov?

    Dept. Of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), Govt. of India has collaborated with NSDL Database Management Limited (NDML) for providing a centralized platform for facilitating all Govt. departments and services to collect online payments from Citizens for Govt. services. This platform is titled as ‘PayGov’. PayGov is a ready infrastructure with approved transaction costs which can be used to provide online payment services to citizens. 
    For more details on NDML please refer the link.

  • What is the overview of the IT BPM sector in India and the performance of this sector in recent times?

    India's IT BPM industry amounts for 56% of the global outsourcing market size. The sector has witnessed a series of investments in recent times. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY) has approved 67 proposals worth $ 2.5 bn; 16 venture funds have been set up and equity inflow of $ 1.8 bn in computer software and hardware sector.

    You can find details regarding reforms, information on sub-sectors and government targets and initiatives in the Achievement report at the link.

  • What are the steps taken by Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY) to support the growth of the sector?

    The steps taken are as follows:
    a) Infrastructure support: The Department has set up Information Technology Investment Regions (ITIRs). These regions are supported equipped with excellent infrastructure.
    b) R&D promotion: 150% of expenditure incurred on in-house R&D is also available under the Income Tax Act.
    In addition to the existing scheme for funding R&D projects, the department has put in place the 2 key schemes:
    i) Support International Patent Protection in Electronics & IT (SIP-EIT).
    ii) Multiplier Grants Scheme (MGS).
    c) Tax incentives: Over the years, the Government has been taking steps to bring down the total taxation level on electronics hardware.

  • What is VPA?

    A Virtual Payment Address (VPA) is an address which uniquely identifies a person's bank a/c. For instance, the Virtual Payment Address for BHIM customers is in the format xyz[at]upi. User can just share his VPA with anyone to receive payments (no need for bank account number/ IFSC code, etc.). User can also send money to anyone by using their Payment Address.  

  • What is the objective of Cyber Surakshit Bharat Programme?

    The objective of the programme is to educate & enable the Chief Information Security Officers(CISO) & broader IT community to address the challenges of cybersecurity.
    i)Create awareness on the emerging landscape of cyber threats.
    ii)Provide in-depth understanding on key activities,new initiatives,challenges and related solutions.
    iii)Applicable frame works,guidelines & policies related to the subject.
    iv)Share best practices to learn from success & failures.
    v)Provide key inputs to take informed decision on Cyber Security related issues in the irrespective functional area.
    For further details please access following link.

  • What is E-district?

    The e-District Mission Mode Project (MMP) is envisaged to strengthen the district administration of the state by providing ICT support to the participating departments and district administration in terms of providing centralized software application for selected category of citizen services and training for staff of the departments with a view to improve delivery of the citizen services being rendered by these departments. Services developed under e-District project would be delivered through various delivery channels like:
    i) Direct access by Citizens through e-District portal as a registered user.
    ii) Existing Atal Jana Snehi Kendra's / B1 / K1 service centres.
    iii) Common Service Centres (To be established uptoGrama Panchayat Level).

    For further details please access following link.  

  • What is NeGP?

    The Government approved the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP), comprising of 27 Mission Mode Projects and 8 components, on 18 May 2006. In the year 2011, 4 projects - Health, Education, PDS and Posts were introduced to make the list of 27 MMPs to 31Mission Mode Projects (MMPs). The Government has accorded approval to the vision, approach, strategy, key components, implementation methodology, and management structure for NeGP. However, the approval of NeGP does not constitute financial approval(s) for all the Mission Mode Projects (MMPs) and components under it. The existing or ongoing projects in the MMP category, being implemented by various Central Ministries, States, and State Departments would be suitably augmented and enhanced to align with the objectives of NeGP.
    For further details please access following link.  

  • What is Central Sector Scheme Indian Leather Development Programme (ILDP)?

    The scheme is aimed at enabling existing tanneries, footwear, footwear components, and leather products units to upgrade leading to productivity gains, right-sizing of capacity, cost cutting, design and development simultaneously encouraging entrepreneurs to diversify and set up new units in the areas.

  • What is the eligibilty criteria of ILDP Scheme?

    All existing units in leather and leather products, including tanneries, leather goods, saddlery, leather footwear and footwear components sector having cash profits for 2 years, undertaking viable and bankable programmes on technology up-gradation on or after 29th August 2008 are eligible for assistance.

  • What are the major initiatives undertaken by the government in recent times in the leather sector?

    Indian Leather Development Programme:

    1. One of the major activities under Indian Leather Development Programme is to provide placement linked skill development training to unemployed youth.

    2. Provide employment through well planned training in leather and footwear industry.

    3. For augmentation of institutional infrastructure, assistance has been provided for establishment of two new branches of Footwear design and development Institute (FDDI) at Banur (Punjab) and Ankleshwar ( Gujarat).

    4. Approval has been given for setting-up Mega leather Cluster (MLC) at Nellore, Andhra Pradesh.

  • What is the Leather sector overview of India?

    India is the second largest producer of footwear and leather garments in the world and accounts for 13% of the world's leather production of hides/skin. An overview of the sector can be accessed from the Achievement report on the link.

  • Where are major production centers for leather and leather products in India?

    The major production centers for leather and leather products in India are located in the states of :
    1) Tamil Nadu – Chennai, Ambur, Ranipet, Vaniyambadi, Vellore, Pernambut, Trichy, Dindigul and Erode. 
    2) West Bengal – Kolkata.
    3) Uttar Pradesh – Kanpur, Agra, Noida, Saharanpur; Maharashtra – Mumbai.  
    4) Punjab – Jallandhar. 
    5) Karnataka – Bangalore. 
    6) Andhra Pradesh – Hyderabad. 
    7) Haryana  – Ambala, Gurgaon, Panchkula, Karnal and Faridabad. 
    8) Delhi. 
    9) Madhya Pradesh – Dewas. 
    10) Kerala – Calicut and Ernakulam / Cochin. 
    11) Rajasthan - Jaipur. 
    12) Jammu & Kashmir - Srinagar.

  • What are the subschemes under IFLADP?

    The following are the subschemes that would be implememted under IFLADP during 2017-2018  to 2019-2020
    i) Human Resource Development (HRD)
    ii)  Integrated Development of Leather Sector (IDLS)
    iii)  Establishment of Institutional Facilities
    iv) Mega Leather, Footwear and Accessories Cluster (MLFAC)
    v)  Leather Technology, Innovation and Environmental
    vi) Promotion of Indian Brands in Leather, Footwear and Accessories
    vii) Additional Employment Incentive for Leather, Footwear and Accessories sector
    For further details please access following link

  • What is IDLS?

    IDLS sub-scheme proposes to incentivize investment and manufacturing including job creation by providing backend investment grant/subsidy @ 30% of the cost of new plant and machinery to micro, small and medium enterprise and @ 20% of the cost of plant and machinery to other units for modernization/technology upgradation in existing units and also for setting up of new units. The proposal under this sub-scheme is to incentivize 1000 units in leather, Footware and Accessories & Components sector during the three years with proposed outlay of $ 65.38 mn.
    For further details please access following link.

  • What is the overview of the media and entertainment sector in India and the performance of this sector in recent times?

    The Indian Media and Entertainment sector is valued at approximately $ 12 bn in 2015 and expected to double by 2020. Out of the various sub sectors, one of the highest growing sub-sectors would be digital advertising with a CAGR of 30%. Further, India is known to have the second largest TV market in the world.
    The performance of the sector can be found in the achievement report at the following link. 

  • What is the eligibility criteria for getting permission of FM radio channel?

    Only companies registered under the Company’s Act, 1956 are eligible for bidding and obtaining permission for FM radio channels. However, following types of companies are not eligible to apply:
    a) Companies not incorporated in India.
    b) Any company controlled by a person convicted of an offence involving moral turpitude or money laundering/drug trafficking, terrorist activities or declared as insolvent or applied for being declared insolvent.
    c) A company which is an associate of/or controlled by a Trust, Society or Non Profit Organization.
    d) A company controlled by or associated with a religious body.
    e) A company controlled by or associated with a political body.
    f) Any company which is functioning as an advertising agency, is an associate of an advertising agency or is controlled by an advertising agency or person associated with an advertising agency.
    g) Subsidiary company of any applicant in the same City.
    h) Holding company of any applicant in the same City.
    i) Companies with the same management as that of an applicant in the same City.
    j) More than one Inter-Connected Undertaking in the same City.
    k) A company that has been debarred from taking part in the bidding process or its holding company or subsidiary or a company with the same management or an interconnected undertaking.
    l) The defaulters of conditions under Phase-I & Phase-II, who have contested the revocation of their letters of Intent/License Agreements/Bank Guarantees, thereby continue to be debarred from participating in any future bidding process.

  • What is SACFA clearance and frequency allocation?

    ‘SACFA’ means the ‘Standing Advisory Committee on Radio Frequency Allocation‘ of the Wireless Planning & Co-ordination wing of Ministry of Communications & IT, Government of India.
    ‘Frequency Allocation’ means the specific Radio Frequency (RF) carrier with associated technical parameters such as RF power, bandwidth etc to the particular FM channel as assigned by the Wireless Planning & Co-ordination wing of Department of Telecommunication, Ministry of Communications & IT, Government of India.

  • What is the penalty for not compliance with the eligibility conditions?

    In the event of the failure of any Letter of Intent (LoI) holder to comply with the eligibility conditions for the Grant of Permission Agreement or failing to sign the Grant of Permission Agreement within the prescribed period, the full deposit of the bid amount shall be forfeited without further notice, and Letter of Intent and the allocation of frequency, if any, shall stand cancelled.

  • Is the government proposing to create a regulatory agency for television broadcasters?

    In 2006, the government had prepared a Draft Broadcasting Services Regulation Bill, 2006. The bill made it mandatory to seek license for broadcasting any television or radio channel or program.
    It also provides standards for regulation of content. It is the duty of the body to ensure compliance with guidelines issued under the bill.

  • After the application of WOL, can we start the transmission before we have obtained the Wireless Operating License?

    No, one is not legally supposed to begin the operational transmission. However, you can try doing test transmission.

  • Who is responsible for interpolations?

    Any person who exhibits or permits to exhibit interpolated film is responsible. It has to be observed whether the characters involved in the main film are also involved in the interpolated bits. If it is so, then one can infer that the producer and the distributor may also be responsible for interpolation. According to Section 7(b) of the Act, if any person, without lawful authority, alters or tampers with in any film, after it has been certified, will be committing a crime under Cinematograph Act. It is to be noted that the burden of proving the lawfulness of the act shall lie on the person who altered or tampered with the certified film.

  • When should we renew GOPA?

    Grant of Permission Agreement (GOPA) is valid only for a period of five years. End of five years, please download the form of renewal of GOPA from www.mib.nic.in. This form has to be printed on two $ 1.53 non-judicial stamp paper and be signed similar to the way the GOPA was signed.

  • What are the requirements to be a registered Notified body?

    The requirements are laid down in Part I of Third Schedule of Medical Devices Rules, 2017.

  • What is the process for classification verification with CDSCO or notified body prior to submission?

    The Central Licensing Authority shall, classify medical devices referred to in Rule 2, based on their intended use and other parameters specified in the First Schedule.
    Based on the classification referred to in sub-rule (3), class wise list of medical devices shall be published on the website of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO): Provided that the Central Licensing Authority may, from time to time, make additions or deletions in such list of medical devices or modify the class of any medical device. CDSCO has already displayed the list of medical devices with classification, which is dynamic in nature.

  • What are the changes that require an applicant to make afresh Registration?

    The following changes require a fresh registration:
    1) Any change with respect to manufacturer (legal/actual) like change in constitution,change in name, change in address, etc.
    2) Any change with respect to importer/Indian Agent like change in constitution, change in name, etc.

  • How are IVDs classified in India under Medical Device Rules, 2017? Who will have the responsibility of doing Classification of IVD as per Class A/B/C/D?

    IVDs are classified under Chapter II, Rule 4, Sub-rule (2) of Medical Device Rules, 2017 on the basis of parameters specified in Part II of the First Schedule, in the following
    classes, namely:
    i) Low risk - Class A,
    ii) Low moderate risk- Class B.
    iii) Moderate high risk- Class C.
    iv) High risk- Class D.                                                                       
    Reference Rule 4 (3): This rule specifies that Central Licensing Authority shall classify the Medical Devices.

  • How much FDI is permitted under medical devices sector?

    100% FDI is permitted under medical devices sector through automatic route.

  • What are the types of mining projects in which foreign investors/companies can invest in India?

    a) 100% FDI allowed under automatic route in Mining and Exploration of metal and non-metal ores including diamond, gold, silver and precious ores but excluding titanium bearing minerals and its ores; subject to the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act, 1957.

    b) For Coal & Lignite:
    1) 100% FDI allowed under automatic route in Coal & Lignite mining for captive consumption by power projects, iron & steel and cement units and other eligible activities permitted under and subject to the provisions of Coal Mines (Nationalization) Act, 1973
    2) 100% FDI allowed under automatic route in setting up coal processing plants like washeries subject to the condition that the company shall not do coal mining and shall not sell washed coal or sized coal from its coal processing plants in the open market and shall supply the washed or sized coal to those parties who are supplying raw coal to coal processing plants for washing or sizing.

    c) 100% FDI allowed under government route in Mining and mineral separation of titanium bearing minerals and ores, its value addition and integrated activities

  • What is the ownership structure for mines in India?

    The State Governments are the owners of minerals located within their respective boundaries. The Central Government is the owner of the minerals underlying the ocean within the territorial waters or the Exclusive Economic Zone of India.

  • What are the precautions to be taken for filing applications for obtaining Mineral Concessions?

    The application must be filed within prescribed format of Mineral Concession Rule 1960, available in GOI, Ministry of Mines website link. Entries must be complete in all respect and should be supported with documentary evidences as per provisions of rule 9, 22 of Mineral Concession Rule 1960. In absence of all documents, disposal of application may be delayed. Further, incomplete applications are liable to be cancelled.

  • After filing application for Prospecting License/Mining Lease at District Collector Office, what are the steps taken to process applications under mining sector?

    1) After ensuring correctness of application, internal reports from different departments are sought: 
    a) Revenue Department.
    b) Forest Department.
    c) Gram Panchayat Report.
    d) If applied area falls near by the restricted land as per provision of Mineral Concession Rule 1960 then report is sought from concerning State/Central authority.

    2) After scrutiny of application it is forwarded to State Government for further action.

  • Who is empowered to sanction Prospecting License/Mining Lease?

    Mineral Resources Department, State Government is empowered to sanction Prospecting License/Mining Lease.

  • How can Mineral Concession (PL/ML) in Forest Land be obtained?

    No concessions can be granted without prior approval under Forest Conservation Act, 1980. After obtaining in principle consent from State Government and prior approval by Central Government as per the provision of Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act 1957.The applicant has to take necessary steps to obtain permission under Forest Conservation Act, 1980. After getting clearances, the grant of concession is done by State Government.

  • Who executes the lease agreement of Prospecting License/Mining Lease?

    District Collector of concerned district.

  • What is the GST rate for minerals and ores in Composition Scheme?

    In a case where the process amounts to manufacture, the rate of tax will be 1% (CGST) and 1% 
    (SGST/UTGST). In any other case, the rate will be 0.5% (CGST) and 0.5% (SGST/UTGST).

  • Will the basic exemption limit from GST be applicable to the tiny and micro segment in mining?

    Yes, the basic exemption limit of $ 15,385 ($ 7693 in the case of special category States) is applicable to the tiny and micro segment even in mining. However, a person engaged in making taxable supply and having aggregate annual turnover (more than $ 15,385in any State other than the special category States) would be liable to obtain registration under GST. The return has to be filed on monthly basis by regular taxable persons and on quarterly basis by the taxable persons registered under the composition scheme. 

  • What are the Existing Legislative Provisions regarding safety, health and welfare of mine workers?

    Under the Constitution of India, safety, welfare and health of workers employed in mines are the concern of the Central Government (Entry 55- Union List- Article 246). The objective is regulated by the Mines Act, 1952 and the Rules and Regulations framed thereunder which are administered by the Directorate- General of Mines Safety (DGMS), under the Union Ministry of Labour and Employment.
    A list of the subordinate legislation under the Mines Act administered by DGMS are:
    1) Coal Mines Regulations, 1957. 
    2) Metalliferous Mines Regulations, 1961.
    3) Oil Mines Regulations, 1984. 
    4) Mines Rules, 1955. 
    5) Mines Vocational Training Rules, 1966. 
    6) Mines Rescue Rules, 1985. 
    7) Mines Creche Rules, 1966.  

  • What would be the GST applicability if RO dealer supplies lube at free of cost?

    Since lube is supplied at free of cost (therefore no consideration involved), it would not be treated as supply (as per section 7 of CGST Act, 2017) under GST and hence, not leviable to GST. However, input tax credit of GST paid on such lube at the time of purchase is required to be reversed u/s 17(5)(h) of CGST Act, 2017.

  • If a foreign bidder comes to India for execution of works contract and has no permanent resident/business in India, do such bidder need to obtain GST Registration in India?

    If the foreign bidder is required to come to India for execution of LSTK works contract, then as per Sec 24 of CGST Act, such Foreign Bidder would be required to obtain Registration mandatorily in India. Such registration would be required even if such bidder is not having permanent resident/business in India.

  • Does the drilling contractor require to have offshore GST registration or can operate through Maharashtra GST Registration?

    As per GST Law, if the location of supplier and place of supply is in different State, then IGST would be applicable. In this case, the location of supplier being in the State of Maharashtra and Place of Supply being in Offshore, the IGST may be discharged through Maharashtra GST registration. Further, the goods such as drilling rig, spares, consumables etc. required for such drilling services in offshore, may be transferred under cover of Delivery Challan as such movement is not a supply.

  • Whether GST is applicable on any subsidy extended by Government to the Oil Companies?

    As per Section 15(2)(e) of the CGST Act, 2017 value of supply shall include subsidies directly linked to the price excluding subsidies provided by the Central Government and State Governments. Any subsidy received from the Government will hence not be taxable and would not be leviable to GST.

  • What is the major difference between BS III and BS IV types of petrol and HSD?

    Major difference in the grades of fuels is in terms of quantity of total sulphur present and aromatic content. For petrol, maximum permissible sulphur quantity and aromatic content (% volume) are kept at 150 (mg/kg) (ppm) and 42% respectively for BS-III whereas 50 mg/kg (ppm) and 35% respectively for BS IV. In HSD, quantity of maximum permissible sulphur in BS III types is maintained at 350 mg/kg (ppm) and 50 mg/kg (ppm) for BS IV.

  • What is Bio-diesel and Bio-diesel policy?

    Bio-diesel is a fatty acid containing similar properties to petroleum diesel fuels, which can be a substitute of High Speed Diesel (HSD). MoP&NG announced a bio-diesel policy in October 2005 to encourage the production of bio-diesel. Under this policy, effected from 01.01.2006, OMCs are allowed to blend 5% of bio-diesel (B100) meeting the fuel quality as per BIS with high speed diesel. With renewed focus on Bio-fuels, the Government, on 16 January 2015, allowed direct sale of biodiesel by manufacturers/suppliers of biodiesel/their authorized dealers and Joint Ventures (JVs) of OMCs as authorized by MoP&NG to all consumers. On 10 August 2015, the Government has allowed sale of Bio-diesel (B100) by private manufacturers to bulk consumers. Also, retailing of bio-diesel blended diesel by Public.

  • What is Import Parity Price (IPP)?

    IPP represents the price that importers would pay in case of actual import of product at the respective Indian ports. This includes FOB Price, Ocean freight, Insurance, Customs duty, Port dues etc.

  • What is Export Parity Price (EPP)?

    Export Parity Price represents the price which oil companies would realize on export of petroleum products. This includes FOB Price and advance license benefit (for duty free import of crude oil pursuant to export of refined products.

  • What is the Ethanol Blended Petrol?

    Ministry of Petroleum & Natural gas in the year 2006 directed the Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) to sell 5% Bio Ethanol Blended petrol as per BIS specification in the entire country except the North Eastern states, Jammu & Kashmir, Andaman Nicobar islands and Lakshadweep, with effect from 1 November  2006. Currently this programme is being carried out in 21 States and 4 UTs with immediate target to achieve 10% ethanol blending in Petrol. This blended petrol is known as ethanol blended petrol.

  • Whether TIN number under VAT would be abolished? What will be the rate of GST on 5 KG FT cylinder?

    1) TIN number under VAT to the extent of 5 specified petroleum products will be continued. 
    2) GST Rate on on domestic supply of LPG will be 5% and for purposes other than domestic it will be 18%.

  • What is the overview of the pharma sector in India and the performance of this sector in recent times?

    India is one of the largest producers of pharmaceutical products and a leading player in the global generics market. Indian pharmaceuticals turnover is valued at approximately $ 31 billion. The country exports 20% of global generics, making it the largest provider of generic medicines globally.
    For information on achievements of this sector in recent times, please access the achievement report on the link.

  • What is the cluster development programme for pharma sector?

    The scheme, launched in 2015, is being implemented on a Public Private Partnership (PPP) format. The benefits of the scheme are:
    a) Access to world class facility.
    b) Cost of production will come down by 20%.

  • What is the objective of the Pharmaceutical Promotion Development Scheme?

    The objective of Pharmaceutical Promotion Development Scheme (PPDS) is promotion, development and export promotion in Pharmaceutical sector by extending financial support for conduct of seminars, conferences, exhibitions, mounting delegations to and from India for promotion of exports as well as investments, conducting studies/ consultancies for facilitating growth, exports as well as critical issues affecting Pharma sector.

  • What are the principles for pricing under the National Pharmaceuticals Pricing Policy 2012?

    The key principles for the regulation of the prices are:
    a) Essentiality of drugs.
    b) Control formulations prices.
    c) Market based pricing.

  • What are the skill development measures undertaken in this sector?

    To keep pace with the growing demand for highly skilled R&D professionals the government has undertaken the transformation of National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPERs). As a preliminary step, 11 NIPERs have been transformed as innovation hubs.

  • What is a Generic Medicine?

    Generic medicines are unbranded medicines which are equally safe and having the same efficacy as that of branded medicines in terms of their therapeutic value. The prices of generic medicines are much cheaper than their branded equivalent.

  • What is the difference between terms like API, Bulk drugs, Intermediates, Finished Dosage, and Formulations that are common jargons in the Pharmaceutical Industry?

    The definitions are:

    1) API – Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient – is the basic drug itself with the desired medicinal (pharmaceutical) properties. Also referred to as Bulk Drugs.

    2) Intermediates – Most chemical reactions are stepwise, that is they take more than one elementary step to complete. An API is a result of a complex chain of chemical reactions in several steps. Intermediates are stable forms a few steps away from the final API e.g. API -3, or API-5.

    3) Finished Dosage or Formulation – is the form in which the drug is consumed by us. A dosage form of a drug is usually composed of two things: The API, which is the drug itself; and an excipient, which is the substance of the tablet, or the liquid the API is suspended in, with other masking, stabilising and binding agents/material that is pharmaceutically inert.

    APIs are supplied by Pharmaceutical manufacturers to Formulations players or for own consumption for in-house Formulations. Intermediates are supplied to API manufacturers for reducing time-to-market."

  • What is Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana?

    'Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana’ is a campaign launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Govt. Of India, to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses through special kendra’s known as Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra. Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra (PMBJK) have been set up to provide generic drugs, which are available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy as expensive branded drugs.

  • What is Bureau of Pharma Public Sector Undertakings of India (BPPI)?

    BPPI (Bureau of Pharma Public Sector Undertakings of India) has been established under the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Govt. of India, with the support of all the CPSUs for co-coordinating procurement, supply and marketing of generic drugs through Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra (PMBJK).

  • Is Foreign investment allowed in Port & Shipping sector?

    The Government has allowed 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the shipping sector. 100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route for projects related to the construction and maintenance of ports and harbours.

  • What are Coastal Zone Regulations?

    Coastal stretches of seas, bays, estuaries, creeks, rivers and backwaters which are influenced by tidal action (in the landward side) up to 500 metres from the High Tide Line (HTL) and the land between the Low Tide Line (LTL) and the High Tide Line (HTL) is defined as Coastal Regulation Zone. Activities in such zones are subject to restrictions notified by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.

  • What are Coastal Economic Zones?

    Coastal Economic Zones (CEZ) are geographically contiguous districts within a State that are either coastal districts or districts having a strong port linkage. CEZs would link Major and Non-major ports, Industrial units and evacuation infrastructure into a single system at regional level. CEZs would fuel port-led industrialization program. Ministry of Shipping had identified 13 CEZ along the Indian coastline under Sagarmala Program. For details, please refer to link.

  • What are the initiatives taken by the Indian government in ports sector?

    Government of India has launched major initiatives to upgrade and strengthen ports and shipping in the country including enabling policy measures to facilitate private investments in this sector. Some of the key initiatives like Sagarmala Project, dredging and navigation for 111 inland waterways , financial assistance for ship building in India, promotion of cruise shipping and cruise terminals in India, incentives for coastal shipping and development of 13 Coastal Economic Zones along the coastline of India.

  • Is there a plan to develop port based smart cities in India?

    Yes, there are plans to develop Smart Industrial Port Cities. Initially such cities will come up near Kandla and Paradip ports.

  • What are incentives available for Ship Building Industries in India?

    Apart from dedicated ship building parks/plot offered by various state maritime boards on concessional terms, Ministry of Shipping (Government of India) has also offered various incentive for Ship Building Industry India. Shipbuilding Financial Assistance Policy aims to provide financial assistance to Indian shipyards for shipbuilding contracts signed between 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2026, including the said dates. The financial assistance will be 20% of the ‘Contract Price’ or the ‘Fair Price’, whichever is lower, as determined by international valuers, for any vessel built in India subsequent to its delivery. The quantum of financial assistance shall reduce by three percent after every three years of the policy. This policy shall be in force for a period of 10 years from the date stipulated in the guidelines formulated by the Government for the purpose.

    For details please refer to guidelines for 'Implementation of Shipbuilding Financial Assistance Policy' (as amended in October 2017) link.

  • What is the role of the Directorate General of Shipping?

    The Directorate General of Shipping deals with implementation of shipping policy and legislation. Its objectives are as follows:
    1) Matters affecting merchant shipping & navigation.
    2) Measures to ensure safety of life and ships at sea.
    3) Development of Indian shipping.
    4) International convections relating to maritime matters.
    5) Provision of facilities for training of officers & rating of Merchant Navy.
    6) Development of Sailing Vessels Industry.
    7) Regulation of Ocean freight rates in overseas trade.

  • What are the different modes of investment in Maritime sector?

    Investors may take any of the following routes to invest in maritime sector:
    a) EPC mode
    b) PPP mode
    c) Captive mode
    d) Fully privately owned ventures
    For further details, please refer the link.

  • Are there any subsidies/financial assistance available for Maritime projects?

    Yes, financial assistance is available for certain identified sectors such as shipbuilding. Government has also announced exemptions from Customs and Central Excise duties on inputs used in shipbuilding. Tax holiday for 10 consecutive assessment years for infrastructure development including Ports and Inland Waterways also available. This may undergo procedural change with introduction of GST.
    For further details, please refer the link.

  • Is Viability Gap Funding (VGF) available for projects in Maritime sector?

    Viability Gap Funding is available for infrastructure projects under PPP mode.
    For further details, please refer the link.

  • In which projects foreign investments is permissible under railways sector?

    100 % FDI under automatic route is available for the following: 
    1) Construction, operation and maintenance of suburban corridor projects through PPP.
    2) High speed train projects.
    3) Dedicated freight corridors.
    4) Railway electrification.
    5) Signalling systems.
    6) Freight terminals.
    7) Passenger terminals.
    8) Infrastructure in industrial parks pertaining to railway line/siding including electrified railways lines and connectivity to main railway line.
    9) Mass Rapid Transport Systems (MRTS).

  • What are the investment opportunities available in railways sector?

    The investment opportunities are available in the following areas:
    1) Components manufacturing.
    2) Infrastructure projects.
    3) High speed train projects.
    4) Railway lines to and from coal mines and ports.
    5) Projects relating to electrification, high-speed tracks and suburban corridors.
    6) Dedicated freight corridors.
    7) The re-development of railway stations.
    8) Power generation and energy-saving projects.
    9) Freight terminals operations.
    10) Setting up of wagon, coaches and locomotive units.
    11) Gauge conversion.
    12) Network expansion.

  • What are the initiatives taken by the Indian government for the railways sector?

    The following reforms have been announced for the railway sector in the Union Budget 2017-18:
    1) The GoI will provide INR 55,000 crore ($ 8.25 bn) towards capital and development expenditure of Railways.
    2) A fund named Rashtriya Rail Sanraksha Kosh worth Rs 100,000 crore ($ 15 bn) will be created, which will be directed towards passenger safety.
    3) All the coaches of the Indian Railways will be fitted with bio toilets by the year 2019.
    4) Railway lines of 3,500 kms will be commissioned in 2017-18.

  • What is Diamond Quadrilateral in Indian railways?

    The Diamond Quadrilateral railway project has the mandate to develop high speed rail network across several metros of India. So far 6 corridors have been identified. 
    These are:
    1) Delhi-Mumbai. 
    2) Mumbai-Chennai
    3) Chennai-Kolkata
    4) Kolkata-Delhi and both diagonals i.e. 
    5) Delhi-Chennai.  
    6) Mumbai-Kolkata routes.

  • What is rolling stock?

    Rolling stock is all the engines and carriages including the locomotives, passenger coaches, freight wagons, guard's vans, etc. that are used on a railway.

  • What is dedicated freight corridors?

    It is a broad gauge freight corridor under construction in India by Indian Railway. There are 2 corridors in the country, i.e. the Western and Eastern freight corridors.

  • What is national railway plan?

    The Government of India is going to come up with a ‘National Rail Plan’ which will enable the country to integrate its rail network with other modes of transport and develop a multi-modal transportation network.

  • What is the purpose of SFOORTI?

    The Ministry of Railways, Government of India, has launched the Smart Freight Operation Optimisation & Real Time Information (SFOORTI) application to optimise freight operations and manage traffic flows.

  • What is R3i policy?

    The policy aims to attract private sector participation in rail connectivity projects to create additional rail transport capacity. The policy allows for 4 models: 
    a) Cost Sharing-Freight Rebate.
    b) Full Contribution- Apportioned Earnings.
    c) Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV). 
    d) Private Line.

  • What is the purpose of R2CI?

    This new policy was initiated to improve rail connectivity to coal and iron ore mines. The policy offers the developer involved in the construction of the line to levy a surcharge on the freight over a period of 10–25 years. 
    The policy has two models, i.e. Capital Cost and SPV Models. The Capital Cost Model is relevant when there are 2 players, whereas the SPV Model is intended for a large number of players.

  • What is the state-wise electricity generation capacity?

    The electricity generation capacity is listed state wise, which can be accessed from the link.

  • What are the focus areas of the sector?

    Research, design and development efforts should invariably lead to manufacture of complete systems, even if these efforts are required to be shared among different institutions. Thus, there would be a need for system integration broadly covering the following areas: -

    1. Alternate Fuels (hydrogen, bio & synthetic) to supplement and eventually substitute liquid hydrocarbons;
    2. Green Initiative for Future Transport (GIFT) based on Alternate Fuels for land, air & sea applications to supplement and eventually substitute fossil-fuel systems;
    3. Green Initiative for Power Generation (GIPS) based on Alternate Fuels for stationary & portable power generation applications to supplement and eventually substitute fossil-fuel systems;
    4. Standalone new and renewable energy products to provide cost-effective energy for cooking, lighting and motive power;
    5. Distributed new and renewable energy systems to provide cost-competitive energy supply options for cooking, lighting and motive power;
    6. New and renewable energy products for urban, industrial and commercial applications, including energy recovery from urban and industrial wastes and effluents; and
    7. MW scale grid interactive renewable electricity systems to contribute towards supplement and eventually substitute fossil-fuel based electricity generation.

  • What is strategy related to R&D?

    R&D for technology development in industry -driven and goal oriented.

    1. Involvement of industry and scientific establishment.
    2. Access technological development elsewhere avoiding 'Reinventing the wheel'.
    3. Indigenous R&D for new and emerging technologies and improvement of available technologies.
    4. Time bound specific tasks for identified R&D activities to be assigned to recognized / identified industry and institutions with clear understanding on the achievement of results.

  • What are the new technologies undertaken by the government in this sector?

    The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has taken up various programmes on new technologies. As part of these programmes, various projects pertinent to research, development and demonstration have been initiated. These initiatives have been at various research, scientific and educational institutes, universities, national laboratories, industry, etc. These projects are helping in the development of indigenous research and industrial base, expertise, trained manpower and prototypes/devices/systems in the country

    a. Hydrogen Energy
    b. Chemical Sources of Energy (Fuel Cells)
    c. Battery Operated Vehicles
    d. Geo Thermal Energy
    e. Ocean Energy
    f. Biofuels

  • What is a solar city?

    The Solar City aims at minimum 10% reduction in projected demand of conventional energy at the end of five years, through a combination of efforts for enhancing supply from renewable energy sources in the city and energy efficiency measures. The basic aim lies in motivating the local Governments for adopting renewable energy technologies and energy efficiency measures. In a Solar City, all types of renewable energy based projects like solar, wind, biomass, small hydro, waste to energy etc. may be installed along with possible energy efficiency measures depending on the need and resource availability in the city.

  • What is the list of solar cities under 'Development of Solar Cities Programme'?

    Under the 'Development of Solar Cities Programme', there are in total 60 solar cities identified which can be accessed from the link.

  • What is ocean renewable energy or marine renewable energy?

    Ocean renewable energy or marine renewable energy are terms used to describe all forms of renewable energy derived from the sea including wave energy, tidal energy, ocean current energy, salinity gradient energy and ocean thermal gradient energy.

  • What is OTEC?

    Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), uses ocean temperature differences from the surface to depths lower than 1,000 meters, to extract energy. A temperature difference of only 20°C can yield usable energy. Research focuses on two types of OTEC technologies to extract thermal energy and convert it to electric power: closed cycle and open cycle. In the closed cycle method, a working fluid, such as ammonia, is pumped through a heat exchanger and vaporized. This vaporized steam runs a turbine. The cold water found at the depths of the ocean condenses the vapor back to a fluid where it returns to the heat exchanger. In the open cycle system, the warm surface water is pressurized in a vacuum chamber and converted to steam to run the turbine. The steam is then condensed using cold ocean water from lower depths.

  • What is the expected Potential of OTEC in India?

    OTEC has a potential installed capacity of 180,000 MW in India.

  • How much FDI is allowed under Duty free shops?

    100%  FDI is allowed under Duty free shops via automatic route.

  • How much FDI is allowed under single brand product retail?

    100% FDI is allowed under single brand product retail via automatic route.

  • What are the different states that allow Multi Brand Retail Trading (MBRT) and are there any clauses under the rule?

    As per para of the FDI Policy, 2017 (link) the following states allow MBRT subject to the conditions mentioned in the policy:
    i) Andhra Pradesh 
    ii) Assam 
    iii) Delhi 
    iv) Haryana 
    v) Himachal Pradesh 
    vi) Jammu & Kashmir 
    vii) Karnataka 
    viii) Maharashtra 
    ix) Manipur 
    x) Rajasthan 
    xi) Uttarakhand 
    xii) Daman & Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Union Territories) 

  • Are there any specific conditions for FDI under SBRT?

    • Products to be sold should be of a ‘Single Brand’ only i.e. sold under the same brand internationally; products should be sold under the same brand in one or more countries other than India except for undertaking SBRT of Indian brands.
    • ‘Single Brand’ product-retail trading would cover only products which are branded during manufacturing. 
    • A non-resident entity or entities, whether owner of the brand or otherwise, shall be permitted, directly or through a legally tenable agreement with the brand owner for undertaking single brand product retail trading. 
    • The investing entity shall provide evidence to this effect at the time of seeking approval, including a copy of the licensing/franchise/sub-license agreement etc.
    For addition information on conditions, eligibility, please access the FDI policy 2017 at the following link.

  • How can we sell products online in India and what are the rules?

    • 100% Equity/ FDI Cap is permitted under automatic entry route, it is only applicable for marketplace model of e-commerce and not inventory based model. 
    • Subject to provisions of FDI Policy, e-commerce entities would engage only in Business to Business (B2B) e-commerce and not in Business to Consumer (B2C) e-commerce. 
    • An e-commerce entity will not permit more than 25% of the sales affected through its marketplace from one vendor or their group companies

  • What is a marketplace and inventory based model?

    • Marketplace based model of e-commerce means providing an information technology platform by an e-commerce entity on a digital & electronic network to act as a facilitator between the buyer and seller.
    • Inventory based model of e-commerce means an e-commerce activity where inventory of goods and services is owned by e-commerce entity and is sold to the consumers directly.

  • What is the definition on wholesale cash and carry as defined by the Govt.?

    As per the FDI Policy, 2017 (link) Cash & Carry Wholesale trading/ Wholesale trading, would mean sale of goods/merchandise to retailers, industrial, commercial, institutional or other professional business users or to other wholesalers and related subordinated service providers. Wholesale trading would, accordingly, imply sales for the purpose of trade, business and profession, as opposed to sales for the purpose of personal consumption. The yardstick to determine whether the sale is wholesale or not would be the type of customers to whom the sale is made and not the size and volume of sales. Wholesale trading would include resale, processing and thereafter sale, bulk imports with ex-port/ex-bonded warehouse business sales and B2B e-Commerce. 

  • If I want to set up online and I already operate as an SBRT, do I need special permission?

    Subject to the conditions of SBRT under the FDI policy (link), a single brand retail trading entity operating through brick and mortar stores, is permitted to undertake retail trading through e-commerce.

  • What is the 25% rule for sale of goods in online e-commerce?

    An e-commerce entity will not be permitted more than 25% of the sales affected through its marketplace from one vendor or their group companies.

  • Can I sell products of a sub brand if I already have an SBRT license?

    No, any addition to the product/ product categories to be sold under ‘Single Brand’ would require a fresh approval/ license from the Government.

  • What are the initiatives taken by the Indian government in highway sector?

    Government of India has undertaken major initiatives to upgrade and strengthen highways and expressways in the country including enabling policy measures to facilitate private investments in this sector. Some of the key initiatives include Bharatmala, National Highway Development Program, E-Highway. In addition to highway development, focus remains on efficient operations & network management for improving logistics efficiency, which shall give rise to new investment opportunities.

  • What are the Fiscal incentives provided by the Government in Road and Highway Sector?

    Fiscal incentives for the sector are as follows:
    1) 100% FDI through automatic route allowed subject to applicable laws and regulation.
    2) Right of way (RoW) for project land made available to concessionaires free from all encumbrances.
    3) NHAI/GOI to provide capital grant (Viability Gap Funding/Cash Support) up to 40% of project cost to enhance viability on a case to case basis.
    4) 100% tax exemption for five years and 30% relief for next five years, which may be availed of in 20 years.
    5) Duty free import of modern high capacity construction equipment.

  • What is the Green Highways (Plantation, Transplantation, Beautification & Maintenance) Policy? What are the benefits of adopting this policy?

    This is a Policy to promote greening of highway corridors with participation of the community, farmers, private sector, NGOs, and government institutions. Further, the policy provides comprehensive guidelines to ensure uniformity of operations pertaining to enhancement of highway landscapes. The community shall be benefited in terms of huge generation of employment opportunities, entrepreneurship development and  environmental benefits. Overall, adoption of the policy will contribute to economic development of the country and the local groups can access their rights to the non-timber produce from the trees.

  • What is National Highways program of Government of India for development of 63,591 kms of highway in India?

    Government of India aims to develop a total of 63,591 kms of National Highways under various programmes such as:
    1) National Highways Development Project (NHDP).
    2) Special Accelerated Road Development Program for the North-East region (SARDP-NE).
    3) Development of roads in Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected areas.
    4) National Highways Interconnectivity Improvement Project (NHIIP).hways interconnectivity Improvement Project (NHIIP)

  • What is new highways development programme, namely Bharatmala?

    Bharatmala Project is a new highways development programme, wherein the plan is to develop road length 44,000 kms at an estimated cost of $ 97.20 bn.

  • What is the definition of PMGSY?

    The Prime Minister’s Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a scheme for development of rural roads in India. The Government of India has succeeded in providing road connectivity to 85 per cent of the 178,184 eligible rural habitations in the country under the scheme. All villages in the country are expected to be connected through a road network by 2019, as against 2022 previously, under the PMGSY.

  • What is the tax benefit in road and highway sector in India?

    Companies enjoy 100 per cent tax exemption in road projects for five years and 30 per cent relief over the next five years. 
    Companies have been granted a capital of up to 40 per cent of the total project cost to enhance viability. The GST on construction equipment has been reduced to 18 per cent from 28 per cent, which is expected to give a boost to infrastructure development in the country. Infrastructure finance companies, such as India Infrastructure Finance Corporation (IIFCL), National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), Housing and Urban Development Corp (HUDCO), Power Finance Corporation (PFC) and India Railway Finance Corporation (IRFC), have been permitted to issue tax-free bonds for a total value of $ 3.27 billion for FY15, promotion of infrastructure debt funds is the top agenda.

  • What is the purpose of IIFCL?

    Government of India has set up the India Infrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL) to provide long-term funding for infrastructure projects. IDF income is exempt from income tax. In May 2018, IIFCL Mutual Fund launched infrastructure debt fund (IDF) scheme with Corporation Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce & IIFCL as investors and Canara bank & HUDCO as strategic investors. 

  • What is Value Engineering Programme?

    The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India plans to implement 'Value Engineering Programme' in order to promote use of new technologies and material in highway projects being executed in India.

  • What is the definition of SARDP-NE?

    Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has taken up an ambitious Special Accelerated Road Development Programme (SARDP-NE) for development of road network in the north eastern States of the Country. This programme envisages providing road connectivity to all the district headquarters in the north eastern region by minimum 2 lane highway standards apart from providing road connectivity to backward and remote areas, areas of strategic importance and neighbouring countries.

  • What is the FDI policy for telecom sector?

    100% FDI is allowed in telecom sector. 49% is allowed through the automatic route. This is applicable in case of Basic, Cellular, Unified License (Access Services), Unified License, National/ International Long Distance, Commercial V-Sat, Public Mobile Radio Trunked Service (PMRTS), Global Mobile Personal Communications Services (GMPCS), all types of ISP licenses, Voice Mail/Audiotex/Unified Messaging Services (UMS), Resale of International Private Leased Circuits (IPLC), Mobile Number Portability Services, etc.
    FDI in Telecom sector is subject to observance of licensing and security conditions by licensee as well as investors as notified by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) from time to time, except ‘Other Service Providers’, which are allowed 100% FDI on the automatic route.

  • What are fiscal incentives in the telecom sector?

    Some incentives are: 
    a) Basic customs duty (BCD) and special additional duty have been withdrawn.
    b) Importers of mobile handset components such as chargers, adaptors, batteries and wired handsets need to pay only the countervailing duty of 12.5%.
    c) A duty advantage of 10.5% exists for local manufacturers of mobile speakers and batteries.

  • How much FDI is allowed under telecom sector?

    100% FDI is allowed in telecom sector (of this upto 49% is allowed through the automatic route and beyond 49% under government route).

  • What are the admissible deductions?

    Deductions claimed on account of PSTN related call charges and roaming charges (Pass through charges/Interconnect Usage Charges) actually paid to eligible Telecom Service Providers and Sales Tax & Service Tax (if included in the Gross Revenue) actually paid to Government are admissible.

  • What are Inter- Company/Group Company and Intra-Company/Group Company transactions?

    Inter-Company/Group Company transactions are those which occur between two separate legal entities e.g. transactions occurred between RCOM and RTL or transactions occurred between Vodafone Ltd and Vodafone South Ltd. are example of Inter-Company/Group Company transactions. Pass through charges between two legal entities may be routed through the bank only and not through mere ledger adjustment.

    Whereas, Intra-Company/Group Company transactions are those which occur within same legal entity e.g. transactions occurred between RCOM, Delhi and RCOM UP (East) or transactions occurred between Vodafone South Ltd, AP and Vodafone South Ltd., Karnataka are example of intra-Company/Group Company transactions.

    Please Note: Names of Companies used are for reference/illustration only.

  • What are the documents required for verification of deductions by the CCA offices?

    The required documents are as follows-
    1) Covering letter with check list for submission of documents in prescribed proforma.
    2) Quarterly Statements of Revenue and Licence Fee (AGR).
    3) Photocopies of invoices duly signed by the Authorised Signatory.
    4) Payment proof duly signed by the Authorised Signatory.
    5) Certified copy of the ledger in case of Intra-Company settlement along with Annexure-AG.
    6) Certified copy of the statement of net settlement in Annexure-AO in case of Inter-Company settlement.
    7) Certified copy of Statement of part payments made in annexure – PP in case of part payments made due to billing disputes.
    8) Power of attorney by Authorised Signatory declaring that information and documents so provided are authentic and verified by the licensee.
    9) Power of attorney should be submitted with the concerned CCA offices.
    10) Complete Bank statements (with running page numbers) showing relevant payments of which 1st & last page (should not be blank) shall be signed by the Bank Authorities.
    11) At the end of the Financial Year, Audited quarterly statements of Revenue and Licence Fee (AGR).

  • Is there a list of importers and exporters of technical textiles available?

    There are 369 technical textiles importers and 680 technical textiles exporters in India as per the latest available figures. The list of exporters and importers along with contact details, export segment & product exported is available in the website link. 

  • What is India Handloom Brand and how can one apply for it?

    India Handloom Brand is an initiative of the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India, for branding of high quality handloom products. The India Handloom Brand would be an endorsement of the high quality of the handloom products to which it is applied in terms of raw materials, processing, embellishments, weaving design and other quality parameters besides social and environmental compliances in their production for earning the trust of the customers.
    One can apply for the registration by submitting the following documents:
    a) A duly filled application form in duplicate in the prescribed format.
    b) Applicable registration fees.
    c) Sample of your product(s) of 0.25 meter length in full width of the fabric.
    You can obtain the application form free of cost from the offices of the Textiles Committee and Weavers Service Centre or download it from here.

  • What is Amended Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS)?

    ATUFS is set up to incentivise production and employment in the garmenting sector. Initially, TUFS was introduced in 1999 to catalyze investments in all the sub-sectors of textiles and jute industry by way of 5% interest reimbursement and presently applicable to the entire textile industry.

  • What is Export Promotion & Quality Assurance under Ministry of Textile?

    The Export Promotion & Quality Assurance Division carries out functions under various Sections of The Textiles Committee Act, 1963 as under:

    1) Conducting technical studies in the textile industry.
    2) Promotion of textile exports.
    3) Establishing, adopting and recognizing standard specifications for textiles and packing materials.
    4) Specifying the type of quality control or inspection needs to be applied to textiles.
    5) Providing training on the techniques of quality control to be applied to textiles.
    6) Providing for inspection and examination of textiles and packing materials used in the packing of textiles.
    7) Advising on the matters relating to development of textile industry and providing for such other matters.
    8) Classification of textiles under Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS).

  • What are the government sponsored schemes in textile industry?

    The Ministry of Textile through the Textile committee provides information on the various schemes available for the textile sector. The schemes are aimed at providing wholistic benefits and growth opportunities to this sector. These schemes are:

    1) Handloom mark.
    2) Star rating of ginning and pressing factories.
    3) Cluster development programme.
    4) Integrated Skill Development Scheme.

  • What is certificate of exemption and endorsement of GSP in Export Promotion & Quality Assurance?

    An exemption certificate is issued to enable quota/duty free entry of the eligible items of Handloom origin at the importing end. GSP certificates (Form A) is issued for the eligible items for the following tariff preference giving (donor) countries:

    Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, United States of America (USA), Republic of Belarus, Russian Federation, and European Union.

    The European Union includes 28 countries Viz. Austria, Belgium,Czech Republic, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands (Holland), Republic of Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom (UK).

    1) For Australia, the main requirement is exporter’s declaration on the normal commercial invoice. Form A accompanied by the normal commercial invoice is an acceptable alternative, but official certification is not required.

    2) In case of Canada and New Zealand, Official Certification is not required.

    3) The United States does not require GSP Form A. A declaration setting forth all pertinent detailed information concerning the production or manufacture of the merchandise is considered sufficient only if requested by the district collector of the Customs.

  • What are the subsidies under ATUFS?

    The subsidies are as follows:
    a) Stand alone spinning units – 2% Interest Reimbursement (IR) for new stand alone/replacement/modernization of spinning machinery.
    b) For units having spinning capacity with forward integration having matching capacity in weaving/ knitting/processing/garmenting – 5% IR.
    c) Weaving – 
    i) 6% IR and 15% capital subsidy on brand new shuttleless looms or 30% Margin Money Subsidy (MMS) on brand new shuttleless looms for powerloom sector.
    ii) 2% IR or 8% MMS on second hand imported shuttleless looms with 10 years vintage and with a residual life of minimum 10 years.
    iii) For 30% MMS – capital ceiling caps of RS. 5 crore and subsidy cap of Rs. 1.5 crore would be adhered to for encouraging adequate investments by the MSME sector.
    d) Processing – 5% IR and 10% capital subsidy for specified processing machinery. CETP/ETP will not be considered for support under TUFS.
    e) Garmenting – 5% IR and 10% capital subsidy on specified machinery for garmenting units.
    f) Technical Textiles (including non-wovens) – 5% IR and 10% capital subsidy on specified machinery required in manufacture on technical textiles.
    g) Handloom and silk sector – 5% IR or 30% capital subsidy on benchmarked machinery.
    h) MSMEs including jute sector – 5% IR or 15% MMS– subsidy ceiling to be $ 115,384.
    i) Other segments – i.e. cotton ginning and pressing, wool scouring, combing and carpet industry, synthetic filament yarn texturising, crimping and twisting, viscose staple fibre and viscose filament yarn, knitting and fabric embroidery,  weaving preparatory machines, made-up manufacturing, CAD, CAM and design studio and jute industry – 5%IR
    j) Investments like factory buildings, pre-operative expenses and margin money for working capital are eligible for benefit of reimbursement

    Under the scheme only for apparel and handloom sector with 50% cap of total new eligible investment under RR-TUFS. Land is altogether excluded from eligible investments under TUFS. This benefit, however, shall not be available for textile units under the Scheme for Integrated Textile Park (SITP).

  • What are the ATUFS benchmarked machineries?

    TUFS benefit is available for TUFS benchmarked machinery covering the following activities:-
    a) Cotton ginning and pressing.
    b) Silk reeling and twisting.
    c) Wool scouring, combing and carpet industry.
    d) Synthetic filament yarn texturising, crimping and twisting.
    e) Spinning.
    f) Viscose Staple Fibre (VSF) and Viscose Filament Yarn (VFY).
    g) Weaving, knitting and fabric embroidery.
    h) Technical textiles including non-wovens.
    i) Garment/design studio/made-up manufacturing.
    j) Processing of fibres, yarns, fabrics, garments and made-ups.
    k) Production activities of Jute Industry.

  • What is the MSS scheme?

    In order to promote and Market Handicrafts financial assistance is provided to different eligible organizations to organize/participate in domestic and international Craft Exhibitions/seminars in metropolitan cities/state capitals/places of tourist or commercial interest/other places. This will provide direct marketing platform to the handicrafts artisans/SHGs from various parts of the country. Major components under this scheme are detailed below:
    1) Gandhi Shilp Bazaar/Craft Bazars.
    2) Exhibitions.
    3) Hiring of built up space in events organized by other organizations.
    4) National Handicrafts Fair.
    5) Craft Awareness Programme.
    6) Participation in international fairs and exhibition abroad.
    7) Folk Craft Festival of India/Stand Alone Shows/road shows.
    8) Market studies abroad.
    9) International craft exposure programme.
    10) Cultural Exchange Programme.
    11) Compliance, social and other welfare measures.
    12) Buyer seller meet in India.
    13) Buyers sellers meet abroad and reverse buyer seller meet in India.
    14) Marketing workshops.
    15) Workshops/seminars/symposiums/programmes organized abroad.
    16) Rental for warehousing.
    17) Publicity via print and electronic media.
    18) Web Marketing.

  • What is the R&D Scheme introduced by the Government?

    Research and Development scheme was introduced to conduct surveys and studies of important crafts and make in-depth analysis of specific aspects and problems of Handicrafts in order to generate useful inputs to aid policy Planning, fine tune the ongoing initiatives and to have independent evaluation of the schemes implemented by this office.
    Following activities will be under taken during the 12th Plan:
    i) Survey & Studies on different topics.
    ii) Financial assistance for preparation of legal, para legal, standards, audits and other documentation leading to labeling/certification.
    iii) Financial assistance to organizations for evolving, developing a mechanism for protecting crafts including languishing crafts, design, heritage, historical knowledge base, research and implementation of the same enabling the sector/segment to face challenges.
    iv) Conducting Census of Handicraft artisans of the country.
    v) Registration of Crafts under Geographical Indication Act & necessary follow up on implementation.
    vi) Assisting handicrafts exporters in adoption of global standards and for bar coding including handicrafts mark for generic products.
    vii) Financial assistance for taking up problems/issues relating to brand building and promotion of Indian handicrafts.
    viii) Conducting of Workshops/Seminars on issues of specific nature relating to handicrafts sector.

  • What is Central Electricity Authority and what is the information it provides?

    Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is a statutory organization originally constituted under the Electricity Act, 2003. The organization releases monthly reports related, state wise installed capacity on the link.

  • What is TARANG?

    TARANG is the Transmission App for Real time Monitoring and Growth to monitor the progress of transmission system in the country.

  • What are the upcoming projects transmission projects?

    There are 285 projects coming in all over India. You can find a detailed map of these projects on the link.

  • What are the completed transmission projects?

    There are 260 projects/elements completed all over India in 2017-18 and all the details can be found at the link.

  • What is the National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE)?

    The National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) is one of the eight missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). NMEEE aims to strengthen the market for energy efficiency by creating conducive regulatory and policy regime and has envisaged fostering innovative and sustainable business models to the energy efficiency sector. The Cabinet had approved the NMEEE document, and funding for two years of the 11th Plan period (2010-12) with an outlay of $ 36.23 million. Continuation of NMEEE for the 12th Plan was approved by Cabinet on 6th August, 2014 with a total outlay of $ 119.23. The Mission seeks to upscale the efforts to unlock the market for energy efficiency which is estimated to be around $ 11.385 billion. The activities during the 11th Plan period created the institutional and regulatory infrastructure. The NMEEE spelt out four initiatives to enhance energy efficiency in energy intensive industries which are as follows:
    a) Perform, Achieve and Trade Scheme (PAT), a market based mechanism to enhance the cost effectiveness in improving the Energy Efficiency in Energy Intensive industries through certification of energy saving which can be traded.
    b) Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency (MTEE), for accelerating the shift to energy efficient appliances in designated sectors through innovative measures to make the products more affordable.
    c) Energy Efficiency Financing Platform (EEFP), for creation of mechanisms that would help finance demand side management programmes in all sectors by capturing future energy savings.
    d) Framework for Energy Efficient Economic Development (FEEED), for development of fiscal instruments to promote energy efficiency.

  • How are thermal power plants (TPPs) classified among industries?

    The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) has classified TPPs as one of the 17 Red Category industries. Red Category denotes heavily polluting industry. For obtaining EC:
    Category A projects are: 
    1) > 500 MW Coal/Lignite/Naphtha & Gas Based Fuel.
    2) > 50 MW Petcoke, Diesel and all Other Fuels, including Refinery Residual Oil Waste (excluding Biomass).
    3) > 20 MW Biomass Based or Non-Hazardous MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) as Fuel.

    Category B projects are -
    1) < 500 MW Coal/Lignite/Naphtha & Gas Based Fuel.
    2) <50 MW or 3 MW Petcoke, Diesel and all Other Fuels, including Refinery Residual Oil Waste (excluding Biomass).
    3) < 20 MW or 15MW Biomass Based or Non-Hazardous MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) as Fuel.

  • Why is there a proliferation of TPPs along the coast?

    Situating a plant along the coast provides two important benefits to the Project Proponent:
    1) Easy transport of imported coal through ports and captive jetties.
    2) Easy availability of seawater for on-site seawater desalination technology for both once-through cooling and for boiler-feed water generation. This reduces fresh water requirement for running the thermal power plant.

  • What is the CEPI (Comprehensive Environment Pollution Index)? How does it impact the location of TPPs?

    CEPI is a number to characterize the environmental quality at a given location. CEPI scores are calculated from time-to-time by the CPCB to identify critically polluted areas and industrial clusters, by monitoring their air, land and water. CEPI Score is an important tool to identify those clusters where industrial development activities have been restricted due to their pollution levels. In 2010, the MoEF imposed a moratorium on the consideration of projects for EC, if they were located in 43 critically polluted areas. It has been reduced to 7 clusters as of September 2013. TPPs cannot be located in those places where the moratorium is imposed.

  • How long does it usually take for a plant to get Environmental Clearance?

    It depends on the size of the plant. Usually 1 to 1.5 years is the time for a plant to obtain EC after filing of Application. The following are the time-bound activities according to the EIA Notification: 
    1) Issuance of ToR: To be issued within 60 days of Application submission by Project
    2) Conducting of Public Hearing: The Public Hearing Report to be submitted to the MoEF/ SEIAA by the SPCB within 45 days of receiving request for hearing from the Project Proponent. 
    3) Issuance of EC: To be issued within 105 days of the Project Proponent submitting the
    Final EIA.

  • How much FDI is allowed under tourism & hospitality?

    i) 100% FDI is allowed under the automatic route in tourism and hospitality

    ii) 100% FDI allowed in tourism construction projects, including the development of hotels, resorts and recreational facilities.

  • What is Swadesh Darshan Scheme?

    Under the scheme ‘Swadesh Darshan’, the Ministry of Tourism provides Central Financial Assistance (CFA) to State Governments/Union Territory Administrations for infrastructure development of  circuits. Under the Swadesh Darshan scheme, 13 thematic circuits have been identified, for development namely: North-East India Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, Himalayan Circuit, Coastal Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Desert Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wildlife Circuit, Rural Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit and Heritage Circuit. In Union Budget 2017-18, 959.91 crore has been allocated for the Integrated Development of Tourist Circuits around specific themes under Swadesh Darshan scheme.

  • What is Prasad Scheme?

    Under the scheme ‘Prasad’, the Ministry of Tourism provides Central Financial Assistance (CFA) to State Governments/Union Territory Administrations for development and beautification of the identified pilgrimage destinations. Under the PRASAD scheme, thirteen sites have been identified for development, namely: Amritsar, Ajmer, Dwarka, Mathura, Varanasi, Gaya, Puri, Amaravati, Kanchipuram, Vellankanni, Kedarnath, Kamakhya and Patna. In Union Budget 2017-18, INR 100 crore has been allocated for Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive (PRASAD).

  • What is difference between Prasad Scheme and "Spiritual Circuit" under Swadesh Darshan Scheme?

    The ‘PRASAD’ scheme, focuses on  development and beautification of the identified pilgrimage destinations. Whereas, in the ‘Spiritual Circuit’ identified under the Swadesh Darshan scheme, the thrust is on development of particular thematic circuit consisting of various religious/spiritual destination in a State and Union Territory.

  • What are the government's initiatives under Lighthouses Tourism in India?

    The GOI has identified 78 lighthouses in the country as centres of tourism, which are in the first phase under Public Private Partnership (PPP). The identified lighthouses are in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The GOI has kick started the ‘lighthouse tourism’ project by inviting initial qualification bids to develop eight lighthouses in the first phase, at a cost of INR 128 crore, under the public-private-partnership model for 7 lighthouses.

  • What are the initiatives taken by the Union Government to develop rural tourism in India?

    The tourism ministry has sanctioned INR 131 lakhs for the development of four rural tourism sites. The states in which these sites are Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Uttarakhand, Punjab and Tripura.

  • What are the initiatives taken by the Indian government in the medical tourism sector?

    The following initiatives have been undertaken by GOI:
    1. A new category of visa "Medical Visa" has been introduced by Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, which can be given for specific purpose to foreign tourists coming to India for medical treatment
    2. The Ministry of Tourism has included the promotion of Medical Tourism as new initiatives. The Marketing Development Assistance Scheme (MDA), administered by the Ministry of Tourism, Government of India, provides financial support to approved tourism service providers.
    3. To boost medical tourism, the government today announced setting up of the National Medical and Wellness Tourism Board to provide help to those visiting the country for health care need. The Board, besides Ministry officials, will include other stakeholders such as hospitals, hoteliers, medical experts and tour operators.

  • What are the initiatives taken by the Indian government in the cruise tourism sector?

    The following initiatives have been undertaken by GOI:
    1. The government is in process to develop 5 ports as cruise tourism hubs. These are Mumbai, Goa, Mangalore, Chennai and Kochi. These terminals will have facilities such as hospitality, retail, shopping and restaurants.
    2. 200 minor ports to be develop jetties for such cruise vessels.
    3. The cruise tourism policy shall be introduced by government shortly.

  • What rates will be applicable for accommodation in various hotels/ guest houses/ inns in India?

    The GST rates applicable for accommodation in hotels, inns, guest
    houses, clubs, campsites or other commercial places meant for residential or
    lodging purposes will depend upon the tariff per unit per day declared by the
    respective accommodation establishment. The slabs of GST rates applicable
    are given below:
    1. Less than INR 1000-  Nil
    2. INR 1000 and above but less than INR 2500- 12 %
    3. INR 2500 and above but less than INR 7500- 18 %
    4. More than INR 7500- 28 %

  • What rates will be applicable for travel by air?

    The GST rates applicable on air tariffs are as below:
    1. Travel by economy class - 5 %
    2. Travel by other than economy class - 12 %